Ezekiel 8:16
New International Version
He then brought me into the inner court of the house of the LORD, and there at the entrance to the temple, between the portico and the altar, were about twenty-five men. With their backs toward the temple of the LORD and their faces toward the east, they were bowing down to the sun in the east.

New Living Translation
Then he brought me into the inner courtyard of the LORD's Temple. At the entrance to the sanctuary, between the entry room and the bronze altar, there were about twenty-five men with their backs to the sanctuary of the LORD. They were facing east, bowing low to the ground, worshiping the sun!

English Standard Version
And he brought me into the inner court of the house of the LORD. And behold, at the entrance of the temple of the LORD, between the porch and the altar, were about twenty-five men, with their backs to the temple of the LORD, and their faces toward the east, worshiping the sun toward the east.

Berean Study Bible
So He brought me to the inner court of the house of the LORD, and there at the entrance to the temple of the LORD, between the portico and the altar, were about twenty-five men with their backs to the temple of the LORD and their faces toward the east; and they were bowing to the east in worship of the sun.

New American Standard Bible
Then He brought me into the inner court of the LORD'S house. And behold, at the entrance to the temple of the LORD, between the porch and the altar, were about twenty-five men with their backs to the temple of the LORD and their faces toward the east; and they were prostrating themselves eastward toward the sun.

King James Bible
And he brought me into the inner court of the LORD'S house, and, behold, at the door of the temple of the LORD, between the porch and the altar, were about five and twenty men, with their backs toward the temple of the LORD, and their faces toward the east; and they worshipped the sun toward the east.

Christian Standard Bible
So he brought me to the inner court of the LORD's house, and there were about twenty-five men at the entrance of the LORD's temple, between the portico and the altar, with their backs to the LORD's temple and their faces turned to the east. They were bowing to the east in worship of the sun.

Contemporary English Version
I was then led into the temple's inner courtyard, where I saw about 25 men standing near the entrance, between the porch and the altar. Their backs were to the LORD's temple, and they were bowing down to the rising sun.

Good News Translation
So he took me to the inner courtyard of the Temple. There near the entrance of the sanctuary, between the altar and the porch, were about twenty-five men. They had turned their backs to the sanctuary and were bowing low toward the east, worshiping the rising sun.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
So He brought me to the inner court of the LORD's house, and there were about 25 men at the entrance of the LORD's temple, between the portico and the altar, with their backs to the LORD's temple and their faces turned to the east. They were bowing to the east in worship of the sun.

International Standard Version
Then he brought me to the inner court of the LORD's Temple. There, at the entrance to the LORD's Temple, between the porch and the altar, were 25 men, with their backs toward the LORD's Temple and facing the east, prostrating themselves to the sun.

NET Bible
Then he brought me to the inner court of the LORD's house. Right there at the entrance to the LORD's temple, between the porch and the altar, were about twenty-five men with their backs to the LORD's temple, facing east--they were worshiping the sun toward the east!

New Heart English Bible
He brought me into the inner court of the LORD's house; and see, at the door of the LORD's temple, between the porch and the altar, were about twenty-five men, with their backs toward the LORD's temple, and their faces toward the east; and they were worshipping the sun toward the east.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Then he brought me into the inner courtyard of the LORD's temple. There at the entrance to the LORD's temple, between the entrance and the altar, were about 25 men who had their backs turned to the LORD's temple. They were facing east and worshiping the rising sun.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And He brought me into the inner court of the LORD'S house, and, behold, at the door of the temple of the LORD, between the porch and the altar, were about five and twenty men, with their backs toward the temple of the LORD, and their faces toward the east; and they worshipped the sun toward the east.

New American Standard 1977
Then He brought me into the inner court of the LORD’s house. And behold, at the entrance to the temple of the LORD, between the porch and the altar, were about twenty-five men with their backs to the temple of the LORD and their faces toward the east; and they were prostrating themselves eastward toward the sun.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And he brought me into the inner court of the LORD's house, and, behold, at the entrance of the temple of the LORD, between the porch and the altar, were about twenty-five men with their backs toward the temple of the LORD and their faces toward the east; and they worshipped the sun toward the east.

King James 2000 Bible
And he brought me into the inner court of the LORD'S house, and, behold, at the door of the temple of the LORD, between the porch and the altar, were about five and twenty men, with their backs toward the temple of the LORD, and their faces toward the east; and they worshiped the sun toward the east.

