Jeremiah 6:28
New International Version
They are all hardened rebels, going about to slander. They are bronze and iron; they all act corruptly.

New Living Translation
They are the worst kind of rebel, full of slander. They are as hard as bronze and iron, and they lead others into corruption.

English Standard Version
They are all stubbornly rebellious, going about with slanders; they are bronze and iron; all of them act corruptly.

Berean Study Bible
All are hardened rebels, walking around as slanderers. They are bronze and iron; all of them are corrupt.

New American Standard Bible
All of them are stubbornly rebellious, Going about as a talebearer. They are bronze and iron; They, all of them, are corrupt.

King James Bible
They are all grievous revolters, walking with slanders: they are brass and iron; they are all corrupters.

Christian Standard Bible
All are stubborn rebels spreading slander. They are bronze and iron; all of them are corrupt.

Contemporary English Version
And you'll find they are hard like bronze and iron. They are stubborn rebels, always spreading lies. *

Good News Translation
They are all stubborn rebels, hard as bronze and iron. They are all corrupt, going around and spreading gossip.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
All are stubborn rebels spreading slander. They are bronze and iron; all of them are corrupt.

International Standard Version
All of them are very rebellious, going around as slanderers. They're bronze and iron, and all of them are corrupt.

NET Bible
I reported, "All of them are the most stubborn of rebels! They are as hard as bronze or iron. They go about telling lies. They all deal corruptly.

New Heart English Bible
"They are all grievous rebels, going about with slanders; they are bronze and iron: they all of them deal corruptly.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
They are all vicious rebels. They go around slandering. They are all like bronze and iron. They corrupt themselves.

JPS Tanakh 1917
They are all grievous revolters, Going about with slanders; They are brass and iron; They all of them deal corruptly.

New American Standard 1977
All of them are stubbornly rebellious, Going about as a talebearer. They are bronze and iron; They, all of them, are corrupt.

Jubilee Bible 2000
They are all rebellious princes; they walk with deception: they are brass and iron; they are all corrupters.

King James 2000 Bible
They are all grievous revolters, walking with slanders: they are bronze and iron; they are all corrupters.

American King James Version
They are all grievous rebels, walking with slanders: they are brass and iron; they are all corrupters.

American Standard Version
They are all grievous revolters, going about with slanders; they are brass and iron: they all of them deal corruptly.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
They are all disobedient, walking perversely: they are brass and iron; they are all corrupted.

Douay-Rheims Bible
All of these princes go out of the way, they walk deceitfully, they are brass and iron: they are all corrupted.

Darby Bible Translation
They are all the most rebellious of rebels, going about with slander: they are bronze and iron; they are all corrupters.

English Revised Version
They are all grievous revolters, going about with slanders; they are brass and iron: they all of them deal corruptly.

Webster's Bible Translation
They are all grievous revolters, walking with slanders: they are brass and iron; they are all corrupters.

World English Bible
They are all grievous rebels, going about with slanders; they are brass and iron: they all of them deal corruptly.

Young's Literal Translation
All of them are turned aside by apostates, Walking slanderously -- brass and iron, All of them are corrupters.
Study Bible
An Invasion from the North
27I have appointed you a tester of metals among My people, so you may know and try their ways. 28All are hardened rebels, walking around as slanderers. They are bronze and iron; all of them are corrupt. 29The bellows blow fiercely, blasting away the lead with fire. The refining proceeds in vain, for the wicked are not purged.…
Cross References
Leviticus 19:16
You must not go about spreading slander among your people. You must not endanger the life of your neighbor. I am the LORD.

Jeremiah 5:23
But these people have stubborn and rebellious hearts. They have turned aside and gone away.

Jeremiah 9:4
"Let everyone guard against his neighbor; do not trust any brother, for every brother deals craftily, and every friend spreads slander.

Ezekiel 22:18
"Son of man, the house of Israel has become dross to Me. All of them are copper, tin, iron, and lead inside the furnace; they are but the dross of silver.

Ezekiel 24:13
Because of the indecency of your uncleanness I tried to cleanse you, but you would not be purified from your filthiness. You will not be pure again until My wrath against you has subsided.

Treasury of Scripture

They are all grievous rebels, walking with slanders: they are brass and iron; they are all corrupters.

all grievous.

Jeremiah 5:23
But this people hath a revolting and a rebellious heart; they are revolted and gone.

Isaiah 1:5
Why should ye be stricken any more? ye will revolt more and more: the whole head is sick, and the whole heart faint.

Isaiah 31:6
Turn ye unto him from whom the children of Israel have deeply revolted.

walking.

Jeremiah 9:4
Take ye heed every one of his neighbour, and trust ye not in any brother: for every brother will utterly supplant, and every neighbour will walk with slanders.

