1 Kings 6:23
New International Version
For the inner sanctuary he made a pair of cherubim out of olive wood, each ten cubits high.

New Living Translation
He made two cherubim of wild olive wood, each 15 feet tall, and placed them in the inner sanctuary.

English Standard Version
In the inner sanctuary he made two cherubim of olivewood, each ten cubits high.

Berean Study Bible
In the inner sanctuary he made two cherubim, each ten cubits high, out of olive wood.

King James Bible
And within the oracle he made two cherubims of olive tree, each ten cubits high.

New King James Version
Inside the inner sanctuary he made two cherubim of olive wood, each ten cubits high.

New American Standard Bible
And in the inner sanctuary he made two cherubim of olive wood, each ten cubits high.

NASB 1995
Also in the inner sanctuary he made two cherubim of olive wood, each ten cubits high.

NASB 1977
Also in the inner sanctuary he made two cherubim of olive wood, each ten cubits high.

Amplified Bible
Within the Holy of Holies he made two cherubim (sculptured figures) of olive wood, each ten cubits high.

Christian Standard Bible
In the inner sanctuary he made two cherubim 15 feet high out of olive wood.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
In the inner sanctuary he made two cherubim 15 feet high out of olive wood.

American Standard Version
And in the oracle he made two cherubim of olive-wood, each ten cubits high.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And he made in the place of Holiness two Cherubim of wood, its length a measure of ten cubits.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And he made in the oracle two cherubs of ten cubits measured size.

Contemporary English Version
Solomon had two statues of winged creatures made from olive wood to put in the most holy place. Each creature was four and a half meters tall

Douay-Rheims Bible
And he made in the oracle two cherubims of olive tree, of ten cubits in height.

Good News Translation
Two winged creatures were made of olive wood and placed in the Most Holy Place, each one 15 feet tall.

International Standard Version
Inside the inner sanctuary Solomon placed two cherubim crafted from olive wood, each ten cubits high.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And in the Sanctuary he made two cherubim of olive-wood, each ten cubits high.

Literal Standard Version
And he makes two cherubim of the oil-tree within the oracle; their height [is] ten cubits;

New American Bible
In the inner sanctuary he made two cherubim, each ten cubits high, made of pine.

NET Bible
In the inner sanctuary he made two cherubs of olive wood; each stood 15 feet high.

New Revised Standard Version
In the inner sanctuary he made two cherubim of olivewood, each ten cubits high.

New Heart English Bible
In the inner sanctuary he made two cherubim of olive wood, each seventeen feet and three inches high.

World English Bible
In the oracle he made two cherubim of olive wood, each ten cubits high.

Young's Literal Translation
And he maketh within the oracle two cherubs, of the oil-tree, ten cubits is their height;

Additional Translations ...
Context
The Cherubim
23In the inner sanctuary he made two cherubim, each ten cubits high, out of olive wood. 24One wing of the first cherub was five cubits long, and the other wing was five cubits long as well. So the full wingspan was ten cubits.…

Cross References
Exodus 37:7
He made two cherubim of hammered gold at the ends of the mercy seat,

1 Kings 6:24
One wing of the first cherub was five cubits long, and the other wing was five cubits long as well. So the full wingspan was ten cubits.

1 Kings 6:31
For the entrance to the inner sanctuary, Solomon constructed doors of olive wood with five-sided doorposts.

1 Kings 6:32
The double doors were made of olive wood, and he carved into them cherubim, palm trees, and open flowers and overlaid the cherubim and palm trees with hammered gold.

2 Chronicles 3:10
In the Most Holy Place he made two cherubim of sculptured work, and he overlaid them with gold.


Treasury of Scripture

And within the oracle he made two cherubim of olive tree, each ten cubits high.

Genesis 3:24
So he drove out the man; and he placed at the east of the garden of Eden Cherubims, and a flaming sword which turned every way, to keep the way of the tree of life.

Exodus 25:18-22
And thou shalt make two cherubims of gold, of beaten work shalt thou make them, in the two ends of the mercy seat…

Exodus 37:7-9
And he made two cherubims of gold, beaten out of one piece made he them, on the two ends of the mercy seat; …

olive tree.











