1 Samuel 20:3
Text Analysis
Strong'sHebrewEnglishMorphology
7650 [e]וַיִּשָּׁבַ֨ע
way-yiš-šā-ḇa‘
And took an oathConj-w | V-Nifal-ConsecImperf-3ms
5750 [e]ע֜וֹד
‘ō-wḏ
againAdv
1732 [e]דָּוִ֗ד
dā-wiḏ,
DavidN-proper-ms
559 [e]וַיֹּ֙אמֶר֙
way-yō-mer
and saidConj-w | V-Qal-ConsecImperf-3ms
3045 [e]יָדֹ֨עַ
yā-ḏō-a‘
surelyV-Qal-InfAbs
3045 [e]יָדַ֜ע
yā-ḏa‘
knowsV-Qal-Perf-3ms
1 [e]אָבִ֗יךָ
’ā-ḇî-ḵā,
Your fatherN-msc | 2ms
3588 [e]כִּֽי־
kî-
thatConj
4672 [e]מָצָ֤אתִי
mā-ṣā-ṯî
I have foundV-Qal-Perf-1cs
2580 [e]חֵן֙
ḥên
favorN-ms
5869 [e]בְּעֵינֶ֔יךָ
bə-‘ê-ne-ḵā,
in your eyesPrep-b | N-cdc | 2ms
559 [e]וַיֹּ֛אמֶר
way-yō-mer
and he has saidConj-w | V-Qal-ConsecImperf-3ms
408 [e]אַל־
’al-
notAdv
3045 [e]יֵֽדַע־
yê-ḏa‘-
do let knowV-Qal-Imperf-3ms
2063 [e]זֹ֥את
zōṯ
thisPro-fs
3083 [e]יְהוֹנָתָ֖ן
yə-hō-w-nā-ṯān
JonathanN-proper-ms
6435 [e]פֶּן־
pen-
lestConj
6087 [e]יֵֽעָצֵ֑ב
yê-‘ā-ṣêḇ;
he be grievedV-Nifal-Imperf-3ms
199 [e]וְאוּלָ֗ם
wə-’ū-lām,
but trulyConj-w | Conj
2416 [e]חַי־
ḥay-
[as] livesN-ms
3068 [e]יְהוָה֙
Yah-weh
YahwehN-proper-ms
2416 [e]וְחֵ֣י
wə-ḥê
and [as] livesConj-w | N-msc
5315 [e]נַפְשֶׁ֔ךָ
nap̄-še-ḵā,
your soulN-fsc | 2ms
3588 [e]כִּ֣י
butConj
6587 [e]כְפֶ֔שַׂע
ḵə-p̄e-śa‘,
[there is] a stepPrep-k | N-ms
996 [e]בֵּינִ֖י
bê-nî
between mePrep | 1cs
996 [e]וּבֵ֥ין
ū-ḇên
andConj-w | Prep
4194 [e]הַמָּֽוֶת׃
ham-mā-weṯ.
deathArt | N-ms









Hebrew Texts
שמואל א 20:3 Hebrew OT: Westminster Leningrad Codex
וַיִּשָּׁבַ֨ע עֹ֜וד דָּוִ֗ד וַיֹּ֙אמֶר֙ יָדֹ֨עַ יָדַ֜ע אָבִ֗יךָ כִּֽי־מָצָ֤אתִי חֵן֙ בְּעֵינֶ֔יךָ וַיֹּ֛אמֶר אַל־יֵֽדַע־זֹ֥את יְהֹונָתָ֖ן פֶּן־יֵֽעָצֵ֑ב וְאוּלָ֗ם חַי־יְהוָה֙ וְחֵ֣י נַפְשֶׁ֔ךָ כִּ֣י כְפֶ֔שַׂע בֵּינִ֖י וּבֵ֥ין הַמָּֽוֶת׃

שמואל א 20:3 Hebrew OT: WLC (Consonants Only)
וישבע עוד דוד ויאמר ידע ידע אביך כי־מצאתי חן בעיניך ויאמר אל־ידע־זאת יהונתן פן־יעצב ואולם חי־יהוה וחי נפשך כי כפשע ביני ובין המות׃

שמואל א 20:3 Paleo-Hebrew OT: WLC (Font Required)
וישבע עוד דוד ויאמר ידע ידע אביך כי־מצאתי חן בעיניך ויאמר אל־ידע־זאת יהונתן פן־יעצב ואולם חי־יהוה וחי נפשך כי כפשע ביני ובין המות׃

שמואל א 20:3 Hebrew Bible
וישבע עוד דוד ויאמר ידע ידע אביך כי מצאתי חן בעיניך ויאמר אל ידע זאת יהונתן פן יעצב ואולם חי יהוה וחי נפשך כי כפשע ביני ובין המות׃

Parallel Verses
New American Standard Bible
Yet David vowed again, saying, "Your father knows well that I have found favor in your sight, and he has said, 'Do not let Jonathan know this, or he will be grieved.' But truly as the LORD lives and as your soul lives, there is hardly a step between me and death."

King James Bible
And David sware moreover, and said, Thy father certainly knoweth that I have found grace in thine eyes; and he saith, Let not Jonathan know this, lest he be grieved: but truly as the LORD liveth, and as thy soul liveth, there is but a step between me and death.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
But David said, "Your father certainly knows that you have come to look favorably on me. He has said, 'Jonathan must not know of this, or else he will be grieved.'" David also swore, "As surely as the LORD lives and as you yourself live, there is but a step between me and death."
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

sware

Deuteronomy 6:13 You shall fear the LORD your God, and serve him, and shall swear by his name.

Jeremiah 4:2 And you shall swear, The LORD lives, in truth, in judgment, and in …

Hebrews 6:16 For men truly swear by the greater: and an oath for confirmation …

but truly

1 Samuel 25:26 Now therefore, my lord, as the LORD lives, and as your soul lives, …

1 Samuel 27:1 And David said in his heart, I shall now perish one day by the hand of Saul…

2 Samuel 15:21 And Ittai answered the king, and said, As the LORD lives, and as …

2 Kings 2:2,4,6 And Elijah said to Elisha, Tarry here, I pray you; for the LORD has …

as thy soul

1 Samuel 1:26 And she said, Oh my lord, as your soul lives, my lord, I am the woman …

1 Samuel 17:55 And when Saul saw David go forth against the Philistine, he said …

Jeremiah 38:16 So Zedekiah the king swore secretly to Jeremiah, saying, As the LORD …

but a step

1 Samuel 27:1 And David said in his heart, I shall now perish one day by the hand of Saul…

Deuteronomy 28:66 And your life shall hang in doubt before you; and you shall fear …

Psalm 116:3 The sorrows of death compassed me, and the pains of hell got hold …

1 Corinthians 15:30,31 And why stand we in jeopardy every hour…

2 Corinthians 1:9,10 But we had the sentence of death in ourselves, that we should not …

Links
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1 Samuel 20:2
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