American King James Version
And he brought me into the inner court of the LORD's house, and, behold, at the door of the temple of the LORD, between the porch and the altar, were about five and twenty men, with their backs toward the temple of the LORD, and their faces toward the east; and they worshipped the sun toward the east.

American Standard Version
And he brought me into the inner court of Jehovah's house; and behold, at the door of the temple of Jehovah, between the porch and the altar, were about five and twenty men, with their backs toward the temple of Jehovah, and their faces toward the east; and they were worshipping the sun toward the east.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And he brought me into the inner court of the house of the Lord: and behold at the door of the temple of the Lord, between the porch and the altar, were about five and twenty men having their backs towards the temple of the Lord, and their faces to the east: and they adored towards the rising of the sun.

Darby Bible Translation
And he brought me into the inner court of Jehovah's house, and behold, at the entry of the temple of Jehovah, between the porch and the altar, were about five and twenty men, with their backs toward the temple of Jehovah and their faces toward the east; and they worshipped the sun toward the east.

English Revised Version
And he brought me into the inner court of the LORD'S house, and behold, at the door of the temple of the LORD, between the porch and the altar, were about five and twenty men, with their backs toward the temple of the LORD, and their faces toward the east; and they worshipped the sun toward the east.

Webster's Bible Translation
And he brought me into the inner court of the LORD'S house, and behold, at the door of the temple of the LORD, between the porch and the altar, were about five and twenty men, with their backs towards the temple of the LORD, and their faces towards the east; and they worshiped the sun towards the east.

World English Bible
He brought me into the inner court of Yahweh's house; and see, at the door of the temple of Yahweh, between the porch and the altar, were about twenty-five men, with their backs toward the temple of Yahweh, and their faces toward the east; and they were worshipping the sun toward the east.

Young's Literal Translation
And He bringeth me in unto the inner court of the house of Jehovah, and lo, at the opening of the temple of Jehovah, between the porch and the altar, about twenty-five men, their backs toward the temple of Jehovah, and their faces eastward, and they are bowing themselves eastward to the sun.
Study Bible HEB ▾ 
The Vision of Idolatry in the Temple
15And He said to me, “Do you see this, son of man? You will see even greater abominations than these.” 16So He brought me to the inner court of the house of the LORD, and there at the entrance to the temple of the LORD, between the portico and the altar, were about twenty-five men with their backs to the temple of the LORD and their faces toward the east; and they were bowing to the east in worship of the sun. 17And He said to me, “Do you see this, son of man? Is it not enough for the house of Judah to commit the abominations they are practicing here, that they must also fill the land with violence and continually provoke Me to anger? Look, they are even putting the branch to their nose!…
Cross References
Deuteronomy 4:19
When you look to the heavens and see the sun and moon and stars--all the host of heaven--do not be enticed to bow down and worship what the LORD your God has apportioned to all the nations under heaven.

Deuteronomy 17:3
and going to worship other gods, bowing down to them or to the sun or moon or any of the host of heaven--which I have forbidden--

2 Kings 23:11
And he removed from the entrance to the house of the LORD the horses that the kings of Judah had dedicated to the sun. They were in the court near the chamber of an official named Nathan-melech. And Josiah burned up the chariots of the sun.

2 Chronicles 29:6
For our fathers were unfaithful and did evil in the sight of the LORD our God. They abandoned Him, turned their faces away from the dwelling place of the LORD, and turned their backs on Him.

Job 31:26
if I have regarded the sun in its radiance or at the moon moving in splendor,

Jeremiah 2:27
say to a tree, 'You are my father,' and to a stone, 'You gave birth to me.' For they have turned their backs to Me and not their faces, yet in the time of trouble they beg, 'Rise up and save us!'

Jeremiah 44:17
Instead, we will do everything we said: We will burn incense to the queen of heaven and offer drink offerings to her, just as we, our fathers, our kings, and our officials did in the cities of Judah and in the streets of Jerusalem. At that time we had plenty of food and good things, and we saw no disaster.

Ezekiel 8:15
And He said to me, "Do you see this, son of man? You will see even greater abominations than these."

Ezekiel 10:3
Now when the man went in, the cherubim were standing on the south side of the temple, and a cloud filled the inner court.

Ezekiel 23:39
On the very day they slaughtered their children for their idols, they entered My sanctuary to profane it. Yes, this they did inside My house.

