Exodus 25:4
New International Version
blue, purple and scarlet yarn and fine linen; goat hair;

New Living Translation
blue, purple, and scarlet thread; fine linen and goat hair for cloth;

English Standard Version
blue and purple and scarlet yarns and fine twined linen, goats’ hair,

Berean Study Bible
blue, purple, and scarlet yarn; fine linen and goat hair;

King James Bible
And blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine linen, and goats' hair,

New King James Version
blue, purple, and scarlet thread, fine linen, and goats’ hair;

New American Standard Bible
violet, purple, and scarlet material, fine linen, goat hair,

NASB 1995
blue, purple and scarlet material, fine linen, goat hair,

NASB 1977
blue, purple and scarlet material, fine linen, goat hair,

Amplified Bible
blue, purple, and scarlet fabric, fine twisted linen, goats’ hair,

Christian Standard Bible
blue, purple, and scarlet yarn; fine linen and goat hair;

Holman Christian Standard Bible
blue, purple, and scarlet yarn; fine linen and goat hair;

American Standard Version
and blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine linen, and goats hair ,

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And dark blue fringes, and purple, and scarlet, and fine white linen, and hair of goats,

Brenton Septuagint Translation
and blue, and purple, and double scarlet, and fine spun linen, and goats' hair,

Contemporary English Version
blue, purple, and red wool; fine linen; goat hair;

Douay-Rheims Bible
Violet and purple, and scarlet twice dyed, and fine linen, and goats' hair,

English Revised Version
and blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine linen, and goats' hair;

Good News Translation
fine linen; blue, purple, and red wool; cloth made of goats' hair;

GOD'S WORD® Translation
violet, purple, and bright red yarn, fine linen, goats' hair,

International Standard Version
blue, purple, and scarlet material; fine linen and goat hair;

JPS Tanakh 1917
and blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine linen, and goats' hair;

Literal Standard Version
and blue, and purple, and scarlet, and linen, and goats’ [hair],

NET Bible
blue, purple, scarlet, fine linen, goat's hair,

New Heart English Bible
blue, purple, scarlet, fine linen, goats' hair,

World English Bible
blue, purple, scarlet, fine linen, goats' hair,

Young's Literal Translation
and blue, and purple, and scarlet, and linen, and goats' hair,

Additional Translations ...
Context
Offerings for the Tabernacle
3This is the offering you are to accept from them: gold, silver, and bronze; 4blue, purple, and scarlet yarn; fine linen and goat hair; 5ram skins dyed red and fine leather; acacia wood;…

Cross References
Exodus 25:3
This is the offering you are to accept from them: gold, silver, and bronze;

Exodus 25:5
ram skins dyed red and fine leather; acacia wood;

Exodus 28:5
They shall use gold, along with blue, purple, and scarlet yarn, and fine linen.

Exodus 28:6
They are to make the ephod of finely spun linen embroidered with gold, and with blue, purple, and scarlet yarn.

Ezekiel 27:7
Of embroidered fine linen from Egypt they made your sail, which served as your banner. Of blue and purple from the coasts of Elishah they made your awning.


Treasury of Scripture

And blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine linen, and goats' hair,

blue.

Genesis 41:42
And Pharaoh took off his ring from his hand, and put it upon Joseph's hand, and arrayed him in vestures of fine linen, and put a gold chain about his neck;

Ezekiel 16:10
I clothed thee also with broidered work, and shod thee with badgers' skin, and I girded thee about with fine linen, and I covered thee with silk.

Revelation 19:8
And to her was granted that she should be arrayed in fine linen, clean and white: for the fine linen is the righteousness of saints.









(4) And blue, and purple, and scarlet.--The colours intended are probably a dark blue produced from indigo, which was the only blue known to the Egyptians, a purplish crimson derived from the murex trunculus, the main source of the "Tyrian dye" of the ancients, and a scarlet furnished by the coccus ilicis, or cochineal insect of the holm oak, which was largely employed in antiquity, though now superseded by the brighter tint obtained from the coccus cacti of Mexico. Linen yarn of the three colours mentioned seems to have been what the people were asked to furnish (Exodus 35:25; Exodus 39:1).

Fine linen--i.e., white thread spun from flax, which is found to be the material of almost all the Egyptian dresses, mummy cloths, and other undyed fabrics. It is of a yellowish white, soft, and wonderfully fine and delicate. (See Wilkinson in Rawlinson's Herodotus, vol. ii., p. 233).

Goats' hair.--The covering of an Arab tent is to this day almost always of goats'-hair. An excellent fabric is woven from the soft inner hair of the Syrian goat, and a coarse one from the outer coat of the animal. Yarn of goats'-hair was to be offered, that from it might be produced the first of the three outer coverings of the Tabernacle (Exodus 26:7-14).

Verse 4. - And blue, and purple, and scarlet. Cloths of these three colours seem to be meant. The material was probably wool; the blue dye probably indigo, which was the ordinary blue dye of Egypt; the purple was no doubt derived from one or other of the shell-fish so well-known to the Syrians (of which the one most used was the Murex trunculus), and was of a warm reddish hue, not far from crimson; the scarlet (literally, "scarlet worm" or "worm scarlet,") was the produce of the Corcus ilicis, or cochineal insect of the holm oak, which has now been superseded by the Coccus cacti, or cochineal insect of the prickly pear, introduced into Europe from Mexico. And fine linen. The word used is Egyptian. It seems to have designated properly the fine linen spun from flax in Egypt, which was seldom dyed. and was of a beautiful soft white hue. The fineness of the material is extraordinary, equalling that of the best Indian muslins (Wilkinson's Ancient Egyptians, vol. 3. p. 121). It would seem that the Israelite women spun the thread from the flax (Exodus 35:25), and that the skilled workmen employed by Moses wove the thread into linen (ib, 35). And goat's hair. The soft inner wool of the Angora goat was also spun by the women into a fine worsted (ib, 26), which was woven into cloths, used especially as coverings for tents.

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
blue,
וּתְכֵ֧לֶת (ū·ṯə·ḵê·leṯ)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - feminine singular
Strong's 8504: The cerulean mussel, the color, obtained therefrom, stuff dyed therewith

purple,
וְאַרְגָּמָ֛ן (wə·’ar·gā·mān)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 713: Purple, red-purple

and scarlet yarn;
וְתוֹלַ֥עַת (wə·ṯō·w·la·‘aṯ)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - feminine singular construct
Strong's 8438: The crimson-grub, of the color, from it, cloths dyed therewith

fine linen
וְשֵׁ֥שׁ (wə·šêš)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 8336: Bleached stuff, white linen, marble

and goat hair;
וְעִזִּֽים׃ (wə·‘iz·zîm)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - feminine plural
Strong's 5795: Female goat


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OT Law: Exodus 25:4 Blue purple scarlet fine linen goats' hair (Exo. Ex)
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