Job 31:1
New International Version
"I made a covenant with my eyes not to look lustfully at a young woman.

New Living Translation
"I made a covenant with my eyes not to look with lust at a young woman.

English Standard Version
“I have made a covenant with my eyes; how then could I gaze at a virgin?

Berean Study Bible
I have made a covenant with my eyes. How then could I gaze with desire at a virgin?

New American Standard Bible
"I have made a covenant with my eyes; How then could I gaze at a virgin?

King James Bible
I made a covenant with mine eyes; why then should I think upon a maid?

Christian Standard Bible
I have made a covenant with my eyes. How then could I look at a young woman?

Contemporary English Version
I promised myself never to stare with desire at a young woman.

Good News Translation
I have made a solemn promise never to look with lust at a woman.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
I have made a covenant with my eyes. How then could I look at a young woman?

International Standard Version
"I made a covenant with my eyes; how, then, can I focus my attention on a virgin?

NET Bible
"I made a covenant with my eyes; how then could I entertain thoughts against a virgin?

New Heart English Bible
"I made a covenant with my eyes, how then should I look lustfully at a young woman?

GOD'S WORD® Translation
"I have made an agreement with my eyes. Then how can I look with lust at a virgin?

JPS Tanakh 1917
I made a covenant with mine eyes; How then should I look upon a maid?

New American Standard 1977
“I Have made a covenant with my eyes; How then could I gaze at a virgin?

Jubilee Bible 2000
I made a covenant with my eyes; why then should I look upon a maid?

King James 2000 Bible
I made a covenant with my eyes; why then should I think upon a maiden?

American King James Version
I made a covenant with my eyes; why then should I think on a maid?

American Standard Version
I made a covenant with mine eyes; How then should I look upon a virgin?

Brenton Septuagint Translation
I made a covenant with mine eyes, and I will not think upon a virgin.

Douay-Rheims Bible
I made a covenant with my eyes, that I would not so much as think upon a virgin.

Darby Bible Translation
I made a covenant with mine eyes; and how should I fix my regard upon a maid?

English Revised Version
I MADE a covenant with mine eyes; how then should I look upon a maid?

Webster's Bible Translation
I Made a covenant with my eyes; why then should I think upon a maid?

World English Bible
"I made a covenant with my eyes, how then should I look lustfully at a young woman?

Young's Literal Translation
A covenant I made for mine eyes, And what -- do I attend to a virgin?
Study Bible
Job's Final Appeal
1I have made a covenant with my eyes. How then could I gaze with desire at a virgin? 2For what is the allotment of God from above, or the heritage from the Almighty on high?…
Cross References
Matthew 5:28
But I tell you that anyone who looks at a woman to lust after her has already committed adultery with her in his heart.

Job 31:9
If my heart has been enticed by my neighbor's wife, or I have lurked at his door,

Treasury of Scripture

I made a covenant with my eyes; why then should I think on a maid?

a covenant

Genesis 6:2
That the sons of God saw the daughters of men that they were fair; and they took them wives of all which they chose.

2 Samuel 11:2-4
And it came to pass in an eveningtide, that David arose from off his bed, and walked upon the roof of the king's house: and from the roof he saw a woman washing herself; and the woman was very beautiful to look upon…

Psalm 119:37
Turn away mine eyes from beholding vanity; and quicken thou me in thy way.

think

Proverbs 6:25
Lust not after her beauty in thine heart; neither let her take thee with her eyelids.

James 1:14,15
But every man is tempted, when he is drawn away of his own lust, and enticed…







Lexicon
I have made
כָּרַ֣תִּי (kā·rat·tî)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 3772: To cut, to destroy, consume, to covenant

a covenant
בְּ֭רִית (bə·rîṯ)
Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1285: A covenant

with my eyes.
לְעֵינָ֑י (lə·‘ê·nāy)
Preposition-l | Noun - cdc | first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 5869: An eye, a fountain

How then
וּמָ֥ה (ū·māh)
Conjunctive waw | Interrogative
Strong's Hebrew 4100: What?, what!, indefinitely what

could I gaze [with desire]
אֶ֝תְבּוֹנֵ֗ן (’eṯ·bō·w·nên)
Verb - Hitpael - Imperfect - first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 995: To separate mentally, understand

at
עַל־ (‘al-)
Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 5921: Above, over, upon, against

a virgin?
בְּתוּלָֽה׃ (bə·ṯū·lāh)
Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1330: A virgin, sometimes, a bride
XXXI.

(1) I made a covenant with mine eyes.--Job makes one grand profession of innocence, rehearsing his manner of life from the first; and here he does not content himself with traversing the accusations of his friends, but professes his innocence also of sins less manifest to the observance of others, and affecting the secret conduct and the heart--namely, sensual transgression and idolatry. His object, therefore, is to show his friends that he has really been more upright than their standard demanded or than they supposed him to be, till his affliction made them suspect him; and this uprightness was the consequence of rigid and inflexible adherence to principle, for he made a covenant with his eyes, as the avenues of sinful desires. (Comp. Matthew 5:28.)

Verse 1. - I made a covenant with mine eyes; rather, for mine eyes. The covenant must have been with himself. Job means that be came to a fixed resolution, by which he thenceforth guided his conduct, not even to "look upon a woman to lust after her" (Matthew 5:28). We must suppose this resolution come to in his early youth, when the passions are strongest, and when so many men go astray. How then should I look upon a maid! Having made such a resolution, how could I possibly break it by "looking upon a maid"? Job assumes that he could not be so weak as to break a solemn resolution. 31:1-8 Job did not speak the things here recorded by way of boasting, but in answer to the charge of hypocrisy. He understood the spiritual nature of God's commandments, as reaching to the thoughts and intents of the heart. It is best to let our actions speak for us; but in some cases we owe it to ourselves and to the cause of God, solemnly to protest our innocence of the crimes of which we are falsely accused. The lusts of the flesh, and the love of the world, are two fatal rocks on which multitudes split; against these Job protests he was always careful to stand upon his guard. And God takes more exact notice of us than we do of ourselves; let us therefore walk circumspectly. He carefully avoided all sinful means of getting wealth. He dreaded all forbidden profit as much as all forbidden pleasure. What we have in the world may be used with comfort, or lost with comfort, if honestly gotten. Without strict honestly and faithfulness in all our dealings, we can have no good evidence of true godliness. Yet how many professors are unable to abide this touchstone!
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