Deuteronomy 24:17
New International Version
Do not deprive the foreigner or the fatherless of justice, or take the cloak of the widow as a pledge.

New Living Translation
"True justice must be given to foreigners living among you and to orphans, and you must never accept a widow's garment as security for her debt.

English Standard Version
“You shall not pervert the justice due to the sojourner or to the fatherless, or take a widow’s garment in pledge,

Berean Study Bible
Do not deny justice to the foreigner or the fatherless, and do not take a widow’s cloak as security.

New American Standard Bible
"You shall not pervert the justice due an alien or an orphan, nor take a widow's garment in pledge.

King James Bible
Thou shalt not pervert the judgment of the stranger, nor of the fatherless; nor take a widow's raiment to pledge:

Christian Standard Bible
Do not deny justice to a resident alien or fatherless child, and do not take a widow's garment as security.

Contemporary English Version
Make sure that orphans and foreigners are treated fairly. And if you lend money to a widow and want to keep something of hers to guarantee that she will pay you back, don't take any of her clothes.

Good News Translation
"Do not deprive foreigners and orphans of their rights; and do not take a widow's garment as security for a loan.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Do not deny justice to a foreigner or fatherless child, and do not take a widow's garment as security.

International Standard Version
"Don't deny justice to a foreigner or to an orphan, nor take a widow's garment as collateral for a loan.

NET Bible
You must not pervert justice due a resident foreigner or an orphan, or take a widow's garment as security for a loan.

New Heart English Bible
You shall not deprive the foreigner, or the fatherless of justice, nor take a widow's clothing in pledge;

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Never deprive foreigners and orphans of justice. And never take widows' clothes to guarantee a loan.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Thou shalt not pervert the justice due to the stranger, or to the fatherless; nor take the widow's raiment to pledge.

New American Standard 1977
“You shall not pervert the justice due an alien or an orphan, nor take a widow’s garment in pledge.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Thou shalt not twist the rights of the stranger nor of the fatherless nor take a widow's clothing for a pledge,

King James 2000 Bible
You shall not pervert the justice due the stranger, nor the fatherless; nor take a widow's clothing as pledge:

American King James Version
You shall not pervert the judgment of the stranger, nor of the fatherless; nor take a widow's raiment to pledge:

American Standard Version
Thou shalt not wrest the justice due to the sojourner, or to the fatherless, nor take the widow's raiment to pledge;

Douay-Rheims Bible
Thou shalt not pervert the judgment of the stranger nor of the fatherless, neither shalt thou take away the widow's raiment for a pledge.

Darby Bible Translation
Thou shalt not pervert the judgment of the stranger, [or] of the fatherless; and thou shalt not take in pledge a widow's garment.

English Revised Version
Thou shalt not wrest the judgment of the stranger, nor of the fatherless; nor take the widow's raiment to pledge:

Webster's Bible Translation
Thou shalt not pervert the judgment of the stranger, nor of the fatherless, nor take a widow's raiment for a pledge:

World English Bible
You shall not wrest the justice [due] to the foreigner, [or] to the fatherless, nor take the widow's clothing to pledge;

Young's Literal Translation
'Thou dost not turn aside the judgment of a fatherless sojourner, nor take in pledge the garment of a widow;
Study Bible HEB ▾ 
Additional Laws
16Fathers shall not be put to death for their children, nor children for their fathers; each is to die for his own sin. 17Do not deny justice to the foreigner or the fatherless, and do not take a widow’s cloak as security. 18Remember that you were slaves in Egypt, and the LORD your God redeemed you from that place. Therefore I am commanding you to do this.…
Cross References
Exodus 22:22
You must not mistreat any widow or orphan.

Exodus 23:2
You shall not follow a crowd in wrongdoing. When you testify in a lawsuit, do not pervert justice by siding with a crowd.

Exodus 23:9
Do not oppress a foreign resident, since you yourselves know how it feels to be foreigners; for you were foreigners in the land of Egypt.

Leviticus 19:33
When a foreigner resides with you in your land, you must not oppress him.

Deuteronomy 1:17
Show no partiality in judging; hear both small and great alike. Do not be intimidated by anyone, for judgment belongs to God. And bring to me any case too difficult for you, and I will hear it."

Deuteronomy 10:17
For the LORD your God is God of gods and Lord of lords, the great, mighty, and awesome God, showing no partiality and accepting no bribe.

Deuteronomy 16:19
Do not deny justice or show partiality. Do not accept any bribes, for a bribe blinds the eyes of the wise and twists the words of the righteous.

Deuteronomy 24:18
Remember that you were slaves in Egypt, and the LORD your God redeemed you from that place. Therefore I am commanding you to do this.

Deuteronomy 27:19
Cursed is he who withholds justice from the foreigner, the fatherless, or the widow.' And let all the people say, 'Amen!'

Job 22:6
For you demanded security from your brothers without cause, stripping off their clothes and leaving them naked.

Job 24:3
They drive away the donkey of the fatherless and take the widow's ox in pledge.

Psalm 82:3
Defend the cause of the weak and fatherless; uphold the rights of the afflicted and oppressed.

Ezekiel 22:7
Father and mother are treated with contempt. Within your walls the foreign resident is exploited, the fatherless and the widow are oppressed.