(23) Cherubim.--These were copied from the Tabernacle, but apparently with some differences, over and above the necessary increase of size, and the change of material from solid gold to olive-wood overlaid with gold. In Exodus 25:18-20; Exodus 37:7-9, they are described as having their faces towards the mercy-seat, and covering the mercy-seat with their wings. Here, from the careful description of the outstretched wings, of ten cubits in width for each cherub, meeting in the midst of the house and touching the walls, it would seem that they must have been turned so as to face the entrance. The cherubim over the ark are described only in three places in the Old Testament--in the passages in Exodus, here, and in the parallel 2Chronicles 3:10-13, and in those great visions of the priestly prophet Ezekiel (Ezekiel 1:4-25; Ezekiel 10:1-22) which have determined the imagery of the Apocalypse. In no case is their form distinctly mentioned, unless, by comparison of Ezekiel 10:14-15 with Ezekiel 1:10, it may be inferred to have been the form of a winged bull; whence would be naturally derived the golden calves of the idolatry introduced into Israel in the time of Jeroboam. Josephus, indeed, in his description of the Temple (Antt. viii. c. 3, ? 3), expressly says that "no one can tell, or even conjecture, of what shape the cherubim were." The tradition, therefore, must have been lost in the Second Temple, where there was no ark; and this is the more strange, because in Exodus 26:1 the cherubim are said to have been represented in the embroidery of the curtains, and here (in 1Kings 6:32; 1Kings 6:35) to have been similarly carved on the walls. . . . Verse 23. - And within the oracle [The description now passes on to the mysterious symbolic figures which were placed in the holy of holies] he made two cherubims [As to the nature, composition, and significance of the cherubim, see notes on Exodus 25:19; 37:7. The only particulars which will require notice here are those in which the cherub of the temple differed from that of the tabernacle] of olive tree [Heb. trees or wood of oil. The oleaster (wild olive) is supposed to be intended, the proper name for the olive tree being זַיִת (Nehemiah 8:15). The wood of the oleaster, which is firm, fine grained, and durable, was used by the Greeks for the images of their gods (Winer). The cherubim of the tabernacle were of solid gold; those of the temple, on account of their great size (fifteen feet high) were necessarily of less costly material. But though of wood, yet the most durable and beautiful of wood, the olive, was employed in their construction. It is noticeable how olive wood is employed for the cherubim and doors of oracle, and for the posts of the temple doorway; the less precious cedar was used for lining the walls and for Beams, etc., while for the floor and doors of house, the commoner cypress sufficed], each ten cubits high. [Half the height of the oracle. They occupied its entire width (ver. 24).

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
In the inner sanctuary
בַּדְּבִ֔יר (bad·də·ḇîr)
Preposition-b, Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 1687: Perhaps (a place of) speaking (the innermost room of Solomon's temple)

he made
וַיַּ֣עַשׂ (way·ya·‘aś)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 6213: To do, make

two
שְׁנֵ֥י (šə·nê)
Number - mdc
Strong's 8147: Two (a cardinal number)

cherubim,
כְרוּבִ֖ים (ḵə·rū·ḇîm)
Noun - masculine plural
Strong's 3742: Probably an order of angelic beings

[each] ten
עֶ֥שֶׂר (‘e·śer)
Number - feminine singular construct
Strong's 6235: Ten

cubits
אַמּ֖וֹת (’am·mō·wṯ)
Noun - feminine plural
Strong's 520: A mother, a cubit, a door-base

high,
קוֹמָתֽוֹ׃ (qō·w·mā·ṯōw)
Noun - feminine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's 6967: Height

out of olive
שָׁ֑מֶן (šā·men)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 8081: Grease, liquid, richness

wood.
עֲצֵי־ (‘ă·ṣê-)
Noun - masculine plural construct
Strong's 6086: Tree, trees, wood


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OT History: 1 Kings 6:23 In the oracle he made two cherubim (1Ki iKi i Ki 1 Kg 1kg)
1 Kings 6:22
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