Exodus 21:36
New International Version
However, if it was known that the bull had the habit of goring, yet the owner did not keep it penned up, the owner must pay, animal for animal, and take the dead animal in exchange.

New Living Translation
But if the ox had a reputation for goring, yet its owner failed to keep it under control, he must pay full compensation—a live ox for the dead one—but he may keep the dead ox.

English Standard Version
Or if it is known that the ox has been accustomed to gore in the past, and its owner has not kept it in, he shall repay ox for ox, and the dead beast shall be his.

Berean Study Bible
But if it was known that the ox had a habit of goring, yet its owner failed to restrain it, he shall pay full compensation, ox for ox, and the dead animal will be his.

King James Bible
Or if it be known that the ox hath used to push in time past, and his owner hath not kept him in; he shall surely pay ox for ox; and the dead shall be his own.

New King James Version
Or if it was known that the ox tended to thrust in time past, and its owner has not kept it confined, he shall surely pay ox for ox, and the dead animal shall be his own.

New American Standard Bible
Or if it is known that the ox was previously in the habit of goring, yet its owner has not confined it, he must make restitution of ox for ox, and the dead animal shall become his.

NASB 1995
"Or if it is known that the ox was previously in the habit of goring, yet its owner has not confined it, he shall surely pay ox for ox, and the dead animal shall become his.

NASB 1977
“Or if it is known that the ox was previously in the habit of goring, yet its owner has not confined it, he shall surely pay ox for ox, and the dead animal shall become his.

Amplified Bible
Or if it is known that the ox was previously in the habit of goring, and its owner has not kept it confined, he must make restitution of ox for ox, and the dead [animal] shall be his.

Christian Standard Bible
If, however, it is known that the ox was in the habit of goring, yet its owner has not restrained it, he must compensate fully, ox for ox; the dead animal will become his.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
If, however, it is known that the ox was in the habit of goring, yet its owner has not restrained it, he must compensate fully, ox for ox; the dead animal will become his."

American Standard Version
Or if it be known that the ox was wont to gore in time past, and its owner hath not kept it in, he shall surely pay ox for ox, and the dead beast'shall be his own.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And if it will be known that an ox was a gorer from yesterday or from the day before yesterday, and its owner did not keep it in, he will give an ox in exchange for the ox and the dead ox shall be his.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
But if the bull be known to have been given to goring in time past, and they have testified to his owner, and he have not removed him, he shall repay bull for bull, but the dead shall be his own.

Contemporary English Version
If you refuse to fence in a bull that is known to attack others, you must replace any animal it kills, but the dead animal will belong to you.

Douay-Rheims Bible
But if he knew that his ox was wont to push yesterday and the day before, and his master did not keep him in: he shall pay ox for ox, and shall take the whole carcass.

English Revised Version
Or if it be known that the ox was wont to gore in time past, and his owner hath not kept him in; he shall surely pay ox for ox, and the dead beast shall be his own.

Good News Translation
But if it was known that the bull had been in the habit of attacking and its owner did not keep it penned up, he must make good the loss by giving the other man a live bull, but he may keep the dead animal.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
However, if it was known that the bull had the habit of goring, and its owner didn't keep it confined, the owner must make up for the loss-bull for bull-and then the dead bull will be his."

International Standard Version
But if it was known that the ox had gored previously, and its owner didn't restrain it, he shall certainly repay ox for ox, and the dead ox will become his."

JPS Tanakh 1917
Or if it be known that the ox was wont to gore in time past, and its owner hath not kept it in; he shall surely pay ox for ox, and the dead beast shall be his own.

Literal Standard Version
or, [if] it has been known that the ox is [one] accustomed to gore before, and its owner does not watch it, he certainly repays ox for ox, and the dead is his.

NET Bible
Or if it is known that the ox had the habit of goring, and its owner did not take the necessary precautions, he must surely pay ox for ox, and the dead animal will become his.

New Heart English Bible
Or if it is known that the bull was in the habit of goring in the past, and its owner has not kept it in, he shall surely pay bull for bull, and the dead animal shall be his own.

