Psalm 15:3
New International Version
whose tongue utters no slander, who does no wrong to a neighbor, and casts no slur on others;

New Living Translation
Those who refuse to gossip or harm their neighbors or speak evil of their friends.

English Standard Version
who does not slander with his tongue and does no evil to his neighbor, nor takes up a reproach against his friend;

Berean Study Bible
who has no slander on his tongue, who does no harm to his neighbor, who casts no scorn on his friend,

King James Bible
He that backbiteth not with his tongue, nor doeth evil to his neighbour, nor taketh up a reproach against his neighbour.

New King James Version
He who does not backbite with his tongue, Nor does evil to his neighbor, Nor does he take up a reproach against his friend;

New American Standard Bible
He does not slander with his tongue, Nor do evil to his neighbor, Nor bring shame on his friend;

NASB 1995
He does not slander with his tongue, Nor does evil to his neighbor, Nor takes up a reproach against his friend;

NASB 1977
He does not slander with his tongue, Nor does evil to his neighbor, Nor takes up a reproach against his friend;

Amplified Bible
He does not slander with his tongue, Nor does evil to his neighbor, Nor takes up a reproach against his friend;

Christian Standard Bible
who does not slander with his tongue, who does not harm his friend or discredit his neighbor,

Holman Christian Standard Bible
who does not slander with his tongue, who does not harm his friend or discredit his neighbor,

American Standard Version
He that slandereth not with his tongue, Nor doeth evil to his friend, Nor taketh up a reproach against his neighbor;

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And he is not deceitful with his tongue, neither does evil to his neighbor and does not accept a bribe against his neighbor.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
Who has not spoken craftily with is tongue, neither has done evil to his neighbour, nor taken up a reproach against them that dwelt nearest to him.

Contemporary English Version
and don't spread gossip; they treat others fairly and don't say cruel things.

Douay-Rheims Bible
He that speaketh truth in his heart, who hath not used deceit in his tongue: Nor hath done evil to his neighbour: nor taken up a reproach against his neighbours.

English Revised Version
He that slandereth not with his tongue, nor doeth evil to his friend, nor taketh up a reproach against his neighbour.

Good News Translation
and who do not slander others. They do no wrong to their friends nor spread rumors about their neighbors.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
The one who does not slander with his tongue, do evil to a friend, or bring disgrace on his neighbor.

International Standard Version
The one who does not slander with his tongue, who does no evil to his neighbor, and who does not destroy his friend's reputation.

JPS Tanakh 1917
That hath no slander upon his tongue, Nor doeth evil to his fellow, Nor taketh up a reproach against his neighbour;

Literal Standard Version
He has not slandered by his tongue, He has not done evil to his friend; And he has not lifted up reproach Against his neighbor.

NET Bible
He does not slander, or do harm to others, or insult his neighbor.

New Heart English Bible
He doesn't slander with his tongue, nor does evil to his friend, nor lifts up an insult against his neighbor.

World English Bible
He who doesn't slander with his tongue, nor does evil to his friend, nor casts slurs against his fellow man;

Young's Literal Translation
He hath not slandered by his tongue, He hath not done to his friend evil; And reproach he hath not lifted up Against his neighbour.

Additional Translations ...
Context
Who May Dwell on Your Holy Hill?
2He who walks with integrity and practices righteousness, who speaks the truth from his heart, 3who has no slander on his tongue, who does no harm to his neighbor, who casts no scorn on his friend, 4who despises the vile but honors those who fear the LORD, who does not revise a costly oath,…

Cross References
Exodus 23:1
"You shall not spread a false report. Do not join the wicked by being a malicious witness.

Leviticus 19:16
You must not go about spreading slander among your people. You must not endanger the life of your neighbor. I am the LORD.

Psalm 28:3
Do not drag me away with the wicked, and with the workers of iniquity, who speak peace to their neighbors while malice is in their hearts.

Psalm 50:20
You sit and malign your brother; you slander your own mother's son.

