Deuteronomy 24:5
New International Version
If a man has recently married, he must not be sent to war or have any other duty laid on him. For one year he is to be free to stay at home and bring happiness to the wife he has married.

New Living Translation
"A newly married man must not be drafted into the army or be given any other official responsibilities. He must be free to spend one year at home, bringing happiness to the wife he has married.

English Standard Version
“When a man is newly married, he shall not go out with the army or be liable for any other public duty. He shall be free at home one year to be happy with his wife whom he has taken.

Berean Study Bible
If a man is newly married, he must not be sent to war or be pressed into any duty. For one year he is free to stay at home and bring joy to the wife he has married.

New American Standard Bible
"When a man takes a new wife, he shall not go out with the army nor be charged with any duty; he shall be free at home one year and shall give happiness to his wife whom he has taken.

King James Bible
When a man hath taken a new wife, he shall not go out to war, neither shall he be charged with any business: but he shall be free at home one year, and shall cheer up his wife which he hath taken.

Christian Standard Bible
"When a man takes a bride, he must not go out with the army or be liable for any duty. He is free to stay at home for one year, so that he can bring joy to the wife he has married.

Contemporary English Version
If a man and a woman have been married less than one year, he must not be sent off to war or sent away to do forced labor. He must be allowed to stay home for a year and be happy with his wife.

Good News Translation
"When a man is newly married, he is not to be drafted into military service or any other public duty; he is to be excused from duty for one year, so that he can stay at home and make his wife happy.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
When a man takes a bride, he must not go out with the army or be liable for any duty. He is free to stay at home for one year, so that he can bring joy to the wife he has married."

International Standard Version
"When a man is newly married, he must not be sent out to war or have a related duty placed on him. Let him stay home for one year and be happy with his wife whom he has married.

NET Bible
When a man is newly married, he need not go into the army nor be obligated in any way; he must be free to stay at home for a full year and bring joy to the wife he has married.

New Heart English Bible
When a man takes a new wife, he shall not go out in the army, neither shall he be assigned any business: he shall be free at home one year, and shall cheer his wife whom he has taken.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
A man who has recently been married will be free from military duty or any other public service. For one year he is free to stay at home and make his new wife happy.

JPS Tanakh 1917
When a man taketh a new wife, he shall not go out in the host, neither shall he be charged with any business; he shall be free for his house one year, and shall cheer his wife whom he hath taken.

New American Standard 1977
“When a man takes a new wife, he shall not go out with the army, nor be charged with any duty; he shall be free at home one year and shall give happiness to his wife whom he has taken.

Jubilee Bible 2000
When a man has taken a new wife, he shall not go out to war, neither shall he be charged with any business; but he shall be free at home one year and shall cheer up his wife whom he has taken.

King James 2000 Bible
When a man has taken a new wife, he shall not go out to war, neither shall he be charged with any business: but he shall be free at home one year, and shall bring happiness to his wife whom he has taken.

American King James Version
When a man has taken a new wife, he shall not go out to war, neither shall he be charged with any business: but he shall be free at home one year, and shall cheer up his wife which he has taken.

American Standard Version
When a man taketh a new wife, he shall not go out in the host, neither shall he be charged with any business: he shall be free at home one year, and shall cheer his wife whom he hath taken.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And if any one should have recently taken a wife, he shall not go out to war, neither shall any thing be laid upon him; he shall be free in his house; for one year he shall cheer his wife whom he has taken.

Douay-Rheims Bible
When a man hath lately taken a wife, he shall not go out to war, neither shall any public business be enjoined him, but he shall be free at home without fault, that for one year he may rejoice with his wife.

Darby Bible Translation
When a man hath newly taken a wife, he shall not go out with the army, neither shall any kind of business be imposed upon him; he shall be free for his house one year, and shall gladden his wife whom he hath taken.

English Revised Version
When a man taketh a new wife, he shall not go out in the host, neither shall he be charged with any business: he shall be free at home one year, and shall cheer his wife which he hath taken.

Webster's Bible Translation
When a man hath newly taken a wife, he shall not go out to war, neither shall he be charged with any business: but he shall be free at home one year, and shall cheer his wife which he hath taken.

World English Bible
When a man takes a new wife, he shall not go out in the army, neither shall he be assigned any business: he shall be free at home one year, and shall cheer his wife whom he has taken.

Young's Literal Translation
When a man taketh a new wife, he doth not go out into the host, and one doth not pass over unto him for anything; free he is at his own house one year, and hath rejoiced his wife whom he hath taken.
Study Bible
Law of Divorce
4the husband who divorced her first may not marry her again after she has been defiled, for that is an abomination to the LORD. You must not bring sin upon the land the LORD your God is giving you as an inheritance. 5If a man is newly married, he must not be sent to war or be pressed into any duty. For one year he is free to stay at home and bring joy to the wife he has married.
Cross References
Luke 14:20
Still another said, 'I have married a wife, so I cannot come.'

Deuteronomy 20:7
Has any man become pledged to a woman and not married her? Let him return home, or he may die in battle and another man marry her."

Deuteronomy 24:6
Do not take a pair of millstones or even an upper millstone as security for a debt, because that would be taking one's livelihood as security.

