Job 29:16
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
I was a father to the needy, and I searched out the cause of him whom I did not know.

King James Bible
I was a father to the poor: and the cause which I knew not I searched out.

American Standard Version
I was a father to the needy: And the cause of him that I knew not I searched out.

Douay-Rheims Bible
I was the father of the poor: and the cause which I knew not, I searched out most diligently.

English Revised Version
I was a father to the needy: and the cause of him that I knew not I searched out.

Webster's Bible Translation
I was a father to the poor: and the cause which I knew not I searched out.

Job 29:16 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

When Job came hither to the meeting of the tribunal, or the council of the elders of the city, within which he had a seat and a voice, the young men hid themselves, conscious of his presence (which εἰρομένῃ λέξει, or, is expressed paratactically instead of as a period), i.e., they retired into the background, since they feared his look of salutation;

(Note: Comp. jer. Schekalim ii. 5 (in Pinner's Compendium des Thalmud, S. 58): "R. Jochanan was walking and leaning upon R. Chija bar-Abba, R. Eliezer perceived him and hid himself from him (ומטמר לח מקמי). Then said R. Jochanan: This Babylonian insulted him (R. Chija) by two things; first that he did not salute him, and then that he hid himself. But R. Jakob bar-Idi answered him, it is the custom with them for the less not to salute the greater, - a custom which confirms Job's words: Young men saw me and his themselves.")

and old men (hoary heads) stood up, remained standing (ἀσυνδέτως, as Job 20:19; Job 28:4). קוּם signifies to stand up, עמד to advance towards any one and remain standing. They rose in order not to seat themselves until he was seated. שׂרים are magnates (proceres) of the city. These עצרוּ בּמלּים, cohibebant verba (עצר with Beth of the obj., as Job 4:2; Job 12:15), and keeping a respectful silence, they laid their hand on their mouth (comp. Job 21:5). All stepped back and desisted from speaking before him: The speech of illustrious men (נגידים from נגד, Arab. njd, to be visible, pleasant to the sight, comp. supra, p. 510) hid itself (not daring to be heard), and the tongue of the same clave (motionless) to their palate. We do not translate: as to the voice illustrious men hid themselves, for it is only the appearance produced by the attractional construction Ges. 148, 1 that has led to the rendering of קול־נגידים as an acc. of closer definition (Schult., Hahn: quod ad vocem eminentium, comprimebantur). The verb is construed with the second member of the genitival expression instead of with the first, as with מספר, Job 15:20; Job 21:21; Job 38:21, and with ראשׁ, Job 22:12; a construction which occurs with קול not merely in such exclamatory sentences as Genesis 4:10; Isaiah 52:8, but also under other conditions, 1 Kings 1:41, comp. Job 14:6. This may be best called an attraction of the predicate by the second member of the compound subject, like the reverse instance, Isaiah 2:11; and it is sometimes found even where this second member is not logically the more important. Thus Ew. transl.: "the voice of the nobles hides itself;" whereas Olsh., wrongly denying that the partt. in passages like Genesis 4:10; 1 Kings 1:41, are to be taken as predicative, wishes to read נחבא, which is the more inadmissible, as even the choice of the verb is determined by the attractional construction.

The strophe which follows tells how it came to pass that those in authority among the citizens submitted to him, and that on all sides the people were zealous to show him tokens of respect.

Job 29:16 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

a father

Job 31:18 (For from my youth he was brought up with me, as with a father, and I have guided her from my mother's womb;)

Esther 2:7 And he brought up Hadassah, that is, Esther, his uncle's daughter: for she had neither father nor mother...

Psalm 68:5 A father of the fatherless, and a judge of the widows, is God in his holy habitation.

Ephesians 5:1 Be you therefore followers of God, as dear children;

James 1:27 Pure religion and undefiled before God and the Father is this, To visit the fatherless and widows in their affliction...

the cause

Exodus 18:26 And they judged the people at all seasons: the hard causes they brought to Moses, but every small matter they judged themselves.

Deuteronomy 13:14 Then shall you inquire, and make search, and ask diligently; and, behold, if it be truth, and the thing certain...

Deuteronomy 17:8-10 If there arise a matter too hard for you in judgment, between blood and blood, between plea and plea, and between stroke and stroke...

1 Kings 3:16-28 Then came there two women, that were harlots, to the king, and stood before him...

Proverbs 25:2 It is the glory of God to conceal a thing: but the honor of kings is to search out a matter.

Proverbs 29:7 The righteous considers the cause of the poor: but the wicked regards not to know it.

Cross References
Job 4:3
Behold, you have instructed many, and you have strengthened the weak hands.

Job 24:4
They thrust the poor off the road; the poor of the earth all hide themselves.

Proverbs 29:7
A righteous man knows the rights of the poor; a wicked man does not understand such knowledge.

Isaiah 22:21
and I will clothe him with your robe, and will bind your sash on him, and will commit your authority to his hand. And he shall be a father to the inhabitants of Jerusalem and to the house of Judah.

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