Deuteronomy 28:23
Modern Translations
New International Version
The sky over your head will be bronze, the ground beneath you iron.

New Living Translation
The skies above will be as unyielding as bronze, and the earth beneath will be as hard as iron.

English Standard Version
And the heavens over your head shall be bronze, and the earth under you shall be iron.

Berean Study Bible
The sky over your head will be bronze, and the earth beneath you iron.

New American Standard Bible
The heaven which is over your head shall be bronze, and the earth which is under you, iron.

NASB 1995
"The heaven which is over your head shall be bronze, and the earth which is under you, iron.

NASB 1977
“And the heaven which is over your head shall be bronze, and the earth which is under you, iron.

Amplified Bible
The heaven which is over your head shall be bronze [giving no rain and blocking all prayers], and the earth which is under you, iron [hard to plow and yielding no produce].

Christian Standard Bible
The sky above you will be bronze, and the earth beneath you iron.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
The sky above you will be bronze, and the earth beneath you iron.

Good News Translation
No rain will fall, and your ground will become as hard as iron.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
The sky above will look like bronze, and the ground below will be as hard as iron.

International Standard Version
The sky above your head will become bronze while the ground beneath you will become iron.

NET Bible
The sky above your heads will be bronze and the earth beneath you iron.
Classic Translations
King James Bible
And thy heaven that is over thy head shall be brass, and the earth that is under thee shall be iron.

New King James Version
And your heavens which are over your head shall be bronze, and the earth which is under you shall be iron.

King James 2000 Bible
And your heaven that is over your head shall be bronze, and the earth that is under you shall be iron.

New Heart English Bible
Your sky that is over your head shall be bronze, and the earth that is under you shall be iron.

World English Bible
Your sky that is over your head shall be brass, and the earth that is under you shall be iron.

American King James Version
And your heaven that is over your head shall be brass, and the earth that is under you shall be iron.

American Standard Version
And thy heaven that is over thy head shall be brass, and the earth that is under thee shall be iron.

A Faithful Version
And your heavens over your head shall be bronze, and the earth that is under you iron.

Darby Bible Translation
And thy heavens which are over thy head shall be brass, and the earth which is under thee, iron.

English Revised Version
And thy heaven that is over thy head shall be brass, and the earth that is under thee shall be iron.

Webster's Bible Translation
And thy heaven that is over thy head shall be brass, and the earth that is under thee shall be iron.

Early Modern
Geneva Bible of 1587
And thine heauen that is ouer thine head, shall be brasse, and the earth that is vnder thee, yron.

Bishops' Bible of 1568
And the heauen that is ouer thy head shalbe brasse, and the earth that is vnder thee, iron.

Coverdale Bible of 1535
Thy heauen, that is ouer thy heade, shalbe of brasse, and the earth vnder the, of yron.

Tyndale Bible of 1526
And the heauen that is ouer thy heed shalbe brasse, and the erth that is vnder the, yerne.
Literal Translations
Literal Standard Version
And your heavens which [are] over your head have been bronze, and the earth which [is] under you iron;

Young's Literal Translation
And thy heavens which are over thy head have been brass, and the earth which is under thee iron;

Smith's Literal Translation
And the heavens which over thy head were brass, and the earth which is under thee, iron.

Catholic Translations
Douay-Rheims Bible
Be the heaven, that is over thee, of brass: and the ground thou treadest on, of iron.

Catholic Public Domain Version
May the heavens which are above you be of brass, and may the ground upon which you tread be of iron.

Translations from Aramaic
Peshitta Holy Bible Translated
And the Heavens above your head shall be brass and Earth under you, iron.

Lamsa Bible
And the heaven that is over your head shall be brass, and the earth that is under you shall be iron.

OT Translations
JPS Tanakh 1917
And thy heaven that is over thy head shall be brass, and the earth that is under thee shall be iron.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And thou shalt have over thine head a sky of brass, and the earth under thee shall be iron.








Deuteronomy 28:22
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