Deuteronomy 28:23
New International Version
The sky over your head will be bronze, the ground beneath you iron.

New Living Translation
The skies above will be as unyielding as bronze, and the earth beneath will be as hard as iron.

English Standard Version
And the heavens over your head shall be bronze, and the earth under you shall be iron.

Berean Study Bible
The sky over your head will be bronze, and the earth beneath you iron.

New American Standard Bible
"The heaven which is over your head shall be bronze, and the earth which is under you, iron.

King James Bible
And thy heaven that is over thy head shall be brass, and the earth that is under thee shall be iron.

Christian Standard Bible
The sky above you will be bronze, and the earth beneath you iron.

Good News Translation
No rain will fall, and your ground will become as hard as iron.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
The sky above you will be bronze, and the earth beneath you iron.

International Standard Version
The sky above your head will become bronze while the ground beneath you will become iron.

NET Bible
The sky above your heads will be bronze and the earth beneath you iron.

New Heart English Bible
Your sky that is over your head shall be bronze, and the earth that is under you shall be iron.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
The sky above will look like bronze, and the ground below will be as hard as iron.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And thy heaven that is over thy head shall be brass, and the earth that is under thee shall be iron.

New American Standard 1977
“And the heaven which is over your head shall be bronze, and the earth which is under you, iron.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And thy heavens which are over thy head shall be brass, and the earth that is under thee shall be iron.

King James 2000 Bible
And your heaven that is over your head shall be bronze, and the earth that is under you shall be iron.

American King James Version
And your heaven that is over your head shall be brass, and the earth that is under you shall be iron.

American Standard Version
And thy heaven that is over thy head shall be brass, and the earth that is under thee shall be iron.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And thou shalt have over thine head a sky of brass, and the earth under thee shall be iron.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Be the heaven, that is over thee, of brass: and the ground thou treadest on, of iron.

Darby Bible Translation
And thy heavens which are over thy head shall be brass, and the earth which is under thee, iron.

English Revised Version
And thy heaven that is over thy head shall be brass, and the earth that is under thee shall be iron.

Webster's Bible Translation
And thy heaven that is over thy head shall be brass, and the earth that is under thee shall be iron.

World English Bible
Your sky that is over your head shall be brass, and the earth that is under you shall be iron.

Young's Literal Translation
And thy heavens which are over thy head have been brass, and the earth which is under thee iron;
Study Bible
The Curses of Disobedience
22The LORD will strike you with wasting disease, with fever and inflammation, with severe heat and drought, with blight and mildew; these will pursue you until you perish. 23The sky over your head will be bronze, and the earth beneath you iron. 24The LORD will turn the rain of your land into dust and powder; it will descend on you from the sky until you are destroyed.…
Cross References
Deuteronomy 28:22
The LORD will strike you with wasting disease, with fever and inflammation, with severe heat and drought, with blight and mildew; these will pursue you until you perish.

Deuteronomy 28:24
The LORD will turn the rain of your land into dust and powder; it will descend on you from the sky until you are destroyed.

Haggai 1:10
Therefore, on account of you the heavens have withheld their dew and the earth has withheld its crops.

Treasury of Scripture

And your heaven that is over your head shall be brass, and the earth that is under you shall be iron.

Leviticus 26:19
And I will break the pride of your power; and I will make your heaven as iron, and your earth as brass:

1 Kings 17:1
And Elijah the Tishbite, who was of the inhabitants of Gilead, said unto Ahab, As the LORD God of Israel liveth, before whom I stand, there shall not be dew nor rain these years, but according to my word.

1 Kings 18:2
And Elijah went to shew himself unto Ahab. And there was a sore famine in Samaria.







Lexicon
The sky
שָׁמֶ֛יךָ (šā·me·ḵā)
Noun - masculine plural construct | second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 8064: Heaven, sky

over
עַל־ (‘al-)
Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 5921: Above, over, upon, against

your head
רֹאשְׁךָ֖ (rō·šə·ḵā)
Noun - masculine singular construct | second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7218: The head

will be
וְהָי֥וּ (wə·hā·yū)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Conjunctive perfect - third person common plural
Strong's Hebrew 1961: To fall out, come to pass, become, be

bronze,
נְחֹ֑שֶׁת (nə·ḥō·šeṯ)
Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5178: Copper, something made of that metal, coin, a fetter, base

and the earth
וְהָאָ֥רֶץ (wə·hā·’ā·reṣ)
Conjunctive waw, Article | Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 776: Earth, land

beneath you
תַּחְתֶּ֖יךָ (taḥ·te·ḵā)
Preposition | second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 8478: The bottom, below, in lieu of

iron.
בַּרְזֶֽל׃ (bar·zel)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1270: Iron, an iron implement
(23) Thy heaven . . . shall be brass, and the earth . . . iron.--Not only in respect of the drought, but of God's refusal to remove it. See Jeremiah 14, 15 for a most pathetic intercession for Israel under this misery, answered by the order, "Pray not for this people for their good" (Jeremiah 14:11). Only grief is permitted (Deuteronomy 28:17). Relief is not given (Deuteronomy 15:1).

Verses 23, 24. - Terrible drought is here threatened; no rain should fall (cf. Leviticus 26:19); but instead thereof dust, both light as powder and heavy as sand, should fall upon them. The allusion is probably to those clouds of dust and sand which often fill the air in Palestine, when the heat is intense and there has been no rain for a season; the wind then becomes a vehement sirocco, and the air is filled with sand and dust, and is like the glowing heat at the mouth of a furnace (Robinson, 'Bib. Res.,' 2:123; Thomson, 'Land and the Book,' 2:311). 28:15-44 If we do not keep God's commandments, we not only come short of the blessing promised, but we lay ourselves under the curse, which includes all misery, as the blessing all happiness. Observe the justice of this curse. It is not a curse causeless, or for some light cause. The extent and power of this curse. Wherever the sinner goes, the curse of God follows; wherever he is, it rests upon him. Whatever he has is under a curse. All his enjoyments are made bitter; he cannot take any true comfort in them, for the wrath of God mixes itself with them. Many judgments are here stated, which would be the fruits of the curse, and with which God would punish the people of the Jews, for their apostacy and disobedience. We may observe the fulfilling of these threatenings in their present state. To complete their misery, it is threatened that by these troubles they should be bereaved of all comfort and hope, and left to utter despair. Those who walk by sight, and not by faith, are in danger of losing reason itself, when every thing about them looks frightful.
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