Exodus 23:9
New International Version
"Do not oppress a foreigner; you yourselves know how it feels to be foreigners, because you were foreigners in Egypt.

New Living Translation
"You must not oppress foreigners. You know what it's like to be a foreigner, for you yourselves were once foreigners in the land of Egypt.

English Standard Version
“You shall not oppress a sojourner. You know the heart of a sojourner, for you were sojourners in the land of Egypt.

Berean Study Bible
Do not oppress a foreign resident, since you yourselves know how it feels to be foreigners; for you were foreigners in the land of Egypt.

New American Standard Bible
"You shall not oppress a stranger, since you yourselves know the feelings of a stranger, for you also were strangers in the land of Egypt.

King James Bible
Also thou shalt not oppress a stranger: for ye know the heart of a stranger, seeing ye were strangers in the land of Egypt.

Christian Standard Bible
You must not oppress a resident alien; you yourselves know how it feels to be a resident alien because you were resident aliens in the land of Egypt.

Contemporary English Version
Don't mistreat foreigners. You were foreigners in Egypt, and you know what it is like.

Good News Translation
"Do not mistreat a foreigner; you know how it feels to be a foreigner, because you were foreigners in Egypt.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
You must not oppress a foreign resident; you yourselves know how it feels to be a foreigner because you were foreigners in the land of Egypt."

International Standard Version
You are not to oppress the resident alien, because you were aliens in the land of Egypt."

NET Bible
"You must not oppress a foreigner, since you know the life of a foreigner, for you were foreigners in the land of Egypt.

New Heart English Bible
"You shall not oppress a foreigner, for you know the heart of a foreigner, seeing you were foreigners in the land of Egypt.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
"Never oppress foreigners. You know what it's like to be foreigners because you were foreigners living in Egypt.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And a stranger shalt thou not oppress; for ye know the heart of a stranger, seeing ye were strangers in the land of Egypt.

New American Standard 1977
“And you shall not oppress a stranger, since you yourselves know the feelings of a stranger, for you also were strangers in the land of Egypt.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Also thou shalt not oppress a stranger, for ye know the state of the soul of a stranger, seeing ye were strangers in the land of Egypt.

King James 2000 Bible
Also you shall not oppress a stranger: for you know the heart of a stranger, seeing you were strangers in the land of Egypt.

American King James Version
Also you shall not oppress a stranger: for you know the heart of a stranger, seeing you were strangers in the land of Egypt.

American Standard Version
And a sojourner shalt thou not oppress: for ye know the heart of a sojourner, seeing ye were sojourners in the land of Egypt.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And ye shall not afflict a stranger, for ye know the heart of a stranger; for ye were yourselves strangers in the land of Egypt.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Thou shalt not molest a stranger, for you know the hearts of strangers: for you also were strangers in the land of Egypt.

Darby Bible Translation
And the stranger thou shalt not oppress; for ye know the spirit of the stranger, for ye have been strangers in the land of Egypt.

English Revised Version
And a stranger shalt thou not oppress: for ye know the heart of a stranger, seeing ye were strangers in the land of Egypt.

Webster's Bible Translation
Also thou shalt not oppress a stranger; for ye know the heart of a stranger, seeing ye were strangers in the land of Egypt.

World English Bible
"You shall not oppress an alien, for you know the heart of an alien, since you were aliens in the land of Egypt.

Young's Literal Translation
'And a sojourner thou dost not oppress, and ye -- ye have known the soul of the sojourner, for sojourners ye have been in the land of Egypt.
Study Bible
Justice and Mercy
8Do not accept a bribe, for a bribe blinds those who see and twists the words of the righteous. 9Do not oppress a foreign resident, since you yourselves know how it feels to be foreigners; for you were foreigners in the land of Egypt.
Cross References
Exodus 22:21
You must not exploit or oppress a foreign resident, for you yourselves were foreigners in the land of Egypt.

