Deuteronomy 32:30
New International Version
How could one man chase a thousand, or two put ten thousand to flight, unless their Rock had sold them, unless the LORD had given them up?

New Living Translation
How could one person chase a thousand of them, and two people put ten thousand to flight, unless their Rock had sold them, unless the LORD had given them up?

English Standard Version
How could one have chased a thousand, and two have put ten thousand to flight, unless their Rock had sold them, and the LORD had given them up?

Berean Study Bible
How could one man pursue a thousand, or two put ten thousand to flight, unless their Rock had sold them, unless the LORD had given them up?

New American Standard Bible
"How could one chase a thousand, And two put ten thousand to flight, Unless their Rock had sold them, And the LORD had given them up?

King James Bible
How should one chase a thousand, and two put ten thousand to flight, except their Rock had sold them, and the LORD had shut them up?

Christian Standard Bible
How could one pursue a thousand, or two put ten thousand to flight, unless their Rock had sold them, unless the LORD had given them up?

Contemporary English Version
How could one enemy soldier chase a thousand of Israel's troops? Or how could two of theirs pursue ten thousand of ours? It can only happen if the LORD stops protecting Israel and lets the enemy win.

Good News Translation
Why were a thousand defeated by one, and ten thousand by only two? The LORD, their God, had abandoned them; their mighty God had given them up.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
How could one man pursue a thousand, or two put ten thousand to flight, unless their Rock had sold them, unless the LORD had given them up?

International Standard Version
How can one person chase a thousand of them and two put a myriad to flight, unless their Rock delivers them and the LORD gives them up?

NET Bible
How can one man chase a thousand of them, and two pursue ten thousand; unless their Rock had delivered them up, and the LORD had handed them over?

New Heart English Bible
How could one chase a thousand, and two put ten thousand to flight, unless their Rock had sold them, and the LORD had delivered them up?

GOD'S WORD® Translation
How could one person chase a thousand or two people make ten thousand flee? Their rock used these people to defeat them and the LORD gave them no help.

JPS Tanakh 1917
How should one chase a thousand, And two put ten thousand to flight, Except their Rock had given them over And the LORD had delivered them up?

New American Standard 1977
“How could one chase a thousand, And two put ten thousand to flight, Unless their Rock had sold them, And the LORD had given them up?

Jubilee Bible 2000
How could one chase a thousand and two put ten thousands to flight if their strong One had not sold them, and the LORD had not delivered them up?

King James 2000 Bible
How should one chase a thousand, and two put ten thousand to flight, except their Rock had sold them, and the LORD had given them up?

American King James Version
How should one chase a thousand, and two put ten thousand to flight, except their Rock had sold them, and the LORD had shut them up?

American Standard Version
How should one chase a thousand, And two put ten thousand to flight, Except their Rock had sold them, And Jehovah had delivered them up?

Brenton Septuagint Translation
How should one pursue a thousand, and two rout tens of thousands, if God had not sold them, and the Lord delivered them up?

Douay-Rheims Bible
How should one pursue after a thousand, and two chase ten thousand? Was it not, because their God had sold them, and the Lord had shut them up?

Darby Bible Translation
How could one chase a thousand, And two put ten thousand to flight, Were it not that their Rock had sold them, And Jehovah had delivered them up?

English Revised Version
How should one chase a thousand, And two put ten thousand to flight, Except their Rock had sold them, And the LORD had delivered them up?

Webster's Bible Translation
How should one chase a thousand, and two put ten thousand to flight, except their Rock had sold them, and the LORD had shut them up?

World English Bible
How could one chase a thousand, and two put ten thousand to flight, unless their Rock had sold them, and Yahweh had delivered them up?

Young's Literal Translation
How doth one pursue a thousand, And two cause a myriad to flee! If not -- that their rock hath sold them, And Jehovah hath shut them up?
Study Bible
The Song of Moses
29If only they were wise, they would understand it; they would comprehend their fate. 30How could one man pursue a thousand, or two put ten thousand to flight, unless their Rock had sold them, unless the LORD had given them up? 31For their rock is not like our Rock, even our enemies concede.…
Cross References
Leviticus 26:7
You will pursue your enemies, and they will fall by the sword before you.

Leviticus 26:8
Five of you will pursue a hundred, and a hundred of you will chase ten thousand, and your enemies will fall by the sword before you.

Deuteronomy 32:4
He is the Rock, His work is perfect; all His ways are just. A God of faithfulness without injustice, righteous and upright is He.

Judges 2:14
Then the anger of the LORD burned against Israel, and He handed them over to raiders who plundered them. He sold them into the hands of their enemies all around, whom they were no longer able to resist.

1 Samuel 2:2
There is no one holy like the LORD. Indeed, there is no one besides You! And there is no rock like our God.

1 Chronicles 12:14
These Gadites were army commanders, the least of whom was a match for a hundred, and the greatest for a thousand.

Psalm 31:8
You have not delivered me to the enemy; You have set my feet in the open.

Psalm 44:12
You sell Your people for nothing; no profit do You gain from their sale.

Isaiah 30:17
A thousand will take flight at the threat of one, at the threat of five you will flee, until you are left alone like a lone pole on a mountaintop, like a banner on a hill.

