Deuteronomy 17:3
New International Version
and contrary to my command has worshiped other gods, bowing down to them or to the sun or the moon or the stars in the sky,

New Living Translation
For instance, they might serve other gods or worship the sun, the moon, or any of the stars—the forces of heaven—which I have strictly forbidden.

English Standard Version
and has gone and served other gods and worshiped them, or the sun or the moon or any of the host of heaven, which I have forbidden,

Berean Study Bible
and going to worship other gods, bowing down to them or to the sun or moon or any of the host of heaven—which I have forbidden—

King James Bible
And hath gone and served other gods, and worshipped them, either the sun, or moon, or any of the host of heaven, which I have not commanded;

New King James Version
who has gone and served other gods and worshiped them, either the sun or moon or any of the host of heaven, which I have not commanded,

New American Standard Bible
and that person has gone and served other gods and worshiped them, or the sun, the moon, or any of the heavenly lights, which I have commanded not to do,

NASB 1995
and has gone and served other gods and worshiped them, or the sun or the moon or any of the heavenly host, which I have not commanded,

NASB 1977
and has gone and served other gods and worshiped them, or the sun or the moon or any of the heavenly host, which I have not commanded,

Amplified Bible
and has gone and served other gods and worshiped them, or the sun or the moon or any of the heavenly host, [doing these things] which I have commanded not to do,

Christian Standard Bible
and has gone to serve other gods by bowing in worship to the sun, moon, or all the stars in the sky —which I have forbidden —

Holman Christian Standard Bible
and has gone to worship other gods by bowing down to the sun, moon, or all the stars in the sky--which I have forbidden--

American Standard Version
and hath gone and served other gods, and worshipped them, or the sun, or the moon, or any of the host of heaven, which I have not commanded;

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And will go and serve other gods and will worship them, or the sun, or the moon, or all the host of Heaven, that I have not commanded;

Brenton Septuagint Translation
and they should go and serve other gods, and worship them, the sun, or the moon, or any of the host of heaven, which he commanded thee not to do,

Douay-Rheims Bible
So as to go and serve strange gods, and adore them, the sun and the moon. and all the host of heaven, which I have not commanded:

English Revised Version
and hath gone and served other gods, and worshipped them, or the sun, or the moon, or any of the host of heaven, which I have not commanded;

Good News Translation
by worshiping and serving other gods or the sun or the moon or the stars, contrary to the LORD's command.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
by worshiping and bowing down to other gods, the sun, the moon, or the whole army of heaven. I have forbidden this.

International Standard Version
He may be following and serving other gods by bowing down to them—that is, to the sun, the moon, or to any of the heavenly host (something I did not command).

JPS Tanakh 1917
and hath gone and served other gods, and worshipped them, or the sun, or the moon, or any of the host of heaven, which I have commanded not;

Literal Standard Version
and he goes and serves other gods, and bows himself to them, and to the sun, or to the moon, or to any of the host of the heavens, which I have not commanded,

NET Bible
by serving other gods and worshiping them--the sun, moon, or any other heavenly bodies which I have not permitted you to worship.

New Heart English Bible
and has gone and served other gods, and worshiped them, or the sun, or the moon, or any of the host of heaven, which I have not commanded;

World English Bible
and has gone and served other gods, and worshiped them, or the sun, or the moon, or any of the army of the sky, which I have not commanded;

Young's Literal Translation
and he doth go and serve other gods, and doth bow himself to them, and to the sun, or to the moon, or to any of the host of the heavens, which I have not commanded --

Additional Translations ...
Context
Purge the Idolater
2If a man or woman among you in one of the towns that the LORD your God gives you is found doing evil in the sight of the LORD your God by transgressing His covenant 3and going to worship other gods, bowing down to them or to the sun or moon or any of the host of heaven— which I have forbidden 4and if it is reported and you hear about it, you must investigate it thoroughly. If the report is true and such an abomination has happened in Israel,…

Cross References
Genesis 2:1
Thus the heavens and the earth were completed in all their vast array.

Exodus 22:20
If anyone sacrifices to any god other than the LORD alone, he must be set apart for destruction.

Deuteronomy 4:19
When you look to the heavens and see the sun and moon and stars--all the host of heaven--do not be enticed to bow down and worship what the LORD your God has apportioned to all the nations under heaven.