Jeremiah 18:18
Then said they, Come, and let us devise devices against Jeremiah; for the law shall not perish from the priest, nor counsel from the wise, nor the word from the prophet. Come, and let us smite him with the tongue, and let us not give heed to any of his words.

Jeremiah 20:10
For I heard the defaming of many, fear on every side. Report, say they, and we will report it. All my familiars watched for my halting, saying, Peradventure he will be enticed, and we shall prevail against him, and we shall take our revenge on him.

they are brass.

Jeremiah 6:30
Reprobate silver shall men call them, because the LORD hath rejected them.

Ezekiel 22:18-22
Son of man, the house of Israel is to me become dross: all they are brass, and tin, and iron, and lead, in the midst of the furnace; they are even the dross of silver…

corrupters.

Isaiah 1:4
Ah sinful nation, a people laden with iniquity, a seed of evildoers, children that are corrupters: they have forsaken the LORD, they have provoked the Holy One of Israel unto anger, they are gone away backward.

Revelation 11:18
And the nations were angry, and thy wrath is come, and the time of the dead, that they should be judged, and that thou shouldest give reward unto thy servants the prophets, and to the saints, and them that fear thy name, small and great; and shouldest destroy them which destroy the earth.

Revelation 19:2
For true and righteous are his judgments: for he hath judged the great whore, which did corrupt the earth with her fornication, and hath avenged the blood of his servants at her hand.







Lexicon
All
כֻּלָּם֙ (kul·lām)
Noun - masculine singular construct | third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 3605: The whole, all, any, every

are hardened
סֽוֹרְרִ֔ים (sō·wr·rîm)
Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 5637: To turn away, be refractory

rebels,
סָרֵ֣י (sā·rê)
Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine plural construct
Strong's Hebrew 5493: To turn aside

walking around
הֹלְכֵ֥י (hō·lə·ḵê)
Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine plural construct
Strong's Hebrew 1980: To go, come, walk

as slanderers.
רָכִ֖יל (rā·ḵîl)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7400: A scandal-monger

They are bronze
נְחֹ֣שֶׁת (nə·ḥō·šeṯ)
Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5178: Copper, something made of that metal, coin, a fetter, base

and iron;
וּבַרְזֶ֑ל (ū·ḇar·zel)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1270: Iron, an iron implement

all
כֻּלָּ֥ם (kul·lām)
Noun - masculine singular construct | third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 3605: The whole, all, any, every

of them are corrupt.
מַשְׁחִיתִ֖ים (maš·ḥî·ṯîm)
Verb - Hifil - Participle - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 7843: Perhaps to go to ruin
(28) Grievous revolters . . .--Literally, rebels of rebels, as a Hebraism for the worst type of rebellion.

Walking with slanders.--The phrase was a common one (Leviticus 19:16; Proverbs 11:13; Proverbs 20:19), and pointed to the restless eagerness of the tale-bearer to spread his falsehoods. (Comp. 1Timothy 5:13, "wandering about . . . idle tattlers.")

Brass and iron.--Base metals serving for vile uses, no gold or silver in them. The imagery, which carries on the thought of the previous verse, had been made familiar by Isaiah (Isaiah 1:22; Isaiah 1:25), and was reproduced afterwards by Ezekiel (Ezekiel 22:18-22) and Malachi (Malachi 3:3).

Corrupters.--Better, workers of destruction.

Verse 28. - Grievous revolters; literally, rebels of rebels. Walking; rather, going about, as a peddler with his wares (so Proverbs 11:13; Proverbs 20:19; Leviticus 19:16). Jeremiah had good reason to specify this characteristic of his enemies (see Jeremiah 18:18). Brass and Iron; rather, copper and iron, in short, base metal, 6:18-30 God rejects their outward services, as worthless to atone for their sins. Sacrifice and incense were to direct them to a Mediator; but when offered to purchase a license to go on in sin, they provoke God. The sins of God's professing people make them an easy prey to their enemies. They dare not show themselves. Saints may rejoice in hope of God's mercies, though they see them only in the promise: sinners must mourn for fear of God's judgments, though they see them only in the threatenings. They are the worst of revolters, and are all corrupters. Sinners soon become tempters. They are compared to ore supposed to have good metal in it, but which proves all dross. Nothing will prevail to part between them and their sins. Reprobate silver shall they be called, useless and worthless. When warnings, corrections, rebukes, and all means of grace, leave men unrenewed, they will be left, as rejected of God, to everlasting misery. Let us pray, then, that we may be refined by the Lord, as silver is refined.
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OT Prophets: Jeremiah 6:28 They are all grievous rebels going about (Jer.) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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