Genesis 45:1
New International Version
Then Joseph could no longer control himself before all his attendants, and he cried out, "Have everyone leave my presence!" So there was no one with Joseph when he made himself known to his brothers.

New Living Translation
Joseph could stand it no longer. There were many people in the room, and he said to his attendants, "Out, all of you!" So he was alone with his brothers when he told them who he was.

English Standard Version
Then Joseph could not control himself before all those who stood by him. He cried, “Make everyone go out from me.” So no one stayed with him when Joseph made himself known to his brothers.

Berean Study Bible
Joseph could no longer control himself before all his attendants, and he cried out, “Send everyone away from me!” So none of them were with Joseph when he made himself known to his brothers.

New American Standard Bible
Then Joseph could not control himself before all those who stood by him, and he cried, "Have everyone go out from me." So there was no man with him when Joseph made himself known to his brothers.

King James Bible
Then Joseph could not refrain himself before all them that stood by him; and he cried, Cause every man to go out from me. And there stood no man with him, while Joseph made himself known unto his brethren.

Christian Standard Bible
Joseph could no longer keep his composure in front of all his attendants, so he called out, "Send everyone away from me!" No one was with him when he revealed his identity to his brothers.

Contemporary English Version
Since Joseph could no longer control his feelings in front of his servants, he sent them out of the room. When he was alone with his brothers, he told them, "I am Joseph."

Good News Translation
Joseph was no longer able to control his feelings in front of his servants, so he ordered them all to leave the room. No one else was with him when Joseph told his brothers who he was.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Joseph could no longer keep his composure in front of all his attendants, so he called out, "Send everyone away from me!" No one was with him when he revealed his identity to his brothers.

International Standard Version
At this point, Joseph could not control his emotions any longer, so he cried out to everyone who was standing nearby, "Everybody! Leave me!" As a result, none of his staff was anywhere near him when he revealed himself to his brothers.

NET Bible
Joseph was no longer able to control himself before all his attendants, so he cried out, "Make everyone go out from my presence!" No one remained with Joseph when he made himself known to his brothers.

New Heart English Bible
Then Joseph couldn't control himself before all those who stood before him, and he cried, "Cause every man to go out from me." No one else stood with him, while Joseph made himself known to his brothers.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Joseph could no longer control his emotions in front of everyone who was standing around him, so he cried out, "Have everyone leave me!" No one else was there when Joseph told his brothers who he was.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Then Joseph could not refrain himself before all them that stood by him; and he cried: 'Cause every man to go out from me.' And there stood no man with him, while Joseph made himself known unto his brethren.

New American Standard 1977
Then Joseph could not control himself before all those who stood by him, and he cried, “Have everyone go out from me.” So there was no man with him when Joseph made himself known to his brothers.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Then Joseph could not refrain himself before all those that stood by him, and he cried, Cause everyone to go out from me. And no one stood with him while Joseph made himself known unto his brethren.

King James 2000 Bible
Then Joseph could not control himself before all them that stood by him; and he cried, Cause every man to go out from me. And there stood no man with him, while Joseph made himself known unto his brothers.

American King James Version
Then Joseph could not refrain himself before all them that stood by him; and he cried, Cause every man to go out from me. And there stood no man with him, while Joseph made himself known to his brothers.

American Standard Version
Then Joseph could not refrain himself before all them that stood before him; and he cried, Cause every man to go out from me. And there stood no man with him, while Joseph made himself known unto his brethren.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Joseph could no longer refrain himself before many that stood by: whereupon he commanded that all should go out, and no stranger be present at their knowing one another.

Darby Bible Translation
And Joseph could not control himself before all them that stood by him, and he cried, Put every man out from me! And no man stood with him when Joseph made himself known to his brethren.

English Revised Version
Then Joseph could not refrain himself before all them that stood by him; and he cried, Cause every man to go out from me. And there stood no man with him, while Joseph made himself known unto his brethren.

