Exodus 25:20
New International Version
The cherubim are to have their wings spread upward, overshadowing the cover with them. The cherubim are to face each other, looking toward the cover.

New Living Translation
The cherubim will face each other and look down on the atonement cover. With their wings spread above it, they will protect it.

English Standard Version
The cherubim shall spread out their wings above, overshadowing the mercy seat with their wings, their faces one to another; toward the mercy seat shall the faces of the cherubim be.

Berean Study Bible
The cherubim are to have wings spread upward, overshadowing the mercy seat, and they are to face one another. The faces of the cherubim should look toward the mercy seat.

New American Standard Bible
"The cherubim shall have their wings spread upward, covering the mercy seat with their wings and facing one another; the faces of the cherubim are to be turned toward the mercy seat.

King James Bible
And the cherubims shall stretch forth their wings on high, covering the mercy seat with their wings, and their faces shall look one to another; toward the mercy seat shall the faces of the cherubims be.

Christian Standard Bible
The cherubim are to have wings spread out above, covering the mercy seat with their wings, and are to face one another. The faces of the cherubim should be toward the mercy seat.

Contemporary English Version
The creatures must face each other with their wings spread over the chest.

Good News Translation
The winged creatures are to face each other across the lid, and their outspread wings are to cover it.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
The cherubim are to have wings spread out above, covering the mercy seat with their wings, and are to face one another. The faces of the cherubim should be toward the mercy seat.

International Standard Version
The cherubim are to spread their wings upward, covering the Mercy Seat with their wings and facing each other. The faces of the cherubim is to be turned toward the Mercy Seat.

NET Bible
The cherubim are to be spreading their wings upward, overshadowing the atonement lid with their wings, and the cherubim are to face each other, looking toward the atonement lid.

New Heart English Bible
The cherubim shall spread out their wings upward, covering the mercy seat with their wings, with their faces toward one another. The faces of the cherubim shall be toward the mercy seat.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
The angels should have their wings spread above the throne of mercy, overshadowing it. They should face each other, looking at the throne of mercy.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And the cherubim shall spread out their wings on high, screening the ark-cover with their wings, with their faces one to another; toward the ark-cover shall the faces of the cherubim be.

New American Standard 1977
“And the cherubim shall have their wings spread upward, covering the mercy seat with their wings and facing one another; the faces of the cherubim are to be turned toward the mercy seat.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And the cherubim shall stretch forth their wings on high, covering the seat of reconciliation with their wings, and their faces shall look one to another; toward the seat of reconciliation shall the faces of the cherubim be.

King James 2000 Bible
And the cherubim shall stretch forth their wings above, covering the mercy seat with their wings, and their faces shall face one another; toward the mercy seat shall the faces of the cherubim be.

American King James Version
And the cherubim shall stretch forth their wings on high, covering the mercy seat with their wings, and their faces shall look one to another; toward the mercy seat shall the faces of the cherubim be.

American Standard Version
And the cherubim shall spread out their wings on high, covering the mercy-seat with their wings, with their faces one to another; toward the mercy-seat shall the faces of the cherubim be.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
The cherubs shall stretch forth their wings above, overshadowing the propitiatory with their wings; and their faces shall be toward each other, the faces of the cherubs shall be toward the propitiatory.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Let them cover both sides of the propitiatory, spreading their wings, and covering the oracle, and let them look one towards the other, their faces being turned towards the propitiatory wherewith the ark is to be covered.

Darby Bible Translation
And the cherubim shall stretch out [their] wings over it, covering over with their wings the mercy-seat, and their faces opposite to one another: toward the mercy-seat shall the faces of the cherubim be [turned].

English Revised Version
And the cherubim shall spread out their wings on high, covering the mercy-seat with their wings, with their faces one to another; toward the mercy-seat shall the faces of the cherubim be.

Webster's Bible Translation
And the cherubim shall stretch forth their wings on high, covering the mercy-seat with their wings, and their faces shall look one to another; towards the mercy-seat shall the faces of the cherubim be.

World English Bible
The cherubim shall spread out their wings upward, covering the mercy seat with their wings, with their faces toward one another. The faces of the cherubim shall be toward the mercy seat.

Young's Literal Translation
And the cherubs have been spreading out wings on high, covering the mercy-seat over with their wings, and their faces are one towards another -- towards the mercy-seat are the faces of the cherubs.
Study Bible
The Mercy Seat
19Mold one cherub at one end and a second cherub at the other end; make the cherubim of one piece with the mercy seat. 20The cherubim are to have wings spread upward, overshadowing the mercy seat, and they are to face one another. The faces of the cherubim should look toward the mercy seat. 21Set the mercy seat atop the ark, and put the Testimony that I will give you into the ark.…
Cross References
Hebrews 9:5
Above the ark were the cherubim of glory, overshadowing the mercy seat. But we cannot discuss these things in detail now.

Exodus 25:19
Mold one cherub at one end and a second cherub at the other end; make the cherubim of one piece with the mercy seat.

1 Kings 6:27
And he placed the cherubim inside the innermost room of the temple. Since their wings were spread out, the wing of the first cherub touched one wall, while the wing of the second cherub touched the other wall, and in the middle of the room their wingtips touched.

1 Kings 8:7
For the cherubim spread their wings over the place of the ark and overshadowed the ark and its poles.

1 Chronicles 28:18
the weight of the refined gold for the altar of incense; and the plans for the chariot of the gold cherubim that spread their wings and overshadowed the ark of the covenant of the LORD.

