6087. atsab
Strong's Concordance
atsab: displease
Original Word: עָצַב
Part of Speech: Verb
Transliteration: atsab
Phonetic Spelling: (aw-tsab')
Definition: to hurt, pain, grieve
Brown-Driver-Briggs
I. [עָצַב] verb hurt, pain, grieve (Late Hebrew Nithp. and in derivatives; ᵑ7 עֲצַב be in pain (rare); Ethiopic be hard, difficult, LagBN 50, compare 201 compare Arabic be angry, but dubious); —

Qal Perfect3masculine singular suffix עֲצָבוֺ 1 Kings 1:6 his father had not pained him (ᵐ5 Klo Gr עֲצָרוֺ, but see Benz); insert עָצַב (with other words) 2 Samuel 13:21 ᵐ5 Ew Th We Kit Bu HPS; Infinitive construct suffix לְבִלְתִּי עָצְבִּי 1 Chronicles 4:10 that it (רָעָה) may not pain me; Passive participle construct עֲצוּבַת רוּחַ Isaiah 54:6 hurt in spirit (of Zion under figure of deserted wife).

Niph`al Perfect3masculine singular נֶעְצַב 1 Samuel 20:24 be pained for (אֶל person; strike out ᵐ5 HPS); נֶעֱצַב 2 Samuel 19:3 the king is in pain (is grieving) for (עַל person); Imperfect3masculine singular יֵעָצֵב 1 Samuel 20:3 lest he be pained; + בָּהֶם instrumental Ecclesiastes 10:9 shall be hurt by them (i.e. אֲבָנִים; only here of physical pain); 2 masculine plural תֵּעָֽצְבוּ Genesis 45:5 be not grieved (+ יִחַר; followed byכִּי that ye sold me), compare Nehemiah 8:10,11 (absolute) do not grieve.

Pi`el Perfect3plural עִצְּבוּ with accusative Isaiah 63:10 they vexed his holy spirit (+ מָרוּ); Imperfect3masculine plural בְּבָרַי יְעַצֵּ֑בוּ Psalm 56:6 my affairs they vex (Thes and others), but improbable, < Che ׳בְּדָבָר יְע with speech they vex (me).

Hiph`il Imperfect3masculine plural suffix יַעֲצִיבוּהוּ Psalm 78:40 they used to cause him [׳י] pain.

Hithpa`el Imperfect3masculine singular וַיִּתְעַצֵּב אֶללִֿבּוֺ Genesis 6:6 and he was vexed to his heart (of ׳י; "" וַיִּנָּחֶם); 3 masculine plural וִיִּתְעַצְּבוּ Genesis 34:7 (+ וַיִּחַר, followed by clause with כִּי).

II. [עָצַב] verb Pi`el shape, fashion (Late Hebrew Pi`el stretch child into shape; BuhlLex compare out, cut off [whence idea of carving, fashioning]); —

Pi`el Perfect יָדֶיךָ עִצְּבוּנִי וַעיַּעֲשׂוּנִי Job 10:8 thy hands shaped me, etc.

Hiph`il Infinitiveconstruct לְהַעֲצִבָה Jeremiah 44:19, but read בָהּ-, to fashion her, i.e. make images of her (possibly denominative from עָצָב).

Strong's Exhaustive Concordance
displease, grieve, hurt, make, be sorry, vex, worship, wrest

A primitive root; properly, to carve, i.e. Fabricate or fashion; hence (in a bad sense) to worry, pain or anger -- displease, grieve, hurt, make, be sorry, vex, worship, wrest.

