Deuteronomy 24:6
New International Version
Do not take a pair of millstones--not even the upper one--as security for a debt, because that would be taking a person's livelihood as security.

New Living Translation
"It is wrong to take a set of millstones, or even just the upper millstone, as security for a loan, for the owner uses it to make a living.

English Standard Version
“No one shall take a mill or an upper millstone in pledge, for that would be taking a life in pledge.

Berean Study Bible
Do not take a pair of millstones or even an upper millstone as security for a debt, because that would be taking one’s livelihood as security.

New American Standard Bible
"No one shall take a handmill or an upper millstone in pledge, for he would be taking a life in pledge.

King James Bible
No man shall take the nether or the upper millstone to pledge: for he taketh a man's life to pledge.

Christian Standard Bible
"Do not take a pair of grindstones or even the upper millstone as security for a debt, because that is like taking a life as security.

Contemporary English Version
When you lend money to people, you are allowed to keep something of theirs as a guarantee that they will pay back the loan. But don't take one or both of their millstones, or else they may starve. They need these stones for grinding grain into flour to make bread.

Good News Translation
"When you lend someone something, you are not to take as security his millstones used for grinding his grain. This would take away the family's means of preparing food to stay alive.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Do not take a pair of millstones or an upper millstone as security for a debt, because that is like taking a life as security."

International Standard Version
"Don't take a pair of millstones, especially the upper millstone, as collateral for a loan, because this means taking a man's livelihood.

NET Bible
One must not take either lower or upper millstones as security on a loan, for that is like taking a life itself as security.

New Heart English Bible
No man shall take the mill or the upper millstone to pledge; for he takes a life in pledge.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Never let a family's handmill for grinding flour-or even part of a handmill-be taken to guarantee a loan. The family wouldn't be able to prepare food in order to stay alive.

JPS Tanakh 1917
No man shall take the mill or the upper millstone to pledge; for he taketh a man's life to pledge.

New American Standard 1977
“No one shall take a handmill or an upper millstone in pledge, for he would be taking a life in pledge.

Jubilee Bible 2000
No man shall take the lower or the upper millstone for a pledge, for he takes a man's life to pledge.

King James 2000 Bible
No man shall take the lower or the upper millstone in pledge: for he takes a man's living in pledge.

American King James Version
No man shall take the nether or the upper millstone to pledge: for he takes a man's life to pledge.

American Standard Version
No man shall take the mill or the upper millstone to pledge; for he taketh a man's life to pledge.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
Thou shalt not take for a pledge the under millstone, nor the upper millstone; for he who does so takes life for a pledge.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Thou shalt not take the nether, nor the upper millstone to pledge: for he hath pledged his life to thee.

Darby Bible Translation
No man shall take the hand-mill or the upper millstone in pledge; for it would be taking life in pledge.

English Revised Version
No man shall take the mill or the upper millstone to pledge: for he taketh a man's life to pledge.

Webster's Bible Translation
No man shall take the nether or the upper millstone for a pledge: for he taketh a man's life for a pledge.

World English Bible
No man shall take the mill or the upper millstone to pledge; for he takes [a man's] life to pledge.

Young's Literal Translation
None doth take in pledge millstones, and rider, for life it is he is taking in pledge.
Study Bible
Additional Laws
6Do not take a pair of millstones or even an upper millstone as security for a debt, because that would be taking one’s livelihood as security. 7If a man is caught kidnapping one of his Israelite brothers, whether he treats him as a slave or sells him, the kidnapper must die. You must purge the evil from among you.…
Cross References
Matthew 24:41
Two women will be grinding at the mill: one will be taken and the other left.

Exodus 22:26
If you take your neighbor's cloak as collateral, return it to him by sunset,

Deuteronomy 24:5
If a man is newly married, he must not be sent to war or be pressed into any duty. For one year he is free to stay at home and bring joy to the wife he has married.

Deuteronomy 24:7
If a man is caught kidnapping one of his Israelite brothers, whether he treats him as a slave or sells him, the kidnapper must die. You must purge the evil from among you.