Deuteronomy 17:4
and if it is reported and you hear about it, you must investigate it thoroughly. If the report is true and such an abomination has happened in Israel,

Job 31:26
if I have beheld the sun in its radiance or the moon moving in splendor,

Jeremiah 7:22
For when I brought your fathers out of the land of Egypt, I did not merely command them about burnt offerings and sacrifices,

Jeremiah 7:31
They have built the high places of Topheth in the Valley of Hinnom so they could burn their sons and daughters in the fire--something I never commanded, nor did it even enter My mind.

Ezekiel 8:16
So He brought me to the inner court of the house of the LORD, and there at the entrance to the temple of the LORD, between the portico and the altar, were about twenty-five men with their backs to the temple of the LORD and their faces toward the east; and they were bowing to the east in worship of the sun.


Treasury of Scripture

And has gone and served other gods, and worshipped them, either the sun, or moon, or any of the host of heaven, which I have not commanded;

the sun

Deuteronomy 4:19
And lest thou lift up thine eyes unto heaven, and when thou seest the sun, and the moon, and the stars, even all the host of heaven, shouldest be driven to worship them, and serve them, which the LORD thy God hath divided unto all nations under the whole heaven.

2 Kings 21:3
For he built up again the high places which Hezekiah his father had destroyed; and he reared up altars for Baal, and made a grove, as did Ahab king of Israel; and worshipped all the host of heaven, and served them.

Job 31:26,27
If I beheld the sun when it shined, or the moon walking in brightness; …

which

Jeremiah 7:22,23,31
For I spake not unto your fathers, nor commanded them in the day that I brought them out of the land of Egypt, concerning burnt offerings or sacrifices: …

Jeremiah 19:5
They have built also the high places of Baal, to burn their sons with fire for burnt offerings unto Baal, which I commanded not, nor spake it, neither came it into my mind:

Jeremiah 32:35
And they built the high places of Baal, which are in the valley of the son of Hinnom, to cause their sons and their daughters to pass through the fire unto Molech; which I commanded them not, neither came it into my mind, that they should do this abomination, to cause Judah to sin.









Verse 3. - (Cf. Deuteronomy 4:19.) Which I have not commanded; i.e. have forbidden, a meiosis, as in Jeremiah 7:31.

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
and going
וַיֵּ֗לֶךְ (way·yê·leḵ)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 1980: To go, come, walk

to worship
וַֽיַּעֲבֹד֙ (way·ya·‘ă·ḇōḏ)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 5647: To work, to serve, till, enslave

other
אֲחֵרִ֔ים (’ă·ḥê·rîm)
Adjective - masculine plural
Strong's 312: Hinder, next, other

gods,
אֱלֹהִ֣ים (’ĕ·lō·hîm)
Noun - masculine plural
Strong's 430: gods -- the supreme God, magistrates, a superlative

bowing down
וַיִּשְׁתַּ֖חוּ (way·yiš·ta·ḥū)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Hitpael - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 7812: To depress, prostrate

to them
לָהֶ֑ם (lā·hem)
Preposition | third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew

or to the sun
וְלַשֶּׁ֣מֶשׁ ׀ (wə·laš·še·meš)
Conjunctive waw, Preposition-l, Article | Noun - common singular
Strong's 8121: The sun, the east, a ray, a notched battlement

or
א֣וֹ (’ōw)
Conjunction
Strong's 176: Desire, if

moon
לַיָּרֵ֗חַ (lay·yā·rê·aḥ)
Preposition-l, Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 3394: The moon

or
א֛וֹ (’ōw)
Conjunction
Strong's 176: Desire, if

any
לְכָל־ (lə·ḵāl)
Preposition-l | Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 3605: The whole, all, any, every

of the host
צְבָ֥א (ṣə·ḇā)
Noun - common singular construct
Strong's 6635: A mass of persons, reg, organized for, war, a campaign

of heaven—
הַשָּׁמַ֖יִם (haš·šā·ma·yim)
Article | Noun - masculine plural
Strong's 8064: Heaven, sky

which
אֲשֶׁ֥ר (’ă·šer)
Pronoun - relative
Strong's 834: Who, which, what, that, when, where, how, because, in order that

I have forbidden—
לֹא־ (lō-)
Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's 3808: Not, no


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OT Law: Deuteronomy 17:3 And has gone and served other gods (Deut. De Du)
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