Deuteronomy 1:17
New International Version
Do not show partiality in judging; hear both small and great alike. Do not be afraid of anyone, for judgment belongs to God. Bring me any case too hard for you, and I will hear it."

New Living Translation
and impartial in your judgments. Hear the cases of those who are poor as well as those who are rich. Don't be afraid of anyone's anger, for the decision you make is God's decision. Bring me any cases that are too difficult for you, and I will handle them.'

English Standard Version
You shall not be partial in judgment. You shall hear the small and the great alike. You shall not be intimidated by anyone, for the judgment is God’s. And the case that is too hard for you, you shall bring to me, and I will hear it.’

Berean Study Bible
Show no partiality in judging; hear both small and great alike. Do not be intimidated by anyone, for judgment belongs to God. And bring to me any case too difficult for you, and I will hear it.”

New American Standard Bible
'You shall not show partiality in judgment; you shall hear the small and the great alike. You shall not fear man, for the judgment is God's. The case that is too hard for you, you shall bring to me, and I will hear it.'

King James Bible
Ye shall not respect persons in judgment; but ye shall hear the small as well as the great; ye shall not be afraid of the face of man; for the judgment is God's: and the cause that is too hard for you, bring it unto me, and I will hear it.

Christian Standard Bible
Do not show partiality when deciding a case; listen to small and great alike. Do not be intimidated by anyone, for judgment belongs to God. Bring me any case too difficult for you, and I will hear it.

Contemporary English Version
And it doesn't matter if one is helpless and the other is powerful. Don't be afraid of anyone! No matter who shows up in your court, God will help you make a fair decision. If any case is too hard for you, bring the people to me, and I will make the decision.

Good News Translation
Show no partiality in your decisions; judge everyone on the same basis, no matter who they are. Do not be afraid of anyone, for the decisions you make come from God. If any case is too difficult for you, bring it to me, and I will decide it.'

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Do not show partiality when deciding a case; listen to small and great alike. Do not be intimidated by anyone, for judgment belongs to God. Bring me any case too difficult for you, and I will hear it.

International Standard Version
When you hold a hearing, don't be partial in judgment toward the least important or toward the great. Never fear men, because judgment belongs to God. If the matter is difficult for you, bring it to me for a hearing.'

NET Bible
They must not discriminate in judgment, but hear the lowly and the great alike. Nor should they be intimidated by human beings, for judgment belongs to God. If the matter being adjudicated is too difficult for them, they should bring it before me for a hearing.

New Heart English Bible
You shall not show partiality in judgment; you shall hear the small and the great alike; you shall not be afraid of the face of man; for the judgment is God's. The case that is too hard for you, you shall bring to me, and I will hear it."

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Be impartial in your decisions. Listen to the least important people the same way you listen to the most important people. Never be afraid of anyone, since your decisions come from God. You may bring me any case that's too hard for you, and I will hear it."

JPS Tanakh 1917
Ye shall not respect persons in judgment; ye shall hear the small and the great alike; ye shall not be afraid of the face of any man; for the judgment is God's; and the cause that is too hard for you ye shall bring unto me, and I will hear it.'

New American Standard 1977
‘You shall not show partiality in judgment; you shall hear the small and the great alike. You shall not fear man, for the judgment is God’s. And the case that is too hard for you, you shall bring to me, and I will hear it.’

Jubilee Bible 2000
Ye shall not respect persons in judgment, but ye shall hear the small as well as the great; ye shall not be afraid of the face of man, for the judgment is God's; and the cause that is too hard for you, bring it unto me, and I will hear it.

King James 2000 Bible
You shall not respect persons in judgment; but you shall hear the small as well as the great; you shall not be afraid of the face of man; for the judgment is God's: and the cause that is too hard for you, bring it unto me, and I will hear it.

American King James Version
You shall not respect persons in judgment; but you shall hear the small as well as the great; you shall not be afraid of the face of man; for the judgment is God's: and the cause that is too hard for you, bring it to me, and I will hear it.

American Standard Version
Ye shall not respect persons in judgment; ye shall hear the small and the great alike; ye shall not be afraid of the face of man; for the judgment is God's: and the cause that is too hard for you ye shall bring unto me, and I will hear it.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
Thou shalt not have respect to persons in judgment, thou shalt judge small and great equally; thou shalt not shrink from before the person of a man, for the judgment is God's; and whatsoever matter shall be too hard for you, ye shall bring it to me, and I will hear it.

Douay-Rheims Bible
There shall be no difference of persons, you shall hear the little as well as the great: neither shall you respect any man's person, because it is the judgment of God. And if any thing seem hard to you, refer it to me, and I will hear it.

Darby Bible Translation
Ye shall not respect persons in judgment: ye shall hear the small as well as the great; ye shall not be afraid of the face of man, for the judgment is God's; and the matter that is too hard for you shall ye bring to me, that I may hear it.

English Revised Version
Ye shall not respect persons in judgment; ye shall hear the small and the great alike; ye shall not be afraid of the face of man; for the judgment is God's: and the cause that is too hard for you ye shall bring unto me, and I will hear it.