Treasury of Scripture

And the cherubim shall stretch forth their wings on high, covering the mercy seat with their wings, and their faces shall look one to another; toward the mercy seat shall the faces of the cherubim be.

cherubims shall

Exodus 25:18
And thou shalt make two cherubims of gold, of beaten work shalt thou make them, in the two ends of the mercy seat.

1 Kings 8:7
For the cherubims spread forth their two wings over the place of the ark, and the cherubims covered the ark and the staves thereof above.

1 Chronicles 28:18
And for the altar of incense refined gold by weight; and gold for the pattern of the chariot of the cherubims, that spread out their wings, and covered the ark of the covenant of the LORD.

covering

Ezekiel 28:14
Thou art the anointed cherub that covereth; and I have set thee so: thou wast upon the holy mountain of God; thou hast walked up and down in the midst of the stones of fire.

toward

Genesis 28:12
And he dreamed, and behold a ladder set up on the earth, and the top of it reached to heaven: and behold the angels of God ascending and descending on it.

Isaiah 6:1-5
In the year that king Uzziah died I saw also the Lord sitting upon a throne, high and lifted up, and his train filled the temple…

Ezekiel 1:20
Whithersoever the spirit was to go, they went, thither was their spirit to go; and the wheels were lifted up over against them: for the spirit of the living creature was in the wheels.







Lexicon
The cherubim
הַכְּרֻבִים֩ (hak·kə·ru·ḇîm)
Article | Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 3742: Probably an order of angelic beings

are to have
וְהָי֣וּ (wə·hā·yū)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Conjunctive perfect - third person common plural
Strong's Hebrew 1961: To fall out, come to pass, become, be

wings
כְנָפַ֜יִם (ḵə·nā·p̄a·yim)
Noun - fd
Strong's Hebrew 3671: An edge, extremity, a wing, a flap, a quarter, a pinnacle

spread
פֹּרְשֵׂ֨י (pō·rə·śê)
Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine plural construct
Strong's Hebrew 6566: To break apart, disperse

upward,
לְמַ֗עְלָה (lə·ma‘·lāh)
Preposition-l | Adverb | third person feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4605: The upper part, with prefix upward, above, overhead, from the top

overshadowing
סֹכְכִ֤ים (sō·ḵə·ḵîm)
Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 5526: To entwine as a, screen, to fence in, cover over, protect

the mercy seat,
הַכַּפֹּ֔רֶת (hak·kap·pō·reṯ)
Article | Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3727: Propitiatory

and they are to face
וּפְנֵיהֶ֖ם (ū·p̄ə·nê·hem)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine plural construct | third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 6440: The face

one
אִ֣ישׁ (’îš)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 376: A man as an individual, a male person

another.
אָחִ֑יו (’ā·ḥîw)
Noun - masculine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 251: A brother, )

The faces
פְּנֵ֥י (pə·nê)
Noun - common plural construct
Strong's Hebrew 6440: The face

of the cherubim
הַכְּרֻבִֽים׃ (hak·kə·ru·ḇîm)
Article | Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 3742: Probably an order of angelic beings

should look
יִהְי֖וּ (yih·yū)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 1961: To fall out, come to pass, become, be

toward
אֶל־ (’el-)
Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 413: Near, with, among, to

the mercy seat.
הַכַּפֹּ֔רֶת (hak·kap·pō·reṯ)
Article | Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3727: Propitiatory
(20) The cherubims shall stretch forth their wings on high.--The two wings of both cherubs were to be elevated and advanced so as to overshadow the mercy seat, and, as it were, protect it. In the Egyptian figures of Ma, one wing only has this position, the other being depressed and falling behind the figure.

Towards the mercy seat.--Bent downwards, i.e., as though gazing on the mercy seat. (Compare Exodus 37:9).

Verse 20. - The cherubims shall stretch forth their wings on high. Compare Exodus 37:9. It would seem that the two wings of both cherubs were advanced in front of them, and elevated, so as to overshadow the mercy seat. This was a departure from the patterns furnished by the figures of Ma (see the comment on ver. 18), since in them one wing only was elevated, and the other depressed. It is clear that in no case was any part of the Hebrew sacred furniture a mere reproduction of Egyptian models. Whatever was made use of was so transformed or modified as to acquire a new and independent character. Their faces, etc. The words are not without difficulty; but the generally received meaning appears to be correct that the faces were bent one towards the other, but that both looked downwards, towards the mercy seat. Thus the figures, whether they were standing or kneeling, which is uncertain, presented the appearance of guardian angels, who watched over the precious deposit below - to wit, the two tables. 25:10-22 The ark was a chest, overlaid with gold, in which the two tables of the law were to be kept. These tables are called the testimony; God in them testified his will. This law was a testimony to the Israelites, to direct them in their duty, and would be a testimony against them, if they transgressed. This ark was placed in the holy of holies; the blood of the sacrifices was sprinkled, and the incense burned, before it, by the high priest; and above it appeared the visible glory, which was the symbol of the Divine presence. This was a type of Christ in his sinless nature, which saw no corruption, in personal union with his Divine nature, atoning for our sins against it, by his death. The cherubim of gold looked one towards another, and both looked downward toward the ark. It denotes the angels' attendance on the Redeemer, their readiness to do his will, their presence in the assemblies of saints, and their desire to look into the mysteries of the gospel. It was covered with a covering of gold, called the mercy-seat. God is said to dwell, or sit between the cherubim, on the mercy-seat. There he would give his law, and hear supplicants, as a prince on his throne.
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Alphabetical: and another are be cherubim cover covering each face faces facing have looking mercy of one other overshadowing seat shall spread The their them to toward turned upward wings with

OT Law: Exodus 25:20 The cherubim shall spread out their wings (Exo. Ex) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
Exodus 25:19
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