Deuteronomy 1:16
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
And I charged your judges at that time, ‘Hear the cases between your brothers, and judge righteously between a man and his brother or the alien who is with him.

King James Bible
And I charged your judges at that time, saying, Hear the causes between your brethren, and judge righteously between every man and his brother, and the stranger that is with him.

American Standard Version
And I charged your judges at that time, saying, Hear the causes between your brethren, and judge righteously between a man and his brother, and the sojourner that is with him.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And I commanded them, saying: Hear them, and judge that which is just: whether he be one of your country, or a stranger.

English Revised Version
And I charged your judges at that time, saying, Hear the causes between your brethren, and judge righteously between a man and his brother, and the stranger that is with him.

Webster's Bible Translation
And I charged your judges at that time, saying, Hear the causes between your brethren, and judge righteously between every man and his brother, and the stranger that is with him.

Deuteronomy 1:16 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

This land the Lord had placed at the disposal of the Israelites for them to take possession of, as He had sworn to the fathers (patriarchs) that He would give it to their posterity (cf. Genesis 12:7; Genesis 13:15; Genesis 15:18., etc.). The "swearing" on the part of God points back to Genesis 22:16. The expression "to them and to their seed" is the same as "to thee and to thy seed" in Genesis 13:15; Genesis 17:8, and is not to be understood as signifying that the patriarchs themselves ought to have taken actual possession of Canaan; but "to their seed" is in apposition, and also a more precise definition (comp. Genesis 15:7 with Genesis 15:18, where the simple statement "to thee" is explained by the fuller statement "to thy seed"). ראה has grown into an interjection equals הנּה. לפני נתן: to give before a person, equivalent to give up to a person, or place at his free disposal (for the use of the word in this sense, see Genesis 13:9; Genesis 34:10). Jehovah (this is the idea of Deuteronomy 1:6-8), when He concluded the covenant with the Israelites at Horeb, had intended to fulfil at once the promise which He gave to the patriarchs, and to put them into possession of the promised land; and Moses had also done what was required on his part, as he explained in Deuteronomy 1:9-18, to bring the people safety to Canaan (cf. Exodus 18:23). As the nation had multiplied as the stars of heaven, in accordance with the promise of the Lord, and he felt unable to bear the burden alone and settle all disputes, he had placed over them at that time wise and intelligent men from the heads of the tribes to act as judges, and had instructed them to adjudicate upon the smaller matters of dispute righteously and without respect of person. For further particulars concerning the appointment of the judges, see at Exodus 18:13-26, where it is related how Moses adopted this plan at the advice of Jethro, even before the giving of the law at Sinai. The expression "at that time," in Deuteronomy 1:9, is not at variance with this. The imperfect ואמר with vav rel., expresses the order of thought and not of time. For Moses did not intend to recall the different circumstances to the recollection of the people in their chronological order, but arranged them according to their relative importance in connection with the main object of his address. And this required that he should begin with what God had done for the fulfilment of His promise, and then proceed afterwards to notice what he, the servant of God, had done in his office, as an altogether subordinate matter. So far as this object was concerned, it was also perfectly indifferent who had advised him to adopt this plan, whilst it was very important to allude to the fact that it was the great increase in the number of the Israelites which had rendered it necessary, that he might remind the congregation how the Lord, even at that time, had fulfilled the promise which He gave to the patriarchs, and in that fulfilment had given a practical guarantee of the certain fulfilment of the other promises as well. Moses accomplished this by describing the increase of the nation in such a way that his hearers should be involuntarily reminded of the covenant promise in Genesis 15:5. (cf. Genesis 12:2; Genesis 18:18; Genesis 22:17; Genesis 26:4).

Deuteronomy 1:16 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

charged

Deuteronomy 27:11 And Moses charged the people the same day, saying,

Deuteronomy 31:14 And the LORD said to Moses, Behold, your days approach that you must die: call Joshua...

Numbers 27:19 And set him before Eleazar the priest, and before all the congregation; and give him a charge in their sight.

1 Thessalonians 2:11 As you know how we exhorted and comforted and charged every one of you, as a father does his children,

1 Timothy 5:21 I charge you before God, and the Lord Jesus Christ, and the elect angels...

1 Timothy 6:17 Charge them that are rich in this world, that they be not high minded, nor trust in uncertain riches, but in the living God...

Hear

Exodus 23:2,3,7,8 You shall not follow a multitude to do evil; neither shall you speak in a cause to decline after many to wrest judgment...

Leviticus 19:15 You shall do no unrighteousness in judgment: you shall not respect the person of the poor, nor honor the person of the mighty...

2 Samuel 23:3 The God of Israel said, the Rock of Israel spoke to me, He that rules over men must be just, ruling in the fear of God.

2 Chronicles 19:6-10 And said to the judges, Take heed what you do: for you judge not for man, but for the LORD, who is with you in the judgment...

Psalm 58:1 Do you indeed speak righteousness, O congregation? do you judge uprightly, O you sons of men?

John 7:24 Judge not according to the appearance, but judge righteous judgment.

the stranger

Deuteronomy 10:18,19 He does execute the judgment of the fatherless and widow, and loves the stranger, in giving him food and raiment...

Deuteronomy 24:14 You shall not oppress an hired servant that is poor and needy, whether he be of your brothers...

Exodus 22:21 You shall neither vex a stranger, nor oppress him: for you were strangers in the land of Egypt.

Exodus 23:9 Also you shall not oppress a stranger: for you know the heart of a stranger, seeing you were strangers in the land of Egypt.

Leviticus 24:22 You shall have one manner of law, as well for the stranger, as for one of your own country: for I am the LORD your God.

Cross References
John 7:24
Do not judge by appearances, but judge with right judgment."

Genesis 18:25
Far be it from you to do such a thing, to put the righteous to death with the wicked, so that the righteous fare as the wicked! Far be that from you! Shall not the Judge of all the earth do what is just?"

Exodus 22:21
"You shall not wrong a sojourner or oppress him, for you were sojourners in the land of Egypt.

Deuteronomy 1:15
So I took the heads of your tribes, wise and experienced men, and set them as heads over you, commanders of thousands, commanders of hundreds, commanders of fifties, commanders of tens, and officers, throughout your tribes.

Deuteronomy 16:18
"You shall appoint judges and officers in all your towns that the LORD your God is giving you, according to your tribes, and they shall judge the people with righteous judgment.

Deuteronomy 25:1
"If there is a dispute between men and they come into court and the judges decide between them, acquitting the innocent and condemning the guilty,

Proverbs 31:9
Open your mouth, judge righteously, defend the rights of the poor and needy.

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