Isaiah 50:1
This is what the LORD says: "Where is your mother's certificate of divorce with which I sent her away? Or to which of My creditors did I sell you? Look, you were sold for your iniquities, and for your transgressions your mother was sent away.

Treasury of Scripture

How should one chase a thousand, and two put ten thousand to flight, except their Rock had sold them, and the LORD had shut them up?

one chase

Leviticus 26:8
And five of you shall chase an hundred, and an hundred of you shall put ten thousand to flight: and your enemies shall fall before you by the sword.

Joshua 23:10
One man of you shall chase a thousand: for the LORD your God, he it is that fighteth for you, as he hath promised you.

Judges 7:22,23
And the three hundred blew the trumpets, and the LORD set every man's sword against his fellow, even throughout all the host: and the host fled to Bethshittah in Zererath, and to the border of Abelmeholah, unto Tabbath…

sold them

Judges 2:14
And the anger of the LORD was hot against Israel, and he delivered them into the hands of spoilers that spoiled them, and he sold them into the hands of their enemies round about, so that they could not any longer stand before their enemies.

Judges 3:8
Therefore the anger of the LORD was hot against Israel, and he sold them into the hand of Chushanrishathaim king of Mesopotamia: and the children of Israel served Chushanrishathaim eight years.

Psalm 44:12
Thou sellest thy people for nought, and dost not increase thy wealth by their price.

shut them

Job 11:10
If he cut off, and shut up, or gather together, then who can hinder him?

Job 16:11
God hath delivered me to the ungodly, and turned me over into the hands of the wicked.

Psalm 31:8
And hast not shut me up into the hand of the enemy: thou hast set my feet in a large room.







Lexicon
How
אֵיכָ֞ה (’ê·ḵāh)
Interjection
Strong's Hebrew 349: How?, how!, where

could one man
אֶחָד֙ (’e·ḥāḏ)
Number - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 259: United, one, first

pursue
יִרְדֹּ֤ף (yir·dōp̄)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7291: To pursue, chase, persecute

a thousand,
אֶ֔לֶף (’e·lep̄)
Number - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 505: A thousand

or two
וּשְׁנַ֖יִם (ū·šə·na·yim)
Conjunctive waw | Number - md
Strong's Hebrew 8147: Two (a cardinal number)

put ten thousand
רְבָבָ֑ה (rə·ḇā·ḇāh)
Number - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7233: Multitude, myriad, ten thousand

to flight,
יָנִ֣יסוּ (yā·nî·sū)
Verb - Hifil - Imperfect - third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 5127: To flit, vanish away

unless
אִם־ (’im-)
Conjunction
Strong's Hebrew 518: Lo!, whether?, if, although, Oh that!, when, not

their Rock
צוּרָ֣ם (ṣū·rām)
Noun - masculine singular construct | third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 6697: A cliff, a rock, boulder, a refuge, an edge

had sold them,
מְכָרָ֔ם (mə·ḵā·rām)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person masculine singular | third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 4376: To sell

unless the LORD
וַֽיהוָ֖ה (Yah·weh)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3068: LORD -- the proper name of the God of Israel

had given them up?
הִסְגִּירָֽם׃ (his·gî·rām)
Verb - Hifil - Perfect - third person masculine singular | third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 5462: To shut up, to surrender
(30) How should one (of their enemies) chase a thousand (of them).--Comp. the verse in Deuteronomy 28:25, and more especially Leviticus 26:8; Leviticus 26:17; Leviticus 26:36.

Had sold them.--Here first used of Jehovah. It is a common expression in the book of Judges (Deuteronomy 2:14; Deuteronomy 3:8; Deuteronomy 4:2; Deuteronomy 10:7; 1Samuel 12:9).

Had shut them up (into the hand of their enemies).--Comp. Psalm 78:62, "He shut up His people also unto the sword."

Verse 30. - If Israel were wise, they could easily overcome all their foes through the help of the Almighty (Leviticus 26:8); but having forsaken him, they were left by him, and so came under the power of the enemy. 32:26-38 The idolatry and rebellions of Israel deserved, and the justice of God seemed to demand, that they should be rooted out. But He spared Israel, and continues them still to be living witnesses of the truth of the Bible, and to silence unbelievers. They are preserved for wise and holy purposes and the prophecies give us some idea what those purposes are. The Lord will never disgrace the throne of his glory. It is great wisdom, and will help much to the return of sinners to God, seriously to consider their latter end, or the future state. It is here meant particularly of what God foretold by Moses, about this people in the latter days; but it may be applied generally. Oh that men would consider the happiness they will lose, and the misery they will certainly plunge into, if they go on in their trespasses! What will be in the end thereof? Jer 5:31. For the Lord will in due time bring down the enemies of the church, in displeasure against their wickedness. When sinners deem themselves most secure, they suddenly fall into destruction. And God's time to appear for the deliverance of his people, is when things are at the worst with them. But those who trust to any rock but God, will find it fail them when they most need it. The rejection of the Messiah by the Jewish nation, is the continuance of their ancient idolatry, apostacy, and rebellion. They shall be brought to humble themselves before the Lord, to repent of their sins, and to trust in their long-rejected Mediator for salvation. Then he will deliver them, and make their prosperity great.
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