Webster's Bible Translation
Then Joseph could not refrain himself before all them that stood by him; and he cried, Cause every man to go out from me: and there stood no man with him, while Joseph made himself known to his brethren.

World English Bible
Then Joseph couldn't control himself before all those who stood before him, and he cried, "Cause everyone to go out from me!" No one else stood with him, while Joseph made himself known to his brothers.

Young's Literal Translation
And Joseph hath not been able to refrain himself before all those standing by him, and he calleth, 'Put out every man from me;' and no man hath stood with him when Joseph maketh himself known unto his brethren,
Study Bible HEB ▾ 
Joseph Reveals His Identity
1Joseph could no longer control himself before all his attendants, and he cried out, “Send everyone away from me!” So none of them were with Joseph when he made himself known to his brothers. 2But he wept so loudly that the Egyptians and Pharaoh’s household heard him.…
Cross References
Acts 7:13
On their second visit, Joseph revealed his identity to his brothers, and his family became known to Pharaoh.

Genesis 43:31
Then he washed his face and came back out. Regaining his composure, he said, "Serve the meal."

Genesis 44:34
For how can I go back to my father without the boy? I could not bear to see the misery that would overwhelm him."

2 Samuel 13:9
Then she brought the pan and set it down before him, but he refused to eat. "Send everyone away!" said Amnon. And everyone went out.

Treasury of Scripture

Then Joseph could not refrain himself before all them that stood by him; and he cried, Cause every man to go out from me. And there stood no man with him, while Joseph made himself known to his brothers.

could not.

Genesis 43:30,31 And Joseph made haste; for his bowels did yearn on his brother: and …

Isaiah 42:14 I have long time held my peace; I have been still, and refrained …

Jeremiah 20:9 Then I said, I will not make mention of him, nor speak any more in his name…

Cause.

2 Samuel 1:20 Tell it not in Gath, publish it not in the streets of Askelon; lest …

Matthew 18:15 Moreover if your brother shall trespass against you, go and tell …

Acts 10:41 Not to all the people, but to witnesses chosen before God, even to …

1 Corinthians 13:5 Does not behave itself unseemly, seeks not her own, is not easily …







Lexicon
Joseph
יוֹסֵ֜ף (yō·w·sêp̄)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3130: Joseph -- 'he increases', a son of Jacob, also the name of several Israelites

could
יָכֹ֨ל (yā·ḵōl)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3201: To be able, have power

no longer
וְלֹֽא־ (wə·lō-)
Conjunctive waw | Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's Hebrew 3808: Not, no

control himself
לְהִתְאַפֵּ֗ק (lə·hiṯ·’ap·pêq)
Preposition-l | Verb - Hitpael - Infinitive construct
Strong's Hebrew 662: To contain, abstain

before all
לְכֹ֤ל (lə·ḵōl)
Preposition-l | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3605: The whole, all, any, every

his attendants,
הַנִּצָּבִים֙ (han·niṣ·ṣā·ḇîm)
Article | Verb - Nifal - Participle - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 5324: To take one's stand, stand

and he cried out,
וַיִּקְרָ֕א (way·yiq·rā)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7121: To call, proclaim, read

“Send everyone
כָל־ (ḵāl)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 3605: The whole, all, any, every

away
הוֹצִ֥יאוּ (hō·w·ṣî·’ū)
Verb - Hifil - Imperative - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 3318: To go, bring, out, direct and proxim

from me!”
מֵעָלָ֑י (mê·‘ā·lāy)
Preposition-m | first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 5921: Above, over, upon, against

So none
וְלֹא־ (wə·lō-)
Conjunctive waw | Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's Hebrew 3808: Not, no

[of them] were with
עָ֤מַד (‘ā·maḏ)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5975: To stand, in various relations

[Joseph]
אִתּ֔וֹ (’it·tōw)
Preposition | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 854: Nearness, near, with, by, at, among

when he
יוֹסֵ֖ף (yō·w·sêp̄)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3130: Joseph -- 'he increases', a son of Jacob, also the name of several Israelites

made himself known
בְּהִתְוַדַּ֥ע (bə·hiṯ·wad·da‘)
Preposition-b | Verb - Hitpael - Infinitive construct
Strong's Hebrew 3045: To know

to
אֶל־ (’el-)
Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 413: Near, with, among, to

his brothers.
אֶחָֽיו׃ (’e·ḥāw)
Noun - masculine plural construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 251: A brother, )
XLV.

