Exodus 22:9
New International Version
In all cases of illegal possession of an ox, a donkey, a sheep, a garment, or any other lost property about which somebody says, 'This is mine,' both parties are to bring their cases before the judges. The one whom the judges declare guilty must pay back double to the other.

New Living Translation
"Suppose there is a dispute between two people who both claim to own a particular ox, donkey, sheep, article of clothing, or any lost property. Both parties must come before God, and the person whom God declares guilty must pay double compensation to the other.

English Standard Version
For every breach of trust, whether it is for an ox, for a donkey, for a sheep, for a cloak, or for any kind of lost thing, of which one says, ‘This is it,’ the case of both parties shall come before God. The one whom God condemns shall pay double to his neighbor.

Berean Study Bible
In all cases of illegal possession of an ox, a donkey, a sheep, a garment, or any lost item that someone claims, ‘This is mine,’ both parties shall bring their cases before the judges. The one whom the judges condemn must pay back double to his neighbor.

New American Standard Bible
"For every breach of trust, whether it is for ox, for donkey, for sheep, for clothing, or for any lost thing about which one says, 'This is it,' the case of both parties shall come before the judges; he whom the judges condemn shall pay double to his neighbor.

King James Bible
For all manner of trespass, whether it be for ox, for ass, for sheep, for raiment, or for any manner of lost thing, which another challengeth to be his, the cause of both parties shall come before the judges; and whom the judges shall condemn, he shall pay double unto his neighbour.

Christian Standard Bible
In any case of wrongdoing involving an ox, a donkey, a sheep, a garment, or anything else lost, and someone claims, 'That's mine,' the case between the two parties is to come before the judges. The one the judges condemn must repay double to his neighbor.

Contemporary English Version
Suppose two people claim to own the same ox or donkey or sheep or piece of clothing. Then the judges must decide the case, and the guilty person will pay the owner double.

Good News Translation
"In every case of a dispute about property, whether it involves cattle, donkeys, sheep, clothing, or any other lost object, the two people claiming the property shall be taken to the place of worship. The one whom God declares to be guilty shall pay double to the other one.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
In any case of wrongdoing involving an ox, a donkey, a sheep, a garment, or anything else lost, and someone claims, 'That's mine,' the case between the two parties is to come before the judges. The one the judges condemn must repay double to his neighbor."

International Standard Version
"In every ownership dispute involving an ox, donkey, sheep, garment, or anything that is lost where a person says, 'This is mine,' the case between the two of them is to come before the judges, and the one that the judges declare guilty is to repay double to his neighbor.

NET Bible
In all cases of illegal possessions, whether for an ox, a donkey, a sheep, a garment, or any kind of lost item, about which someone says 'This belongs to me,' the matter of the two of them will come before the judges, and the one whom the judges declare guilty must repay double to his neighbor.

New Heart English Bible
For every matter of trespass, whether it be for ox, for donkey, for sheep, for clothing, or for any kind of lost thing, about which one says, 'This is mine,' the cause of both parties shall come before God. He whom God condemns shall pay double to his neighbor.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
If there is a dispute over the ownership of a bull, a donkey, a sheep, an article of clothing, or any [other] lost property which two people claim as their own, both people must bring their case to God. The one whom God declares guilty must make up for his neighbor's loss with double the amount.

JPS Tanakh 1917
For every matter of trespass, whether it be for ox, for ass, for sheep, for raiment, or for any manner of lost thing, whereof one saith: 'This is it,' the cause of both parties shall come before God; he whom God shall condemn shall pay double unto his neighbour.

New American Standard 1977
“For every breach of trust, whether it is for ox, for donkey, for sheep, for clothing, or for any lost thing about which one says, ‘This is it,’ the case of both parties shall come before the judges; he whom the judges condemn shall pay double to his neighbor.

Jubilee Bible 2000
For all manner of fraud, whether it be for an ox, for an ass, for a sheep, for raiment, or for any manner of lost thing, which another challenges to be his, the cause of both parties shall come before the judges; and whom the judges shall condemn, he shall pay double unto his neighbour.

King James 2000 Bible
For all manner of trespass, whether it be for ox, for donkey, for sheep, for clothing, or for any manner of lost thing, which another challenges to be his, the cause of both parties shall come before the judges; and whom the judges shall condemn, he shall pay double unto his neighbor.

American King James Version
For all manner of trespass, whether it be for ox, for ass, for sheep, for raiment, or for any manner of lost thing which another challenges to be his, the cause of both parties shall come before the judges; and whom the judges shall condemn, he shall pay double to his neighbor.