Forms and Transliterations
וְעִצְּב֖וּ וַיִּֽתְעַצְּבוּ֙ וַיִּתְעַצֵּ֖ב וַעֲצ֥וּבַת ויתעצב ויתעצבו ועצבו ועצובת יְעַצֵּ֑בוּ יֵֽעָצֵ֑ב יֵעָצֵ֖ב יַ֝עֲצִיב֗וּהוּ יעצב יעצבו יעציבוהו לְהַ֣עֲצִבָ֔ה להעצבה נֶעְצַב֙ נֶעֱצַ֥ב נעצב עֲצָב֨וֹ עִ֭צְּבוּנִי עָצְבִּ֑י עצבו עצבוני עצבי תֵּ֣עָצֵ֔בוּ תֵּעָ֣צְב֗וּ תֵּעָצֵֽבוּ׃ תעצבו תעצבו׃ ‘ă·ṣā·ḇōw ‘ā·ṣə·bî ‘ăṣāḇōw ‘āṣəbî ‘iṣ·ṣə·ḇū·nî ‘iṣṣəḇūnî atzaVo atzeBi Itztzevuni lə·ha·‘ă·ṣi·ḇāh ləha‘ăṣiḇāh leHaatziVah ne‘·ṣaḇ ne‘ĕṣaḇ ne‘ṣaḇ ne·‘ĕ·ṣaḇ neeTzav neTzav tê‘āṣêḇū tê‘āṣəḇū tê·‘ā·ṣê·ḇū tê·‘ā·ṣə·ḇū teAtzeVu vaaTzuvat vaiyitatzTzev vaiyitatztzeVu veitztzeVu wa‘ăṣūḇaṯ wa·‘ă·ṣū·ḇaṯ way·yiṯ·‘aṣ·ṣə·ḇū way·yiṯ·‘aṣ·ṣêḇ wayyiṯ‘aṣṣêḇ wayyiṯ‘aṣṣəḇū wə‘iṣṣəḇū wə·‘iṣ·ṣə·ḇū ya‘ăṣîḇūhū ya·‘ă·ṣî·ḇū·hū yaatziVuhu yê‘āṣêḇ yə‘aṣṣêḇū yê·‘ā·ṣêḇ yə·‘aṣ·ṣê·ḇū yeaTzev yeatzTzevu
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Englishman's Concordance
Genesis 6:6
HEB: הָֽאָדָ֖ם בָּאָ֑רֶץ וַיִּתְעַצֵּ֖ב אֶל־ לִבּֽוֹ׃
NAS: on the earth, and He was grieved in His heart.
KJV: on the earth, and it grieved him at
INT: man the earth was grieved at his heart

Genesis 34:7
HEB: הַשָּׂדֶה֙ כְּשָׁמְעָ֔ם וַיִּֽתְעַצְּבוּ֙ הָֽאֲנָשִׁ֔ים וַיִּ֥חַר
NAS: [it]; and the men were grieved, and they were very
KJV: [it]: and the men were grieved, and they were very
INT: the field heard were grieved and the men angry

Genesis 45:5
HEB: וְעַתָּ֣ה ׀ אַל־ תֵּעָ֣צְב֗וּ וְאַל־ יִ֙חַר֙
NAS: Now do not be grieved or angry
KJV: Now therefore be not grieved, nor angry
INT: Now not be grieved not angry

1 Samuel 20:3
HEB: יְהוֹנָתָ֖ן פֶּן־ יֵֽעָצֵ֑ב וְאוּלָ֗ם חַי־
NAS: or he will be grieved.' But truly
KJV: know this, lest he be grieved: but truly
INT: Jonathan or he be grieved truly lives

1 Samuel 20:34
HEB: לֶ֔חֶם כִּ֤י נֶעְצַב֙ אֶל־ דָּוִ֔ד
NAS: of the new moon, for he was grieved over
KJV: of the month: for he was grieved for David,
INT: food because was grieved over David

2 Samuel 19:2
HEB: הַהוּא֙ לֵאמֹ֔ר נֶעֱצַ֥ב הַמֶּ֖לֶךְ עַל־
NAS: The king is grieved for his son.
KJV: how the king was grieved for his son.
INT: he said is grieved the king for

1 Kings 1:6
HEB: וְלֹֽא־ עֲצָב֨וֹ אָבִ֤יו מִיָּמָיו֙
NAS: had never crossed him at any
KJV: And his father had not displeased him at any time
INT: had never crossed his father time

1 Chronicles 4:10
HEB: מֵּרָעָ֖ה לְבִלְתִּ֣י עָצְבִּ֑י וַיָּבֵ֥א אֱלֹהִ֖ים
NAS: [me] from harm that [it] may not pain me! And God
KJV: [me] from evil, that it may not grieve me! And God
INT: evil that may not pain granted and God