Leviticus 19:33
When a foreigner resides with you in your land, you must not oppress him.

Deuteronomy 23:7
Do not despise an Edomite, for he is your brother. Do not despise an Egyptian, because you lived as a foreigner in his land.

Deuteronomy 24:17
Do not deny justice to the foreigner or the fatherless, and do not take a widow's cloak as security.

Deuteronomy 27:19
Cursed is he who withholds justice from the foreigner, the fatherless, or the widow.' And let all the people say, 'Amen!'

Ezekiel 22:7
Father and mother are treated with contempt. Within your walls the foreign resident is exploited, the fatherless and the widow are oppressed.

Ezekiel 22:29
The people of the land have practiced extortion and committed robbery. They have oppressed the poor and needy, and exploited the foreign resident without justice.

Treasury of Scripture

Also you shall not oppress a stranger: for you know the heart of a stranger, seeing you were strangers in the land of Egypt.

thou shalt not

Exodus 21:21
Notwithstanding, if he continue a day or two, he shall not be punished: for he is his money.

Deuteronomy 10:19
Love ye therefore the stranger: for ye were strangers in the land of Egypt.

Deuteronomy 24:14-18
Thou shalt not oppress an hired servant that is poor and needy, whether he be of thy brethren, or of thy strangers that are in thy land within thy gates: …

ye know

Matthew 18:33
Shouldest not thou also have had compassion on thy fellowservant, even as I had pity on thee?

Hebrews 2:17,18
Wherefore in all things it behoved him to be made like unto his brethren, that he might be a merciful and faithful high priest in things pertaining to God, to make reconciliation for the sins of the people…

heart.







Lexicon
Do not
לֹ֣א (lō)
Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's Hebrew 3808: Not, no

oppress
תִלְחָ֑ץ (ṯil·ḥāṣ)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3905: To squeeze, press, oppress

a foreign resident,
וְגֵ֖ר (wə·ḡêr)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1616: A guest, a foreigner

since you
וְאַתֶּ֗ם (wə·’at·tem)
Conjunctive waw | Pronoun - second person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 859: Thou and thee, ye and you

yourselves know
יְדַעְתֶּם֙ (yə·ḏa‘·tem)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - second person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 3045: To know

how it feels to be foreigners;
הַגֵּ֔ר (hag·gêr)
Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1616: A guest, a foreigner

for
כִּֽי־ (kî-)
Conjunction
Strong's Hebrew 3588: A relative conjunction

you were
הֱיִיתֶ֖ם (hĕ·yî·ṯem)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - second person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 1961: To fall out, come to pass, become, be

foreigners
גֵרִ֥ים (ḡê·rîm)
Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 1616: A guest, a foreigner

in the land
בְּאֶ֥רֶץ (bə·’e·reṣ)
Preposition-b | Noun - feminine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 776: Earth, land

of Egypt.
מִצְרָֽיִם׃ (miṣ·rā·yim)
Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4714: Egypt -- a son of Ham, also his descendants and their country in Northwest Africa
(9) Thou shalt not oppress a stranger.--See Note on Exodus 22:21. The repetition of the law indicates the strong inclination of the Hebrew people to ill-use strangers, and the anxiety of the legislator to check their inclination.

Verse 9. - Thou shalt not oppress a stranger. This is a repetition of Exodus 22:21, with perhaps a special reference to oppression through courts of justice. For thou knowest the heart of a stranger. Literally, "the mind of a stranger," or, in other words, his thoughts and feelings. Thou shouldest therefore be able to sympathise with him. CEREMONIAL LAWS (vers. 10-19). 23:1-9 In the law of Moses are very plain marks of sound moral feeling, and of true political wisdom. Every thing in it is suited to the desired and avowed object, the worship of one only God, and the separation of Israel from the pagan world. Neither parties, friends, witnesses, nor common opinions, must move us to lessen great faults, to aggravate small ones, excuse offenders, accuse the innocent, or misrepresent any thing.
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