Genesis 20:18
New International Version
for the LORD had kept all the women in Abimelek's household from conceiving because of Abraham's wife Sarah.

New Living Translation
For the LORD had caused all the women to be infertile because of what happened with Abraham’s wife, Sarah.

English Standard Version
For the LORD had closed all the wombs of the house of Abimelech because of Sarah, Abraham’s wife.

Berean Study Bible
for on account of Abraham’s wife Sarah, the LORD had completely closed all the wombs in Abimelech’s household.

King James Bible
For the LORD had fast closed up all the wombs of the house of Abimelech, because of Sarah Abraham's wife.

New King James Version
for the LORD had closed up all the wombs of the house of Abimelech because of Sarah, Abraham’s wife.

New American Standard Bible
For the LORD had completely closed all the wombs of the household of Abimelech because of Sarah, Abraham’s wife.

NASB 1995
For the LORD had closed fast all the wombs of the household of Abimelech because of Sarah, Abraham's wife.

NASB 1977
For the LORD had closed fast all the wombs of the household of Abimelech because of Sarah, Abraham’s wife.

Amplified Bible
for the LORD had securely closed the wombs of all [the women] in Abimelech’s household because of Sarah, Abraham’s wife.

Christian Standard Bible
for the LORD had completely closed all the wombs in Abimelech’s household on account of Sarah, Abraham’s wife.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
for the LORD had completely closed all the wombs in Abimelech's household on account of Sarah, Abraham's wife.

American Standard Version
For Jehovah had fast closed up all the wombs of the house of Abimelech, because of Sarah, Abraham's wife.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
Because shutting, LORD JEHOVAH had shut every womb of the house of Abimelek publicly, because of Sara the wife of Abraham.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
Because the Lord had fast closed from without every womb in the house of Abimelech, because of Sarrha Abraam's wife.

Douay-Rheims Bible
For the Lord had closed up every womb of the house of Abimelech on ac- count of Sara, Abraham's wife.

English Revised Version
For the LORD had fast closed up all the wombs of the house of Abimelech, because of Sarah Abraham's wife.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
(The LORD had made it impossible for any woman in Abimelech's household to have children because of Abraham's wife Sarah.)

International Standard Version
since the LORD had made all the women barren in Abimelech's household on account of Abraham's wife Sarah.

JPS Tanakh 1917
For the LORD had fast closed up all the wombs of the house of Abimelech, because of Sarah Abraham's wife.

Literal Standard Version
for YHWH restraining had restrained every womb of the house of Abimelech, because of Sarah, Abraham’s wife.

NET Bible
For the LORD had caused infertility to strike every woman in the household of Abimelech because he took Sarah, Abraham's wife.

New Heart English Bible
For God had made every woman infertile in the household of Abimelech, because of Sarah, Abraham's wife.

World English Bible
For Yahweh had closed up tight all the wombs of the house of Abimelech, because of Sarah, Abraham's wife.

Young's Literal Translation
for Jehovah restraining had restrained every womb of the house of Abimelech, because of Sarah, Abraham's wife.

Additional Translations ...
Context
Abraham, Sarah, and Abimelech
17Then Abraham prayed to God, and God healed Abimelech and his wife and his maidservants, so that they could again bear children— 18for on account of Abraham’s wife Sarah, the LORD had completely closed all the wombs in Abimelech’s household.

Cross References
Genesis 12:17
The LORD, however, afflicted Pharaoh and his household with severe plagues because of Abram's wife Sarai.

Genesis 30:2
Jacob became angry with Rachel and said, "Am I in the place of God, who has withheld children from you?"


Treasury of Scripture

For the LORD had fast closed up all the wombs of the house of Abimelech, because of Sarah Abraham's wife.

Genesis 20:7
Now therefore restore the man his wife; for he is a prophet, and he shall pray for thee, and thou shalt live: and if thou restore her not, know thou that thou shalt surely die, thou, and all that are thine.

Genesis 12:17
And the LORD plagued Pharaoh and his house with great plagues because of Sarai Abram's wife.

Genesis 16:2
And Sarai said unto Abram, Behold now, the LORD hath restrained me from bearing: I pray thee, go in unto my maid; it may be that I may obtain children by her. And Abram hearkened to the voice of Sarai.









Verse 18. - For the Lord (Jehovah; vide supra on Ver. 3) had fast closed up all the wombs - i.e. prevented conception, or produced barrenness (cf. Genesis 16:2; Isaiah 66:9; 1 Samuel 1:5, 6; for the opposite, Genesis 29:31; Genesis 30:22); "poena convenientissima; quid enim convenientius esse poterat, quam ut amittat, qui ad se rapit aliena" (Musculus). Vide Havernick, § 19 - of the house of Abimelech, because of Sarah Abraham's wife - the motive obviously being to protect the purity of the promised seed.





Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
for
כִּֽי־ (kî-)
Conjunction
Strong's 3588: A relative conjunction

on
עַל־ (‘al-)
Preposition
Strong's 5921: Above, over, upon, against

account
דְּבַ֥ר (də·ḇar)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 1697: A word, a matter, thing, a cause

of Abraham’s
אַבְרָהָֽם׃ (’aḇ·rā·hām)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 85: Abraham -- 'exalted father', the father of the Jewish nation

wife
אֵ֥שֶׁת (’ê·šeṯ)
Noun - feminine singular construct
Strong's 802: Woman, wife, female

Sarah,
שָׂרָ֖ה (śā·rāh)
Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's 8283: Sarah -- 'princess', a wife of Abraham

the LORD
יְהוָ֔ה (Yah·weh)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 3068: LORD -- the proper name of the God of Israel

had completely closed
עָצֹ֤ר (‘ā·ṣōr)
Verb - Qal - Infinitive absolute
Strong's 6113: To inclose, to hold back, to maintain, rule, assemble

all
כָּל־ (kāl-)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 3605: The whole, all, any, every

the wombs
רֶ֖חֶם (re·ḥem)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 7358: The womb

in Abimelech’s
אֲבִימֶ֑לֶךְ (’ă·ḇî·me·leḵ)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 40: Abimelech -- 'father is king', a Philistine name, also an Israelite name

household.
לְבֵ֣ית (lə·ḇêṯ)
Preposition-l | Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 1004: A house


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OT Law: Genesis 20:18 For Yahweh had closed up tight all (Gen. Ge Gn)
Genesis 20:17
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