Job 29:16
New International Version
I was a father to the needy; I took up the case of the stranger.

New Living Translation
I was a father to the poor and assisted strangers who needed help.

English Standard Version
I was a father to the needy, and I searched out the cause of him whom I did not know.

Berean Study Bible
I was a father to the needy, and I took up the case of the stranger.

New American Standard Bible
"I was a father to the needy, And I investigated the case which I did not know.

King James Bible
I was a father to the poor: and the cause which I knew not I searched out.

Christian Standard Bible
I was a father to the needy, and I examined the case of the stranger.

Contemporary English Version
I was a father to the needy, and I defended them in court, even if they were strangers.

Good News Translation
I was like a father to the poor and took the side of strangers in trouble.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
I was a father to the needy, and I examined the case of the stranger.

International Standard Version
I was a father to the needy; I diligently inquired into the case of those I didn't know.

NET Bible
I was a father to the needy, and I investigated the case of the person I did not know;

New Heart English Bible
I was a father to the needy. The cause of him who I did not know, I searched out.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
I was father to the needy. I carefully investigated cases brought by strangers.

JPS Tanakh 1917
I was a father to the needy; And the cause of him that I knew not I searched out.

New American Standard 1977
“I was a father to the needy, And I investigated the case which I did not know.

Jubilee Bible 2000
I was a father to the needy; and the cause which I did not know I searched out.

King James 2000 Bible
I was a father to the poor: and the cause which I knew not I searched out.

American King James Version
I was a father to the poor: and the cause which I knew not I searched out.

American Standard Version
I was a father to the needy: And the cause of him that I knew not I searched out.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
I was the father of the helpless; and I searched out the cause which I knew not.

Douay-Rheims Bible
I was the father of the poor: and the cause which I knew not, I searched out most diligently.

Darby Bible Translation
I was a father to the needy, and the cause which I knew not I searched out;

English Revised Version
I was a father to the needy: and the cause of him that I knew not I searched out.

Webster's Bible Translation
I was a father to the poor: and the cause which I knew not I searched out.

World English Bible
I was a father to the needy. The cause of him who I didn't know, I searched out.

Young's Literal Translation
A father I am to the needy, And the cause I have not known I search out.
Study Bible
Job's Former Blessings
15I served as eyes to the blind and as feet to the lame. 16I was a father to the needy, and I took up the case of the stranger. 17I shattered the fangs of the unjust and snatched the prey from his teeth.…
Cross References
Job 4:3
Surely you have instructed many, and have strengthened their feeble hands.

Job 24:4
They push the needy off the road and force all the poor of the land into hiding.

Proverbs 29:7
The righteous consider the cause of the poor, but the wicked have no regard for such concerns.

Isaiah 22:21
I will clothe him with your robe and tie your sash around him. I will put your authority in his hand, and he will be a father to the dwellers of Jerusalem and to the house of Judah.

Treasury of Scripture

I was a father to the poor: and the cause which I knew not I searched out.

a father

Job 31:18
(For from my youth he was brought up with me, as with a father, and I have guided her from my mother's womb;)

Esther 2:7
And he brought up Hadassah, that is, Esther, his uncle's daughter: for she had neither father nor mother, and the maid was fair and beautiful; whom Mordecai, when her father and mother were dead, took for his own daughter.

Psalm 68:5
A father of the fatherless, and a judge of the widows, is God in his holy habitation.

the cause

Exodus 18:26
And they judged the people at all seasons: the hard causes they brought unto Moses, but every small matter they judged themselves.

Deuteronomy 13:14
Then shalt thou inquire, and make search, and ask diligently; and, behold, if it be truth, and the thing certain, that such abomination is wrought among you;

Deuteronomy 17:8-10
If there arise a matter too hard for thee in judgment, between blood and blood, between plea and plea, and between stroke and stroke, being matters of controversy within thy gates: then shalt thou arise, and get thee up into the place which the LORD thy God shall choose; …







Lexicon
I
אָ֭נֹכִֽי (’ā·nō·ḵî)
Pronoun - first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 595: I

was a father
אָ֣ב (’āḇ)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1: Father

to the needy,
לָֽאֶבְיוֹנִ֑ים (lā·’eḇ·yō·w·nîm)
Preposition-l, Article | Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 34: In want, needy, poor

and I took up
אֶחְקְרֵֽהוּ׃ (’eḥ·qə·rê·hū)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - first person common singular | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2713: To penetrate, to examine intimately

the case
וְרִ֖ב (wə·riḇ)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7379: Strife, dispute

of the stranger.
לֹא־ (lō-)
Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's Hebrew 3808: Not, no
Verse 16. - I was a father to the poor (comp. ver. 12, and see below, ch. 31:16-22): and the cause which I knew not I searched out; rather, the cause of him that I knew not I searched out (see the Revised Version). When men were quite unknown to him, Job still gave to their causes the utmost possible attention, "searching them out," or investigating them, as diligently as if they had been the causes of his own friends. 29:7-17 All sorts of people paid respect to Job, not only for the dignity of his rank, but for his personal merit, his prudence, integrity, and good management. Happy the men who are blessed with such gifts as these! They have great opportunities of honouring God and doing good, but have great need to watch against pride. Happy the people who are blessed with such men! it is a token for good to them. Here we see what Job valued himself by, in the day of his prosperity. It was by his usefulness. He valued himself by the check he gave to the violence of proud and evil men. Good magistrates must thus be a restraint to evil-doers, and protect the innocent; in order to this, they should arm themselves with zeal and resolution. Such men are public blessings, and resemble Him who rescues poor sinners from Satan. How many who were ready to perish, now are blessing Him! But who can show forth His praises? May we trust in His mercy, and seek to imitate His truth, justice, and love.
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OT Poetry: Job 29:16 I was a father to the needy (Jb) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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