Psalm 10:8
New International Version
He lies in wait near the villages; from ambush he murders the innocent. His eyes watch in secret for his victims;

New Living Translation
They lurk in ambush in the villages, waiting to murder innocent people. They are always searching for helpless victims.

English Standard Version
He sits in ambush in the villages; in hiding places he murders the innocent. His eyes stealthily watch for the helpless;

Berean Study Bible
He lies in wait near the villages; in ambush he slays the innocent; his eyes watch in stealth for the helpless.

King James Bible
He sitteth in the lurking places of the villages: in the secret places doth he murder the innocent: his eyes are privily set against the poor.

New King James Version
He sits in the lurking places of the villages; In the secret places he murders the innocent; His eyes are secretly fixed on the helpless.

New American Standard Bible
He sits in the lurking places of the villages; He kills the innocent in the secret places; His eyes surreptitiously watch for the unfortunate.

NASB 1995
He sits in the lurking places of the villages; In the hiding places he kills the innocent; His eyes stealthily watch for the unfortunate.

NASB 1977
He sits in the lurking places of the villages; In the hiding places he kills the innocent; His eyes stealthily watch for the unfortunate.

Amplified Bible
He lurks in ambush in the villages; In hiding places he kills the innocent; He lies in wait for the unfortunate [the unhappy, the poor, the helpless].

Christian Standard Bible
He waits in ambush near settlements; he kills the innocent in secret places. His eyes are on the lookout for the helpless;

Holman Christian Standard Bible
He waits in ambush near the villages; he kills the innocent in secret places. His eyes are on the lookout for the helpless;

American Standard Version
He sitteth in the lurking-places of the villages; In the secret places doth he murder the innocent; His eyes are privily set against the helpless.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
He sits in ambush in a dwelling and in a secret place he murders the righteous; his eyes gaze upon the afflicted one.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
He lies in wait with rich men in secret places, in order to slay the innocent: his eyes are set against the poor.

Contemporary English Version
They hide outside villages, waiting to strike and murder some innocent victim.

Douay-Rheims Bible
He sitteth in ambush with the rich in private places, that he may kill the innocent.

English Revised Version
He sitteth in the lurking places of the villages: in the covert places doth he murder the innocent: his eyes are privily set against the helpless.

Good News Translation
They hide themselves in the villages, waiting to murder innocent people. They spy on their helpless victims;

GOD'S WORD® Translation
He waits in ambush in the villages. From his hiding places he kills innocent people. His eyes are on the lookout for victims.

International Standard Version
They wait in ambush in the villages, they kill the innocent in secret.

JPS Tanakh 1917
He sitteth in the lurking-places of the villages; In secret places doth he slay the innocent; His eyes are on the watch for the helpless.

Literal Standard Version
He sits in an ambush of the villages, "" He slays the innocent in secret places. His eyes secretly watch for the afflicted,

NET Bible
He waits in ambush near the villages; in hidden places he kills the innocent. His eyes look for some unfortunate victim.

New Heart English Bible
He lies in wait near the villages. From ambushes, he murders the innocent. His eyes are secretly set against the helpless.

World English Bible
He lies in wait near the villages. From ambushes, he murders the innocent. His eyes are secretly set against the helpless.

Young's Literal Translation
He doth sit in an ambush of the villages, In secret places he doth slay the innocent. His eyes for the afflicted watch secretly,

Additional Translations ...
Context
The Perils of the Pilgrim
7His mouth is full of cursing, deceit, and violence; trouble and malice are under his tongue. 8He lies in wait near the villages; in ambush he slays the innocent; his eyes watch in stealth for the helpless. 9He lies in wait like a lion in a thicket; he lurks to seize the oppressed; he catches the lowly in his net.…

Cross References
Matthew 5:21
You have heard that it was said to the ancients, 'Do not murder' and 'Anyone who murders will be subject to judgment.'

Job 24:14
When daylight is gone, the murderer rises to kill the poor and needy; in the night he is like a thief.

Psalm 11:2
For behold, the wicked bend their bows. They set their arrow on the string to shoot from the shadows at the upright in heart.

Psalm 37:32
Though the wicked lie in wait for the righteous, and seek to slay them,

Psalm 64:4
ambushing the innocent in seclusion, shooting suddenly, without fear.

Psalm 72:12
For he will deliver the needy who cry out and the afflicted who have no helper.

Psalm 94:6
They kill the widow and the foreigner; they murder the fatherless.

Proverbs 1:11
If they say, "Come along, let us lie in wait for blood, let us ambush the innocent without cause,

Habakkuk 3:14
With his own spear You pierced his head, when his warriors stormed out to scatter us, gloating as though ready to secretly devour the weak.


