Leviticus 19:13
New International Version
"'Do not defraud or rob your neighbor. "'Do not hold back the wages of a hired worker overnight.

New Living Translation
"Do not defraud or rob your neighbor. "Do not make your hired workers wait until the next day to receive their pay.

English Standard Version
“You shall not oppress your neighbor or rob him. The wages of a hired worker shall not remain with you all night until the morning.

Berean Study Bible
You must not defraud your neighbor or rob him. You must not withhold until morning the wages due a hired hand.

New American Standard Bible
You shall not oppress your neighbor, nor rob him. The wages of a hired man are not to remain with you all night until morning.

King James Bible
Thou shalt not defraud thy neighbour, neither rob him: the wages of him that is hired shall not abide with thee all night until the morning.

Christian Standard Bible
"Do not oppress your neighbor or rob him. The wages due a hired worker must not remain with you until morning.

Contemporary English Version
Do not steal anything or cheat anyone, and don't fail to pay your workers at the end of each day.

Good News Translation
"Do not rob or take advantage of anyone. Do not hold back the wages of someone you have hired, not even for one night.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
You must not oppress your neighbor or rob him. The wages due a hired hand must not remain with you until morning.

International Standard Version
"You are not to oppress your neighbor or rob him. "The wages of a hired laborer are not to remain in your possession until morning.

NET Bible
You must not oppress your neighbor or commit robbery against him. You must not withhold the wages of the hired laborer overnight until morning.

New Heart English Bible
"'You shall not oppress your neighbor, nor rob him. The wages of a hired servant shall not remain with you all night until the morning.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
"Never oppress or rob your neighbor. Never keep the pay you owe a hired worker overnight.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Thou shalt not oppress thy neighbour, nor rob him; the wages of a hired servant shall not abide with thee all night until the morning.

New American Standard 1977
‘You shall not oppress your neighbor, nor rob him. The wages of a hired man are not to remain with you all night until morning.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Thou shalt not defraud thy neighbour, neither rob him. Do not detain the wages of the work of the hired man in thy house until the morning.

King James 2000 Bible
You shall not defraud your neighbor, neither rob him: the wages of him that is hired shall not abide with you all night until the morning.

American King James Version
You shall not defraud your neighbor, neither rob him: the wages of him that is hired shall not abide with you all night until the morning.

American Standard Version
Thou shalt not oppress thy neighbor, nor rob him: the wages of a hired servant shall not abide with thee all night until the morning.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
Thou shalt not injure thy neighbour, neither do thou rob him, neither shall the wages of thy hireling remain with thee until the morning.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Thou shalt not calumniate thy neighbour, nor oppress him by violence. The wages of him that hath been hired by thee shall not abide with thee until the morning.

Darby Bible Translation
Thou shalt not oppress thy neighbour, neither rob him. The wages of the hired servant shall not abide with thee all night until the morning.

English Revised Version
Thou shalt not oppress thy neighbour, nor rob him: the wages of a hired servant shall not abide with thee all night until the morning.

Webster's Bible Translation
Thou shalt not defraud thy neighbor, neither rob him: the wages of him that is hired shall not abide with thee all night until the morning.

World English Bible
"'You shall not oppress your neighbor, nor rob him. "'The wages of a hired servant shall not remain with you all night until the morning.

Young's Literal Translation
'Thou dost not oppress thy neighbour, nor take plunder; the wages of the hireling doth not remain with thee till morning.
Study Bible
Love Your Neighbor
12You must not swear falsely by My name and so profane the name of your God. I am the LORD. 13You must not defraud your neighbor or rob him. You must not withhold until morning the wages due a hired hand. 14You must not curse the deaf or place a stumbling block before the blind, but you are to fear your God. I am the LORD.…
Cross References
Matthew 20:8
When evening came, the owner of the vineyard said to his foreman, 'Call the workers and pay them their wages, starting with the last ones hired and moving on to the first.'

1 Timothy 5:18
For the Scripture says, "Do not muzzle an ox while it is treading out the grain," and, "The worker is worthy of his wages."

