Exodus 22:4
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
If the stolen animal is found alive in their possession--whether ox or donkey or sheep--they must pay back double.

New Living Translation
If someone steals an ox or a donkey or a sheep and it is found in the thief's possession, then the thief must pay double the value of the stolen animal.

English Standard Version
If the stolen beast is found alive in his possession, whether it is an ox or a donkey or a sheep, he shall pay double.

Berean Study Bible
If what was stolen is actually found alive in his possession—whether ox or donkey or sheep—he must pay back double.

New American Standard Bible
"If what he stole is actually found alive in his possession, whether an ox or a donkey or a sheep, he shall pay double.

King James Bible
If the theft be certainly found in his hand alive, whether it be ox, or ass, or sheep; he shall restore double.

Christian Standard Bible
If what was stolen--whether ox, donkey, or sheep--is actually found alive in his possession, he must repay double.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
If what was stolen--whether ox, donkey, or sheep--is actually found alive in his possession, he must repay double."

International Standard Version
If what was stolen is actually found alive in his possession, whether an ox, a donkey or a sheep, he is to repay double.

NET Bible
If the stolen item should in fact be found alive in his possession, whether it be an ox or a donkey or a sheep, he must pay back double.

New Heart English Bible
If the stolen property is found in his hand alive, whether it is ox, donkey, or sheep, he shall pay double.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
But if the stolen animal is found alive in his possession, whether it's a bull, donkey, or a sheep, he must make up for the loss with double the amount.

JPS Tanakh 1917
If the theft be found in his hand alive, whether it be ox, or ass, or sheep, he shall pay double.

New American Standard 1977
“If what he stole is actually found alive in his possession, whether an ox or a donkey or a sheep, he shall pay double.

Jubilee Bible 2000
If he is found with the theft in his hand, whether it be ox or ass or sheep, he shall restore double.

King James 2000 Bible
If the theft be certainly found in his hand alive, whether it be ox, or donkey, or sheep; he shall restore double.

American King James Version
If the theft be certainly found in his hand alive, whether it be ox, or ass, or sheep; he shall restore double.

American Standard Version
If the theft be found in his hand alive, whether it be ox, or ass, or sheep, he shall pay double.

Douay-Rheims Bible
If that which he stole be found with him, alive, either ox, or ass, or sheep: he shall restore double.

Darby Bible Translation
If the stolen thing be actually found alive in his hand, whether it be ox, or ass, or sheep, he shall restore double.

English Revised Version
If the theft be found in his hand alive, whether it be ox, or ass, or sheep; he shall pay double.

Webster's Bible Translation
If the theft shall be certainly found in his hand alive, whether an ox, or ass, or sheep; he shall restore double.

World English Bible
If the stolen property is found in his hand alive, whether it is ox, donkey, or sheep, he shall pay double.

Young's Literal Translation
if the theft is certainly found in his hand alive, whether ox, or ass, or sheep -- double he repayeth.
Study Bible
Property Laws
3But if it happens after sunrise, there is guilt for his bloodshed. A thief must make full restitution; if he has nothing, he himself shall be sold for his theft. 4If what was stolen is actually found alive in his possession— whether ox or donkey or sheep— he must pay back double. 5If a man grazes his livestock in a field or vineyard and allows them to stray so that they graze in someone else’s field, he must make restitution from the best of his own field or vineyard.…
Cross References
Exodus 22:5
If a man grazes his livestock in a field or vineyard and allows them to stray so that they graze in someone else's field, he must make restitution from the best of his own field or vineyard.

Exodus 22:7
If a man gives his neighbor money or goods for safekeeping and they are stolen from the neighbor's house, the thief, if caught, must pay back double.

1 Samuel 12:5
Samuel said to them, "The LORD is a witness against you, and His anointed is a witness today, that you have not found anything in my hand." "He is a witness," they said.

Treasury of Scripture

If the theft be certainly found in his hand alive, whether it be ox, or ass, or sheep; he shall restore double.

found

Exodus 21:16 And he that steals a man, and sells him, or if he be found in his …

he shall restore double

Exodus 21:1,7,9 Now these are the judgments which you shall set before them…

Proverbs 6:31 But if he be found, he shall restore sevenfold; he shall give all …

Isaiah 40:2 Speak you comfortably to Jerusalem, and cry to her, that her warfare …

Jeremiah 16:18 And first I will recompense their iniquity and their sin double; …

Revelation 18:6 Reward her even as she rewarded you, and double to her double according …







(4) If the theft be certainly found in his hand.--If he had not converted it, consumed it, or, if it were an animal, killed it, then, instead of the four-fold or five-fold restitution of Exodus 22:1, a restoration of double was to suffice.

Verse 4. - If the theft be certainly found in his hand. If he be caught in flagrante delicto, with the thing stolen in his possession, "whether it be ox, or ass, or small cattle," he shall restore double. The law of theft in the Mosaic legislation is altogether of a mild character, as compared with the Roman, or even with the English law, until the present century. Double restitution was a sort of "retaliation" - it involved a man losing the exact amount which he had expected to gain

CHAPTER 22:2-6 If the theft be certainly found in his hand alive,.... Or, "in finding be found" (i), be plainly and evidently found upon him, before witnesses, as the Targum of Jonathan; so that there is no doubt of the theft; and it is a clear case that he had neither as yet killed nor sold the creature he had stolen, and to could be had again directly, and without any damage well as it would appear by this that he was not an old expert thief, and used to such practices, since he would soon have made away with this theft in some way or another:

whether it be ox, or ass, or sheep, or any other creature; and even, as Jarchi thinks, anything else, as raiment, goods, &c.

he shall restore double; two oxen for an ox, two asses for an ass, and two sheep for a sheep: and, as the same commentator observes, two living ones, and not dead ones, or the price of two living ones: so Solon made theft, by his law, punishable with death, but with a double restitution (k); and the reason why here only a double restitution and not fourfold is insisted on, as in Exodus 22:1 is, because there the theft is persisted in, here not; but either the thief being convicted in his own conscience of his evil, makes confession, or, however, the creatures are found with alive, and so more useful being restored, and, being had again sooner, the loss is not quite so great.

(i) "inveniendo inventum fuerit", Pagninus, Montanus, Piscator. (k) A. Gell, l. 11. c. 18. 22; 1 - 31 Judicial laws. - The people of God should ever be ready to show mildness and mercy, according to the spirit of these laws. We must answer to God, not only for what we do maliciously, but for what we do heedlessly. Therefore, when we have done harm to our neighbour, we should make restitution, though not compelled by law. Let these scriptures lead our souls to remember, that if the grace of God has indeed appeared to us, then it has taught us, and enabled us so to conduct ourselves by its holy power, that denying ungodliness and wordly lusts, we should live soberly, righteously, and godly in this present world, Titus 2:12. And the grace of God teaches us, that as the Lord is our portion, there is enough in him to satisfy all the desires of our souls.
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