Exodus 23:2
New International Version
"Do not follow the crowd in doing wrong. When you give testimony in a lawsuit, do not pervert justice by siding with the crowd,

New Living Translation
"You must not follow the crowd in doing wrong. When you are called to testify in a dispute, do not be swayed by the crowd to twist justice.

English Standard Version
You shall not fall in with the many to do evil, nor shall you bear witness in a lawsuit, siding with the many, so as to pervert justice,

Berean Study Bible
You shall not follow a crowd in wrongdoing. When you testify in a lawsuit, do not pervert justice by siding with a crowd.

New American Standard Bible
"You shall not follow the masses in doing evil, nor shall you testify in a dispute so as to turn aside after a multitude in order to pervert justice;

King James Bible
Thou shalt not follow a multitude to do evil; neither shalt thou speak in a cause to decline after many to wrest judgment:

Christian Standard Bible
"You must not follow a crowd in wrongdoing. Do not testify in a lawsuit and go along with a crowd to pervert justice.

Contemporary English Version
Always tell the truth in court, even if everyone else is dishonest and stands in the way of justice.

Good News Translation
Do not follow the majority when they do wrong or when they give testimony that perverts justice.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
You must not follow a crowd in wrongdoing. Do not testify in a lawsuit and go along with a crowd to pervert justice.

International Standard Version
You are not to follow the majority in doing wrong, and you are not to testify in a lawsuit so as to follow the majority and pervert justice.

NET Bible
"You must not follow a crowd in doing evil things; in a lawsuit you must not offer testimony that agrees with a crowd so as to pervert justice,

New Heart English Bible
You shall not follow a crowd to do evil; neither shall you testify in court to side with a multitude to pervert justice;

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Never follow a crowd in doing wrong. When you testify in court, don't side with the majority to pervert justice.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Thou shalt not follow a multitude to do evil; neither shalt thou bear witness in a cause to turn aside after a multitude to pervert justice;

New American Standard 1977
“You shall not follow a multitude in doing evil, nor shall you testify in a dispute so as to turn aside after a multitude in order to pervert justice;

Jubilee Bible 2000
Thou shalt not follow a multitude to do evil; neither shalt thou speak in a cause hiding behind many to wrest judgment;

King James 2000 Bible
You shall not follow a multitude to do evil; neither shall you testify in a dispute to follow after a crowd to pervert judgment:

American King James Version
You shall not follow a multitude to do evil; neither shall you speak in a cause to decline after many to wrest judgment:

American Standard Version
Thou shalt not follow a multitude to do evil; neither shalt thou speak in a cause to turn aside after a multitude to wrest justice :

Brenton Septuagint Translation
Thou shalt not associate with the multitude for evil; thou shalt not join thyself with a multitude to turn aside with the majority so as to shut out judgment.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Thou shalt not follow the multitude to do evil: neither shalt thou yield in judgment, to the opinion of the most part, to stray from the truth.

Darby Bible Translation
Thou shalt not follow the multitude for evil; neither shalt thou answer in a cause, to go after the multitude to pervert [judgment].

English Revised Version
Thou shalt not follow a multitude to do evil; neither shalt thou speak in a cause to turn aside after a multitude to wrest judgment:

Webster's Bible Translation
Thou shalt not follow a multitude to do evil; neither shalt thou speak in a cause to decline after many to wrest judgment:

World English Bible
"You shall not follow a crowd to do evil; neither shall you testify in court to side with a multitude to pervert justice;

Young's Literal Translation
Thou art not after many to evil, nor dost thou testify concerning a strife, to turn aside after many to cause others to turn aside;
Study Bible
Justice and Mercy
1You shall not spread a false report. Do not join the wicked by being a malicious witness. 2You shall not follow a crowd in wrongdoing. When you testify in a lawsuit, do not pervert justice by siding with a crowd. 3And do not show favoritism to a poor man in his lawsuit.…
Cross References
Exodus 23:6
You shall not deny justice to the poor in their lawsuits.

Deuteronomy 16:19
Do not deny justice or show partiality. Do not accept any bribes, for a bribe blinds the eyes of the wise and twists the words of the righteous.

Deuteronomy 24:17
Do not deny justice to the foreigner or the fatherless, and do not take a widow's cloak as security.

Job 31:34
because I greatly feared the crowds, and the contempt of the clans terrified me, so that I kept silent and would not go outside--

Proverbs 18:5
Showing partiality to the wicked is not good, nor is depriving the innocent of justice.

