Exodus 25:5
New International Version
ram skins dyed red and another type of durable leather; acacia wood;

New Living Translation
tanned ram skins and fine goatskin leather; acacia wood;

English Standard Version
tanned rams’ skins, goatskins, acacia wood,

Berean Study Bible
ram skins dyed red and fine leather; acacia wood;

New American Standard Bible
rams' skins dyed red, porpoise skins, acacia wood,

King James Bible
And rams' skins dyed red, and badgers' skins, and shittim wood,

Christian Standard Bible
ram skins dyed red and fine leather; acacia wood;

Contemporary English Version
tanned ram skins; fine leather; acacia wood;

Good News Translation
rams' skin dyed red; fine leather; acacia wood;

Holman Christian Standard Bible
ram skins dyed red and manatee skins; acacia wood;

International Standard Version
ram skins dyed red, dolphin skins, and acacia wood;

NET Bible
ram skins dyed red, fine leather, acacia wood,

New Heart English Bible
rams' skins dyed red, sea cow hides, acacia wood,

GOD'S WORD® Translation
rams' skins dyed red, fine leather, acacia wood,

JPS Tanakh 1917
and rams' skins dyed red, and sealskins, and acacia-wood;

New American Standard 1977
rams’ skins dyed red, porpoise skins, acacia wood,

Jubilee Bible 2000
and rams' skins dyed red and badgers' skins and cedar wood,

King James 2000 Bible
And rams' skins dyed red, and badgers' skins, and acacia wood,

American King James Version
And rams' skins dyed red, and badgers' skins, and shittim wood,

American Standard Version
and rams'skins dyed red, and sealskins, and acacia wood,

Brenton Septuagint Translation
and rams' skins dyed red, and blue skins, and incorruptible wood,

Douay-Rheims Bible
And rams' skins dyed red, and violet skins, and setim wood:

Darby Bible Translation
and rams' skins dyed red, and badgers' skins; and acacia-wood;

English Revised Version
and rams' skins dyed red, and sealskins, and acacia wood;

Webster's Bible Translation
And rams' skins dyed red, and badgers' skins, and shittim wood.

World English Bible
rams' skins dyed red, sea cow hides, acacia wood,

Young's Literal Translation
and rams' skins made red, and badgers' skins, and shittim wood,
Study Bible
Offerings for the Tabernacle
4blue, purple, and scarlet yarn; fine linen and goat hair; 5ram skins dyed red and fine leather; acacia wood; 6oil for lighting; spices for the anointing oil and for the fragrant incense;…
Cross References
Exodus 25:4
blue, purple, and scarlet yarn; fine linen and goat hair;

Exodus 25:6
oil for lighting; spices for the anointing oil and for the fragrant incense;

Exodus 26:14
Also make a covering for the tent out of ram skins dyed red, with a covering of fine leather over it.

Exodus 35:7
of ram skins dyed red, fine leather, and acacia wood,

Exodus 35:23
Everyone who had blue, purple, or scarlet yarn, or fine linen, goat hair, ram skins dyed red, or articles of fine leather brought them.

Exodus 36:19
Additionally, he made for the tent a covering of ram skins dyed red, and over that a covering of fine leather.

Exodus 39:34
the covering of ram skins dyed red, the covering of fine leather, and the veil of the covering;

Deuteronomy 10:3
So I made an ark of acacia wood, cut two stone tablets like the first ones, and climbed the mountain with the two tablets in my hands.

Treasury of Scripture

And rams' skins dyed red, and badgers' skins, and shittim wood,

Exodus 26:14
And thou shalt make a covering for the tent of rams' skins dyed red, and a covering above of badgers' skins.

shittim wood

Exodus 26:15,26,37
And thou shalt make boards for the tabernacle of shittim wood standing up…

Exodus 27:1
And thou shalt make an altar of shittim wood, five cubits long, and five cubits broad; the altar shall be foursquare: and the height thereof shall be three cubits.

Exodus 36:20
And he made boards for the tabernacle of shittim wood, standing up.







