Haggai 1:10
New International Version
Therefore, because of you the heavens have withheld their dew and the earth its crops.

New Living Translation
It's because of you that the heavens withhold the dew and the earth produces no crops.

English Standard Version
Therefore the heavens above you have withheld the dew, and the earth has withheld its produce.

Berean Study Bible
Therefore, on account of you the heavens have withheld their dew and the earth has withheld its crops.

New American Standard Bible
"Therefore, because of you the sky has withheld its dew and the earth has withheld its produce.

King James Bible
Therefore the heaven over you is stayed from dew, and the earth is stayed from her fruit.

Christian Standard Bible
So on your account, the skies have withheld the dew and the land its crops.

Contemporary English Version
That's also why the dew doesn't fall and your harvest fails.

Good News Translation
That is why there is no rain and nothing can grow.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
So on your account, the skies have withheld the dew and the land its crops.

International Standard Version
That is why the heavens keep withholding dew from you, and the earth withholds her fruit.

NET Bible
This is why the sky has held back its dew and the earth its produce.

New Heart English Bible
Therefore for your sake the heavens withhold the dew, and the earth withholds its fruit.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
It is because of you that the sky has withheld its dew and the earth has withheld its produce.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Therefore over you the heaven hath kept back, so that there is no dew, and the earth hath kept back her produce.

New American Standard 1977
“Therefore, because of you the sky has withheld its dew, and the earth has withheld its produce.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Therefore the rain of the heavens over you is held back, and the earth has held back her fruits.

King James 2000 Bible
Therefore the heavens over you withholds the dew, and the earth withholds her fruit.

American King James Version
Therefore the heaven over you is stayed from dew, and the earth is stayed from her fruit.

American Standard Version
Therefore for your sake the heavens withhold the dew, and the earth withholdeth its fruit.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And I will bring a sword upon the land, and upon the mountains, and upon the corn, and upon the wine, and upon the oil, and all that the earth produces, and upon the men, and upon the cattle, and upon all the labours of their hands.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Therefore the heavens over you were stayed from giving dew, and the earth was hindered from yielding her fruits:

Darby Bible Translation
Therefore over you the heavens withhold their dew, and the earth withholdeth its fruit.

English Revised Version
Therefore for your sake the heaven is stayed from dew, and the earth is stayed from her fruit.

Webster's Bible Translation
Therefore the heaven over you is stayed from dew, and the earth is stayed from her fruit.

World English Bible
Therefore for your sake the heavens withhold the dew, and the earth withholds its fruit.

Young's Literal Translation
Therefore, over you refrained have the heavens from dew, And the land hath refrained its increase.
Study Bible
A Call to Rebuild the Temple
9You expected much, but behold, it amounted to little. And what you brought home, I blew away. Why? declares the LORD of Hosts. Because My house still lies in ruins, while each of you is busy with his own house. 10Therefore, on account of you the heavens have withheld their dew and the earth has withheld its crops. 11I have summoned a drought on the fields and on the mountains, on the grain, new wine, and olive oil, and on whatever the ground yields, on man and beast, and on all the labor of your hands.”…
Cross References
Deuteronomy 28:23
The sky over your head will be bronze, and the earth beneath you iron.

Deuteronomy 28:24
The LORD will turn the rain of your land into dust and powder; it will descend on you from the sky until you are destroyed.

1 Kings 17:1
Now Elijah the Tishbite, who was among the settlers of Gilead, said to Ahab, "As surely as the LORD, the God of Israel, lives, I stand before Him, and in these years there will be neither dew nor rain except at my word!"

Joel 1:18
How the cattle groan! The herds wander in confusion because they have no pasture. Even the flocks of sheep are suffering.

Haggai 1:6
You have planted much but harvested little. You eat but never have enough. You drink but never have your fill. You put on clothes but never get warm. You earn wages to put into a bag pierced through."

Treasury of Scripture

Therefore the heaven over you is stayed from dew, and the earth is stayed from her fruit.

