Ezekiel 18:18
New International Version
But his father will die for his own sin, because he practiced extortion, robbed his brother and did what was wrong among his people.

New Living Translation
But the father will die for his many sins—for being cruel, robbing people, and doing what was clearly wrong among his people.

English Standard Version
As for his father, because he practiced extortion, robbed his brother, and did what is not good among his people, behold, he shall die for his iniquity.

Berean Study Bible
As for his father, he will die for his own iniquity, because he practiced extortion, robbed his brother, and did what was wrong among his people.

King James Bible
As for his father, because he cruelly oppressed, spoiled his brother by violence, and did that which is not good among his people, lo, even he shall die in his iniquity.

New King James Version
As for his father, Because he cruelly oppressed, Robbed his brother by violence, And did what is not good among his people, Behold, he shall die for his iniquity.

New American Standard Bible
As for his father, because he practiced extortion, robbed his brother, and did what was not good among his people, behold, he will die for his guilt.

NASB 1995
“As for his father, because he practiced extortion, robbed his brother and did what was not good among his people, behold, he will die for his iniquity.

NASB 1977
“As for his father, because he practiced extortion, robbed his brother, and did what was not good among his people, behold, he will die for his iniquity.

Amplified Bible
As for his father, because he practiced extortion, robbed his brother, and did that which is not good among his people, behold, he shall die for his sin.

Christian Standard Bible
“As for his father, he will die for his own iniquity because he practiced fraud, robbed his brother, and did among his people what was not good.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
As for his father, he will die for his own iniquity because he practiced fraud, robbed his brother, and did what was wrong among his people.

American Standard Version
As for his father, because he cruelly oppressed, robbed his brother, and did that which is not good among his people, behold, he shall die in his iniquity.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
But his father, because he oppressed with oppression and was fraudulent with fraud to his brother, and he did nothing that is beautiful for his people, he dies in his sins

Brenton Septuagint Translation
But if his father grievously afflict, or plunder, he has wrought enmity in the midst of my people, and shall die in his iniquity.

Contemporary English Version
It is his father who will die for cheating and robbing and doing evil.

Douay-Rheims Bible
As for his father, because he oppressed and offered violence to his brother, and wrought evil in the midst of his people, behold he is dead in his own iniquity.

English Revised Version
As for his father, because he cruelly oppressed, spoiled his brother by violence, and did that which is not good among his people, behold, he shall die in his iniquity.

Good News Translation
His father, on the other hand, cheated and robbed and always did evil to everyone. And so he died because of the sins he himself had committed.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
But his father has oppressed others, robbed his relative, and done what is wrong among his people. So the father will die because of his sin.

International Standard Version
As for his father, watch out! If he wrongfully oppressed or robbed his brother and did what wasn't good among his people, he'll die because of his own sin."

JPS Tanakh 1917
As for his father, because he cruelly oppressed, committed robbery on his brother, and did that which is not good among his people, behold, he dieth for his iniquity.

Literal Standard Version
His father—because he used oppression, Violently plundered a brother, And did that which [is] not good in the midst of his people, And behold, he is dying in his iniquity.

NET Bible
As for his father, because he practices extortion, robs his brother, and does what is not good among his people, he will die for his iniquity.

New Heart English Bible
As for his father, because he cruelly oppressed, robbed his brother, and did that which is not good among his people, look, he shall die in his iniquity.

World English Bible
As for his father, because he cruelly oppressed, robbed his brother, and did that which is not good among his people, behold, he shall die in his iniquity.

Young's Literal Translation
His father -- because he used oppression, Did violently Plunder a brother, And that which is not good did in the midst of his people, And lo, he is dying in his iniquity.

Additional Translations ...
Context
A Proverb about Israel
17He withholds his hand from harming the poor and takes no interest or usury. He keeps My ordinances and follows My statutes. Such a man will not die for his father’s iniquity. He will surely live. 18As for his father, he will die for his own iniquity, because he practiced extortion, robbed his brother, and did what was wrong among his people.