Lexicon
ram
אֵילִ֧ם (’ê·lim)
Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 352: Strength, strong, a chief, a ram, a pilaster, an oak, strong tree

skins
וְעֹרֹ֨ת (wə·‘ō·rōṯ)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine plural construct
Strong's Hebrew 5785: Skin, hide, leather

dyed red
מְאָדָּמִ֛ים (mə·’ād·dā·mîm)
Verb - Pual - Participle - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 119: Flush, turn rosy

and fine leather;
תְּחָשִׁ֖ים (tə·ḥā·šîm)
Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 8476: Perhaps porpoise (a kind of leather or skin)

acacia
שִׁטִּֽים׃ (šiṭ·ṭîm)
Noun - feminine plural
Strong's Hebrew 7848: Acacia (a tree and a wood)

wood;
וַעֲצֵ֥י (wa·‘ă·ṣê)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine plural construct
Strong's Hebrew 6086: Tree, trees, wood
(5) Rams' skins dyed red.--North Africa has always been celebrated for the production of the best possible leather. Herodotus describes the manufacture of his own times (Hist. iv. 189). Even at the present day, we bind our best books in morocco. Brilliant colours always were, and still are, affected by the North African races, and their "red skins" have been famous in all ages. It is probable that the Israelites had brought with them many skins of this kind out of Egypt.

Badgers' skins.--The badger is not a native of North Africa, nor of the Arabian desert; and the translation of the Hebrew takhash by "badger" is a very improbable conjecture. In Arabic, tukhash or dukhash is the name of a marine animal resembling the seal; or, perhaps it should rather be said, is applied with some vagueness to a number of sea-animals, as seals, dugongs, dolphins, sharks, and dog-fish. The skins here spoken of are probably those of some one or more of these animals. They formed the outer covering of the Tabernacle (Exodus 26:14).

Shittim wood.--That the shittah (plural, shittim) was a species of Acacia is now generally admitted.

It was certainly not the palm; and there are no trees in the Sinaitic region from which boards could be cut (see Exodus 26:15) except the palm and the acacia. The Sinaitic acacia (A. Seyal) is a "gnarled and thorny tree, somewhat like a solitary hawthorn in its habit and manner of growth, but much larger" (Tristram). At present it does not, in the Sinaitic region, grow to such a size as would admit of planks, ten cubits long by one and a half wide, being cut from it; but, according to Canon Tristram (Nat. Hist. Of the Bible, p. 392), it attains such a size in Palestine, and therefore may formerly have done so in Arabia. The wood is "hard and close-grained, of an orange colour with a darker heart, well adapted for cabinetwork."

Verse 5. - And rams' skins dyed red. The manufacture of leather was well-known in Egypt from an early date, and the Libyan tribes of North Africa were celebrated for their skill in preparing and dyeing the material (Herod. 4:189). Scarlet was one of the colours which they peculiarly affected (ibid.). We must suppose that the skins spoken of had been brought with them by the Israelites cut of Egypt. And badgers' skins. It is generally agreed among moderns that this is a wrong translation. Badgers are found in Palestine, but not either in Egypt or in the wilderness. The Hebrew takhash is evidently the same word as the Arabic tukhash or dukhash, which is applied to marine animals only, as to seals, dolphins, dugongs, and perhaps sharks and dog-fish. "Seals' skins" would perhaps be the best translation. (Compare Plin. H. N. 2:55; Sueton. Octav § 90.) Shittim wood. It is generally agreed that the Shittah (plural Shittim) was an acacia, whether the seyal (Acacia seyal) which now grows so abundantly in the Sinaitic peninsula, or the Acacia Nilotica, or the Serissa, is uncertain. The seyal wood is "hard and close-grained of an orange colour with a darker heart, well-adapted for cabinet work;" but the tree, as it exists nowadays, could certainly not furnish the planks, ten cubits long by one and a half wide, which were needed for the Tabernacle (Exodus 35:21). The Serissa might do so, but it is not now found in the wilderness. We are reduced to supposing either that the seyal grew to a larger size anciently than at present, or that the serissa was more widely spread than at the present day. 25:1-9 God chose the people of Israel to be a peculiar people to himself, above all people, and he himself would be their King. He ordered a royal palace to be set up among them for himself, called a sanctuary, or holy place, or habitation. There he showed his presence among them. And because in the wilderness they dwelt in tents, this royal palace was ordered to be a tabernacle, that it might move with them. The people were to furnish Moses with the materials, by their own free will. The best use we can make of our worldly wealth, is to honour God with it in works of piety and charity. We should ask, not only, What must we do? but, What may we do for God? Whatever they gave, they must give it cheerfully, not grudgingly, for God loves a cheerful giver, 2Co 9:7. What is laid out in the service of God, we must reckon well bestowed; and whatsoever is done in God's service, must be done by his direction.
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OT Law: Exodus 25:5 Rams' skins dyed red sea cow hides (Exo. Ex) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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