Exodus 23:4
New International Version
"If you come across your enemy's ox or donkey wandering off, be sure to return it.

New Living Translation
"If you come upon your enemy's ox or donkey that has strayed away, take it back to its owner.

English Standard Version
“If you meet your enemy’s ox or his donkey going astray, you shall bring it back to him.

Berean Study Bible
If you encounter your enemy’s stray ox or donkey, you must return it to him.

New American Standard Bible
"If you meet your enemy's ox or his donkey wandering away, you shall surely return it to him.

King James Bible
If thou meet thine enemy's ox or his ass going astray, thou shalt surely bring it back to him again.

Christian Standard Bible
"If you come across your enemy's stray ox or donkey, you must return it to him.

Contemporary English Version
If you find an ox or a donkey that has wandered off, take it back where it belongs, even if the owner is your enemy.

Good News Translation
"If you happen to see your enemy's cow or donkey running loose, take it back to him.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
If you come across your enemy's stray ox or donkey, you must return it to him."

International Standard Version
"If you come across your enemy's ox or donkey wandering off, you are to certainly return it to him.

NET Bible
"If you encounter your enemy's ox or donkey wandering off, you must by all means return it to him.

New Heart English Bible
"If you meet your enemy's ox or his donkey going astray, you shall surely bring it back to him again.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
"Whenever you come across your enemy's ox or donkey wandering loose, be sure to take it back to him.

JPS Tanakh 1917
If thou meet thine enemy's ox or his ass going astray, thou shalt surely bring it back to him again.

New American Standard 1977
“If you meet your enemy’s ox or his donkey wandering away, you shall surely return it to him.

Jubilee Bible 2000
If thou should encounter thine enemy's ox or his ass astray, thou shalt surely bring it back to him again.

King James 2000 Bible
If you meet your enemy's ox or his donkey going astray, you shall surely bring it back to him again.

American King James Version
If you meet your enemy's ox or his ass going astray, you shall surely bring it back to him again.

American Standard Version
If thou meet thine enemy's ox or his ass going astray, thou shalt surely bring it back to him again.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And if thou meet thine enemy's ox or his ass going astray, thou shalt turn them back and restore them to him.

Douay-Rheims Bible
If thou meet thy enemy's ox or ass going astray, bring it back to him.

Darby Bible Translation
-- If thou meet thine enemy's ox or his ass going astray, thou shalt certainly bring it back to him.

English Revised Version
If thou meet thine enemy's ox or his ass going astray, thou shalt surely bring it back to him again.

Webster's Bible Translation
If thou shalt meet thy enemy's ox or his ass going astray, thou shalt surely bring it back to him again.

World English Bible
"If you meet your enemy's ox or his donkey going astray, you shall surely bring it back to him again.

Young's Literal Translation
'When thou meetest thine enemy's ox or his ass going astray, thou dost certainly turn it back to him;
Study Bible
Justice and Mercy
3And do not show favoritism to a poor man in his lawsuit. 4If you encounter your enemy’s stray ox or donkey, you must return it to him. 5If you see the donkey of one who hates you fallen under its load, do not leave it there; you must help him with it.…
Cross References
Leviticus 6:3
or finds lost property and lies about it and swears falsely, or if he commits any such sin that a man might commit--

Deuteronomy 22:1
If you see your brother's ox or sheep straying, you must not ignore it; be sure to return it to your brother.

Proverbs 25:21
If your enemy is hungry, give him food to eat, and if he is thirsty, give him water to drink.

Treasury of Scripture

If you meet your enemy's ox or his ass going astray, you shall surely bring it back to him again.

Deuteronomy 22:1-4
Thou shalt not see thy brother's ox or his sheep go astray, and hide thyself from them: thou shalt in any case bring them again unto thy brother…

Job 31:29,30
If I rejoiced at the destruction of him that hated me, or lifted up myself when evil found him: …

Proverbs 24:17,18
Rejoice not when thine enemy falleth, and let not thine heart be glad when he stumbleth: …







Lexicon
If
כִּ֣י (kî)
Conjunction
Strong's Hebrew 3588: A relative conjunction

you encounter
תִפְגַּ֞ע (ṯip̄·ga‘)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6293: To impinge, by accident, violence, by importunity

your enemy’s
אֹֽיִבְךָ֛ (’ō·yiḇ·ḵā)
Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine singular construct | second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 341: Hating, an adversary

stray
תֹּעֶ֑ה (tō·‘eh)
Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 8582: To vacillate, reel, stray

ox
שׁ֧וֹר (šō·wr)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 7794: A head of cattle (bullock, ox, etcetera)

or
א֥וֹ (’ōw)
Conjunction
Strong's Hebrew 176: Desire, if

donkey,
חֲמֹר֖וֹ (ḥă·mō·rōw)
Noun - masculine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2543: A male ass

you must return
הָשֵׁ֥ב (hā·šêḇ)
Verb - Hifil - Infinitive absolute
Strong's Hebrew 7725: To turn back, in, to retreat, again

it to him.
תְּשִׁיבֶ֖נּוּ (tə·šî·ḇen·nū)
Verb - Hifil - Imperfect - second person masculine singular | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7725: To turn back, in, to retreat, again
(4) Thine enemy's ox.--The general duty of stopping stray animals and restoring them to friendly owners, expressly taught in Deuteronomy 22:1-3, is here implied as if admitted on all hands. The legislator extends this duty to cases where the owner is our personal enemy. It was not generally recognised in antiquity that men's enemies had any claims upon them. Cicero, indeed, says--"Sunt autem quaedam officia etiam adversus eos servanda, a quibus injuriam aceeperis" (De Off. i. 11); but he stops short of enjoining active benevolence. Here and in Exodus 23:5 we have a sort of anticipation of Christianity--active kindness to an enemy being required, even when it costs us some trouble. The principle of friendliness is involved--the germ which in Christianity blossoms out into the precept, "Love your enemies."

Verse 4. - Thine enemy's ox. A private enemy is here spoken of, not a public one, as in Deuteronomy 23:6. It is remarkable that the law should have so far anticipated Christianity as to have laid it down that men have duties of friendliness even towards their enemies, and are bound under certain circumstances to render them a service. "Hate thine enemies" (Matthew 5:43) was no injunction of the Mosaic taw, but a conclusion which Rabbinical teachers unwarrantably drew from it. Christianity, however, goes far beyond Mosaism in laying down the broad precept - "Love your enemies." 23:1-9 In the law of Moses are very plain marks of sound moral feeling, and of true political wisdom. Every thing in it is suited to the desired and avowed object, the worship of one only God, and the separation of Israel from the pagan world. Neither parties, friends, witnesses, nor common opinions, must move us to lessen great faults, to aggravate small ones, excuse offenders, accuse the innocent, or misrepresent any thing.
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