James 5:4
Look, the wages you withheld from the workmen who mowed your fields are crying out against you. The cries of the harvesters have reached the ears of the Lord of Hosts.

Exodus 20:15
You shall not steal.

Exodus 22:7
If a man gives his neighbor money or goods for safekeeping and they are stolen from the neighbor's house, the thief, if caught, must pay back double.

Exodus 22:21
You must not exploit or oppress a foreign resident, for you yourselves were foreigners in the land of Egypt.

Deuteronomy 24:14
Do not oppress a hired hand who is poor and needy, whether he is a brother or a foreigner residing in one of your towns.

Deuteronomy 24:15
You are to pay his wages each day before sunset, because he is poor and depends on them. Otherwise he may cry out to the LORD against you, and you will be guilty of sin.

Job 17:5
If a man denounces his friends for a price, the eyes of his children will fail.

Proverbs 3:28
Do not tell your neighbor, "Come back tomorrow--I will provide when you have the means."

Jeremiah 22:13
"Woe to him who builds his palace by unrighteousness, and his upper rooms without justice, who makes his countrymen serve without pay, and will not give him his wages,

Ezekiel 18:7
He does not oppress another, but returns his pledge to the debtor. He does not commit robbery, but gives his bread to the hungry and covers the naked with clothing.

Ezekiel 22:12
In you they take bribes to shed blood. You engage in usury, take excess interest, and extort your neighbors. But Me you have forgotten, declares the Lord GOD.

Malachi 3:5
"Then I will draw near to you for judgment. And I will be a swift witness against sorcerers and adulterers and perjurers, against oppressors of the widowed and fatherless, and against those who defraud laborers of their wages and deny justice to the foreigner but do not fear Me," says the LORD of Hosts.

Treasury of Scripture

You shall not defraud your neighbor, neither rob him: the wages of him that is hired shall not abide with you all night until the morning.

shall not

Proverbs 20:10
Divers weights, and divers measures, both of them are alike abomination to the LORD.

Proverbs 22:22
Rob not the poor, because he is poor: neither oppress the afflicted in the gate:

Jeremiah 22:3
Thus saith the LORD; Execute ye judgment and righteousness, and deliver the spoiled out of the hand of the oppressor: and do no wrong, do no violence to the stranger, the fatherless, nor the widow, neither shed innocent blood in this place.

the wages

Deuteronomy 24:14,15
Thou shalt not oppress an hired servant that is poor and needy, whether he be of thy brethren, or of thy strangers that are in thy land within thy gates: …

Job 31:39
If I have eaten the fruits thereof without money, or have caused the owners thereof to lose their life:

Jeremiah 22:13
Woe unto him that buildeth his house by unrighteousness, and his chambers by wrong; that useth his neighbour's service without wages, and giveth him not for his work;







Lexicon
You must not
לֹֽא־ (lō-)
Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's Hebrew 3808: Not, no

defraud
תַעֲשֹׁ֥ק (ṯa·‘ă·šōq)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6231: To press upon, oppress, defraud, violate, overflow

your neighbor
רֵֽעֲךָ֖ (rê·‘ă·ḵā)
Noun - masculine singular construct | second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7453: Friend, companion, fellow

or
וְלֹ֣א (wə·lō)
Conjunctive waw | Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's Hebrew 3808: Not, no

rob him.
תִגְזֹ֑ל (ṯiḡ·zōl)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1497: To pluck off, to flay, strip, rob

You
אִתְּךָ֖ (’it·tə·ḵā)
Preposition | second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 854: Nearness, near, with, by, at, among

must not
לֹֽא־ (lō-)
Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's Hebrew 3808: Not, no

withhold
תָלִ֞ין (ṯā·lîn)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3885: To stop, to stay permanently, to be obstinate

until
עַד־ (‘aḏ-)
Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 5704: As far as, even to, up to, until, while

morning
בֹּֽקֶר׃ (bō·qer)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1242: Dawn, morning

the wages
פְּעֻלַּ֥ת (pə·‘ul·laṯ)
Noun - feminine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 6468: A work, recompense

due a hired hand.
שָׂכִ֛יר (śā·ḵîr)
Adjective - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7916: A man at wages
(13) Thou shalt not defraud.--Here oppression by fraud and oppression by violence are forbidden. It is probably in allusion to this passage that John the Baptist warned the soldiers who came to him: "And he said to them, Do violence to no man, neither accuse any falsely; and be content with your wages" (Luke 3:14).