American Standard Version
For every matter of trespass, whether it be for ox, for ass, for sheep, for raiment, or for any manner of lost thing, whereof one saith, This is it, the cause of both parties shall come before God; he whom God shall condemn shall pay double unto his neighbor.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
according to every injury alleged, both concerning a calf, and an ass, and a sheep, and a garment, and every alleged loss, whatsoever in fact it may be, —the judgment of both shall proceed before God, and he that is convicted by God shall repay to his neighbour double.

Douay-Rheims Bible
To do any fraud, either in ox, or in ass, or sheep, or raiment, or any thing that may bring damage: the cause of both parties shall come to the gods: and if they give judgment, he shall restore double to his neighbour.

Darby Bible Translation
As to all manner of fraud, -- as to ox, as to ass, as to sheep, as to clothing, as to everything lost, of which [a man] saith, It is this -- the cause of both parties shall come before the judges: he whom the judges shall condemn shall restore double to his neighbour.

English Revised Version
For every matter of trespass, whether it be for ox, for ass, for sheep, for raiment, or for any manner of lost thing, whereof one saith, This is it, the cause of both parties shall come before God; he whom God shall condemn shall pay double unto his neighbour.

Webster's Bible Translation
For all manner of trespass, whether it be for ox, for ass, for sheep, for raiment, or for any manner of lost thing which another challengeth to be his: the cause of both parties shall come before the judges; and he whom the judges shall condemn, shall pay double to his neighbor.

World English Bible
For every matter of trespass, whether it be for ox, for donkey, for sheep, for clothing, or for any kind of lost thing, about which one says, 'This is mine,' the cause of both parties shall come before God. He whom God condemns shall pay double to his neighbor.

Young's Literal Translation
for every matter of transgression, for ox, for ass, for sheep, for raiment, for any lost thing of which it is said that it is his; unto God cometh the matter of them both; he whom God doth condemn, he repayeth double to his neighbour.
Study Bible
Property Laws
8If the thief is not found, the owner of the house must appear before the judges to determine whether he has taken his neighbor’s property. 9In all cases of illegal possession of an ox, a donkey, a sheep, a garment, or any lost item that someone claims, ‘This is mine,’ both parties shall bring their cases before the judges. The one whom the judges condemn must pay back double to his neighbor. 10If a man gives a donkey, an ox, a sheep, or any other animal to be cared for by his neighbor, but it dies or is injured or stolen while no one is watching,…
Cross References
Exodus 22:8
If the thief is not found, the owner of the house must appear before the judges to determine whether he has taken his neighbor's property.

Exodus 22:10
If a man gives a donkey, an ox, a sheep, or any other animal to be cared for by his neighbor, but it dies or is injured or stolen while no one is watching,

Exodus 22:28
You must not blaspheme God or curse the ruler of your people.

Deuteronomy 25:1
If there is a dispute between men, they are to go to court to be judged, so that the innocent may be acquitted and the guilty condemned.

Treasury of Scripture

For all manner of trespass, whether it be for ox, for ass, for sheep, for raiment, or for any manner of lost thing which another challenges to be his, the cause of both parties shall come before the judges; and whom the judges shall condemn, he shall pay double to his neighbor.

for all manner of trespass

Numbers 5:6,7
Speak unto the children of Israel, When a man or woman shall commit any sin that men commit, to do a trespass against the LORD, and that person be guilty; …

1 Kings 8:31
If any man trespass against his neighbour, and an oath be laid upon him to cause him to swear, and the oath come before thine altar in this house:

Matthew 6:14,15
For if ye forgive men their trespasses, your heavenly Father will also forgive you: …

the cause of both parties

Exodus 18:21,22
Moreover thou shalt provide out of all the people able men, such as fear God, men of truth, hating covetousness; and place such over them, to be rulers of thousands, and rulers of hundreds, rulers of fifties, and rulers of tens: …

Exodus 23:6-8
Thou shalt not wrest the judgment of thy poor in his cause…

Deuteronomy 16:18,19
Judges and officers shalt thou make thee in all thy gates, which the LORD thy God giveth thee, throughout thy tribes: and they shall judge the people with just judgment…

Pay double unto his

Exodus 22:4,7
If the theft be certainly found in his hand alive, whether it be ox, or ass, or sheep; he shall restore double…