Job 22:6
For you demanded security from your brothers without cause, stripping off their clothes and leaving them naked.

Treasury of Scripture

No man shall take the nether or the upper millstone to pledge: for he takes a man's life to pledge.

Exodus 22:26,27
If thou at all take thy neighbour's raiment to pledge, thou shalt deliver it unto him by that the sun goeth down: …

Revelation 18:22
And the voice of harpers, and musicians, and of pipers, and trumpeters, shall be heard no more at all in thee; and no craftsman, of whatsoever craft he be, shall be found any more in thee; and the sound of a millstone shall be heard no more at all in thee;

life

Deuteronomy 20:19
When thou shalt besiege a city a long time, in making war against it to take it, thou shalt not destroy the trees thereof by forcing an axe against them: for thou mayest eat of them, and thou shalt not cut them down (for the tree of the field is man's life) to employ them in the siege:

Genesis 44:30
Now therefore when I come to thy servant my father, and the lad be not with us; seeing that his life is bound up in the lad's life;

Luke 12:15
And he said unto them, Take heed, and beware of covetousness: for a man's life consisteth not in the abundance of the things which he possesseth.







Lexicon
Do not
לֹא־ (lō-)
Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's Hebrew 3808: Not, no

take a pair of millstones
רֵחַ֖יִם (rê·ḥa·yim)
Noun - md
Strong's Hebrew 7347: A mill-stone

or even an upper millstone
וָרָ֑כֶב (wā·rā·ḵeḇ)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7393: A vehicle, a team, cavalry, a rider, the upper millstone

as security for a debt,
יַחֲבֹ֥ל (ya·ḥă·ḇōl)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2254: To wind tightly, to bind, a pledge, to pervert, destroy, to writhe in pain

because
כִּי־ (kî-)
Conjunction
Strong's Hebrew 3588: A relative conjunction

that would be
ה֥וּא (hū)
Pronoun - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1931: He, self, the same, this, that, as, are

taking one’s livelihood
נֶ֖פֶשׁ (ne·p̄eš)
Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5315: A soul, living being, life, self, person, desire, passion, appetite, emotion

as security.
חֹבֵֽל׃ (ḥō·ḇêl)
Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2254: To wind tightly, to bind, a pledge, to pervert, destroy, to writhe in pain
(6) The nether or the upper millstone.--Literally, the two millstones, or even the upper one.

A man's life.--Literally, a soul. This word connects the two verses (6, 7).

Verses 6-14. - Various prohibitions. Verse 6. - No man shall take the nether or the upper millstone to pledge; rather, the hand mill and the upper millstone (literally, the rider) shall not be taken (literally, one shall not take) in pledge. Neither the mill itself nor the upper millstone, the removal of which would render the mill useless, was to be taken. The upper millstone is still called the rider by the Arabs (Hebrew reehebh, Arabic rekkab). For he taketh a man's life to pledge; or for (thereby) life itself is pledged; if a man were deprived of that by which food for the sustaining of life could be prepared, his life itself would be imperiled (cf. Job 22:6; Proverbs 22:27; Amos 2:8). 24:5-13 It is of great consequence that love be kept up between husband and wife; that they carefully avoid every thing which might make them strange one to another. Man-stealing was a capital crime, which could not be settled, as other thefts, by restitution. The laws concerning leprosy must be carefully observed. Thus all who feel their consciences under guilt and wrath, must not cover it, or endeavour to shake off their convictions; but by repentance, and prayer, and humble confession, take the way to peace and pardon. Some orders are given about pledges for money lent. This teaches us to consult the comfort and subsistence of others, as much as our own advantage. Let the poor debtor sleep in his own raiment, and praise God for thy kindness to him. Poor debtors ought to feel more than commonly they do, the goodness of creditors who do not take all the advantage of the law against them, nor should this ever be looked upon as weakness.
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Account Crushed Debt Handmill Life Mill Millstone Millstones Nether Pair Pledge Rider Security Stones Upper
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OT Law: Deuteronomy 24:6 No man shall take the mill (Deut. De Du) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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