JOSEPH IS RECONCILED TO HIS BRETHREN, AND ENCOURAGES THEM AND HIS FATHER TO MAKE EGYPT THEIR HOME.

(1) Joseph could not refrain himself.--The picture which Judah had drawn of his father's love for Benjamin, the thought that by separating them he might have made his father die of grief, and the sight of his brethren, and especially of Judah offering to endure a life of slavery in order that Benjamin might go free, overpowered Joseph's feelings, and he commanded all his attendants to quit the apartment in order that there might be no restraint upon himself or his brethren when he made known to them that he was the brother whom they had so cruelly years ago condemned to be a slave.

Verses 1, 2. - Then (literally, and) Joseph could not refrain himself (i.e. keep himself from giving way to the impulses of love) before all them that stood by him (i.e. the Egyptian officials of his household); and he cried (or made proclamation, issued an instruction), Cause every man to go out from me. And there stood no man with him, while Joseph made himself known unto his brethren. It was true delicacy on the part of Joseph which prompted the discovery of himself to his brethren in private; not simply because he did not wish to pain his brethren by a public reference to their past wickedness, ne facinus illud detestabile multis testibus innoteseat (Calvin), but because the unrestrained outburst of emotion erga fratres et parentem non posset ferre alienorum praesentiam et aspectum (Luther). And he wept aloud (literally, and he gave forth, or uttered, his voice in weeping): and the Egyptians and the house of Pharaoh heard. The meaning is that the Egyptian officials of Joseph's house, who were standing outside, heard, and reported it to the house of Pharaoh (Keil, Murphy). It is not necessary to suppose that Joseph's residence was so close to the palace that his voice was heard by the inmates (Lunge). 45:1-15 Joseph let Judah go on, and heard all he had to say. He found his brethren humbled for their sins, mindful of himself, for Judah had mentioned him twice in his speech, respectful to their father, and very tender of their brother Benjamin. Now they were ripe for the comfort he designed, by making himself known. Joseph ordered all his attendants to withdraw. Thus Christ makes himself and his loving-kindness known to his people, out of the sight and hearing of the world. Joseph shed tears of tenderness and strong affection, and with these threw off that austerity with which he had hitherto behaved toward his brethren. This represents the Divine compassion toward returning penitents. I am Joseph, your brother. This would humble them yet more for their sin in selling him, but would encourage them to hope for kind treatment. Thus, when Christ would convince Paul, he said, I am Jesus; and when he would comfort his disciples, he said, It is I, be not afraid. When Christ manifests himself to his people, he encourages them to draw near to him with a true heart. Joseph does so, and shows them, that whatever they thought to do against him, God had brought good out of it. Sinners must grieve and be angry with themselves for their sins, though God brings good out of it, for that is no thanks to them. The agreement between all this, and the case of a sinner, on Christ's manifesting himself to his soul, is very striking. He does not, on this account, think sin a less, but a greater evil; and yet he is so armed against despair, as even to rejoice in what God hath wrought, while he trembles in thinking of the dangers and destruction from which he has escaped. Joseph promises to take care of his father and all the family. It is the duty of children, if the necessity of their parents at any time require it, to support and supply them to the utmost of their ability; this is showing piety at home, 1Ti 5:4. After Joseph had embraced Benjamin, he caressed them all, and then his brethren talked with him freely of all the affairs of their father's house. After the tokens of true reconciliation with the Lord Jesus, sweet communion with him follows.
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Alphabetical: all and attendants before brothers by control could cried everyone from go Have he him himself his Joseph known leave longer made man me my no not one out presence So stood Then there those to was when who with

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