Job 31:29
New International Version
"If I have rejoiced at my enemy's misfortune or gloated over the trouble that came to him--

New Living Translation
"Have I ever rejoiced when disaster struck my enemies, or become excited when harm came their way?

English Standard Version
“If I have rejoiced at the ruin of him who hated me, or exulted when evil overtook him

Berean Study Bible
If I have rejoiced at my enemy’s ruin, or exulted when evil befell him—

New American Standard Bible
"Have I rejoiced at the extinction of my enemy, Or exulted when evil befell him?

King James Bible
If I rejoiced at the destruction of him that hated me, or lifted up myself when evil found him:

Christian Standard Bible
Have I rejoiced over my enemy's distress, or become excited when trouble came his way?

Contemporary English Version
I have never laughed when my enemies were struck by disaster.

Good News Translation
I have never been glad when my enemies suffered, or pleased when they met with disaster;

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Have I rejoiced over my enemy's distress, or become excited when trouble came his way?

International Standard Version
"Have I rejoiced in the destruction of those who hate me, or have I been happy that evil caught up with him?

NET Bible
If I have rejoiced over the misfortune of my enemy or exulted because calamity found him--

New Heart English Bible
"If I have rejoiced at the destruction of him who hated me, or lifted up myself when evil found him;

GOD'S WORD® Translation
"If I enjoyed the ruin of my enemy or celebrated when harm came to him

JPS Tanakh 1917
If I rejoiced at the destruction of him that hated me, Or exulted when evil found him--

New American Standard 1977
“Have I rejoiced at the extinction of my enemy, Or exulted when evil befell him?

Jubilee Bible 2000
If I rejoiced at the destruction of the one that hated me or lifted up myself when evil found him;

King James 2000 Bible
If I rejoiced at the destruction of him that hated me, or lifted up myself when evil found him:

American King James Version
If I rejoice at the destruction of him that hated me, or lifted up myself when evil found him:

American Standard Version
If I have rejoiced at the destruction of him that hated me, Or lifted up myself when evil found him;

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And if too I was glad at the fall of mine enemies, and mine heart said, Aha!

Douay-Rheims Bible
If I have been glad at the downfall of him that hated me, and have rejoiced that evil had found him.

Darby Bible Translation
If I rejoiced at the destruction of him that hated me, and exulted when evil befell him;

English Revised Version
If I rejoiced at the destruction of him that hated me, or lifted up myself when evil found him;

Webster's Bible Translation
If I have rejoiced at the destruction of him that hated me, or have lifted up myself when evil found him:

World English Bible
"If I have rejoiced at the destruction of him who hated me, or lifted up myself when evil found him;

Young's Literal Translation
If I rejoice at the ruin of my hater, And stirred up myself when evil found him,
Study Bible
Job's Final Appeal
28this would also be an iniquity to be judged, for I would have denied God on high. 29If I have rejoiced at my enemy’s ruin, or exulted when evil befell him— 30I have not allowed my mouth to sin by asking for his life with a curse—…
Cross References
2 Samuel 3:32
When they buried Abner in Hebron, the king wept aloud at Abner's tomb, and all the people wept.

Proverbs 17:5
He who mocks the poor insults their Maker; whoever gloats over calamity will not go unpunished.

Proverbs 24:17
Do not gloat when your enemy falls, and do not let your heart rejoice when he stumbles,

Obadiah 1:12
But you should not gloat in that day, your brother's day of misfortune, nor rejoice over the people of Judah in the day of their destruction, nor boast proudly in the day of their distress.

Treasury of Scripture

If I rejoice at the destruction of him that hated me, or lifted up myself when evil found him:

2 Samuel 1:12
And they mourned, and wept, and fasted until even, for Saul, and for Jonathan his son, and for the people of the LORD, and for the house of Israel; because they were fallen by the sword.

2 Samuel 4:10,11
When one told me, saying, Behold, Saul is dead, thinking to have brought good tidings, I took hold of him, and slew him in Ziklag, who thought that I would have given him a reward for his tidings: …

2 Samuel 16:5-8
And when king David came to Bahurim, behold, thence came out a man of the family of the house of Saul, whose name was Shimei, the son of Gera: he came forth, and cursed still as he came…







Lexicon
If
אִם־ (’im-)
Conjunction
Strong's Hebrew 518: Lo!, whether?, if, although, Oh that!, when, not

I have rejoiced
אֶ֭שְׂמַח (’eś·maḥ)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 8055: To brighten up, be, blithe, gleesome

at my enemy’s
מְשַׂנְאִ֑י (mə·śan·’î)
Verb - Piel - Participle - masculine singular construct | first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 8130: To hate

ruin,
בְּפִ֣יד (bə·p̄îḏ)
Preposition-b | Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 6365: Ruin, disaster

or exulted
וְ֝הִתְעֹרַ֗רְתִּי (wə·hiṯ·‘ō·rar·tî)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Hitpael - Conjunctive perfect - first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 5782: To rouse oneself, awake

when
כִּֽי־ (kî-)
Conjunction
Strong's Hebrew 3588: A relative conjunction

evil
רָֽע׃ (rā‘)
Adjective - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7451: Bad, evil

befell him—
מְצָ֥אוֹ (mə·ṣā·’ōw)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person masculine singular | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4672: To come forth to, appear, exist, to attain, find, acquire, to occur, meet, be present
(29) If I rejoiced at the destruction.--He now proceeds to the realm of the wishes and thoughts, and is, therefore, far more thorough and searching with his own case than his friends had been.

Verse 29. - If I rejoiced at the destruction of him that hated me. "If at any time I was malevolent, if I wished evil to others, and rejoiced when evil came upon them, being (as the Greeks expressed it) ἐπιχαιρέκακος - if I so acted even in the case of my enemy - then," etc. The apodosis is wanting, but may be supplied by any suitable imprecation (see vers. 8, 10, 22, 40). Or lifted up myself - i.e. was puffed up and exalted - when evil found him. In the old world men generally regarded themselves as fully entitled to exult at the downfall of an enemy, and to triumph over him with words of contumely and scorn (camp. Judges 5:19-31; Psalm 18:37-42; Isaiah 10:8-1.4, etc.). There appears to be but one other passage in the Old Testament, besides the present, in which the contrary disposition is shown. This is Proverbs 17:5, where the writer declares that "he who is glad at calamities shall not be unpunished." 31:24-32 Job protests, 1. That he never set his heart upon the wealth of this world. How few prosperous professors can appeal to the Lord, that they have not rejoiced because their gains were great! Through the determination to be rich, numbers ruin their souls, or pierce themselves with many sorrows. 2. He never was guilty of idolatry. The source of idolatry is in the heart, and it corrupts men, and provokes God to send judgments upon a nation. 3. He neither desired nor delighted in the hurt of the worst enemy he had. If others bear malice to us, that will not justify us in bearing malice to them. 4. He had never been unkind to strangers. Hospitality is a Christian duty, 1Pe 4:9.
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Alphabetical: at befell came enemy enemy's evil extinction exulted gloated have him I If misfortune my of or over rejoiced that the to trouble when

OT Poetry: Job 31:29 If I have rejoiced at the destruction (Jb) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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