Isaiah 63:10
New International Version
Yet they rebelled and grieved his Holy Spirit. So he turned and became their enemy and he himself fought against them.

New Living Translation
But they rebelled against him and grieved his Holy Spirit. So he became their enemy and fought against them.

English Standard Version
But they rebelled and grieved his Holy Spirit; therefore he turned to be their enemy, and himself fought against them.

Berean Study Bible
But they rebelled and grieved His Holy Spirit. So He turned and became their enemy and He Himself fought against them.

New American Standard Bible
But they rebelled And grieved His Holy Spirit; Therefore He turned Himself to become their enemy, He fought against them.

King James Bible
But they rebelled, and vexed his holy Spirit: therefore he was turned to be their enemy, and he fought against them.

Christian Standard Bible
But they rebelled and grieved his Holy Spirit. So he became their enemy and fought against them.

Contemporary English Version
Then the LORD's people turned against him and made his Holy Spirit sad. So he became their enemy and attacked them.

Good News Translation
but they rebelled against him and made his holy spirit sad. So the LORD became their enemy and fought against them.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
But they rebelled and grieved His Holy Spirit. So He became their enemy and fought against them.

International Standard Version
Yet they rebelled and grieved his Holy Spirit; so he changed and became their enemy, and he himself fought against them.

NET Bible
But they rebelled and offended his holy Spirit, so he turned into an enemy and fought against them.

New Heart English Bible
But they rebelled, and grieved his holy Spirit: therefore he was turned to be their enemy, and he himself fought against them.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
But they rebelled and offended his Holy Spirit. So he turned against them as their enemy; he fought against them.

JPS Tanakh 1917
But they rebelled, and grieved His holy spirit; Therefore He was turned to be their enemy, Himself fought against them.

New American Standard 1977
But they rebelled And grieved His Holy Spirit; Therefore, He turned Himself to become their enemy, He fought against them.

Jubilee Bible 2000
But they were rebels and angered his holy Spirit; therefore, he was turned to be their enemy, and he himself fought against them.

King James 2000 Bible
But they rebelled, and grieved his holy Spirit: therefore he turned to be their enemy, and he fought against them.

American King James Version
But they rebelled, and vexed his holy Spirit: therefore he was turned to be their enemy, and he fought against them.

American Standard Version
But they rebelled, and grieved his holy Spirit: therefore he was turned to be their enemy, and himself fought against them.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
But they disobeyed, and provoked his Holy Spirit: so he turned to be an enemy, he himself contended against them.

Douay-Rheims Bible
But they provoked to wrath, and afflicted the spirit of his Holy One: and he was turned to be their enemy, and he fought against them.

Darby Bible Translation
But they rebelled and grieved his holy Spirit: and he turned to be their enemy; himself, he fought against them.

English Revised Version
But they rebelled, and grieved his holy spirit: therefore he was turned to be their enemy, and himself fought against them.

Webster's Bible Translation
But they rebelled, and vexed his holy Spirit: therefore he was turned to be their enemy, and he fought against them.

World English Bible
But they rebelled, and grieved his holy Spirit: therefore he was turned to be their enemy, [and] himself fought against them.

Young's Literal Translation
And they have rebelled and grieved His Holy Spirit, And He turneth to them for an enemy, He Himself hath fought against them.
Study Bible
God's Mercies Recalled
9In all their distress, He too was afflicted, and the Angel of His Presence saved them. In His love and compassion He redeemed them; He lifted them up and carried them all the days of old. 10But they rebelled and grieved His Holy Spirit. So He turned and became their enemy and He Himself fought against them. 11Then His people remembered the days of old, the days of Moses. Where is He who brought them through the sea with the shepherds of His flock? Where is the One who set His Holy Spirit among them,…
Cross References
Acts 7:42
But God turned away from them and gave them over to the worship of the host of heaven, as it is written in the book of the prophets: 'Did you bring Me sacrifices and offerings forty years in the wilderness, O house of Israel?

Acts 7:51
You stiff-necked people with uncircumcised hearts and ears! You always resist the Holy Spirit, just as your fathers did.

