Exodus 23:20
New International Version
"See, I am sending an angel ahead of you to guard you along the way and to bring you to the place I have prepared.

New Living Translation
“See, I am sending an angel before you to protect you on your journey and lead you safely to the place I have prepared for you.

English Standard Version
“Behold, I send an angel before you to guard you on the way and to bring you to the place that I have prepared.

Berean Study Bible
Behold, I am sending an angel before you to protect you along the way and to bring you to the place I have prepared.

New American Standard Bible
"Behold, I am going to send an angel before you to guard you along the way and to bring you into the place which I have prepared.

King James Bible
Behold, I send an Angel before thee, to keep thee in the way, and to bring thee into the place which I have prepared.

Christian Standard Bible
"I am going to send an angel before you to protect you on the way and bring you to the place I have prepared.

Contemporary English Version
I am sending an angel to protect you and to lead you into the land I have ready for you.

Good News Translation
"I will send an angel ahead of you to protect you as you travel and to bring you to the place which I have prepared.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
I am going to send an angel before you to protect you on the way and bring you to the place I have prepared.

International Standard Version
"Look, I'm sending an angel in front of you to guard you on the way and to bring you to the place I've prepared.

NET Bible
"I am going to send an angel before you to protect you as you journey and to bring you into the place that I have prepared.

New Heart English Bible
"Look, I send an angel before you, to keep you by the way, and to bring you into the place which I have prepared.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
"I'm going to send a Messenger in front of you to protect you on your trip and bring you to the place I have prepared.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Behold, I send an angel before thee, to keep thee by the way, and to bring thee into the place which I have prepared.

New American Standard 1977
“Behold, I am going to send an angel before you to guard you along the way, and to bring you into the place which I have prepared.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Behold, I send the Angel before thee, to keep thee in the way and to bring thee into the place which I have prepared.

King James 2000 Bible
Behold, I send an Angel before you, to keep you in the way, and to bring you into the place which I have prepared.

American King James Version
Behold, I send an Angel before you, to keep you in the way, and to bring you into the place which I have prepared.

American Standard Version
Behold, I send an angel before thee, to keep thee by the way, and to bring thee into the place which I have prepared.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And, behold, I send my angel before thy face, that he may keep thee in the way, that he may bring thee into the land which I have prepared for thee.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Behold I will send my angel, who shall go before thee, and keep thee in thy journey, and bring thee into the place that I have prepared.

Darby Bible Translation
Behold, I send an Angel before thee, to keep thee in the way, and to bring thee to the place that I have prepared.

English Revised Version
Behold, I send an angel before thee, to keep thee by the way, and to bring thee into the place which I have prepared.

Webster's Bible Translation
Behold, I send an Angel before thee, to keep thee in the way, and to bring thee into the place which I have prepared.

World English Bible
"Behold, I send an angel before you, to keep you by the way, and to bring you into the place which I have prepared.

Young's Literal Translation
'Lo, I am sending a messenger before thee to keep thee in the way, and to bring thee in unto the place which I have prepared;
Study Bible
God's Angel to Lead
20Behold, I am sending an angel before you to protect you along the way and to bring you to the place I have prepared. 21Pay attention to him and listen to his voice; do not defy him, for he will not forgive rebellion, since My Name is in him.…
Cross References
Genesis 24:7
The LORD, the God of heaven, who brought me from my father's house and my native land, who spoke to me and promised me on oath, saying, 'To your offspring I will give this land'--He will send His angel before you so that you can take a wife for my son from there.

Genesis 24:40
And he told me, 'The LORD, before whom I have walked, will send His angel with you and make your journey a success, so that you may take a wife for my son from my kindred and from my father's house.

Exodus 3:2
There the Angel of the LORD appeared to him in a blazing fire from within a bush. Moses saw the bush ablaze with fire, but it was not consumed!

Exodus 14:19
Then the Angel of God, who had gone before the camp of Israel, withdrew and went behind them. The pillar of cloud also moved from before them and stood behind them,

Exodus 15:16
and terror and dread will fall on them. By the power of Your arm they will be as still as a stone until Your people pass by, O LORD, until the people You bought pass by.

Exodus 15:17
You will bring them in and plant them on the mountain of Your inheritance--the place, O LORD, You have prepared for Your dwelling, the sanctuary, O Lord, Your hands have established.