Jeremiah 9:4
"Let everyone guard against his neighbor; do not trust any brother, for every brother deals craftily, and every friend spreads slander.


Treasury of Scripture

He that backbites not with his tongue, nor does evil to his neighbor, nor takes up a reproach against his neighbor.

backbiteth

Psalm 101:5-8
Whoso privily slandereth his neighbour, him will I cut off: him that hath an high look and a proud heart will not I suffer…

Exodus 23:1-33
Thou shalt not raise a false report: put not thine hand with the wicked to be an unrighteous witness…

Leviticus 19:16
Thou shalt not go up and down as a talebearer among thy people: neither shalt thou stand against the blood of thy neighbour: I am the LORD.

doeth

1 Samuel 24:11
Moreover, my father, see, yea, see the skirt of thy robe in my hand: for in that I cut off the skirt of thy robe, and killed thee not, know thou and see that there is neither evil nor transgression in mine hand, and I have not sinned against thee; yet thou huntest my soul to take it.

Isaiah 56:2
Blessed is the man that doeth this, and the son of man that layeth hold on it; that keepeth the sabbath from polluting it, and keepeth his hand from doing any evil.

Matthew 7:12
Therefore all things whatsoever ye would that men should do to you, do ye even so to them: for this is the law and the prophets.

taketh up.

Proverbs 22:10
Cast out the scorner, and contention shall go out; yea, strife and reproach shall cease.

Proverbs 25:3
The heaven for height, and the earth for depth, and the heart of kings is unsearchable.









(3) He that backbiteth not.--Literally, he has not footed it on his tongue. Very expressive of those who go about from house to house carrying tittle- tattle. (Comp. 1Timothy 5:13.)

Reproach.--The Hebrew word has a striking derivation. Properly, the stripping of the trees of autumn fruit; so, stripping honour and reputation from a person. Two different words are in the Hebrew for "neighbour." Translate, "Who does no ill to his friend, nor carries a reproach against his neighbour." The marginal receiveth, or endureth, is quite against the context.

Verse 3. - He that backbiteth not with his tongue. Among the negative virtues the first place is given to the observance of the ninth commandment, probably because to err in this respect is so very common a fault (see Jeremiah 6:28; Jeremiah 9:4; James 3:5-8). Nor doeth evil to his neighbour; rather, to his friend, or his companion - a different word from that used at the end of the verse, and implying greater intimacy. There is special wickedness in injuring one with whom we are intimate. Nor taketh up a reproach against his neighbour. The good man does not, even when it is true, spread an ill report concerning his neighbour. He prefers to keep silence, and let the report die out (see Exodus 33:1).

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
who has no
לֹֽא־ (lō-)
Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's 3808: Not, no

slander
רָגַ֨ל ׀ (rā·ḡal)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 7270: To walk along, to reconnoiter, to be a, tale-bearer, to lead about

on
עַל־ (‘al-)
Preposition
Strong's 5921: Above, over, upon, against

his tongue,
לְשֹׁנ֗וֹ (lə·šō·nōw)
Noun - common singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's 3956: The tongue

who does
עָשָׂ֣ה (‘ā·śāh)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 6213: To do, make

no
לֹא־ (lō-)
Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's 3808: Not, no

harm
רָעָ֑ה (rā·‘āh)
Adjective - feminine singular
Strong's 7451: Bad, evil

to his neighbor,
לְרֵעֵ֣הוּ (lə·rê·‘ê·hū)
Preposition-l | Noun - masculine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's 7453: Friend, companion, fellow

who casts no scorn
וְ֝חֶרְפָּ֗ה (wə·ḥer·pāh)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - feminine singular
Strong's 2781: Contumely, disgrace, the pudenda

on
עַל־ (‘al-)
Preposition
Strong's 5921: Above, over, upon, against

his friend,
קְרֹֽבוֹ׃ (qə·rō·ḇōw)
Adjective - masculine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's 7138: Near


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OT Poetry: Psalm 15:3 He who doesn't slander with his tongue (Psalm Ps Psa.)
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