Deuteronomy 1:16
New International Version
And I charged your judges at that time, "Hear the disputes between your people and judge fairly, whether the case is between two Israelites or between an Israelite and a foreigner residing among you.

New Living Translation
"At that time I instructed the judges, 'You must hear the cases of your fellow Israelites and the foreigners living among you. Be perfectly fair in your decisions

English Standard Version
And I charged your judges at that time, ‘Hear the cases between your brothers, and judge righteously between a man and his brother or the alien who is with him.

Berean Study Bible
At that time I charged your judges: “Hear the disputes between your brothers, and judge fairly between a man and his brother or a foreign resident.

New American Standard Bible
"Then I charged your judges at that time, saying, 'Hear the cases between your fellow countrymen, and judge righteously between a man and his fellow countryman, or the alien who is with him.

King James Bible
And I charged your judges at that time, saying, Hear the causes between your brethren, and judge righteously between every man and his brother, and the stranger that is with him.

Christian Standard Bible
I commanded your judges at that time: Hear the cases between your brothers, and judge rightly between a man and his brother or his resident alien.

Contemporary English Version
and others became judges. I gave these judges the following instructions: When you settle legal cases, your decisions must be fair. It doesn't matter if the case is between two Israelites, or between an Israelite and a foreigner living in your community.

Good News Translation
"At that time I instructed them, 'Listen to the disputes that come up among your people. Judge every dispute fairly, whether it concerns only your own people or involves foreigners who live among you.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
I commanded your judges at that time: Hear the cases between your brothers, and judge rightly between a man and his brother or a foreign resident.

International Standard Version
I charged your judges at that time, 'When you hold a hearing between brothers, judge fairly between a man and his brother or between foreigners.

NET Bible
I furthermore admonished your judges at that time that they should pay attention to issues among your fellow citizens and judge fairly, whether between one citizen and another or a citizen and a resident foreigner.

New Heart English Bible
I commanded your judges at that time, saying, "Hear cases between your brothers, and judge righteously between a man and his brother, and the foreigner who is living with him.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Also at that time I gave these instructions to your judges: "Hear the cases that your people bring. Judge each case fairly, no matter whether it is [a dispute] between two Israelites or [a dispute] between an Israelite and a non-Israelite.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And I charged your judges at that time, saying: 'Hear the causes between your brethren, and judge righteously between a man and his brother, and the stranger that is with him.

New American Standard 1977
“Then I charged your judges at that time, saying, ‘Hear the cases between your fellow countrymen, and judge righteously between a man and his fellow countryman, or the alien who is with him.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And I charged your judges at that time, saying, Hear the causes between your brethren and judge righteously between every man and his brother and the stranger that is with him.

King James 2000 Bible
And I charged your judges at that time, saying, Hear the causes between your brethren, and judge righteously between every man and his brother, and the stranger that is with him.

American King James Version
And I charged your judges at that time, saying, Hear the causes between your brothers, and judge righteously between every man and his brother, and the stranger that is with him.

American Standard Version
And I charged your judges at that time, saying, Hear the causes between your brethren, and judge righteously between a man and his brother, and the sojourner that is with him.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And I charged your judges at that time, saying, Hear causes between your brethren, and judge rightly between a man and his brother, and the stranger that is with him.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And I commanded them, saying: Hear them, and judge that which is just: whether he be one of your country, or a stranger.

Darby Bible Translation
And I commanded your judges at that time, saying, Hear [the causes] between your brethren, and judge righteously between a man and his brother, and him also that sojourneth with him.

English Revised Version
And I charged your judges at that time, saying, Hear the causes between your brethren, and judge righteously between a man and his brother, and the stranger that is with him.

Webster's Bible Translation
And I charged your judges at that time, saying, Hear the causes between your brethren, and judge righteously between every man and his brother, and the stranger that is with him.

World English Bible
I commanded your judges at that time, saying, Hear [the causes] between your brothers, and judge righteously between a man and his brother, and the foreigner who is living with him.

Young's Literal Translation
And I command your judges at that time, saying, Hearkening between your brethren -- then ye have judged righteousness between a man, and his brother, and his sojourner;
Study Bible
Moses Appoints Leaders
15So I took the leaders of your tribes, wise and respected men, and appointed them as leaders over you—as commanders of thousands, of hundreds, of fifties, and of tens, and as officers for your tribes. 16At that time I charged your judges: “Hear the disputes between your brothers, and judge fairly between a man and his brother or a foreign resident. 17Show no partiality in judging; hear both small and great alike. Do not be intimidated by anyone, for judgment belongs to God. And bring to me any case too difficult for you, and I will hear it.”…
Cross References
John 7:24
Stop judging by outward appearances, and start judging justly."

Genesis 18:25
Far be it from You to do such a thing--to kill the righteous with the wicked, so that the righteous and the wicked are treated alike. Far be it from You! Will not the Judge of all the earth do what is right?"

