Exodus 23:28
New International Version
I will send the hornet ahead of you to drive the Hivites, Canaanites and Hittites out of your way.

New Living Translation
I will send terror ahead of you to drive out the Hivites, Canaanites, and Hittites.

English Standard Version
And I will send hornets before you, which shall drive out the Hivites, the Canaanites, and the Hittites from before you.

Berean Study Bible
I will send the hornet before you to drive the Hivites and Canaanites and Hittites out of your way.

New American Standard Bible
"I will send hornets ahead of you so that they will drive out the Hivites, the Canaanites, and the Hittites before you.

King James Bible
And I will send hornets before thee, which shall drive out the Hivite, the Canaanite, and the Hittite, from before thee.

Christian Standard Bible
I will send hornets in front of you, and they will drive the Hivites, Canaanites, and Hethites away from you.

Contemporary English Version
I will make the Hivites, Canaanites, and Hittites panic as you approach.

Good News Translation
I will throw your enemies into panic; I will drive out the Hivites, the Canaanites, and the Hittites as you advance.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
I will send the hornet in front of you, and it will drive the Hivites, Canaanites, and Hittites away from you.

International Standard Version
I'll send hornets ahead of you and they'll drive out the Hivites, the Canaanites, and the Hittites before you.

NET Bible
I will send hornets before you that will drive out the Hivite, the Canaanite, and the Hittite before you.

New Heart English Bible
I will send the hornet before you, which will drive out the Hivite, the Canaanite, and the Hittite, from before you.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
I will spread panic ahead of you to force the Hivites, Canaanites, and Hittites out of your way.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And I will send the hornet before thee, which shall drive out the Hivite, the Canaanite, and the Hittite, from before thee.

New American Standard 1977
“And I will send hornets ahead of you, that they may drive out the Hivites, the Canaanites, and the Hittites before you.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And I will send hornets before thee, which shall drive out the Hivite, the Canaanite, and the Hittite from before thee.

King James 2000 Bible
And I will send hornets before you, which shall drive out the Hivite, the Canaanite, and the Hittite, from before you.

American King James Version
And I will send hornets before you, which shall drive out the Hivite, the Canaanite, and the Hittite, from before you.

American Standard Version
And I will send the hornet before thee, which shall drive out the Hivite, the Canaanite, and the Hittite, from before thee.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Sending out hornets before, that shall drive away the Hevite, and the Chanaanite, and the Hethite, before thou come in.

Darby Bible Translation
And I will send hornets before thee, which shall drive out the Hivite, the Canaanite, and the Hittite, from before thee.

English Revised Version
And I will send the hornet before thee, which shall drive out the Hivite, the Canaanite, and the Hittite, from before thee.

Webster's Bible Translation
And I will send hornets before thee, which shall drive out the Hivite, the Canaanite, and the Hittite from before thee.

World English Bible
I will send the hornet before you, which will drive out the Hivite, the Canaanite, and the Hittite, from before you.

Young's Literal Translation
'And I have sent the hornet before thee, and it hath cast out the Hivite, the Canaanite, and the Hittite, from before thee;
Study Bible
God's Angel to Lead
27I will send My terror ahead of you and throw into confusion every nation you encounter. I will make all your enemies turn and run. 28I will send the hornet before you to drive the Hivites and Canaanites and Hittites out of your way. 29I will not drive them out before you in a single year; otherwise the land would become desolate and wild animals would multiply against you.…
Cross References
Genesis 15:19
the land of the Kenites, Kenizzites, Kadmonites,

Exodus 33:2
And I will send an angel before you and drive out the Canaanites, Amorites, Hittites, Perizzites, Hivites, and Jebusites.

Exodus 34:11
Observe what I command you this day. I will drive out before you the Amorites, Canaanites, Hittites, Perizzites, Hivites, and Jebusites.

Deuteronomy 7:20
Moreover, the LORD your God will send the hornet against them until all the survivors and those hiding from you have perished.

Joshua 24:11
After this, you crossed the Jordan and came to Jericho. The people of Jericho fought against you, as did the Amorites, Perizzites, Canaanites, Hittites, Girgashites, Hivites, and Jebusites, and I delivered them into your hands.

Joshua 24:12
I sent the hornet ahead of you, and it drove out the two Amorite kings before you, but not by your own sword or bow.

Psalm 80:9
You cleared the ground for it, and it took root and filled the land.