Ephesians 4:30
And do not grieve the Holy Spirit of God, in whom you were sealed for the day of redemption.

Genesis 6:6
And the LORD regretted that He had made man on the earth, and He was grieved in His heart.

Psalm 51:11
Cast me not away from Your presence; take not Your Holy Spirit from me.

Psalm 78:17
But they continued to sin against Him, rebelling in the desert against the Most High.

Psalm 78:40
How often they disobeyed Him in the wilderness and grieved Him in the desert.

Psalm 106:33
For they rebelled against His Spirit, and Moses spoke rashly with his lips.

Isaiah 63:11
Then His people remembered the days of old, the days of Moses. Where is He who brought them through the sea with the shepherds of His flock? Where is the One who set His Holy Spirit among them,

Jeremiah 21:5
And I Myself will fight against you with an outstretched hand and a mighty arm, with anger, fury, and great wrath.

Jeremiah 32:30
For the children of Israel and of Judah have done nothing but evil in My sight from their youth; indeed, they have done nothing but provoke Me to anger by the work of their hands, declares the LORD.

Ezekiel 16:43
Because you did not remember the days of your youth, but enraged Me with all these things, I will surely bring your deeds down upon your own head, declares the Lord GOD. Have you not committed this lewdness on top of all your other abominations?

Ezekiel 20:8
But they rebelled against Me and refused to listen. None of them cast away the abominations before their eyes, and they did not forsake the idols of Egypt. So I resolved to pour out My wrath upon them and vent My anger against them in the land of Egypt.

Treasury of Scripture

But they rebelled, and vexed his holy Spirit: therefore he was turned to be their enemy, and he fought against them.

they rebelled

Isaiah 1:2
Hear, O heavens, and give ear, O earth: for the LORD hath spoken, I have nourished and brought up children, and they have rebelled against me.

Isaiah 65:2
I have spread out my hands all the day unto a rebellious people, which walketh in a way that was not good, after their own thoughts;

Exodus 15:24
And the people murmured against Moses, saying, What shall we drink?

vexed

Psalm 78:8,40,49,56
And might not be as their fathers, a stubborn and rebellious generation; a generation that set not their heart aright, and whose spirit was not stedfast with God…

Psalm 95:9-11
When your fathers tempted me, proved me, and saw my work…

Ezekiel 6:9
And they that escape of you shall remember me among the nations whither they shall be carried captives, because I am broken with their whorish heart, which hath departed from me, and with their eyes, which go a whoring after their idols: and they shall lothe themselves for the evils which they have committed in all their abominations.

he was

Exodus 23:21
Beware of him, and obey his voice, provoke him not; for he will not pardon your transgressions: for my name is in him.

Leviticus 26:17
And I will set my face against you, and ye shall be slain before your enemies: they that hate you shall reign over you; and ye shall flee when none pursueth you.

Deuteronomy 28:15
But it shall come to pass, if thou wilt not hearken unto the voice of the LORD thy God, to observe to do all his commandments and his statutes which I command thee this day; that all these curses shall come upon thee, and overtake thee:







Lexicon
But they
וְהֵ֛מָּה (wə·hêm·māh)
Conjunctive waw | Pronoun - third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 1992: They

rebelled
מָר֥וּ (mā·rū)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person common plural
Strong's Hebrew 4784: To be contentious or rebellious

and grieved
וְעִצְּב֖וּ (wə·‘iṣ·ṣə·ḇū)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Piel - Conjunctive perfect - third person common plural
Strong's Hebrew 6087: To carve, fabricate, fashion, to worry, pain, anger

His Holy
קָדְשׁ֑וֹ (qā·ḏə·šōw)
Noun - masculine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6944: A sacred place, thing, sanctity

Spirit.
ר֣וּחַ (rū·aḥ)
Noun - common singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 7307: Wind, breath, exhalation, life, anger, unsubstantiality, a region of the sky, spirit