Lexicon
In
עַֽל־ (‘al-)
Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 5921: Above, over, upon, against

all
כָּל־ (kāl-)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 3605: The whole, all, any, every

cases
דְּבַר־ (də·ḇar-)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 1697: A word, a matter, thing, a cause

of illegal possession
פֶּ֡שַׁע (pe·ša‘)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6588: Transgression

of
עַל־ (‘al-)
Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 5921: Above, over, upon, against

an ox,
שׁ֡וֹר (šō·wr)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7794: A head of cattle (bullock, ox, etcetera)

a donkey,
חֲ֠מוֹר (ḥă·mō·wr)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2543: A male ass

a sheep,
שֶׂ֨ה (śeh)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7716: A member of a, flock, a sheep, goat

a garment,
שַׂלְמָ֜ה (śal·māh)
Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 8008: A wrapper, mantle

or any
כָּל־ (kāl-)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 3605: The whole, all, any, every

lost item
אֲבֵדָ֗ה (’ă·ḇê·ḏāh)
Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 9: Something lost, destruction, Hades

that
אֲשֶׁ֤ר (’ă·šer)
Pronoun - relative
Strong's Hebrew 834: Who, which, what, that, when, where, how, because, in order that

someone claims,
יֹאמַר֙ (yō·mar)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 559: To utter, say

‘This
זֶ֔ה (zeh)
Pronoun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2088: This, that

is mine,’
ה֣וּא (hū)
Pronoun - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1931: He, self, the same, this, that, as, are

both parties
שְׁנֵיהֶ֑ם (šə·nê·hem)
Number - mdc | third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 8147: Two (a cardinal number)

shall bring
יָבֹ֖א (yā·ḇō)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 935: To come in, come, go in, go

their cases
דְּבַר־ (də·ḇar-)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 1697: A word, a matter, thing, a cause

before
עַ֚ד (‘aḏ)
Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 5704: As far as, even to, up to, until, while

the judges.
הָֽאֱלֹהִ֔ים (hā·’ĕ·lō·hîm)
Article | Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 430: gods -- the supreme God, magistrates, a superlative

The one whom the judges
אֱלֹהִ֔ים (’ĕ·lō·hîm)
Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 430: gods -- the supreme God, magistrates, a superlative

condemn
יַרְשִׁיעֻן֙ (yar·šî·‘un)
Verb - Hifil - Imperfect - third person masculine plural | Paragogic nun
Strong's Hebrew 7561: To be, wrong, to disturb, violate

must pay back
יְשַׁלֵּ֥ם (yə·šal·lêm)
Verb - Piel - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7999: To be safe, to be, completed, to be friendly, to reciprocate

double
שְׁנַ֖יִם (šə·na·yim)
Number - md
Strong's Hebrew 8147: Two (a cardinal number)

to his neighbor.
לְרֵעֵֽהוּ׃ (lə·rê·‘ê·hū)
Preposition-l | Noun - masculine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7453: Friend, companion, fellow
(9) For all manner of trespass.--Rather, in every case of fraud. The context limits the expression to cases of fraud, or alleged fraud, in connection with a deposit.

For ox, for ass, for sheep.--The deposit of animals is unknown in classical antiquity, but might well be the custom of a people whose wealth consisted in flocks and herds. In the wilderness small proprietors might have been glad to intrust their few animals to the herdsmen who guarded the flocks and herds of their wealthier neighbours.

Which another challengeth to be his.--The case is supposed of the trustee saying a thing is lost which the depositor declares he can identify, and show to be still in his (the trustee's) possession.

The cause of both parties shall come before the judges.--This seems to mean that the challenge was to be made at the challenger's risk. If he proved his point to the satisfaction of the judges, he was to recover double; if he failed, he was to forfeit double of what he had claimed.

Verse 9. - For all manner of trespass. - It has been supposed that this refers to "every case of theft;" but Kalisch is probably right in restricting it to cases where a person was accused of having embezzled property committed to his care. He was in that case to appear before the judges (Exodus 18:23), together with his accuser, and to clear himself if he could. When he failed to do so, and was "condemned," he was bound to restore double. Which another challenges to be his. - Rather, "which a man challenges to be the very thing" (that he deposited). The case is supposed of the depositor being able to point out that the person to whom he entrusted the deposit has it still in his keeping. 22; 1 - 31 Judicial laws. - The people of God should ever be ready to show mildness and mercy, according to the spirit of these laws. We must answer to God, not only for what we do maliciously, but for what we do heedlessly. Therefore, when we have done harm to our neighbour, we should make restitution, though not compelled by law. Let these scriptures lead our souls to remember, that if the grace of God has indeed appeared to us, then it has taught us, and enabled us so to conduct ourselves by its holy power, that denying ungodliness and wordly lusts, we should live soberly, righteously, and godly in this present world, Titus 2:12. And the grace of God teaches us, that as the Lord is our portion, there is enough in him to satisfy all the desires of our souls.
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Alphabetical: a about all an any are back before both breach bring case cases clothing come condemn declare donkey double every For garment guilty he his illegal In is it judges lost mine must neighbor of one or other ox parties pay possession property says shall sheep somebody the their thing This to trust whether which whom

OT Law: Exodus 22:9 For every matter of trespass whether it (Exo. Ex) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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