1 Kings 6:23
New International Version
For the inner sanctuary he made a pair of cherubim out of olive wood, each ten cubits high.

New Living Translation
He made two cherubim of wild olive wood, each 15 feet tall, and placed them in the inner sanctuary.

English Standard Version
In the inner sanctuary he made two cherubim of olivewood, each ten cubits high.

Berean Study Bible
In the inner sanctuary he made two cherubim, each ten cubits high, out of olive wood.

New American Standard Bible
Also in the inner sanctuary he made two cherubim of olive wood, each ten cubits high.

King James Bible
And within the oracle he made two cherubims of olive tree, each ten cubits high.

Christian Standard Bible
In the inner sanctuary he made two cherubim 15 feet high out of olive wood.

Contemporary English Version
Solomon had two statues of winged creatures made from olive wood to put in the most holy place. Each creature was four and a half meters tall

Good News Translation
Two winged creatures were made of olive wood and placed in the Most Holy Place, each one 15 feet tall.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
In the inner sanctuary he made two cherubim 15 feet high out of olive wood.

International Standard Version
Inside the inner sanctuary Solomon placed two cherubim crafted from olive wood, each ten cubits high.

NET Bible
In the inner sanctuary he made two cherubs of olive wood; each stood 15 feet high.

New Heart English Bible
In the oracle he made two cherubim of olive wood, each ten cubits high.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
In the inner room he made two 15-foot-tall angels out of olive wood.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And in the Sanctuary he made two cherubim of olive-wood, each ten cubits high.

New American Standard 1977
Also in the inner sanctuary he made two cherubim of olive wood, each ten cubits high.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And within the oracle he made two cherubims of olive wood, each ten cubits high.

King James 2000 Bible
And within the inner sanctuary he made two cherubim of olive wood, each ten cubits high.

American King James Version
And within the oracle he made two cherubim of olive tree, each ten cubits high.

American Standard Version
And in the oracle he made two cherubim of olive-wood, each ten cubits high.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And he made in the oracle two cherubs of ten cubits measured size.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And he made in the oracle two cherubims of olive tree, of ten cubits in height.

Darby Bible Translation
And he made in the oracle two cherubim of olive-wood, ten cubits high;

English Revised Version
And in the oracle he made two cherubim of olive wood, each ten cubits high.

Webster's Bible Translation
And within the oracle he made two cherubim of olive tree, each ten cubits high.

World English Bible
In the oracle he made two cherubim of olive wood, each ten cubits high.

Young's Literal Translation
And he maketh within the oracle two cherubs, of the oil-tree, ten cubits is their height;
Study Bible
The Cherubim
23In the inner sanctuary he made two cherubim, each ten cubits high, out of olive wood. 24One wing of the first cherub was five cubits long, and the other wing five cubits as well. So the full wingspan was ten cubits.…
Cross References
Exodus 37:7
He made two cherubim of hammered of gold at the ends of the mercy seat,

1 Kings 6:24
One wing of the first cherub was five cubits long, and the other wing five cubits as well. So the full wingspan was ten cubits.

1 Kings 6:31
For the entrance of the inner sanctuary, Solomon constructed doors of olive wood with five-sided doorposts.

1 Kings 6:32
The double doors were made of olive wood, and he carved into them cherubim, palm trees, and open flowers and overlaid the cherubim and palm trees with hammered gold.

2 Chronicles 3:10
In the Most Holy Place he made two cherubim of sculptured work, and he overlaid them with gold.

Treasury of Scripture

And within the oracle he made two cherubim of olive tree, each ten cubits high.

Genesis 3:24
So he drove out the man; and he placed at the east of the garden of Eden Cherubims, and a flaming sword which turned every way, to keep the way of the tree of life.

Exodus 25:18-22
And thou shalt make two cherubims of gold, of beaten work shalt thou make them, in the two ends of the mercy seat…

Exodus 37:7-9
And he made two cherubims of gold, beaten out of one piece made he them, on the two ends of the mercy seat; …

olive tree.







Lexicon
In the inner sanctuary
בַּדְּבִ֔יר (bad·də·ḇîr)
Preposition-b, Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1687: Perhaps (a place of) speaking (the innermost room of Solomon's temple)

he made
וַיַּ֣עַשׂ (way·ya·‘aś)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6213: To do, make

two
שְׁנֵ֥י (šə·nê)
Number - mdc
Strong's Hebrew 8147: Two (a cardinal number)

cherubim,
כְרוּבִ֖ים (ḵə·rū·ḇîm)
Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 3742: Probably an order of angelic beings