So He turned
וַיֵּהָפֵ֥ךְ (way·yê·hā·p̄êḵ)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Nifal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2015: To turn about, over, to change, overturn, return, pervert

[and became]
לָהֶ֛ם (lā·hem)
Preposition | third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew

their enemy
לְאוֹיֵ֖ב (lə·’ō·w·yêḇ)
Preposition-l | Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 341: Hating, an adversary

[and] He Himself
ה֥וּא (hū)
Pronoun - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1931: He, self, the same, this, that, as, are

fought
נִלְחַם־ (nil·ḥam-)
Verb - Nifal - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3898: To feed on, to consume, to battle

against them.
בָּֽם׃ (bām)
Preposition | third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew
(10) Vexed his holy Spirit . . .--Literally, his Spirit of holiness. So St. Paul speaks of Christians as "grieving the Holy Spirit." Here, and in Psalm 51:11, as in the "Angel of the Presence," we may note a foreshadowing of the truth of the trinal personality of the unity of the Godhead, which was afterwards to be revealed. That which "vexed" the Holy Spirit was, in the nature of the case, the unholiness of the people, and this involved a change in the manifestation of the Divine Love, which was now compelled to show itself as wrath.

Verse 10. - But they rebelled. The rebellions of Israel against God commenced in the wilderness. They rebelled at Sinai, when they set up the golden calf; at Meribah (Numbers 20:24); at Shittim, when they consorted with the daughters of Moab (Numbers 25:6). Under the Judges, their conduct was one long rebellion (Judges 2:11; Judges 3:7, 12; Judges 4:1; Judges 6:1; Judges 8:33; Judges 10:6; Judges 13:1). They rebelled in Samuel's time by asking for a king (1 Samuel 8:5, 19, 20). The ten tribes rebelled under Jeroboam, and set up the idolatry of the calves at Dan and Bethel. Worse idolatries followed, and in two centuries and a half had reached such a height, that God was provoked to "remove Israel out of his sight" (2 Kings 17:23). Judah remained, but "rebelled" under Manasseh, Jehoiakim, Jehoiachin, and Zedekiah, "transgressing very much after all the abominations of the heathen, and polluting the very house of the Lord at Jerusalem" (2 Chronicles 36:14). These rebellions against God vexed his Holy Spirit - "provoked him," "grieved him," "moved the Holy One in Israel" (Psalm 78:40, 41; Psalm 106:43). Therefore he was turned to be their enemy (comp. Jeremiah 30:14; Lamentations 2:4, 5). Judah had "filled up the measure of her iniquities," had gone on "until there was no remedy" (2 Chronicles 36:16). God's indignation was therefore poured out upon her without let or stint. "He cut oft' in his fierce anger all the horn of Israel: he drew back his right hand from before the enemy; he burned against Jacob like a flaming fire, which devoureth round about. He bent his bow like an enemy; he stood with his right hand as an adversary, and slew all that were pleasant in the tabernacle of the daughter of Zion; he poured out his fury like fire. The Lord was as an enemy" (Lamentations 2:3-5). He fought against them; rather, he himself fought against them. God himself, though they were "his people," yet fought against them and for the Chaldeans in that final struggle. He "gave the city into the hand of the King of Babylon" (Jeremiah 34:2). 63:7-14 The latter part of this chapter, and the whole of the next, seem to express the prayers of the Jews on their conversation. They acknowledge God's great mercies and favours to their nation. They confess their wickedness and hardness of heart; they entreat his forgiveness, and deplore the miserable condition under which they have so long suffered. The only-begotten Son of the Father became the Angel or Messenger of his love; thus he redeemed and bare them with tenderness. Yet they murmured, and resisted his Holy Spirit, despising and persecuting his prophets, rejecting and crucifying the promised Messiah. All our comforts and hopes spring from the loving-kindness of the Lord, and all our miseries and fears from our sins. But he is the Saviour, and when sinners seek after him, who in other ages glorified himself by saving and feeding his purchased flock, and leading them safely through dangers, and has given his Holy Spirit to prosper the labours of his ministers, there is good ground to hope they are discovering the way of peace.
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