The wages of him that is hired.--From the declaration in the next clause, which forbids the retention of the wages over night, it is evident that the day labourer is here spoken of. As he is dependent upon his wages for the support of himself and his family, the Law protects him by enjoining that the earnings of the hireling should be promptly paid. This benign care for the labourer, and the denunciation against any attempt to defraud him, are again and again repeated in the Scriptures (Deuteronomy 24:14-15; Jeremiah 32:13; Malachi 3:5; James 5:4). Hence the humane interpretation which obtained of this law during the second Temple: "He who treats a hireling with harshness sins as grievously as if he hath taken away life, and transgresses five precepts."

Verse 13. - Cheating and stealing are again forbidden, and, together with these, other forms of oppression although legal. The command to pay labourers their hire promptly - which covers also the case of paying tradesmen promptly - is repeated in Deuteronomy 24:14 (cf. James 5:4). 19:1-37 laws. - There are some ceremonial precepts in this chapter, but most of these precepts are binding on us, for they are explanations of the ten commandments. It is required that Israel be a holy people, because the God of Israel is a holy God, ver. 2. To teach real separation from the world and the flesh, and entire devotedness to God. This is now the law of Christ; may the Lord bring every thought within us into obedience to it! Children are to be obedient to their parents, ver. 3. The fear here required includes inward reverence and esteem, outward respect and obedience, care to please them and to make them easy. God only is to be worshipped, ver. 4. Turn not from the true God to false ones, from the God who will make you holy and happy, to those that will deceive you, and make you for ever miserable. Turn not your eyes to them, much less your heart. They should leave the gleanings of their harvest and vintage for the poor, ver. 9. Works of piety must be always attended with works of charity, according to our ability. We must not be covetous, griping, and greedy of every thing we can lay claim to, nor insist upon our right in all things. We are to be honest and true in all our dealings, ver. 11. Whatever we have in the world, we must see that we get it honestly, for we cannot be truly rich, or long rich, with that which is not so. Reverence to the sacred name of God must be shown, ver. 12. We must not detain what belongs to another, particularly the wages of the hireling, ver. 13. We must be tender of the credit and safety of those that cannot help themselves, ver. 14. Do no hurt to any, because they are unwilling or unable to avenge themselves. We ought to take heed of doing any thing which may occasion our weak brother to fall. The fear of God should keep us from doing wrong things, though they will not expose us to men's anger. Judges, and all in authority, are commanded to give judgment without partiality, ver. 15. To be a tale-bearer, and to sow discord among neighbours, is as bad an office as a man can put himself into. We are to rebuke our neighbour in love, ver. 17. Rather rebuke him than hate him, for an injury done to thyself. We incur guilt by not reproving; it is hating our brother. We should say, I will do him the kindness to tell him of his faults. We are to put off all malice, and to put on brotherly love, ver. 18. We often wrong ourselves, but we soon forgive ourselves those wrongs, and they do not at all lessen our love to ourselves; in like manner we should love our neighbour. We must in many cases deny ourselves for the good of our neighbour. Ver. 31: For Christians to have their fortunes told, to use spells and charms, or the like, is a sad affront to God. They must be grossly ignorant who ask, What harm is there in these things? Here is a charge to young people to show respect to the aged, ver. 32. Religion teaches good manners, and obliges us to honour those to whom honour is due. A charge was given to the Israelites to be very tender of strangers, ver. 33. Strangers, and the widows and fatherless, are God's particular care. It is at our peril, if we do them any wrong. Strangers shall be welcome to God's grace; we should do what we can to recommend religion to them. Justice in weights and measures is commanded, ver. 35. We must make conscience of obeying God's precepts. We are not to pick and choose our duty, but must aim at standing complete in all the will of God. And the nearer our lives and tempers are to the precepts of God's law, the happier shall we be, and the happier shall we make all around us, and the better shall we adorn the gospel.
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