Cross References
Ecclesiastes 5:8
If you see the oppression of the poor and the denial of justice and righteousness in the province, do not be astonished at the matter; for one official is watched by a superior, and others higher still are over them.

Ezekiel 18:17
He withholds his hand from harming the poor and takes no interest or usury. He keeps My ordinances and follows My statutes. Such a man will not die for his father's iniquity. He will surely live.

Ezekiel 18:19
Yet you may ask, 'Why shouldn't the son bear the iniquity of his father?' Since the son has done what is just and right, carefully observing all My statutes, he will surely live.


Treasury of Scripture

As for his father, because he cruelly oppressed, spoiled his brother by violence, and did that which is not good among his people, see, even he shall die in his iniquity.

even

Ezekiel 18:4,20,24,26
Behold, all souls are mine; as the soul of the father, so also the soul of the son is mine: the soul that sinneth, it shall die…

Ezekiel 3:18
When I say unto the wicked, Thou shalt surely die; and thou givest him not warning, nor speakest to warn the wicked from his wicked way, to save his life; the same wicked man shall die in his iniquity; but his blood will I require at thine hand.

Isaiah 3:11
Woe unto the wicked! it shall be ill with him: for the reward of his hands shall be given him.









(18) As for his father.--There is here a recurrence to the second case, to bring out more sharply the contrast between the two, and to emphasise the fact insisted upon, that each individual must be judged according to his own character, without help or prejudice from that of his father.

This third case was especially adapted to the prophet's purpose of refuting the proverb, because here was the father who had "eaten sour grapes," and his son's teeth were not to be set on edge.

Verse 18. - The reappearance of the father, with the same emphatic "lo!" seems to imply that Ezekiel thought of the two phenomena as possibly contemporaneous. Men might see before them, at the same time, the father dying in his sins, and the son turning from them and gaining the true life.

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
As for his father,
אָבִ֞יו (’ā·ḇîw)
Noun - masculine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's 1: Father

he will die
מֵ֖ת (mêṯ)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 4191: To die, to kill

for his own iniquity,
בַּעֲוֺנֽוֹ׃ (ba·‘ă·wō·nōw)
Preposition-b | Noun - common singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's 5771: Iniquity, guilt, punishment for iniquity

because
כִּֽי־ (kî-)
Conjunction
Strong's 3588: A relative conjunction

he practiced
עָ֣שַׁק (‘ā·šaq)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 6231: To press upon, oppress, defraud, violate, overflow

extortion,
עֹ֗שֶׁק (‘ō·šeq)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 6233: Injury, fraud, distress, unjust gain

robbed
גָּזַל֙ (gā·zal)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 1497: To pluck off, to flay, strip, rob

his brother,
אָ֔ח (’āḥ)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 251: A brother, )

and did
עָשָׂ֖ה (‘ā·śāh)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 6213: To do, make

what
וַאֲשֶׁ֥ר (wa·’ă·šer)
Conjunctive waw | Pronoun - relative
Strong's 834: Who, which, what, that, when, where, how, because, in order that

was wrong
לֹא־ (lō-)
Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's 3808: Not, no

among
בְּת֣וֹךְ (bə·ṯō·wḵ)
Preposition-b | Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 8432: A bisection, the centre

his people.
עַמָּ֑יו (‘am·māw)
Noun - masculine plural construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's 5971: A people, a tribe, troops, attendants, a flock


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Committed Cruel Cruelly Death Die Dieth Dying Evil-Doing Extortion Force Good Goods Iniquity Lo Oppressed Oppression Overtake Plunder Practiced Practised Robbed Robbery Sin Spoiled Stripped Used Violence Violently Wrong
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OT Prophets: Ezekiel 18:18 As for his father because he cruelly (Ezek. Eze Ezk)
Ezekiel 18:17
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