Treasury of Scripture

You shall not pervert the judgment of the stranger, nor of the fatherless; nor take a widow's raiment to pledge:

pervert

Deuteronomy 16:19 You shall not wrest judgment; you shall not respect persons, neither …

Deuteronomy 27:19 Cursed be he that perverts the judgment of the stranger, fatherless, …

Exodus 22:21,22 You shall neither vex a stranger, nor oppress him: for you were strangers …

Exodus 23:2,6,9 You shall not follow a multitude to do evil; neither shall you speak …

1 Samuel 12:3,4 Behold, here I am: witness against me before the LORD, and before …

Job 22:8,9 But as for the mighty man, he had the earth; and the honorable man …

Job 29:11-17 When the ear heard me, then it blessed me; and when the eye saw me, …

Psalm 82:1-5 God stands in the congregation of the mighty; he judges among the gods…

Psalm 94:3-6,20,21 LORD, how long shall the wicked, how long shall the wicked triumph…

Proverbs 22:22,23 Rob not the poor, because he is poor: neither oppress the afflicted …

Proverbs 31:5 Lest they drink, and forget the law, and pervert the judgment of …

Ecclesiastes 5:8 If you see the oppression of the poor, and violent perverting of …

Isaiah 1:23 Your princes are rebellious, and companions of thieves: every one …

Isaiah 3:15 What mean you that you beat my people to pieces, and grind the faces …

Isaiah 33:15 He that walks righteously, and speaks uprightly; he that despises …

Jeremiah 5:28 They are waxen fat, they shine: yes, they overpass the deeds of the …

Jeremiah 22:3 Thus said the LORD; Execute you judgment and righteousness, and deliver …

Ezekiel 22:7,29 In you have they set light by father and mother: in the middle of …

Amos 5:7-12 You who turn judgment to wormwood, and leave off righteousness in the earth…

Micah 2:1,2 Woe to them that devise iniquity, and work evil on their beds! when …

Micah 7:3 That they may do evil with both hands earnestly, the prince asks, …

Zechariah 7:10 And oppress not the widow, nor the fatherless, the stranger, nor the poor…

Malachi 3:5 And I will come near to you to judgment; and I will be a swift witness …

Luke 3:14 And the soldiers likewise demanded of him, saying, And what shall …

James 2:6 But you have despised the poor. Do not rich men oppress you, and …

nor take

Exodus 22:26,27 If you at all take your neighbor's raiment to pledge, you shall deliver …







Lexicon
Do not
לֹ֣א (lō)
Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's Hebrew 3808: Not, no

deny
תַטֶּ֔ה (ṯaṭ·ṭeh)
Verb - Hifil - Imperfect - second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5186: To stretch out, spread out, extend, incline, bend

justice
מִשְׁפַּ֖ט (miš·paṭ)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 4941: A verdict, a sentence, formal decree, divine law, penalty, justice, privilege, style

to the foreigner
גֵּ֣ר (gêr)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1616: A guest, a foreigner

or the fatherless,
יָת֑וֹם (yā·ṯō·wm)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3490: A bereaved person

and do not
וְלֹ֣א (wə·lō)
Conjunctive waw | Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's Hebrew 3808: Not, no

take a widow’s
אַלְמָנָֽה׃ (’al·mā·nāh)
Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 490: A widow, a desolate place

cloak
בֶּ֖גֶד (be·ḡeḏ)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 899: A covering, clothing, treachery, pillage

as security.
תַחֲבֹ֔ל (ṯa·ḥă·ḇōl)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2254: To wind tightly, to bind, a pledge, to pervert, destroy, to writhe in pain
(17-22) The stranger, the fatherless, and the widow--are the subject of all the laws in these verses. For the first two (Deuteronomy 24:17-18), see Exodus 22:22-24. As to the harvest, see Leviticus 23:22. It is noticeable that this law is connected with the Feast of Pentecost in that place. Never was such care for the widow and the poor manifested as after the day of Pentecost in the New Testament. When "great grace was upon them all," it is written that "neither was there any among them that lacked."

In a very special way and for some special reason, all through the Old Testament, "the Lord careth for the stranger." What the reason is, if we had the Old Testament only, we might find it hard to discover. But when we open the New Testament, we may see that this is one aspect of the love of God the Father to His Son Jesus Christ, who was one day to come among us as "a stranger," when there was "no room for Him in the inn." His coming hither as a stranger could not be unnoticed. And, therefore, the name and mention of the stranger all through the Old Testament is like a path strewn with flowers, in expectation of the coming of one that is greatly beloved. We see angels walking upon the earth, entertained as strangers. The wealthy patriarch, a "prince of God" among the Canaanites, confesses himself a "stranger and pilgrim on the earth." Those that inherit the land are put in the same category, "Ye are strangers and sojourners with Me." The stranger sits beside the Levite at Israel's table. The second great commandment is rehearsed again for his especial benefit. "He shall be unto you as one born among you, and thou shalt love him as thyself." There is only one key to all this combination of tenderness. "I was a stranger, and ye took me in."

(18,22) Thou shalt remember that thou wast a bondman in Egypt.--An exhortation thoroughly in place here, in the writings of Moses. In this form it occurs repeatedly in the Pentateuch, but not elsewhere. It is not the language which would naturally suggest itself to the prophets of later times.

Verses 17, 18. - The law against perverting the right of strangers, widows, and orphans is here repeated from Exodus 22:20, 21; Exodus 23:9, with the addition that the raiment of the widow was not to be taken in pledge. To enforce this, the people are reminded that they themselves as a nation had been in the condition of strangers and bondmen in Egypt (cf. Leviticus 19:33, 34). 24:14-22 It is not hard to prove that purity, piety, justice, mercy, fair conduct, kindness to the poor and destitute, consideration for them, and generosity of spirit, are pleasing to God, and becoming in his redeemed people. The difficulty is to attend to them in our daily walk and conversation.
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OT Law: Deuteronomy 24:17 You shall not wrest the justice due (Deut. De Du) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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