Treasury of Scripture

He sits in the lurking places of the villages: in the secret places does he murder the innocent: his eyes are privately set against the poor.

sitteth

1 Samuel 22:18
And the king said to Doeg, Turn thou, and fall upon the priests. And Doeg the Edomite turned, and he fell upon the priests, and slew on that day fourscore and five persons that did wear a linen ephod.

1 Samuel 23:23
See therefore, and take knowledge of all the lurking places where he hideth himself, and come ye again to me with the certainty, and I will go with you: and it shall come to pass, if he be in the land, that I will search him out throughout all the thousands of Judah.

2 Kings 21:16
Moreover Manasseh shed innocent blood very much, till he had filled Jerusalem from one end to another; beside his sin wherewith he made Judah to sin, in doing that which was evil in the sight of the LORD.

his eyes

Psalm 17:11
They have now compassed us in our steps: they have set their eyes bowing down to the earth;

Proverbs 6:12,13
A naughty person, a wicked man, walketh with a froward mouth…

Jeremiah 22:17
But thine eyes and thine heart are not but for thy covetousness, and for to shed innocent blood, and for oppression, and for violence, to do it.

are privily set.









(8) In lurking places . . .--i.e., in ambush.

Villages.--Properly, enclosed spaces, but then, like our "town" (ton, an enclosure), for any collection of dwellings; and in Leviticus 25:31, "an unwalled place"; applied also to a nomadic encampment (Genesis 25:16).

Privily set.--Literally, hid: i.e., watched secretly.

The poor.--The Hebrew word, occurring three times in this psalm (Psalm 10:10; Psalm 10:14), is peculiar to it. The root idea is darkness; hence here, by an easy transition, obscure, humble. Symmachus has "feeble." But Mr. Burgess suggests that we may in all three places keep the root idea, darkness. Translate, his eyes hide (i.e., wait) for the darkness; and comp. Job 24:15. "The eye of the adulterer waiteth for the twilight."

"The Arab robber lurks like a wolf among these sand-heaps, and often springs out suddenly upon the solitary traveller, robs him in a trice, and then plunges again into the wilderness of sandhills and reedy downs, where pursuit is fruitless. Our friends are careful not to allow us to straggle about or linger behind, and yet it seems absurd to fear a surprise here--Khaifa before our eyes, Acre in our rear, and travellers in sight on both sides. Robberies, however, do often occur just where we now are. Strange country; and it has always been so."--Thomson, The Land and Book.

Verse 8. - He sitteth in the lurking-places of the villages. These "lurking-places" must not be supposed to have been inside the villages, but outside of them They were retired spots at no great distance, where brigands or others might lie in ambush, ready to seize on such of the villagers as might show themselves. In the secret places doth he murder the innocent (comp. Job 24:14). The usual object would be, not murder, but robbery. Still, there would be cases where it would be convenient to remove a man, as Jezebel removed Naboth; and moreover, in every case of robbery, there is a chance that the victim may resist, and a struggle ensue, in which he may lose his life. His eyes are privily set against the poor; or, his eyes lay ambush for the helpless (Kay). The word translated" poor" (הֵלְכָה) is only found in this place and in ver. 10, where the antithesis of "strong ones" seems to imply that the weak and helpless are meant.

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
He lies
יֵשֵׁ֤ב ׀ (yê·šêḇ)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 3427: To sit down, to dwell, to remain, to settle, to marry

in wait
בְּמַאְרַ֬ב (bə·ma’·raḇ)
Preposition-b | Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 3993: An ambuscade

near the villages;
חֲצֵרִ֗ים (ḥă·ṣê·rîm)
Noun - common plural
Strong's 2691: A yard, a hamlet

in ambush
בַּֽ֭מִּסְתָּרִים (bam·mis·tā·rîm)
Preposition-b, Article | Noun - masculine plural
Strong's 4565: A secret place, hiding place

he slays
יַהֲרֹ֣ג (ya·hă·rōḡ)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 2026: To smite with deadly intent

the innocent;
נָקִ֑י (nā·qî)
Adjective - masculine singular
Strong's 5355: Clean, free from, exempt

his eyes
עֵ֝ינָ֗יו (‘ê·nāw)
Noun - cdc | third person masculine singular
Strong's 5869: An eye, a fountain

watch in stealth
יִצְפֹּֽנוּ׃ (yiṣ·pō·nū)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine plural
Strong's 6845: To hide, to hoard, reserve, to deny, to protect, to lurk

for the helpless.
לְֽחֵלְכָ֥ה (lə·ḥê·lə·ḵāh)
Preposition-l | Noun - feminine singular
Strong's 2489: A wretch, unfortunate


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OT Poetry: Psalm 10:8 He lies in wait near the villages (Psalm Ps Psa.)
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