Webster's Bible Translation
Ye shall not respect persons in judgment; but ye shall hear the small as well as the great; ye shall not be afraid of the face of man; for the judgment is God's: and the cause that is too hard for you, bring to me, and I will hear it.

World English Bible
You shall not show partiality in judgment; you shall hear the small and the great alike; you shall not be afraid of the face of man; for the judgment is God's: and the cause that is too hard for you, you shall bring to me, and I will hear it.

Young's Literal Translation
ye do not discern faces in judgment; as the little so the great ye do hear; ye are not afraid of the face of any, for the judgment is God's, and the thing which is too hard for you, ye bring near unto me, and I have heard it;
Study Bible
Moses Appoints Leaders
16At that time I charged your judges: “Hear the disputes between your brothers, and judge fairly between a man and his brother or a foreign resident. 17Show no partiality in judging; hear both small and great alike. Do not be intimidated by anyone, for judgment belongs to God. And bring to me any case too difficult for you, and I will hear it.” 18And at that time I commanded you all the things you were to do.…
Cross References
Acts 10:34
Then Peter began to speak: "I now truly understand that God does not show favoritism,

James 2:1
My brothers, as you hold out your faith in our glorious Lord Jesus Christ, do not show favoritism.

James 2:9
But if you show favoritism, you sin and are convicted by the law as transgressors.

Genesis 18:25
Far be it from You to do such a thing--to kill the righteous with the wicked, so that the righteous and the wicked are treated alike. Far be it from You! Will not the Judge of all the earth do what is right?"

Exodus 18:22
Have these men judge the people at all times. Then they can bring you any major issue, but all minor cases they can judge on their own, so that your load may be lightened as they share it with you.

Exodus 18:26
And they judged the people at all times; they would bring the difficult cases to Moses, but any minor issue they would judge themselves.

Exodus 23:3
And do not show favoritism to a poor man in his lawsuit.

Leviticus 19:15
"You must not pervert justice; you must not show partiality to the poor or favoritism to the rich; you are to judge your neighbor fairly.

Deuteronomy 10:17
For the LORD your God is God of gods and Lord of lords, the great, mighty, and awesome God, showing no partiality and accepting no bribe.

Deuteronomy 16:19
Do not deny justice or show partiality. Do not accept any bribes, for a bribe blinds the eyes of the wise and twists the words of the righteous.

Deuteronomy 24:17
Do not deny justice to the foreigner or the fatherless, and do not take a widow's cloak as security.

Deuteronomy 25:1
If there is a dispute between men, they are to go to court to be judged, so that the innocent may be acquitted and the guilty condemned.

1 Samuel 2:25
If a man sins against another man, God can intercede for him, but if a man sins against the LORD, who can intercede for him?" But they would not listen to their father, since the LORD intended to put them to death.

2 Chronicles 19:5
He appointed judges in the land, in each of the fortified cities of Judah.

2 Chronicles 19:6
Then he said to the judges, "Consider carefully what you do, for you are not judging for man, but for the LORD, who is with you when you render judgment.

Psalm 82:2
"How long will you judge unjustly and show partiality to the wicked? Selah

Proverbs 18:5
Showing partiality to the wicked is not good, nor is depriving the innocent of justice.

Proverbs 24:23
These also are sayings of the wise: To show partiality in judgment is not good.

Proverbs 29:25
The fear of man is a snare, but whoever trusts in the LORD will be set securely on high.

Malachi 2:9
"So I in turn have made you despised and humiliated before all the people, because you have not kept My ways, but have shown partiality in matters of the law."

Treasury of Scripture

You shall not respect persons in judgment; but you shall hear the small as well as the great; you shall not be afraid of the face of man; for the judgment is God's: and the cause that is too hard for you, bring it to me, and I will hear it.

shall not

Deuteronomy 10:17
For the LORD your God is God of gods, and Lord of lords, a great God, a mighty, and a terrible, which regardeth not persons, nor taketh reward:

Deuteronomy 16:19
Thou shalt not wrest judgment; thou shalt not respect persons, neither take a gift: for a gift doth blind the eyes of the wise, and pervert the words of the righteous.

Leviticus 19:15
Ye shall do no unrighteousness in judgment: thou shalt not respect the person of the poor, nor honour the person of the mighty: but in righteousness shalt thou judge thy neighbour.

ye shall hear

Exodus 23:3,6,7
Neither shalt thou countenance a poor man in his cause…

1 Samuel 12:3,4
Behold, here I am: witness against me before the LORD, and before his anointed: whose ox have I taken? or whose ass have I taken? or whom have I defrauded? whom have I oppressed? or of whose hand have I received any bribe to blind mine eyes therewith? and I will restore it you…

Job 22:6-9
For thou hast taken a pledge from thy brother for nought, and stripped the naked of their clothing…

ye shall not

1 Kings 21:8-14
So she wrote letters in Ahab's name, and sealed them with his seal, and sent the letters unto the elders and to the nobles that were in his city, dwelling with Naboth…

Job 31:34
Did I fear a great multitude, or did the contempt of families terrify me, that I kept silence, and went not out of the door?