Exodus 23:23
For My angel will go before you and bring you into the land of the Amorites, Hittites, Perizzites, Canaanites, Hivites, and Jebusites, and I will annihilate them.

Exodus 32:34
Now go, lead the people to the place I told you. Behold, My angel shall go before you. But on the day I settle accounts, I will punish them for their sin."

Exodus 33:2
And I will send an angel before you and drive out the Canaanites, Amorites, Hittites, Perizzites, Hivites, and Jebusites.

Numbers 22:22
Then God's anger was kindled because Balaam was going along, and the Angel of the LORD stood in the road to oppose him. Balaam was riding his donkey, and his two servants were with him.

Deuteronomy 33:2
He said: "The LORD came from Sinai and dawned upon us from Seir; He shone forth from Mount Paran and came with myriads of holy ones, with flaming fire at His right hand.

Joshua 23:5
The LORD your God will push them out of your way and drive them out before you, so that you can take possession of their land, as the LORD your God promised you.

Isaiah 63:9
In all their distress, He too was afflicted, and the Angel of His Presence saved them. In His love and compassion He redeemed them; He lifted them up and carried them all the days of old.

Treasury of Scripture

Behold, I send an Angel before you, to keep you in the way, and to bring you into the place which I have prepared.

angel

Exodus 3:2-6
And the angel of the LORD appeared unto him in a flame of fire out of the midst of a bush: and he looked, and, behold, the bush burned with fire, and the bush was not consumed…

Exodus 14:19
And the angel of God, which went before the camp of Israel, removed and went behind them; and the pillar of the cloud went from before their face, and stood behind them:

Exodus 32:34
Therefore now go, lead the people unto the place of which I have spoken unto thee: behold, mine Angel shall go before thee: nevertheless in the day when I visit I will visit their sin upon them.

prepared

Genesis 15:18
In the same day the LORD made a covenant with Abram, saying, Unto thy seed have I given this land, from the river of Egypt unto the great river, the river Euphrates:

Matthew 25:34
Then shall the King say unto them on his right hand, Come, ye blessed of my Father, inherit the kingdom prepared for you from the foundation of the world:

John 14:3
And if I go and prepare a place for you, I will come again, and receive you unto myself; that where I am, there ye may be also.







Lexicon
Behold,
הִנֵּ֨ה (hin·nêh)
Interjection
Strong's Hebrew 2009: Lo! behold!

I
אָנֹכִ֜י (’ā·nō·ḵî)
Pronoun - first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 595: I

am sending
שֹׁלֵ֤חַ (šō·lê·aḥ)
Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7971: To send away, for, out

an angel
מַלְאָךְ֙ (mal·’āḵ)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4397: A messenger, of God, an angel

before you
לְפָנֶ֔יךָ (lə·p̄ā·ne·ḵā)
Preposition-l | Noun - common plural construct | second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6440: The face

to protect you
לִשְׁמָרְךָ֖ (liš·mā·rə·ḵā)
Preposition-l | Verb - Qal - Infinitive construct | second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 8104: To hedge about, guard, to protect, attend to

along the way
בַּדָּ֑רֶךְ (bad·dā·reḵ)
Preposition-b, Article | Noun - common singular
Strong's Hebrew 1870: A road, a course of life, mode of action

and to bring you
וְלַהֲבִ֣יאֲךָ֔ (wə·la·hă·ḇî·’ă·ḵā)
Conjunctive waw, Preposition-l | Verb - Hifil - Infinitive construct | second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 935: To come in, come, go in, go

to
אֶל־ (’el-)
Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 413: Near, with, among, to

the place
הַמָּק֖וֹם (ham·mā·qō·wm)
Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4725: A standing, a spot, a condition

I have prepared.
הֲכִנֹֽתִי׃ (hă·ḵi·nō·ṯî)
Verb - Hifil - Perfect - first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 3559: To be erect
THE PROMISES OF GOD TO ISRAEL, IF THE COVENANT IS KEPT.

(20-33) The Book of the Covenant terminates, very appropriately, with a series of promises. God is "the rewarder of them that diligently seek him." He chooses to "reward men after their works," and to set before them "the recompense of the reward." He "knows whereof we are made," and by what motives we are influenced. Self-interest, the desire of our own good, is one of the strongest of them. If Israel will keep His covenant, they will enjoy the following blessings :--(1) The guidance and protection of His angel till Canaan is reached; (2) God's help against their adversaries, who will, little by little, be driven out; (3) the ultimate possession of the entire country between the Mediterranean and the Red Sea on the one hand, the Desert and the Euphrates on the other; (4) a blessing upon their flocks and herds, which shall neither be barren nor cast their young; and (5) a blessing upon themselves, whereby they will escape sickness and enjoy a long term of life. All these advantages, however, are conditional upon obedience, and may be forfeited.

