Deuteronomy 23:9
New International Version
When you are encamped against your enemies, keep away from everything impure.

New Living Translation
"When you go to war against your enemies, be sure to stay away from anything that is impure.

English Standard Version
“When you are encamped against your enemies, then you shall keep yourself from every evil thing.

Berean Study Bible
When you are encamped against your enemies, then you shall keep yourself from every wicked thing.

New American Standard Bible
"When you go out as an army against your enemies, you shall keep yourself from every evil thing.

King James Bible
When the host goeth forth against thine enemies, then keep thee from every wicked thing.

Christian Standard Bible
"When you are encamped against your enemies, be careful to avoid anything offensive.

Contemporary English Version
When you men go off to fight your enemies, make sure your camp is acceptable to the LORD.

Good News Translation
"When you are in camp in time of war, you are to avoid anything that would make you ritually unclean.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
When you are encamped against your enemies, be careful to avoid anything offensive.

International Standard Version
"When you are encamped for battle against your enemies, be on guard against every form of impropriety.

NET Bible
When you go out as an army against your enemies, guard yourselves against anything impure.

New Heart English Bible
When you go forth in camp against your enemies, then you shall keep yourselves from every evil thing.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
When you're at war and have set up camp to fight your enemies, stay away from anything that will make you unclean.

JPS Tanakh 1917
When thou goest forth in camp against thine enemies, then thou shalt keep thee from every evil thing.

New American Standard 1977
“When you go out as an army against your enemies, then you shall keep yourself from every evil thing.

Jubilee Bible 2000
When the host goes forth against thine enemies, then keep thyself from every evil thing.

King James 2000 Bible
When the army goes forth against your enemies, then keep yourself from every wicked thing.

American King James Version
When the host goes forth against your enemies, then keep you from every wicked thing.

American Standard Version
When thou goest forth in camp against thine enemies, then thou shalt keep thee from every evil thing.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And if thou shouldest go forth to engage with thine enemies, then thou shalt keep thee from every wicked thing.

Douay-Rheims Bible
When thou goest out to war against thy enemies, thou shalt keep thyself from every evil thing.

Darby Bible Translation
When thou goest forth into camp against thine enemies, then keep thee from every evil thing.

English Revised Version
When thou goest forth in camp against thine enemies, then thou shalt keep thee from every evil thing.

Webster's Bible Translation
When the host goeth forth against thy enemies, then keep thee from every wicked thing.

World English Bible
When you go forth in camp against your enemies, then you shall keep yourselves from every evil thing.

Young's Literal Translation
'When a camp goeth out against thine enemies, then thou hast kept from every evil thing.
Study Bible
Uncleanness in the Camp
9When you are encamped against your enemies, then you shall keep yourself from every wicked thing. 10If any man among you becomes unclean because of a nocturnal emission, he must leave the camp and stay outside.…
Cross References
Deuteronomy 23:8
The third generation of children born to them may enter the assembly of the LORD.

Deuteronomy 23:10
If any man among you becomes unclean because of a nocturnal emission, he must leave the camp and stay outside.

Treasury of Scripture

When the host goes forth against your enemies, then keep you from every wicked thing.

Joshua 6:18
And ye, in any wise keep yourselves from the accursed thing, lest ye make yourselves accursed, when ye take of the accursed thing, and make the camp of Israel a curse, and trouble it.

Joshua 7:11-13
Israel hath sinned, and they have also transgressed my covenant which I commanded them: for they have even taken of the accursed thing, and have also stolen, and dissembled also, and they have put it even among their own stuff…

Judges 20:26
Then all the children of Israel, and all the people, went up, and came unto the house of God, and wept, and sat there before the LORD, and fasted that day until even, and offered burnt offerings and peace offerings before the LORD.







Lexicon
When
כִּֽי־ (kî-)
Conjunction
Strong's Hebrew 3588: A relative conjunction

you are encamped
תֵצֵ֥א (ṯê·ṣê)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3318: To go, bring, out, direct and proxim

against
עַל־ (‘al-)
Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 5921: Above, over, upon, against

your enemies,
אֹיְבֶ֑יךָ (’ō·yə·ḇe·ḵā)
Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine plural construct | second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 341: Hating, an adversary

then you shall keep yourself
וְנִ֨שְׁמַרְתָּ֔ (wə·niš·mar·tā)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Nifal - Conjunctive perfect - second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 8104: To hedge about, guard, to protect, attend to

from every
מִכֹּ֖ל (mik·kōl)
Preposition-m | Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 3605: The whole, all, any, every

wicked
רָֽע׃ (rā‘)
Adjective - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7451: Bad, evil

thing.
דָּבָ֥ר (dā·ḇār)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1697: A word, a matter, thing, a cause
Deuteronomy 23:9-14. PURITY OF THE CAMP.

(9) When the host goeth forth against thine enemies . . . keep thee.--"Because Satan maketh his accusations in the hour of danger" (Rashi).

(10) Uncleanness that chanceth him by night. As in Leviticus 15:16.

(11) When the sun is down.--"No man is clean (after ceremonial uncleanness) except at the going down of the sun" (Rashi).

(12) Without the camp.--It must not be forgotten that this is the camp of the army, not the whole encampment of Israel in the wilderness. The entire passage is continuous from Deuteronomy 23:9. Hence the whole discussion raised, after the appearance of Dr. Colenso's work, on the size of the camp of Israel and the possibility of obeying this rule, was simply waste of words, and arose out of a misunderstanding of the matter under consideration. The sanitary value of the rule has been abundantly demonstrated in our own day.

(13) A paddle--rather, a pin, or spike, like that with which Jael slew Sisera. The word for "weapon" does not occur elsewhere. The LXX. translates it "a pin or tent-peg at thy girdle;" the Hebrew word (azen) being like the Greek (????). But both Targums interpret the word as "weapon," connecting it with the Hebrew zayin, which has that meaning. The hinder end of the spear in Abner's hand was sharp enough to strike Asahel a fatal blow when he followed him (2Samuel 2:23). Saul's spear also was "stuck in the ground at his bolster" (1Samuel 26:7), probably with its point upwards, by the same spike.

(14) For the Lord thy God walketh in the midst of . . . thee.--A most beautiful argument for purity in every sense. It was evidently present to St. Paul's mind in 2Corinthians 6:16 to 2Corinthians 7:1, "God hath said, I will dwell in them, and walk in them. . . . Having therefore these promises . . . let us cleanse ourselves from all filthiness of the flesh and spirit, perfecting holiness in the fear of God."

23:9-14 The camp of the Lord must have nothing offensive in it. If there must be this care taken to preserve the body clean, much more should we be careful to keep the mind pure.
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