Treasury of Scripture

And I will send hornets before you, which shall drive out the Hivite, the Canaanite, and the Hittite, from before you.

hornets. The hornet, may be so called from the Arabic zaraa, to lay prostrate, strike down, because of the destruction occasioned by the violence of its sting. The hornet, in natural history, belongs to the species Crabro, of the genus Vespa or Wasp. It is a most voracious insect, and exceedingly strong for its size, which is generally an inch in length.

Deuteronomy 7:20 Moreover the LORD your God will send the hornet among them, until …

Joshua 24:11 And you went over Jordan, and came to Jericho: and the men of Jericho …







Lexicon
I will send
וְשָׁלַחְתִּ֥י (wə·šā·laḥ·tî)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Conjunctive perfect - first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 7971: To send away, for, out

the hornet
הַצִּרְעָ֖ה (haṣ·ṣir·‘āh)
Article | Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6880: Hornets

before you
לְפָנֶ֑יךָ (lə·p̄ā·ne·ḵā)
Preposition-l | Noun - common plural construct | second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6440: The face

to drive
וְגֵרְשָׁ֗ה (wə·ḡê·rə·šāh)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Piel - Conjunctive perfect - third person feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1644: To drive out from a, possession, to expatriate, divorce

the Hivites
הַחִוִּ֧י (ha·ḥiw·wî)
Article | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2340: Hivite -- a Chivvite

and Canaanites
הַֽכְּנַעֲנִ֛י (hak·kə·na·‘ă·nî)
Article | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3669: Canaanite -- inhabitant of Canaan

and Hittites
הַחִתִּ֖י (ha·ḥit·tî)
Article | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2850: Hittite -- a Chittite

out of your way.
מִלְּפָנֶֽיךָ׃ (mil·lə·p̄ā·ne·ḵā)
Preposition-m, Preposition-l | Noun - common plural construct | second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6440: The face
(28) I will send hornets.--Heb., the hornet. Comp. Joshua 24:12, where "the hornet" is said to have been sent. No doubt hornets might be so numerous as to become an intolerable plague, and induce a nation to quit its country and seek another (see Bochart, Hierozoic. iv. 13). But as we have no historical account of the kind in connection with the Canaanite races, the expression here used is scarcely to be taken literally. Probably the Egyptians are the hornets intended. It was they who, under Rameses III., broke the power of the Hittites and other nations of Palestine, while the Israelites were sojourners in the wilderness. Possibly the term was chosen in reference to the hieroglyphic sign for "king" in Egypt, which was the figure of a bee or wasp. The author of the Book of Wisdom seems, however, to have understood the expression literally (Wisdom Of Solomon 12:8-9).

Verse 28. - And I will send hornets before thee. This is scarcely to be taken literally, since no actual plague of hornets is mentioned in the historical narrative. "Hornets" here, and in Deuteronomy 7:20; Joshua 24:12, are probably plagues or troubles of any kind, divinely sent to break the power of the heathen nations, and render them an easier prey to the Israelites, when they made their invasion. Possibly, the main "hornets" were the Egyptians, who, under Rameses III., successfully invaded Palestine about the time of Israel's sojourn in the wilderness, and weakened the power of the Hittites (Khita). The Hivite, the Canaanite, and the Hittite. By a common figure of speech, a part is put {or the whole - three nations for seven. The three names seem to be taken at random, but include the two nations of most power - the Canaanites and the Hittites. 23:20-33 It is here promised that they should be guided and kept in their way through the wilderness to the land of promise, Behold, I send an angel before thee, mine angel. The precept joined with this promise is, that they be obedient to this angel whom God would send before them. Christ is the Angel of Jehovah; this is plainly taught by St. Paul, 1Co 10:9. They should have a comfortable settlement in the land of Canaan. How reasonable are the conditions of this promise; that they should serve the only true God; not the gods of the nations, which are no gods at all. How rich are the particulars of this promise! The comfort of their food, the continuance of their health, the increase of their wealth, the prolonging their lives to old age. Thus hath godliness the promise of the life that now is. It is promised that they should subdue their enemies. Hosts of hornets made way for the hosts of Israel; such mean creatures can God use for chastising his people's enemies. In real kindness to the church, its enemies are subdued by little and little; thus we are kept on our guard, and in continual dependence on God. Corruptions are driven out of the hearts of God's people, not all at once, but by little and little. The precept with this promise is, that they should not make friendship with idolaters. Those that would keep from bad courses, must keep from bad company. It is dangerous to live in a bad neighbourhood; others' sins will be our snares. Our greatest danger is from those who would make us sin against God.
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OT Law: Exodus 23:28 I will send the hornet before you (Exo. Ex) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
Exodus 23:27
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