[each] ten
עֶ֥שֶׂר (‘e·śer)
Number - feminine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 6235: Ten

cubits
אַמּ֖וֹת (’am·mō·wṯ)
Noun - feminine plural
Strong's Hebrew 520: A mother, a cubit, a door-base

high,
קוֹמָתֽוֹ׃ (qō·w·mā·ṯōw)
Noun - feminine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6967: Height

out of olive
שָׁ֑מֶן (šā·men)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 8081: Grease, liquid, richness

wood.
עֲצֵי־ (‘ă·ṣê-)
Noun - masculine plural construct
Strong's Hebrew 6086: Tree, trees, wood
(23) Cherubim.--These were copied from the Tabernacle, but apparently with some differences, over and above the necessary increase of size, and the change of material from solid gold to olive-wood overlaid with gold. In Exodus 25:18-20; Exodus 37:7-9, they are described as having their faces towards the mercy-seat, and covering the mercy-seat with their wings. Here, from the careful description of the outstretched wings, of ten cubits in width for each cherub, meeting in the midst of the house and touching the walls, it would seem that they must have been turned so as to face the entrance. The cherubim over the ark are described only in three places in the Old Testament--in the passages in Exodus, here, and in the parallel 2Chronicles 3:10-13, and in those great visions of the priestly prophet Ezekiel (Ezekiel 1:4-25; Ezekiel 10:1-22) which have determined the imagery of the Apocalypse. In no case is their form distinctly mentioned, unless, by comparison of Ezekiel 10:14-15 with Ezekiel 1:10, it may be inferred to have been the form of a winged bull; whence would be naturally derived the golden calves of the idolatry introduced into Israel in the time of Jeroboam. Josephus, indeed, in his description of the Temple (Antt. viii. c. 3, ? 3), expressly says that "no one can tell, or even conjecture, of what shape the cherubim were." The tradition, therefore, must have been lost in the Second Temple, where there was no ark; and this is the more strange, because in Exodus 26:1 the cherubim are said to have been represented in the embroidery of the curtains, and here (in 1Kings 6:32; 1Kings 6:35) to have been similarly carved on the walls.

But, whatever the cherubim were, it is certain that they were in no sense representations or emblems of Deity, like the winged figures of Assyria or Egypt, with which they have been often compared. They appear to symbolise the great physical forces of the universe, as guided by superhuman angelic intelligence to serve the supreme will of God. Thus, when first mentioned in Scripture (Genesis 4:24), the cherubim are associated with "the flaming sword, turning every way, to guard the tree of life"; in Psalm 18:10, the Lord is said "to ride upon the cherubim," and "come flying upon the wings of the wind"; in Ezekiel 1:10, the four living creatures, or cherubim, sustain the throne of God, and bear it away upon their wings; in Revelation 4:6-8; Revelation 5:8-9, the same living creatures unite with the elders representing the Church of redeemed humanity, in worship of the Lord upon His throne. The representation, therefore, of the cherubim in the Temple simply expresses the claim for Jehovah, the God of Israel, of such lordship over all creation as is hymned in the seraphic song of Isaiah 6:3. Possibly the change of attitude of the cherubim in the Temple denoted a change of idea, characteristic of Solomon and his age. The old attitude is clearly that of worship of God: the new rather of manifestation of His glory to man.

Verse 23. - And within the oracle [The description now passes on to the mysterious symbolic figures which were placed in the holy of holies] he made two cherubims [As to the nature, composition, and significance of the cherubim, see notes on Exodus 25:19; 37:7. The only particulars which will require notice here are those in which the cherub of the temple differed from that of the tabernacle] of olive tree [Heb. trees or wood of oil. The oleaster (wild olive) is supposed to be intended, the proper name for the olive tree being זַיִת (Nehemiah 8:15). The wood of the oleaster, which is firm, fine grained, and durable, was used by the Greeks for the images of their gods (Winer). The cherubim of the tabernacle were of solid gold; those of the temple, on account of their great size (fifteen feet high) were necessarily of less costly material. But though of wood, yet the most durable and beautiful of wood, the olive, was employed in their construction. It is noticeable how olive wood is employed for the cherubim and doors of oracle, and for the posts of the temple doorway; the less precious cedar was used for lining the walls and for Beams, etc., while for the floor and doors of house, the commoner cypress sufficed], each ten cubits high. [Half the height of the oracle. They occupied its entire width (ver. 24). 6:15-38 See what was typified by this temple. 1. Christ is the true Temple. In him dwells all the fulness of the Godhead; in him meet all God's spiritual Israel; through him we have access with confidence to God. 2. Every believer is a living temple, in whom the Spirit of God dwells, 1Co 3:16. This living temple is built upon Christ as its Foundation, and will be perfect in due time. 3. The gospel church is the mystical temple. It grows to a holy temple in the Lord, enriched and beautified with the gifts and graces of the Spirit. This temple is built firm, upon a Rock. 4. Heaven is the everlasting temple. There the church will be fixed. All that shall be stones in that building, must, in the present state of preparation, be fitted and made ready for it. Let sinners come to Jesus as the living Foundation, that they may be built on him, a part of this spiritual house, consecrated in body and soul to the glory of God.
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