World English Bible
Or if it is known that the bull was in the habit of goring in the past, and its owner has not kept it in, he shall surely pay bull for bull, and the dead animal shall be his own.

Young's Literal Translation
or, it hath been known that the ox is one accustomed to gore heretofore, and its owner doth not watch it, he certainly repayeth ox for ox, and the dead is his.

Additional Translations ...
Context
Laws about Restitution
35If a man’s ox injures his neighbor’s ox and it dies, they must sell the live one and divide the proceeds; they also must divide the dead animal. 36But if it was known that the ox had a habit of goring, yet its owner failed to restrain it, he shall pay full compensation, ox for ox, and the dead animal will be his.

Cross References
Exodus 21:29
But if the ox has a habit of goring, and its owner has been warned yet does not restrain it, and it kills a man or woman, then the ox must be stoned and its owner must also be put to death.

Exodus 21:35
If a man's ox injures his neighbor's ox and it dies, they must sell the live one and divide the proceeds; they also must divide the dead animal.

Exodus 22:1
"If a man steals an ox or a sheep and slaughters or sells it, he must repay five oxen for an ox and four sheep for a sheep.


Treasury of Scripture

Or if it be known that the ox has used to push in time past, and his owner has not kept him in; he shall surely pay ox for ox; and the dead shall be his own.

Exodus 21:29
But if the ox were wont to push with his horn in time past, and it hath been testified to his owner, and he hath not kept him in, but that he hath killed a man or a woman; the ox shall be stoned, and his owner also shall be put to death.











Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
But if
א֣וֹ (’ōw)
Conjunction
Strong's 176: Desire, if

it was known
נוֹדַ֗ע (nō·w·ḏa‘)
Verb - Nifal - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 3045: To know

that
כִּ֠י (kî)
Conjunction
Strong's 3588: A relative conjunction

the ox
שׁ֣וֹר (šō·wr)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 7794: A head of cattle (bullock, ox, etcetera)

had a habit
מִתְּמ֣וֹל (mit·tə·mō·wl)
Preposition-m | Adverb
Strong's 8543: Ago, a, time since, yesterday, day before yesterday

of goring,
נַגָּ֥ח (nag·gāḥ)
Adjective - masculine singular
Strong's 5056: Given to goring (used of bulls)

yet its owner
בְּעָלָ֑יו (bə·‘ā·lāw)
Noun - masculine plural construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's 1167: A master, a husband, owner

failed
וְלֹ֥א (wə·lō)
Conjunctive waw | Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's 3808: Not, no

to restrain it,
יִשְׁמְרֶ֖נּוּ (yiš·mə·ren·nū)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine singular | third person masculine singular
Strong's 8104: To hedge about, guard, to protect, attend to

he shall pay full compensation,
שַׁלֵּ֨ם (šal·lêm)
Verb - Piel - Infinitive absolute
Strong's 7999: To be safe, to be, completed, to be friendly, to reciprocate

ox
שׁוֹר֙ (šō·wr)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 7794: A head of cattle (bullock, ox, etcetera)

for
תַּ֣חַת (ta·ḥaṯ)
Preposition
Strong's 8478: The bottom, below, in lieu of

ox,
הַשּׁ֔וֹר (haš·šō·wr)
Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 7794: A head of cattle (bullock, ox, etcetera)

and the dead [animal]
וְהַמֵּ֖ת (wə·ham·mêṯ)
Conjunctive waw, Article | Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine singular
Strong's 4191: To die, to kill

will be
יִֽהְיֶה־ (yih·yeh-)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 1961: To fall out, come to pass, become, be

his.
לּֽוֹ׃ (lōw)
Preposition | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew


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Accustomed Animal Beast Bull Case Common Confined Control Damage Dead Frequently Gore Gored Goring Habit Heretofore Kept Owner Ox Past Pay Penned Previously Push Repayeth Restore Restrained Surely Time Used Watch Wont
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OT Law: Exodus 21:36 Or if it is known that (Exo. Ex)
Exodus 21:35
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