Leviticus 26:19
And I will break the pride of your power; and I will make your heaven as iron, and your earth as brass:

Deuteronomy 28:23,24
And thy heaven that is over thy head shall be brass, and the earth that is under thee shall be iron…

1 Kings 8:35
When heaven is shut up, and there is no rain, because they have sinned against thee; if they pray toward this place, and confess thy name, and turn from their sin, when thou afflictest them:







Lexicon
Therefore,
עַל־ (‘al-)
Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 5921: Above, over, upon, against

on account of you
עֲלֵיכֶ֔ם (‘ă·lê·ḵem)
Preposition | second person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 5921: Above, over, upon, against

the heavens
שָמַ֖יִם‪‬‪‬‪‬ (šā·ma·yim)
Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 8064: Heaven, sky

have withheld
כָּלְא֥וּ (kā·lə·’ū)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person common plural
Strong's Hebrew 3607: To shut up, restrain, withhold

their dew
מִטָּ֑ל (miṭ·ṭāl)
Preposition-m | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2919: Night mist, dew

and the earth
וְהָאָ֖רֶץ (wə·hā·’ā·reṣ)
Conjunctive waw, Article | Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 776: Earth, land

has withheld
כָּלְאָ֥ה (kā·lə·’āh)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3607: To shut up, restrain, withhold

its crops.
יְבוּלָֽהּ׃ (yə·ḇū·lāh)
Noun - masculine singular construct | third person feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2981: Produce, a crop, wealth
(10) Over you.--Better, on your account.--Scil., because of the neglect of God's House, mentioned in Haggai 1:9.

Verse 10. - Over you. This would be a reference to Deuteronomy 28:23. But the preposition is probably not local, but means rather, "on your account," i.e. on account of your sin, as Psalm 44:22. This is not tautological after the preceding "therefore," but more closely defines and explains the illative. Is stayed from dew; hath stayed itself from dew; withholds not only rain, but even dew (comp. Zechariah 8:12). On the importance of dew in the climate of Palestine, see note on Micah 5:7. The dews generally are remarkably heavy, and in the summer months take the place of rain. Dr. Thomson speaks of the dew rolling in the morning off his tent like rain ('Land and the Book,' p. 491). The earth is stayed from her fruit; hath stayed her fruit; according to the threat (Deuteronomy 11:17). 1:1-11 Observe the sin of the Jews, after their return from captivity in Babylon. Those employed for God may be driven from their work by a storm, yet they must go back to it. They did not say that they would not build a temple, but, Not yet. Thus men do not say they will never repent and reform, and be religious, but, Not yet. And so the great business we were sent into the world to do, is not done. There is a proneness in us to think wrongly of discouragements in our duty, as if they were a discharge from our duty, when they are only for the trial of our courage and faith. They neglected the building of God's house, that they might have more time and money for worldly affairs. That the punishment might answer to the sin, the poverty they thought to prevent by not building the temple, God brought upon them for not building it. Many good works have been intended, but not done, because men supposed the proper time was not come. Thus believers let slip opportunities of usefulness, and sinners delay the concerns of their souls, till too late. If we labour only for the meat that perishes, as the Jews here, we are in danger of losing our labour; but we are sure it shall not be in vain in the Lord, if we labour for the meat which lasts to eternal life. If we would have the comfort and continuance of temporal enjoyments, we must have God as our Friend. See also Lu 12:33. When God crosses our temporal affairs, and we meet with trouble and disappointment, we shall find the cause is, that the work we have to do for God and our own souls is left undone, and we seek our own things more than the things of Christ. How many, who plead that they cannot afford to give to pious or charitable designs, often lavish ten times as much in needless expenses on their houses and themselves! But those are strangers to their own interests, who are full of care to adorn and enrich their own houses, while God's temple in their hearts lies waste. It is the great concern of every one, to apply to the necessary duty of self-examination and communion with our own hearts concerning our spiritual state. Sin is what we must answer for; duty is what we must do. But many are quick-sighted to pry into other people's ways, who are careless of their own. If any duty has been neglected, that is no reason why it should still be so. Whatever God will take pleasure in when done, we ought to take pleasure in doing. Let those who have put off their return to God, return with all their heart, while there is time.
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OT Prophets: Haggai 1:10 Therefore for your sake the heavens withhold (Hagg. Hag. Hg) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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