Proverbs 5:18
May your fountain be blessed, and may you rejoice in the wife of your youth:

Treasury of Scripture

When a man has taken a new wife, he shall not go out to war, neither shall he be charged with any business: but he shall be free at home one year, and shall cheer up his wife which he has taken.

a man

Deuteronomy 20:7
And what man is there that hath betrothed a wife, and hath not taken her? let him go and return unto his house, lest he die in the battle, and another man take her.

Genesis 2:24
Therefore shall a man leave his father and his mother, and shall cleave unto his wife: and they shall be one flesh.

Matthew 19:4-6
And he answered and said unto them, Have ye not read, that he which made them at the beginning made them male and female, …

neither, etc.

Proverbs 5:18
Let thy fountain be blessed: and rejoice with the wife of thy youth.

Ecclesiastes 9:9
Live joyfully with the wife whom thou lovest all the days of the life of thy vanity, which he hath given thee under the sun, all the days of thy vanity: for that is thy portion in this life, and in thy labour which thou takest under the sun.

1 Corinthians 7:29
But this I say, brethren, the time is short: it remaineth, that both they that have wives be as though they had none;







Lexicon
If
כִּֽי־ (kî-)
Conjunction
Strong's Hebrew 3588: A relative conjunction

a man
אִישׁ֙ (’îš)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 376: A man as an individual, a male person

is newly
חֲדָשָׁ֔ה (ḥă·ḏā·šāh)
Adjective - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2319: New

married,
יִקַּ֥ח (yiq·qaḥ)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3947: To take

he must not
לֹ֤א (lō)
Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's Hebrew 3808: Not, no

be sent
יֵצֵא֙ (yê·ṣê)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3318: To go, bring, out, direct and proxim

to war
בַּצָּבָ֔א (baṣ·ṣā·ḇā)
Preposition-b, Article | Noun - common singular
Strong's Hebrew 6635: A mass of persons, reg, organized for, war, a campaign

or
וְלֹא־ (wə·lō-)
Conjunctive waw | Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's Hebrew 3808: Not, no

be pressed into
יַעֲבֹ֥ר (ya·‘ă·ḇōr)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5674: To pass over, through, or by, pass on

any
לְכָל־ (lə·ḵāl)
Preposition-l | Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 3605: The whole, all, any, every

duty.
דָּבָ֑ר (dā·ḇār)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1697: A word, a matter, thing, a cause

For one
אֶחָ֔ת (’e·ḥāṯ)
Number - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 259: United, one, first

year
שָׁנָ֣ה (šā·nāh)
Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 8141: A year

he is
יִהְיֶ֤ה (yih·yeh)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1961: To fall out, come to pass, become, be

free
נָקִ֞י (nā·qî)
Adjective - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5355: Clean, free from, exempt

to stay at home
לְבֵיתוֹ֙ (lə·ḇê·ṯōw)
Preposition-l | Noun - masculine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1004: A house

and bring joy
וְשִׂמַּ֖ח (wə·śim·maḥ)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Piel - Conjunctive perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 8055: To brighten up, be, blithe, gleesome

to the wife
אִשְׁתּ֥וֹ (’iš·tōw)
Noun - feminine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 802: Woman, wife, female

he has married.
לָקָֽח׃ (lā·qāḥ)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3947: To take
Deuteronomy 24:5--end of Deuteronomy 25

VARIOUS PRECEPTS OF HUMANITY.

(5) He shall not go out to war, neither shall he be charged with any business.--He shall not go forth in warfare, neither shall warfare pass upon him in any form. In Numbers 4:23; Numbers 4:30 the service of the tabernacle is called its "warfare."

He shall be free at home.--Literally, he shall be clear for his home; free from all charges, so as to belong to that.

Verse 5. - A man newly married was to be exempt from going to war, and was not to have any public burdens imposed on him for a year after his marriage. Charged with any business; literally, there shall not pass upon him for any matter; i.e. there shall not be laid on him anything in respect of any business. This is explained by what follows. Free shall he be for his house for one year; i.e. no public burden shall be laid on him, that he may be free to devote himself entirely to his household relations, and be able to cheer and gladden his wife (comp. Deuteronomy 20:7). "By this law God showed how he approved of holy wedlock (as by the former he showed his hatred of unjust divorces) when, to encourage the newly married against the cumbrances which that estate bringeth with it, and to settle their love each to other, he exempted those men from all wars, cares, and expenses, that they might the more comfortably provide for their own estate" (Ainsworth). 24:5-13 It is of great consequence that love be kept up between husband and wife; that they carefully avoid every thing which might make them strange one to another. Man-stealing was a capital crime, which could not be settled, as other thefts, by restitution. The laws concerning leprosy must be carefully observed. Thus all who feel their consciences under guilt and wrath, must not cover it, or endeavour to shake off their convictions; but by repentance, and prayer, and humble confession, take the way to peace and pardon. Some orders are given about pledges for money lent. This teaches us to consult the comfort and subsistence of others, as much as our own advantage. Let the poor debtor sleep in his own raiment, and praise God for thy kindness to him. Poor debtors ought to feel more than commonly they do, the goodness of creditors who do not take all the advantage of the law against them, nor should this ever be looked upon as weakness.
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Alphabetical: a and any army at be bring charged duty For free give go happiness has have he him his home If is laid man married must new nor not on one or other out recently sent shall stay taken takes the to war When whom wife with year

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