Ezekiel 18:17
New International Version
He withholds his hand from mistreating the poor and takes no interest or profit from them. He keeps my laws and follows my decrees. He will not die for his father's sin; he will surely live.

New Living Translation
He helps the poor, does not lend money at interest, and obeys all my regulations and decrees. Such a person will not die because of his father's sins; he will surely live.

English Standard Version
withholds his hand from iniquity, takes no interest or profit, obeys my rules, and walks in my statutes; he shall not die for his father’s iniquity; he shall surely live.

Berean Study Bible
He withholds his hand from iniquity and takes no interest or usury. He keeps My ordinances and follows My statutes.’ Such a man will not die for his father’s iniquity. He will surely live.

New American Standard Bible
he keeps his hand from the poor, does not take interest or increase, but executes My ordinances, and walks in My statutes; he will not die for his father's iniquity, he will surely live.

King James Bible
That hath taken off his hand from the poor, that hath not received usury nor increase, hath executed my judgments, hath walked in my statutes; he shall not die for the iniquity of his father, he shall surely live.

Christian Standard Bible
He keeps his hand from harming the poor, not taking interest or profit on a loan. He practices my ordinances and follows my statutes. Such a person will not die for his father's iniquity. He will certainly live.

Contemporary English Version
and refuses to do anything evil or to charge interest. And he obeys all my laws and teachings. Such a man will live. His own father sinned, but this good man will not be put to death for the sins of his father.

Good News Translation
He refuses to do evil and doesn't lend money for profit. He keeps my laws and obeys my commands. He will not die because of his father's sins, but he will certainly live.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
He keeps his hand from harming the poor, not taking interest or profit on a loan. He practices My ordinances and follows My statutes. Such a person will not die for his father's iniquity. He will certainly live."

International Standard Version
doesn't refuse to help the afflicted, or refuses to loan with usury or exact interest, but instead follows my ordinances and lives his life consistent with my statutes. He won't die because of his father's sin, will he? No! He'll certainly live.

NET Bible
refrains from wrongdoing, does not engage in usury or charge interest, carries out my regulations and follows my statutes. He will not die for his father's iniquity; he will surely live.

New Heart English Bible
who has withdrawn his hand from the poor, who has not received interest nor increase, has executed my ordinances, has walked in my statutes; he shall not die for the iniquity of his father, he shall surely live.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
He refuses to hurt the poor. He doesn't charge interest or make excessive profits. He obeys my rules and lives by my laws. He won't die for his father's sins. He will certainly live.

JPS Tanakh 1917
that hath withdrawn his hand from the poor, that hath not received interest nor increase, hath executed Mine ordinances, hath walked in My statutes; he shall not die for the iniquity of his father, he shall surely live.

New American Standard 1977
he keeps his hand from the poor, does not take interest or increase, but executes My ordinances, and walks in My statutes; he will not die for his father’s iniquity, he will surely live.

Jubilee Bible 2000
takes off his hand from oppressing the poor, does not receive usury nor increase, acts according to my rights, and walks in my statutes; he shall not die for the iniquity of his father; he shall surely live.

King James 2000 Bible
That has withheld his hand from the poor, that has not received from money interest nor increase, has executed my judgments, has walked in my statutes; he shall not die for the iniquity of his father, he shall surely live.

American King James Version
That has taken off his hand from the poor, that has not received usury nor increase, has executed my judgments, has walked in my statutes; he shall not die for the iniquity of his father, he shall surely live.

American Standard Version
that hath withdrawn his hand from the poor, that hath not received interest nor increase, hath executed mine ordinances, hath walked in my statutes; he shall not die for the iniquity of his father, he shall surely live.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
and has turned back his hand from unrighteousness, has not received interest or usurious increase, has wrought righteousness, and walked in mine ordinances; he shall not die for the iniquities of his father, he shall surely live.

Douay-Rheims Bible
That hath turned away his hand from injuring the poor, hath not taken usury and increase, but hath executed my judgments, and hath walked in my commandments: this man shall not die for the iniquity of his father, but living he shall live.

Darby Bible Translation
he hath withdrawn his hand from the poor, hath not received usury nor increase, hath executed my judgments, [and] walked in my statutes: he shall not die for the iniquity of his father, he shall certainly live.

English Revised Version
that hath withdrawn his hand from the poor, that hath not received usury nor increase, hath executed my judgments, hath walked in my statutes; he shall not die for the iniquity of his father, he shall surely live.

Webster's Bible Translation
That hath taken off his hand from the poor, that hath not received interest nor increase, hath executed my judgments, hath walked in my statutes; he shall not die for the iniquity of his father, he shall surely live.

World English Bible
who has withdrawn his hand from the poor, who has not received interest nor increase, has executed my ordinances, has walked in my statutes; he shall not die for the iniquity of his father, he shall surely live.

Young's Literal Translation
From the afflicted he hath turned back his hand, Usury and increase he hath not taken, My judgments he hath done, In My statutes he hath walked, He doth not die for the iniquity of his father, He doth surely live.
Study Bible
A Proverb about Israel
16He does not oppress another, or retain a pledge, or commit robbery. He gives his bread to the hungry and covers the naked with clothing. 17He withholds his hand from iniquity and takes no interest or usury. He keeps My ordinances and follows My statutes.’ Such a man will not die for his father’s iniquity. He will surely live. 18As for his father, he will die for his own iniquity, because he practiced extortion, robbed his brother, and did what was wrong among his people.…
Cross References
Romans 2:7
To those who by perseverance in doing good seek glory, honor, and immortality, He will give eternal life.

Psalm 119:1
Blessed are those whose way is blameless, who walk in the law of the LORD.