Exodus 22:21
You must not exploit or oppress a foreign resident, for you yourselves were foreigners in the land of Egypt.

Deuteronomy 1:15
So I took the leaders of your tribes, wise and respected men, and appointed them as leaders over you--as commanders of thousands, of hundreds, of fifties, and of tens, and as officers for your tribes.

Deuteronomy 16:18
You are to appoint judges and officials for your tribes in every town the LORD your God is giving you. They are to judge the people with righteous judgment.

Deuteronomy 25:1
If there is a dispute between men, they are to go to court to be judged, so that the innocent may be acquitted and the guilty condemned.

Proverbs 31:9
Open your mouth, judge righteously, and defend the cause of the poor and needy.

Treasury of Scripture

And I charged your judges at that time, saying, Hear the causes between your brothers, and judge righteously between every man and his brother, and the stranger that is with him.

charged

Deuteronomy 27:11
And Moses charged the people the same day, saying,

Deuteronomy 31:14
And the LORD said unto Moses, Behold, thy days approach that thou must die: call Joshua, and present yourselves in the tabernacle of the congregation, that I may give him a charge. And Moses and Joshua went, and presented themselves in the tabernacle of the congregation.

Numbers 27:19
And set him before Eleazar the priest, and before all the congregation; and give him a charge in their sight.

Hear

Exodus 23:2,3,7,8
Thou shalt not follow a multitude to do evil; neither shalt thou speak in a cause to decline after many to wrest judgment: …

Leviticus 19:15
Ye shall do no unrighteousness in judgment: thou shalt not respect the person of the poor, nor honour the person of the mighty: but in righteousness shalt thou judge thy neighbour.

2 Samuel 23:3
The God of Israel said, the Rock of Israel spake to me, He that ruleth over men must be just, ruling in the fear of God.

the stranger

Deuteronomy 10:18,19
He doth execute the judgment of the fatherless and widow, and loveth the stranger, in giving him food and raiment…

Deuteronomy 24:14
Thou shalt not oppress an hired servant that is poor and needy, whether he be of thy brethren, or of thy strangers that are in thy land within thy gates:

Exodus 22:21
Thou shalt neither vex a stranger, nor oppress him: for ye were strangers in the land of Egypt.







Lexicon
At that
הַהִ֖וא (ha·hi·w)
Article | Pronoun - third person feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1931: He, self, the same, this, that, as, are

time
בָּעֵ֥ת (bā·‘êṯ)
Preposition-b, Article | Noun - common singular
Strong's Hebrew 6256: Time, now, when

I charged
וָאֲצַוֶּה֙ (wā·’ă·ṣaw·weh)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Piel - Consecutive imperfect - first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 6680: To lay charge (upon), give charge (to), command, order

your judges:
שֹׁ֣פְטֵיכֶ֔ם (šō·p̄ə·ṭê·ḵem)
Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine plural construct | second person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 8199: To judge, pronounce sentence, to vindicate, punish, to govern, to litigate

“Hear
שָׁמֹ֤עַ (šā·mō·a‘)
Verb - Qal - Infinitive absolute
Strong's Hebrew 8085: To hear intelligently

the disputes between
בֵּין־ (bên-)
Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 996: An interval, space between

your brothers,
אֲחֵיכֶם֙ (’ă·ḥê·ḵem)
Noun - masculine plural construct | second person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 251: A brother, )

and judge
וּשְׁפַטְתֶּ֣ם (ū·šə·p̄aṭ·tem)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Conjunctive perfect - second person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 8199: To judge, pronounce sentence, to vindicate, punish, to govern, to litigate

fairly
צֶ֔דֶק (ṣe·ḏeq)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6664: The right, equity, prosperity

between
בֵּֽין־ (bên-)
Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 996: An interval, space between

a man
אִ֥ישׁ (’îš)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 376: A man as an individual, a male person

and his brother
אָחִ֖יו (’ā·ḥîw)
Noun - masculine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 251: A brother, )

or a foreign resident.
גֵּרֽוֹ׃ (gê·rōw)
Noun - masculine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1616: A guest, a foreigner
(16) And I charged your judges . . . saying.--These instructions given by Moses are an admirable expansion, but only an expansion, of those of Jethro(Exodus 18:21), that the judges must be "able men, such as fear God, men of truth, hating covetousness"--a sentence older than the Decalogue itself.

Verses 16, 17. - In installing the judges, Moses solemnly charged them to deal impartially, fairly, and equitably with those who might come before them. Verse 16. - Hear between your brethren, i.e. hear impartially both parties, and judge righteously between man and man, whether both parties are Israelites, or one of the parties a stranger. 1:9-18 Moses reminds the people of the happy constitution of their government, which might make them all safe and easy, if it was not their own fault. He owns the fulfilment of God's promise to Abraham, and prays for the further accomplishment of it. We are not straitened in the power and goodness of God; why should we be straitened in our own faith and hope? Good laws were given to the Israelites, and good men were to see to the execution of them, which showed God's goodness to them, and the care of Moses.
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