Job 31:21
New International Version
if I have raised my hand against the fatherless, knowing that I had influence in court,

New Living Translation
"If I raised my hand against an orphan, knowing the judges would take my side,

English Standard Version
if I have raised my hand against the fatherless, because I saw my help in the gate,

Berean Study Bible
if I have lifted up my hand against the fatherless because I saw that I had support in the gate,

New American Standard Bible
If I have lifted up my hand against the orphan, Because I saw I had support in the gate,

King James Bible
If I have lifted up my hand against the fatherless, when I saw my help in the gate:

Christian Standard Bible
if I ever cast my vote against a fatherless child when I saw that I had support in the city gate,

Contemporary English Version
If I have ever raised my arm to threaten an orphan when the power was mine,

Good News Translation
If I have ever cheated an orphan, knowing I could win in court,

Holman Christian Standard Bible
if I ever cast my vote against a fatherless child when I saw that I had support in the city gate,

International Standard Version
if I've raised my hand against an orphan when I thought I would against him in court,

NET Bible
if I have raised my hand to vote against the orphan, when I saw my support in the court,

New Heart English Bible
if I have lifted up my hand against the fatherless, because I saw my help in the gate,

GOD'S WORD® Translation
If I have shaken my fist at an orphan because I knew that others would back me up in court,

JPS Tanakh 1917
If I have lifted up my hand against the fatherless, Because I saw my help in the gate;

New American Standard 1977
If I have lifted up my hand against the orphan, Because I saw I had support in the gate,

Jubilee Bible 2000
if I have lifted up my hand against the fatherless, even when I saw that they would all help me in the gate;

King James 2000 Bible
If I have lifted up my hand against the fatherless, when I saw I had help in the gate:

American King James Version
If I have lifted up my hand against the fatherless, when I saw my help in the gate:

American Standard Version
If I have lifted up my hand against the fatherless, Because I saw my help in the gate:

Brenton Septuagint Translation
if I lifted my hand against an orphan, trusting that my strength was far superior to his:

Douay-Rheims Bible
If I have lifted up my hand against the fatherless, even when I saw myself superior in the gate:

Darby Bible Translation
If I have lifted up my hand against an orphan, because I saw my help in the gate:

English Revised Version
If I have lifted up my hand against the fatherless, because I saw my help in the gate:

Webster's Bible Translation
If I have lifted up my hand against the fatherless, when I saw my help in the gate:

World English Bible
if I have lifted up my hand against the fatherless, because I saw my help in the gate,

Young's Literal Translation
If I have waved at the fatherless my hand, When I see in him the gate of my court,
Study Bible
Job's Final Appeal
20if his heart has not blessed me for warming him with the fleece of my sheep, 21if I have lifted up my hand against the fatherless because I saw that I had support in the gate, 22then may my arm fall from my shoulder and be torn from its socket.…
Cross References
Job 29:7
When I went out to the city gate and took my seat in the public square,

Job 29:12
because I rescued the poor who cried out and the fatherless who had no helper.

Job 31:17
if I have eaten my morsel alone, not sharing it with the fatherless--

Job 31:20
if his heart has not blessed me for warming him with the fleece of my sheep,

Treasury of Scripture

If I have lifted up my hand against the fatherless, when I saw my help in the gate:

lifted

Job 6:27
Yea, ye overwhelm the fatherless, and ye dig a pit for your friend.

Job 22:9
Thou hast sent widows away empty, and the arms of the fatherless have been broken.

Job 24:9
They pluck the fatherless from the breast, and take a pledge of the poor.

when

Micah 2:1,2
Woe to them that devise iniquity, and work evil upon their beds! when the morning is light, they practise it, because it is in the power of their hand…

Micah 7:3
That they may do evil with both hands earnestly, the prince asketh, and the judge asketh for a reward; and the great man, he uttereth his mischievous desire: so they wrap it up.







Lexicon
if
אִם־ (’im-)
Conjunction
Strong's Hebrew 518: Lo!, whether?, if, although, Oh that!, when, not

I have lifted
הֲנִיפ֣וֹתִי (hă·nî·p̄ō·w·ṯî)
Verb - Hifil - Perfect - first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 5130: To move to and fro, wave, sprinkle

up my hand
יָדִ֑י (yā·ḏî)
Noun - feminine singular construct | first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 3027: A hand

against
עַל־ (‘al-)
Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 5921: Above, over, upon, against

the fatherless
יָת֣וֹם (yā·ṯō·wm)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3490: A bereaved person

because
כִּֽי־ (kî-)
Conjunction
Strong's Hebrew 3588: A relative conjunction

I saw
אֶרְאֶ֥ה (’er·’eh)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 7200: To see

that I had support
עֶזְרָתִֽי׃ (‘ez·rā·ṯî)
Noun - feminine singular construct | first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 5833: Help, helper, assistance

in the gate,
בַ֝שַּׁ֗עַר (ḇaš·ša·‘ar)
Preposition-b, Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 8179: An opening, door, gate
Verse 21. - If I have lifted up my hand against the fatherless; i.e. if I have in any way oppressed him. When I saw my help in the gate; i.e.. when I had the power to do so - when I saw my friends and hangers-on mustered in force at the gate where causes were being tried. The wrong and robbery which the poor suffer in the East have always been camel, to a large extent, by failure of justice in the courts, where might, and not right, carries the day. 31:16-23 Job's conscience gave testimony concerning his just and charitable behaviour toward the poor. He is most large upon this head, because in this matter he was particularly accused. He was tender of all, and hurtful to none. Notice the principles by which Job was restrained from being uncharitable and unmerciful. He stood in awe of the Lord, as certainly against him, if he should wrong the poor. Regard to worldly interests may restrain a man from actual crimes; but the grace of God alone can make him hate, dread, and shun sinful thoughts and desires.
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Alphabetical: against Because court fatherless gate had hand have I if in influence knowing lifted my orphan raised saw support that the up

OT Poetry: Job 31:21 If I have lifted up my hand (Jb) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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