Ezekiel 18:18
As for his father, he will die for his own iniquity, because he practiced extortion, robbed his brother, and did what was wrong among his people.

Treasury of Scripture

That has taken off his hand from the poor, that has not received usury nor increase, has executed my judgments, has walked in my statutes; he shall not die for the iniquity of his father, he shall surely live.

hath taken

Ezekiel 18:8
He that hath not given forth upon usury, neither hath taken any increase, that hath withdrawn his hand from iniquity, hath executed true judgment between man and man,

Job 29:16
I was a father to the poor: and the cause which I knew not I searched out.

Proverbs 14:31
He that oppresseth the poor reproacheth his Maker: but he that honoureth him hath mercy on the poor.

that hath not

Ezekiel 18:8,9,13
He that hath not given forth upon usury, neither hath taken any increase, that hath withdrawn his hand from iniquity, hath executed true judgment between man and man, …

Leviticus 18:4,26,30
Ye shall do my judgments, and keep mine ordinances, to walk therein: I am the LORD your God…

he shall not

Ezekiel 18:19,20
Yet say ye, Why? doth not the son bear the iniquity of the father? When the son hath done that which is lawful and right, and hath kept all my statutes, and hath done them, he shall surely live…

Ezekiel 20:18,30
But I said unto their children in the wilderness, Walk ye not in the statutes of your fathers, neither observe their judgments, nor defile yourselves with their idols: …

Jeremiah 16:11-13,19
Then shalt thou say unto them, Because your fathers have forsaken me, saith the LORD, and have walked after other gods, and have served them, and have worshipped them, and have forsaken me, and have not kept my law; …

he shall surely

Ezekiel 18:9,19,21,28
Hath walked in my statutes, and hath kept my judgments, to deal truly; he is just, he shall surely live, saith the Lord GOD…

Ezekiel 3:21
Nevertheless if thou warn the righteous man, that the righteous sin not, and he doth not sin, he shall surely live, because he is warned; also thou hast delivered thy soul.

Ezekiel 33:13,15,16
When I shall say to the righteous, that he shall surely live; if he trust to his own righteousness, and commit iniquity, all his righteousnesses shall not be remembered; but for his iniquity that he hath committed, he shall die for it…







Lexicon
He withholds
הֵשִׁ֣יב (hê·šîḇ)
Verb - Hifil - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7725: To turn back, in, to retreat, again

his hand
יָד֗וֹ (yā·ḏōw)
Noun - feminine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3027: A hand

from iniquity
מֵעָנִ֞י (mê·‘ā·nî)
Preposition-m | Adjective - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6041: Poor, afflicted, humble

and takes
לָקָ֔ח (lā·qāḥ)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3947: To take

no
לֹ֣א (lō)
Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's Hebrew 3808: Not, no

interest
נֶ֤שֶׁךְ (ne·šeḵ)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5392: Interest on a, debt

or usury.
וְתַרְבִּית֙ (wə·ṯar·bîṯ)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 8636: Multiplication, percentage, bonus in addition to principal

He
ה֗וּא (hū)
Pronoun - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1931: He, self, the same, this, that, as, are

keeps
עָשָׂ֔ה (‘ā·śāh)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6213: To do, make

My ordinances
מִשְׁפָּטַ֣י (miš·pā·ṭay)
Noun - masculine plural construct | first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 4941: A verdict, a sentence, formal decree, divine law, penalty, justice, privilege, style

and follows
הָלָ֑ךְ (hā·lāḵ)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1980: To go, come, walk

My statutes.’
בְּחֻקּוֹתַ֖י (bə·ḥuq·qō·w·ṯay)
Preposition-b | Noun - feminine plural construct | first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 2708: Something prescribed, an enactment, statute

Such a man will not
לֹ֥א (lō)
Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's Hebrew 3808: Not, no

die
יָמ֛וּת (yā·mūṯ)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4191: To die, to kill

for his father’s
אָבִ֖יו (’ā·ḇîw)
Noun - masculine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1: Father

iniquity.
בַּעֲוֺ֥ן (ba·‘ă·wōn)
Preposition-b | Noun - common singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 5771: Iniquity, guilt, punishment for iniquity

He will surely live.
חָיֹ֥ה (ḥā·yōh)
Verb - Qal - Infinitive absolute
Strong's Hebrew 2421: To live, to revive
18:1-20 The soul that sinneth it shall die. As to eternity, every man was, is, and will be dealt with, as his conduct shows him to have been under the old covenant of works, or the new covenant of grace. Whatever outward sufferings come upon men through the sins of others, they deserve for their own sins all they suffer; and the Lord overrules every event for the eternal good of believers. All souls are in the hand of the great Creator: he will deal with them in justice or mercy; nor will any perish for the sins of another, who is not in some sense worthy of death for his own. We all have sinned, and our souls must be lost, if God deal with us according to his holy law; but we are invited to come to Christ. If a man who had shown his faith by his works, had a wicked son, whose character and conduct were the reverse of his parent's, could it be expected he should escape the Divine vengeance on account of his father's piety? Surely not. And should a wicked man have a son who walked before God as righteous, this man would not perish for his father's sins. If the son was not free from evils in this life, still he should be partaker of salvation. The question here is not about the meritorious ground of justification, but about the Lord's dealings with the righteous and the wicked.
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Decrees Die Excessive Executed Executes Father's Follows Hand Increase Iniquity Interest Judgments Keeps Live Observes Ordinances Poor Received Sin Statutes Surely Usury Walked Walks Withdrawn Withholds
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OT Prophets: Ezekiel 18:17 Who has withdrawn his hand (Ezek. Eze Ezk) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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