(20) I send an Angel before thee.--Kalisch considers Moses to have been the "angel" or "messenger;" others understand one of the created angelic host. But most commentators see in the promise the first mention of the "Angel of the Covenant," who is reasonably identified with the Second Person of the Holy Trinity, the Eternal Son and Word of God. When the promise is retracted on account of the sin of the golden calf, it is in the words, "I will not go up with thee" (Exodus 33:3).

Verses 20-31. - THE REWARDS OF OBEDIENCE. God always places before men" the recompense of the reward." He does not require of them that they should serve him for nought. The "Book of the Covenant" appropriately ends with a number of promises, which God undertakes to perform, if Israel keeps the terms of the covenant. The promises are: -

1. That he will send an angel before them to be their guide, director, and helper (vers. 20 - 23).

2. That he will be the enemy of their enemies (ver. 22), striking terror into them miraculously (ver. 27), and subjecting them to other scourges also (ver. 28).

3. That he will drive out their enemies "by little and little" (ver. 30), not ceasing until he has destroyed them (ver. 23).

4. That he will give them the entire country between the Red Sea and the Mediterranean on the one hand, the Desert and the Euphrates on the other (ver. 31). And

5. That he will bless their sustenance, avert sickness from them, cause them to multiply, and prolong their days upon earth (vers. 25, 26). At the same time, all these promises - except the first - are made conditional. If they will "beware" of the angel and "obey his voice," then he will drive their enemies out (vers. 22, 23): if they will serve Jehovah, and destroy the idols of the nations, then he will multiply them, and give them health and long life (vers. 24-26), and "set their bounds from the Red Sea even unto the Sea of the Philistines, and from the desert unto the river" (ver. 31). So far as they fall short of their duties, is he entitled to fall short of his promises. A reciprocity is established. Unless they keep their engagements, he is not bound to keep his. Though the negative side is not entered upon, this is sufficiently clear. None of the promises, except the promise to send the angel, is absolute. Their realisation depends on a strict and hearty obedience. Verse 20. - Behold, I send a messenger before thee. Jewish commentators regard the messenger as Moses, who, no doubt, was a specially commissioned ambassador for God, and who might, therefore, well be termed God's messenger. But the expressions - "He will not pardon your transgressions," and "My name is in him," are too high for Moses. An angel must be intended - probably "the Angel of the Covenant," - whom the best expositors identify with the Second Person of the Trinity, the Ever-Blessed Son of God. To keep thee in the way is not simply "to guide thee through the wilderness, and prevent thee from geographical error," but to keep thee altogether in the right path. s, to guard thy going out and thy coming m, to prevent thee from falling into any kind of wrong conduct. The place which I have prepared is not merely Palestine, but that place of which Palestine is the type - viz., Heaven. Compare John 14:2: - "I go to prepare a place for you." 23:20-33 It is here promised that they should be guided and kept in their way through the wilderness to the land of promise, Behold, I send an angel before thee, mine angel. The precept joined with this promise is, that they be obedient to this angel whom God would send before them. Christ is the Angel of Jehovah; this is plainly taught by St. Paul, 1Co 10:9. They should have a comfortable settlement in the land of Canaan. How reasonable are the conditions of this promise; that they should serve the only true God; not the gods of the nations, which are no gods at all. How rich are the particulars of this promise! The comfort of their food, the continuance of their health, the increase of their wealth, the prolonging their lives to old age. Thus hath godliness the promise of the life that now is. It is promised that they should subdue their enemies. Hosts of hornets made way for the hosts of Israel; such mean creatures can God use for chastising his people's enemies. In real kindness to the church, its enemies are subdued by little and little; thus we are kept on our guard, and in continual dependence on God. Corruptions are driven out of the hearts of God's people, not all at once, but by little and little. The precept with this promise is, that they should not make friendship with idolaters. Those that would keep from bad courses, must keep from bad company. It is dangerous to live in a bad neighbourhood; others' sins will be our snares. Our greatest danger is from those who would make us sin against God.
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