Proverbs 14:31
New International Version
Whoever oppresses the poor shows contempt for their Maker, but whoever is kind to the needy honors God.

New Living Translation
Those who oppress the poor insult their Maker, but helping the poor honors him.

English Standard Version
Whoever oppresses a poor man insults his Maker, but he who is generous to the needy honors him.

Berean Study Bible
Whoever oppresses the poor taunts their Maker, but whoever is kind to the needy honors Him.

King James Bible
He that oppresseth the poor reproacheth his Maker: but he that honoureth him hath mercy on the poor.

New King James Version
He who oppresses the poor reproaches his Maker, But he who honors Him has mercy on the needy.

New American Standard Bible
One who oppresses the poor taunts his Maker, But one who is gracious to the needy honors Him.

NASB 1995
He who oppresses the poor taunts his Maker, But he who is gracious to the needy honors Him.

NASB 1977
He who oppresses the poor reproaches his Maker, But he who is gracious to the needy honors Him.

Amplified Bible
He who oppresses the poor taunts and insults his Maker, But he who is kind and merciful and gracious to the needy honors Him.

Christian Standard Bible
The one who oppresses the poor person insults his Maker, but one who is kind to the needy honors him.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
The one who oppresses the poor person insults his Maker, but one who is kind to the needy honors Him.

American Standard Version
He that oppresseth the poor reproacheth his Maker; But he that hath mercy on the needy honoreth him.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
He that oppresses the poor is very evil; he angers him who made him; he that honors LORD JEHOVAH shows mercy upon the afflicted.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
He that oppresses the needy provokes his Maker: but he that honours him has pity upon the poor.

Contemporary English Version
If you mistreat the poor, you insult your Creator; if you are kind to them, you show him respect.

Douay-Rheims Bible
He that oppresseth the poor, upbraideth his Maker: but he that hath pity on the poor, honoureth him.

English Revised Version
He that oppresseth the poor reproacheth his Maker: but he that hath mercy on the needy honoureth him.

Good News Translation
If you oppress poor people, you insult the God who made them; but kindness shown to the poor is an act of worship.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Whoever oppresses the poor insults his maker, but whoever is kind to the needy honors him.

International Standard Version
Whoever oppresses the poor defies their Creator, but whoever is kind to the needy honors them.

JPS Tanakh 1917
He that oppresseth the poor blasphemeth his Maker; But he that is gracious unto the needy honoureth Him.

Literal Standard Version
An oppressor of the poor reproaches his Maker, "" And whoever is honoring Him "" Is favoring the needy.

NET Bible
The one who oppresses the poor insults his Creator, but whoever shows favor to the needy honors him.

New Heart English Bible
He who oppresses the poor shows contempt for his Maker, but he who is kind to the needy honors him.

World English Bible
He who oppresses the poor shows contempt for his Maker, but he who is kind to the needy honors him.

Young's Literal Translation
An oppressor of the poor reproacheth his Maker, And whoso is honouring Him Is favouring the needy.

Additional Translations ...
Context
The Wise Woman
30A tranquil heart is life to the body, but envy rots the bones. 31Whoever oppresses the poor taunts their Maker, but whoever is kind to the needy honors Him. 32The wicked man is thrown down by his own sin, but the righteous man has a refuge even in death.…

Cross References
Matthew 25:40
And the King will reply, 'Truly I tell you, whatever you did for one of the least of these brothers of Mine, you did for Me.'

1 John 3:17
If anyone with earthly possessions sees his brother in need, but withholds his compassion from him, how can the love of God abide in him?

Leviticus 25:17
Do not take advantage of each other, but fear your God; for I am the LORD your God.

Deuteronomy 24:14
Do not oppress a hired hand who is poor and needy, whether he is a brother or a foreigner residing in one of your towns.

Job 24:4
They push the needy off the road and force all the poor of the land into hiding.

Job 31:15
Did not He who made me in the womb also make them? Did not the same One form us in the womb?

Proverbs 17:5
He who mocks the poor insults their Maker; whoever gloats over calamity will not go unpunished.

Proverbs 19:17
Kindness to the poor is a loan to the LORD, and He will repay the lender.

