1There was a man from Ramathaim-zophim a in b the hill country of Ephraim. c His name was Elkanah d son of Jeroham, son of Elihu, son of Tohu, son of Zuph, an Ephraimite.
2He had two wives, e the first named Hannah f and the second Peninnah. Peninnah had children, but Hannah was childless.
3This man would go up from his town every year g to worship and to sacrifice h to the LORD of •Hosts at Shiloh, i where Eli’s two sons, Hophni and Phinehas, were the LORD’s priests.
4Whenever Elkanah offered a sacrifice, he always gave portions of the meat j to his wife Peninnah and to each of her sons and daughters.
5But he gave a double k portion l to Hannah, for he loved her even though the LORD had kept her from conceiving.
6Her rival would taunt her severely just to provoke her, because the LORD had kept Hannah from conceiving.
7Whenever she went up to the LORD’s house, m her rival taunted her in this way every year. Hannah wept and would not eat.
8“Hannah, why are you crying? ” her husband Elkanah asked. “Why won’t you eat? Why are you troubled? Am I not better to you than 10 sons? ” n
9Hannah got up after they ate and drank at Shiloh. o Eli the priest was sitting on a chair by the doorpost of the LORD’s tabernacle. p
10Deeply hurt, Hannah prayed to the LORD and wept with many tears. q
11Making a vow, r she pleaded, “LORD of Hosts, if You will take notice of Your servant’s affliction, s remember and not forget me, and give Your servant a son, t I will give him to the LORD all the days of his life, and his hair will never be cut.” u v
12While she continued praying in the LORD’s presence, Eli watched her lips.
13Hannah was praying silently, w x and though her lips were moving, her voice could not be heard. Eli thought she was drunk
14and scolded her, “How long are you going to be drunk? y Get rid of your wine! ”
15“No, my lord,” Hannah replied. “I am a woman with a broken heart. I haven’t had any wine or beer; I’ve been pouring out my heart before the LORD. z
16Don’t think of me as a wicked woman; aa I’ve been praying from the depth of my anguish and resentment.” ab
17Eli responded, “Go in peace, ac and may the God of Israel grant the petition you’ve requested from Him.” ad
18“May your servant find favor with you,” ae she replied. Then Hannah went on her way; she ate and no longer looked despondent. af ag
Samuel’s Birth and Dedication
19The next morning Elkanah and Hannah got up early to bow in worship before the LORD. Afterward, they returned home to Ramah. ah Then Elkanah was intimate with his wife Hannah, and the LORD remembered her. ai
20After some time, aj Hannah conceived and gave birth to a son. She named him Samuel, ak because she said, “I requested him from the LORD.”
21When Elkanah and all his household went up to make the annual sacrifice al and his vow offering to the LORD,
22Hannah did not go and explained to her husband, “After the child is weaned, I’ll take him to appear in the LORD’s presence am and to stay there permanently.” an
23Her husband Elkanah replied, “Do what you think is best, ao ap and stay here until you’ve weaned him. May the LORD confirm your aq word.” ar So Hannah stayed there and nursed her son until she weaned him.
24When she had weaned him, she took him with her to Shiloh, as well as a three-year-old bull, as half a bushel at of flour, and a jar of wine. au Though the boy was still young, av she took him to the LORD’s house at Shiloh. aw
25Then they slaughtered the bull and brought the boy to Eli.
26“Please, my lord,” she said, “as sure as you live, ax my lord, I am the woman who stood here beside you praying to the LORD.
27I prayed for this boy, ay and since the LORD gave me what I asked Him for, az
28I now give the boy to the LORD. For as long as he lives, he is given to the LORD.” ba Then he bb bowed in worship to the LORD there. bc
a. 1:1 1Sm 1:19
b. 1:1 Or from Ramathaim, a Zuphite from
c. 1:1 Jos 17:14-18; Jdg 17:1
d. 1:1 1Ch 6:22-28,33-38
e. 1:2 Dt 21:15-17
f. 1:2 Lk 2:36
g. 1:3 Ex 34:23; Dt 16:16; Lk 2:41
h. 1:3 Ex 23:14-17
i. 1:3 Jos 18:1
j. 1:4 Dt 12:17-18
k. 1:5 Or gave only one ; Hb obscure
l. 1:5 Gn 43:34; 48:22
m. 1:7 Jos 18:1
n. 1:8 Ru 4:15
o. 1:9 LXX adds and presented herself before the Lord
p. 1:9 1Sm 3:3
q. 1:10 1Sm 30:6; 2Kg 4:27
r. 1:11 Nm 30:6-11
s. 1:11 Gn 29:32
t. 1:11 Lit a seed of men
u. 1:11 Lit and no razor will go up on his head
v. 1:11 Nm 6:5; Jdg 13:5; 16:7
w. 1:13 Lit praying to her heart
x. 1:13 Gn 24:42-45
y. 1:14 Ac 2:4,13
z. 1:15 Ps 62:8
aa. 1:16 1Sm 2:12
ab. 1:16 Lk 6:45
ac. 1:17 1Sm 25:35; 2Kg 5:19; Mk 5:34
ad. 1:17 Ru 2:13
ae. 1:18 Ru 2:13
af. 1:18 Lit and her face was not to her again
ag. 1:18 Rm 15:13
ah. 1:19 1Sm 1:1; 2:11
ai. 1:19 Gn 8:1; 30:22; 1Sm 1:11
aj. 1:20 Lit In the turning of the days
ak. 1:20 In Hb, the name Samuel sounds like the phrase “requested from God.”
al. 1:21 Dt 12:11; 1Sm 1:3
am. 1:22 Lk 2:22
an. 1:22 1Sm 1:11,28
ao. 1:23 Lit what is good in your eyes
ap. 1:23 Nm 30:10-11
aq. 1:23 DSS, LXX, Syr; MT reads His
ar. 1:23 Nm 30:13
as. 1:24 DSS, LXX, Syr; MT reads Shiloh with three bulls
at. 1:24 Lit bull and an ephah
au. 1:24 Nm 15:9-10
av. 1:24 Lit And the youth was a youth
aw. 1:24 Jos 18:1; 1Sm 4:3-4
ax. 1:26 2Kg 2:2,4,6
ay. 1:27 1Sm 1:11-13
az. 1:27 1Sm 1:17,20
ba. 1:28 1Sm 1:11
bb. 1:28 DSS read she ; some Hb mss, Syr, Vg read they
bc. 1:28 LXX reads Then she left him there before the Lord