Ezekiel 40:6
Then he came to the gate facing east and climbed its steps. He measured the threshold of the gate to be one rod deep.

Ezekiel 43:8
When they placed their threshold next to My threshold and their doorposts beside My doorposts, with only a wall between Me and them, they defiled My holy name by the abominations they committed. Therefore I have consumed them in My anger.

Ezekiel 46:1
This is what the Lord GOD says: 'The gate of the inner court that faces east must be kept shut during the six days of work, but on the Sabbath day and on the day of the New Moon it shall be opened.

Joel 2:17
Let the priests who minister before the LORD weep between the porch and the altar, saying, "Spare Your people, O LORD, and do not make Your heritage a reproach, an object of scorn among the nations. Why should they say among the peoples, 'Where is their God?'"

Treasury of Scripture

And he brought me into the inner court of the LORD's house, and, behold, at the door of the temple of the LORD, between the porch and the altar, were about five and twenty men, with their backs toward the temple of the LORD, and their faces toward the east; and they worshipped the sun toward the east.

the inner

Ezekiel 10:3 Now the cherubim stood on the right side of the house, when the man …

Ezekiel 40:28 And he brought me to the inner court by the south gate: and he measured …

Ezekiel 43:5 So the spirit took me up, and brought me into the inner court; and, …

Ezekiel 45:19 And the priest shall take of the blood of the sin offering, and put …

at the door

2 Kings 16:14 And he brought also the brazen altar, which was before the LORD, …

2 Chronicles 7:7 Moreover Solomon hallowed the middle of the court that was before …

Joel 2:17 Let the priests, the ministers of the LORD, weep between the porch …

about

Ezekiel 11:1 Moreover the spirit lifted me up, and brought me to the east gate …

with their

Ezekiel 23:35 Therefore thus said the Lord GOD; Because you have forgotten me, …

1 Kings 8:29 That your eyes may be open toward this house night and day, even …

2 Chronicles 29:6 For our fathers have trespassed, and done that which was evil in …

Jeremiah 2:27 Saying to a stock, You are my father; and to a stone, You have brought …

Jeremiah 32:33 And they have turned to me the back, and not the face: though I taught …

their faces

Deuteronomy 4:19 And lest you lift up your eyes to heaven, and when you see the sun, …

Deuteronomy 17:3 And has gone and served other gods, and worshipped them, either the …

2 Kings 23:5,11 And he put down the idolatrous priests, whom the kings of Judah had …

Job 31:26-28 If I beheld the sun when it shined, or the moon walking in brightness…

Jeremiah 44:17 But we will certainly do whatever thing goes forth out of our own …

Acts 7:42,43 Then God turned, and gave them up to worship the host of heaven; …

and they. It seems that the jews had incorporated every species of idolatry into their worship, Egyptian, Phoenician, and Persian; for this evidently was the Magian worship of the sun.







Lexicon
So He brought
וַיָּבֵ֣א (way·yā·ḇê)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Hifil - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 935: To come in, come, go in, go

me to
אֶל־ (’el-)
Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 413: Near, with, among, to

the inner
הַפְּנִימִית֒ (hap·pə·nî·mîṯ)
Article | Adjective - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6442: Interior

court
חֲצַ֣ר (ḥă·ṣar)
Noun - common singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 2691: A yard, a hamlet

of the house
בֵּית־ (bêṯ-)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 1004: A house

of the LORD,
יְהוָה֮ (Yah·weh)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3068: LORD -- the proper name of the God of Israel

and there
וְהִנֵּה־ (wə·hin·nêh-)
Conjunctive waw | Interjection
Strong's Hebrew 2009: Lo! behold!

at the entrance
פֶ֜תַח (p̄e·ṯaḥ)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 6607: An opening, door, entrance way

to the temple
הֵיכַ֣ל (hê·ḵal)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 1964: A large public building, palace, temple

of the LORD,
יְהוָ֗ה (Yah·weh)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3068: LORD -- the proper name of the God of Israel

between
בֵּ֤ין (bên)
Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 996: An interval, space between

the portico
הָֽאוּלָם֙ (hā·’ū·lām)
Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 197: A vestibule

and the altar,
הַמִּזְבֵּ֔חַ (ham·miz·bê·aḥ)
Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4196: An altar

were about twenty-five
כְּעֶשְׂרִ֥ים (kə·‘eś·rîm)
Preposition-k | Number - common plural
Strong's Hebrew 6242: Twenty, twentieth