Nehemiah 8:10
HEB: לַאֲדֹנֵ֑ינוּ וְאַל־ תֵּ֣עָצֵ֔בוּ כִּֽי־ חֶדְוַ֥ת
NAS: to our Lord. Do not be grieved, for the joy
KJV: unto our Lord: neither be ye sorry; for the joy
INT: to our Lord not be grieved for the joy

Nehemiah 8:11
HEB: קָדֹ֑שׁ וְאַל־ תֵּעָצֵֽבוּ׃
NAS: is holy; do not be grieved.
KJV: [is] holy; neither be ye grieved.
INT: is holy not be grieved

Job 10:8
HEB: יָדֶ֣יךָ עִ֭צְּבוּנִי וַֽיַּעֲשׂ֑וּנִי יַ֥חַד
NAS: Your hands fashioned and made
KJV: Thine hands have made me and fashioned
INT: your hands fashioned and made together

Psalm 56:5
HEB: הַ֭יּוֹם דְּבָרַ֣י יְעַצֵּ֑בוּ עָלַ֖י כָּל־
NAS: day long they distort my words;
KJV: Every day they wrest my words:
INT: day my words distort are against All

Psalm 78:40
HEB: יַמְר֣וּהוּ בַמִּדְבָּ֑ר יַ֝עֲצִיב֗וּהוּ בִּֽישִׁימֽוֹן׃
NAS: against Him in the wilderness And grieved Him in the desert!
KJV: him in the wilderness, [and] grieve him in the desert!
INT: rebelled the wilderness and grieved the desert

Ecclesiastes 10:9
HEB: מַסִּ֣יעַ אֲבָנִ֔ים יֵעָצֵ֖ב בָּהֶ֑ם בּוֹקֵ֥עַ
NAS: stones may be hurt by them, and he who splits
KJV: stones shall be hurt therewith; [and] he that cleaveth
INT: quarries stones may be hurt splits logs

Isaiah 54:6
HEB: כְאִשָּׁ֧ה עֲזוּבָ֛ה וַעֲצ֥וּבַת ר֖וּחַ קְרָאָ֣ךְ
NAS: forsaken and grieved in spirit,
KJV: forsaken and grieved in spirit,
INT: A wife forsaking and grieved spirit has called

Isaiah 63:10
HEB: וְהֵ֛מָּה מָר֥וּ וְעִצְּב֖וּ אֶת־ ר֣וּחַ
NAS: But they rebelled And grieved His Holy
KJV: But they rebelled, and vexed his holy
INT: they rebelled and grieved Spirit his Holy

Jeremiah 44:19
HEB: לָ֤הּ כַּוָּנִים֙ לְהַ֣עֲצִבָ֔ה וְהַסֵּ֥ךְ לָ֖הּ
NAS: for her [sacrificial] cakes in her image and poured
KJV: her cakes to worship her, and pour out
INT: made her cakes her image and poured offerings

17 Occurrences

Strong's Hebrew 6087
17 Occurrences


‘ă·ṣā·ḇōw — 1 Occ.
‘ā·ṣə·bî — 1 Occ.
‘iṣ·ṣə·ḇū·nî — 1 Occ.
lə·ha·‘ă·ṣi·ḇāh — 1 Occ.
ne·‘ĕ·ṣaḇ — 1 Occ.
ne‘·ṣaḇ — 1 Occ.
tê·‘ā·ṣə·ḇū — 3 Occ.
wa·‘ă·ṣū·ḇaṯ — 1 Occ.
way·yiṯ·‘aṣ·ṣêḇ — 1 Occ.
way·yiṯ·‘aṣ·ṣə·ḇū — 1 Occ.
wə·‘iṣ·ṣə·ḇū — 1 Occ.
ya·‘ă·ṣî·ḇū·hū — 1 Occ.
yê·‘ā·ṣêḇ — 2 Occ.
yə·‘aṣ·ṣê·ḇū — 1 Occ.










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