Treasury of Scripture

You shall not follow a multitude to do evil; neither shall you speak in a cause to decline after many to wrest judgment:

follow

Exodus 32:1-5
And when the people saw that Moses delayed to come down out of the mount, the people gathered themselves together unto Aaron, and said unto him, Up, make us gods, which shall go before us; for as for this Moses, the man that brought us up out of the land of Egypt, we wot not what is become of him…

Genesis 6:12
And God looked upon the earth, and, behold, it was corrupt; for all flesh had corrupted his way upon the earth.

Genesis 7:1
And the LORD said unto Noah, Come thou and all thy house into the ark; for thee have I seen righteous before me in this generation.

speak or answer to decline

Exodus 23:6,7
Thou shalt not wrest the judgment of thy poor in his cause…

Leviticus 19:15
Ye shall do no unrighteousness in judgment: thou shalt not respect the person of the poor, nor honour the person of the mighty: but in righteousness shalt thou judge thy neighbour.

Deuteronomy 1:17
Ye shall not respect persons in judgment; but ye shall hear the small as well as the great; ye shall not be afraid of the face of man; for the judgment is God's: and the cause that is too hard for you, bring it unto me, and I will hear it.







Lexicon
You shall not
לֹֽא־ (lō-)
Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's Hebrew 3808: Not, no

follow
תִהְיֶ֥ה (ṯih·yeh)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1961: To fall out, come to pass, become, be

a crowd
רַבִּ֖ים (rab·bîm)
Adjective - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 7227: Much, many, great

in wrongdoing.
לְרָעֹ֑ת (lə·rā·‘ōṯ)
Preposition-l | Noun - feminine plural
Strong's Hebrew 7451: Bad, evil

When you testify
תַעֲנֶ֣ה (ṯa·‘ă·neh)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6030: To answer, respond

in
עַל־ (‘al-)
Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 5921: Above, over, upon, against

a lawsuit,
רִ֗ב (riḇ)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7379: Strife, dispute

do not
וְלֹא־ (wə·lō-)
Conjunctive waw | Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's Hebrew 3808: Not, no

pervert justice
לְהַטֹּֽת׃ (lə·haṭ·ṭōṯ)
Preposition-l | Verb - Hifil - Infinitive construct
Strong's Hebrew 5186: To stretch out, spread out, extend, incline, bend

by siding
לִנְטֹ֛ת (lin·ṭōṯ)
Preposition-l | Verb - Qal - Infinitive construct
Strong's Hebrew 5186: To stretch out, spread out, extend, incline, bend

with
אַחֲרֵ֥י (’a·ḥă·rê)
Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 310: The hind or following part

a crowd.
רַבִּ֖ים (rab·bîm)
Adjective - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 7227: Much, many, great
(2) Thou shalt not follow a multitude to do evil . . . --It is perhaps true that the offence especially condemned is joining with a majority in an unrighteous judgment; but the words of the precept extend much further than this, and forbid our being carried away by numbers or popularity in any case. Vox populi vox Dei is a favourite maxim with many, but Scripture nowhere sanctions it. Job boasts that he did not fear a great multitude (Job 31:34). David says that the "ten thousands of the people set themselves against him round about" (Psalm 3:6). The prophets had always the multitude against them. "Strait is the gate, and narrow is the way," said our blessed Lord, "which leadeth unto life, and few there be that find it." But 'wide is the gate, and broad is the way, that leadeth to destruction, and many there be which go in thereat" Matthew 7:13-14). We must be prepared to face unpopularity if we would walk in accordance with the Law of God.

Verse 2. - Thou shalt not follow a multitude to do evil. Rather, "Thou shalt not follow a multitude to evil." A law alike for deed, for word, and for thought. The example of the many is to be shunned. "Wide is the gate and broad is the way that leadeth to destruction, and many there be which go in thereat." But "strait is the gate and narrow is the way, which leadeth unto life; and few there be that find it" (Matthew 7:13, 14). It is extraordinary that so many, even of professing Christians, are content to go with the many, notwithstanding the warnings against so doing, both of the law and of the Gospel. Neither shalt thou speak, etc. Rather, "Neither shalt thou bear witness in a cause to go aside after a multitude to put aside justice." The general precept is followed by a particular application of it. In judging a cause, if thou art one of the judges, thou shalt not simply go with the majority, if it he bent on injustice, but form thine own opinion and adhere to it. 23:1-9 In the law of Moses are very plain marks of sound moral feeling, and of true political wisdom. Every thing in it is suited to the desired and avowed object, the worship of one only God, and the separation of Israel from the pagan world. Neither parties, friends, witnesses, nor common opinions, must move us to lessen great faults, to aggravate small ones, excuse offenders, accuse the innocent, or misrepresent any thing.
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