men
אִ֑ישׁ (’îš)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 376: A man as an individual, a male person

with their backs
אֲחֹ֨רֵיהֶ֜ם (’ă·ḥō·rê·hem)
Noun - masculine plural construct | third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 268: The hinder part, behind, backward, the West

to
אֶל־ (’el-)
Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 413: Near, with, among, to

the temple
הֵיכַ֤ל (hê·ḵal)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 1964: A large public building, palace, temple

of the LORD
יְהוָה֙ (Yah·weh)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3068: LORD -- the proper name of the God of Israel

and their faces
וּפְנֵיהֶ֣ם (ū·p̄ə·nê·hem)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine plural construct | third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 6440: The face

toward the east;
קֵ֔דְמָה (qê·ḏə·māh)
Adverb | third person feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6924: The front, of place, time

and they
וְהֵ֛מָּה (wə·hêm·māh)
Conjunctive waw | Pronoun - third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 1992: They

were bowing to the east
קֵ֖דְמָה (qê·ḏə·māh)
Adverb | third person feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6924: The front, of place, time

in worship
מִשְׁתַּחֲוִיתֶ֥ם (miš·ta·ḥă·wî·ṯem)
Verb - Hitpael - Participle - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 7812: To depress, prostrate

of the sun.
לַשָּֽׁמֶשׁ׃ (laš·šā·meš)
Preposition-l, Article | Noun - common singular
Strong's Hebrew 8121: The sun, the east, a ray, a notched battlement
(16) Between the porch and the altar.--Ezekiel now returns to the court of the priests, and there sees--not about, but as it were (referring to the nature of the vision)--"twenty-five men." These are probably the high priest and the heads of the twenty-four courses, representing the whole body of the priests, as the elders represented the whole body of the people. They were standing between the altar and the Temple, therefore in the most sacred part of the court, and there, turning their backs upon the Temple of the Lord, worshipped the sun. The adoration of the sun, probably the earliest form of false religion, was the especial worship of Persia, but had been long since practised by the kings and people of Judah (2Kings 23:5; 2Kings 23:11). Thus all classes of the nation are seen to be involved in common sin; and the priests particularly, the especial guardians of true religion, are found practising this sin under circumstances of peculiar insult to God. That the "chief priests" did pollute the sanctuary at this time is expressly asserted in the history at 2Chronicles 36:14.

Verse 16. - He brought me into the inner court. The last and the worst form of desecration follows. It was the "inner court" (Joel 2:17) which, after the exile, was entered only by the priests. During the monarchy, however, it seems to have been accessible to kings and other persons of importance, as in the case of Solomon (1 Kings 8:22, 64; 1 Kings 9:25) in the revolution against Athaliah (2 Kings 11:4-15), and Hezekiah (2 Kings 19:14), and Josiah (2 Kings 23:2). Ezekiel does not say that the men whom he saw were priests, though the number twenty-five suggests that they were taking the place of the high priest and the heads of the twenty-four courses of the priesthood (1 Chronicles 24:4-19), and so symbolized the whole order of the priesthood as the seventy elders represented the laity. In 2 Chronicles 36:14 the chief of the priests is spoken of as having been prominent in "polluting the house of the Lord." They were seen turning their backs to the temple of Jehovah, i.e. the sanctuary. The very act was symbolical of their apostasy (2 Chronicles 29:6; Isaiah 1:4; Jeremiah 7:24). And they did this in order that they might look to the east and worship the rising sun. That, and not the temple (Daniel 6:10), was the Kiblah of their adoration. The sun worship here appears to have had a Persian character, as being offered to the sun itself, and not to Baal, as a solar god. Of such a worship we have traces in Deuteronomy 4:19; Deuteronomy 17:3; Job 31:26; 2 Kings 23:5, 11. 8:13-18 The yearly lamenting for Tammuz was attended with infamous practices; and the worshippers of the sun here described, are supposed to have been priests. The Lord appeals to the prophet concerning the heinousness of the crime; and lo, they put the branch to their nose, denoting some custom used by idolaters in honour of the idols they served. The more we examine human nature and our own hearts, the more abominations we shall discover; and the longer the believer searches himself, the more he will humble himself before God, and the more will he value the fountain open for sin, and seek to wash therein.
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OT Prophets: Ezekiel 8:16 He brought me into the inner court (Ezek. Eze Ezk) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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