1 Samuel 1:6
New International Version
Because the LORD had closed Hannah’s womb, her rival kept provoking her in order to irritate her.

New Living Translation
So Peninnah would taunt Hannah and make fun of her because the LORD had kept her from having children.

English Standard Version
And her rival used to provoke her grievously to irritate her, because the LORD had closed her womb.

Berean Study Bible
Because the LORD had closed Hannah’s womb, her rival would provoke her and taunt her viciously.

King James Bible
And her adversary also provoked her sore, for to make her fret, because the LORD had shut up her womb.

New King James Version
And her rival also provoked her severely, to make her miserable, because the LORD had closed her womb.

New American Standard Bible
Her rival, moreover, would provoke her bitterly to irritate her, because the LORD had closed her womb.

NASB 1995
Her rival, however, would provoke her bitterly to irritate her, because the LORD had closed her womb.

NASB 1977
Her rival, however, would provoke her bitterly to irritate her, because the LORD had closed her womb.

Amplified Bible
Hannah’s rival provoked her bitterly, to irritate and embarrass her, because the LORD had left her childless.

Christian Standard Bible
Her rival would taunt her severely just to provoke her, because the LORD had kept Hannah from conceiving.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Her rival would taunt her severely just to provoke her, because the LORD had kept Hannah from conceiving.

American Standard Version
And her rival provoked her sore, to make her fret, because Jehovah had shut up her womb.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And his rival wife was provoking her also to anger, so that she would grieve her because LORD JEHOVAH had shut in the face of her womb

Brenton Septuagint Translation
For the Lord gave her no child in her affliction, and according to the despondency of her affliction; and she was dispirited on this account, that the Lord shut up her womb so as not to give her a child.

Contemporary English Version
Peninnah liked to make Hannah feel miserable about not having any children,

Douay-Rheims Bible
Her rival also afflicted her, and troubled her exceedingly, insomuch that she upbraided her, that the Lord had shut up her womb:

Good News Translation
Peninnah, her rival, would torment and humiliate her, because the LORD had kept her childless.

International Standard Version
Her rival would provoke her severely so that she complained loudly because the LORD had closed her womb.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And her rival vexed her sore, to make her fret, because the LORD had shut up her womb.

Literal Standard Version
and her rival has also provoked her greatly, so as to make her tremble, for YHWH has shut up her womb.

New American Bible
Her rival, to upset her, would torment her constantly, since the LORD had closed her womb.

NET Bible
Her rival wife used to upset her and make her worry, for the LORD had not enabled her to have children.

New Revised Standard Version
Her rival used to provoke her severely, to irritate her, because the LORD had closed her womb.

New Heart English Bible
Her rival taunted her severely, to irritate her, because the LORD had shut up her womb.

World English Bible
Her rival provoked her severely, to make her fret, because Yahweh had shut up her womb.

Young's Literal Translation
and her adversity hath also provoked her greatly, so as to make her tremble, for Jehovah hath shut up her womb.

Additional Translations ...
Context
Elkanah and His Wives
5But to Hannah he would give a double portion, for he loved her even though the LORD had closed her womb. 6Because the LORD had closed Hannah’s womb, her rival would provoke her and taunt her viciously. 7And this went on year after year. Whenever Hannah went up to the house of the LORD, her rival taunted her until she wept and would not eat.…

Cross References
Genesis 30:1
When Rachel saw that she was not bearing any children for Jacob, she envied her sister. "Give me children, or I will die!" she said to Jacob.

1 Samuel 1:7
And this went on year after year. Whenever Hannah went up to the house of the LORD, her rival taunted her until she wept and would not eat.

Job 24:21
They prey on the barren and childless, and show no kindness to the widow.


Treasury of Scripture

And her adversary also provoked her sore, for to make her fret, because the LORD had shut up her womb.

adversary

Leviticus 18:18
Neither shalt thou take a wife to her sister, to vex her, to uncover her nakedness, beside the other in her life time.

Job 6:14
To him that is afflicted pity should be shewed from his friend; but he forsaketh the fear of the Almighty.

provoked her [heb] angered her











(6) And her adversary also provoked her sore.--Jealousy, grief, anger, malice, the many bitter fruits of this way of living, so different to God's original appointment, here show themselves. The one sin of polygamy poisons the whole home life of the family, in all other respects apparently a quiet, Godfearing, orderly household.

Verses 6, 7, 8. - Her adversary also provoked her sore. The pleasure of this domestic festival was spoiled by the discord of the wives. Peninnah, triumphant in her fruitfulness, is yet Hannah's adversary, because, in spite of her barrenness, she has the larger portion of the husband's love; while Hannah is so sorely vexed at the taunts of her rival, that she weeps from sheer vexation. In vain Elkanah tries to give her comfort. The husband really is not "better than ten sons," for the joy of motherhood is quite distinct from that of conjugal affection, and especially to a Hebrew woman, who had special hopes from which she was cut off by barrenness. In ver. 7 there is a strange confusion of subject, owing to the first verb having been read as an active instead of a passive. It should be, "And so it happened year by year: when she (Hannah) went up to the house of Jehovah she (Peninnah) thus provoked her, and she wept and did not eat." It must be remembered that the Hebrews had no written vowels, but only consonants; the vowels were added in Christian times, many centuries after the coming of our Lord, and represent the traditional manner of reading of one great Jewish school. They are to be treated with the greatest respect, because as a rule they give us a sense confirmed by the best authorities; but they are human, and form no part of Holy Scripture. The ancient versions, the Septuagint, the Syriac, and the Vulgate, which are all three older than the Masoretic vowels, translate, "And so she (Peninnah) did year by year;" but this requires a slight change of the consonants.



Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
Because
כִּֽי־ (kî-)
Conjunction
Strong's 3588: A relative conjunction

the LORD
יְהוָ֖ה (Yah·weh)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 3068: LORD -- the proper name of the God of Israel

had closed
סָגַ֥ר (sā·ḡar)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 5462: To shut up, to surrender

[Hannah's] womb,
רַחְמָֽהּ׃ (raḥ·māh)
Noun - masculine singular construct | third person feminine singular
Strong's 7358: The womb

her rival
צָֽרָתָהּ֙ (ṣā·rā·ṯāh)
Noun - feminine singular construct | third person feminine singular
Strong's 6869: Tightness, a female rival

would provoke her
הַרְּעִמָ֑הּ (har·rə·‘i·māh)
Verb - Hifil - Infinitive construct | third person feminine singular
Strong's 7481: To tumble, be violently agitated, to crash, to irritate

and taunt her
וְכִֽעֲסַ֤תָּה (wə·ḵi·‘ă·sat·tāh)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Piel - Conjunctive perfect - third person feminine singular | third person feminine singular
Strong's 3707: To trouble, to grieve, rage, be indignant

severely.
כַּ֔עַס (ka·‘as)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 3708: Vexation, anger


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OT History: 1 Samuel 1:6 Her rival provoked her sore to make (1Sa iSam 1 Sam i sa)
1 Samuel 1:5
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