Proverbs 22:2
The rich and the poor have this in common: The LORD is Maker of them all.

Proverbs 28:8
He who increases his wealth by interest and usury lays it up for one who is kind to the poor.


Treasury of Scripture

He that oppresses the poor reproaches his Maker: but he that honors him has mercy on the poor.

that oppresseth

Proverbs 17:5
Whoso mocketh the poor reproacheth his Maker: and he that is glad at calamities shall not be unpunished.

Proverbs 22:2,16,22,23
The rich and poor meet together: the LORD is the maker of them all…

Job 31:13-16
If I did despise the cause of my manservant or of my maidservant, when they contended with me; …

but

Proverbs 14:21
He that despiseth his neighbour sinneth: but he that hath mercy on the poor, happy is he.

Proverbs 19:17
He that hath pity upon the poor lendeth unto the LORD; and that which he hath given will he pay him again.

Matthew 25:40
And the King shall answer and say unto them, Verily I say unto you, Inasmuch as ye have done it unto one of the least of these my brethren, ye have done it unto me.









(31) Reproacheth his Maker.--For having placed him in such a lowly condition. The equality of all men, as being all of them the work of God, is taught by Genesis 1:27; Job 31:15; Proverbs 22:2. The duty of aiding the poor is in Matthew 25:40 based on the still higher ground of the union of Christ with His people, which makes Him regard good done to them as done to Himself.

But he that honoureth him . . .--This would be better rendered, but he that hath mercy on the poor honoureth Him.

Verse 31. - He that oppresseth the poor reproacheth his Maker, even God. who hath placed men in their several conditions (Proverbs 17:5; Proverbs 22:2). "The poor shall never cease out of the land" (Deuteronomy 15:11); "The poor ye have always with you," said Christ (Matthew 26:11); therefore to harass and oppress the poor because he is in this lowly condition, is virtually to arraign the providence of God, who is the Father of all, and has made all men brothers, however differing in worldly position. Christ puts the duty of aiding the poor on the high ground of his solidarity with his people (Matthew 25:40, 45), how that in ministering unto the least of these his brethren men are ministering unto him. "Prosperity and adversity, life and death, poverty and riches, come of the Lord" (Ecclus. 11:14). Even the heathen could say -

Ἀεὶ νομίζονθ οἱ πένητες τῶν Θεῶν.

Deem ever that the poor are God's own gift." Septuagint, "He that calumniates (συκοφανῶν; calumniatur, Vulgate) the poor angers him who made him." This version refers to oppression of the poor by means of calumny or false and frivolous accusation. But he that honoureth him - the Lord - hath mercy on the poor; or, better, he that hath mercy upon the poor honoureth him; for he shows that he has proper regard to God's ordinance, acts on high motives, and is not led astray by worldly considerations. Christ himself has consecrated poverty by coming in low estate (2 Corinthians 8:9), and they who love and honour him are glad to minister to his brethren in their poverty and distress (comp. James 1:27).

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
He who oppresses
עֹ֣שֵֽׁק (‘ō·šêq-)
Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine singular
Strong's 6231: To press upon, oppress, defraud, violate, overflow

the poor
דָּ֭ל (dāl)
Adjective - masculine singular construct
Strong's 1800: Dangling, weak, thin

taunts
חֵרֵ֣ף (ḥê·rêp̄)
Verb - Piel - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 2778: To pull off, to expose, to betroth, to carp at, defame, to spend the winter

their Maker,
עֹשֵׂ֑הוּ (‘ō·śê·hū)
Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's 6213: To do, make

but whoever is kind
חֹנֵ֥ן (ḥō·nên)
Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine singular
Strong's 2603: To bend, stoop in kindness to an inferior, to favor, bestow, to implore

to the needy
אֶבְיֽוֹן׃ (’eḇ·yō·wn)
Adjective - masculine singular
Strong's 34: In want, needy, poor

honors Him.
וּ֝מְכַבְּד֗וֹ (ū·mə·ḵab·bə·ḏōw)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Piel - Participle - masculine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's 3513: To be heavy, weighty, or burdensome


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OT Poetry: Proverbs 14:31 He who oppresses the poor shows contempt (Prov. Pro Pr)
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