Proverbs 29:25
The fear of man bringeth a snare: but whoso putteth his trust in the LORD shall be safe.

the judgment

2 Chronicles 19:6
And said to the judges, Take heed what ye do: for ye judge not for man, but for the LORD, who is with you in the judgment.

the cause

Deuteronomy 17:8-10
If there arise a matter too hard for thee in judgment, between blood and blood, between plea and plea, and between stroke and stroke, being matters of controversy within thy gates: then shalt thou arise, and get thee up into the place which the LORD thy God shall choose; …

Exodus 18:18,22,26
Thou wilt surely wear away, both thou, and this people that is with thee: for this thing is too heavy for thee; thou art not able to perform it thyself alone…







Lexicon
Show no partiality
תַכִּ֨ירוּ (ṯak·kî·rū)
Verb - Hifil - Imperfect - second person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 5234: To regard, recognize

in judging;
בַּמִּשְׁפָּ֗ט (bam·miš·pāṭ)
Preposition-b, Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4941: A verdict, a sentence, formal decree, divine law, penalty, justice, privilege, style

hear
תִּשְׁמָע֔וּן (tiš·mā·‘ūn)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - second person masculine plural | Paragogic nun
Strong's Hebrew 8085: To hear intelligently

[both] small
כַּקָּטֹ֤ן (kaq·qā·ṭōn)
Preposition-k, Article | Adjective - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6996: Small, young, unimportant

and great alike.
כַּגָּדֹל֙ (kag·gā·ḏōl)
Preposition-k, Article | Adjective - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1419: Great, older, insolent

Do not
לֹ֤א (lō)
Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's Hebrew 3808: Not, no

be intimidated
תָג֙וּרוּ֙ (ṯā·ḡū·rū)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - second person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 1481: To turn aside from the road, sojourn, to shrink, fear, to gather for, hostility

by
מִכֶּ֔ם (mik·kem)
Preposition | second person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 4480: A part of, from, out of

anyone,
אִ֔ישׁ (’îš)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 376: A man as an individual, a male person

for
כִּ֥י (kî)
Conjunction
Strong's Hebrew 3588: A relative conjunction

judgment
הַמִּשְׁפָּ֖ט (ham·miš·pāṭ)
Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4941: A verdict, a sentence, formal decree, divine law, penalty, justice, privilege, style

belongs to God.
לֵאלֹהִ֣ים (lê·lō·hîm)
Preposition-l | Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 430: gods -- the supreme God, magistrates, a superlative

And bring
תַּקְרִב֥וּן (taq·ri·ḇūn)
Verb - Hifil - Imperfect - second person masculine plural | Paragogic nun
Strong's Hebrew 7126: To come near, approach

to me
אֵלַ֖י (’ê·lay)
Preposition | first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 413: Near, with, among, to

any case
וְהַדָּבָר֙ (wə·had·dā·ḇār)
Conjunctive waw, Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1697: A word, a matter, thing, a cause

too difficult for you,
יִקְשֶׁ֣ה (yiq·šeh)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7185: To be hard, severe or fierce

and I will hear it.”
וּשְׁמַעְתִּֽיו׃ (ū·šə·ma‘·tîw)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Conjunctive perfect - first person common singular | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 8085: To hear intelligently
(17) The judgment is God's.--Comp. St. Paul in Romans 13:1-4, which is, again, only an expansion of this sentence. For the latter part of this verse comp. Exodus 18:22-26.

Verse 17. - Ye shall not respect persons; literally, look at or regard aces, i.e. ye shall not deal partially, favoring the one party rather than the other (comp. Exodus 23:2, 3; Leviticus 19:15); the small as well as the great were to be heard, and neither for favor nor from fear were they to pervert justice. The judgment is God's; i.e. appointed by God and administered in his name, the judge acting for God and by his authority, and being answerable to him (comp. 2 Chronicles 19:6). Hence the phrases, "to inquire of God," "to bring before God" (Exodus 18:15, 19; Exodus 21:6; Exodus 22:8, etc.) phrases still in use among the Arabs for a summoning to judicial trial. In the case of a matter coming before the judges which they found it beyond their power to decide, they were to bring it before Moses as a superior authority (see Exodus 18:26) "Some think there were certain causes reserved to the cognizance of Moses; but the contrary appears by these words, that all manner of causes were brought before the judges; and they, not the people, brought such causes before Moses as they found too hard for them to determine. So that they, not the person whose cause it was, judged of the difficulty of the cause. See Selden, lib. 1. "De Synedriis, cap. 16." (Bishop Patrick).

1:9-18 Moses reminds the people of the happy constitution of their government, which might make them all safe and easy, if it was not their own fault. He owns the fulfilment of God's promise to Abraham, and prays for the further accomplishment of it. We are not straitened in the power and goodness of God; why should we be straitened in our own faith and hope? Good laws were given to the Israelites, and good men were to see to the execution of them, which showed God's goodness to them, and the care of Moses.
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OT Law: Deuteronomy 1:17 You shall not show partiality in judgment (Deut. De Du) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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