Exodus 28:11
New International Version
Engrave the names of the sons of Israel on the two stones the way a gem cutter engraves a seal. Then mount the stones in gold filigree settings

New Living Translation
Engrave these names on the two stones in the same way a jeweler engraves a seal. Then mount the stones in settings of gold filigree.

English Standard Version
As a jeweler engraves signets, so shall you engrave the two stones with the names of the sons of Israel. You shall enclose them in settings of gold filigree.

Berean Study Bible
Engrave the names of the sons of Israel on the two stones the way a gem cutter engraves a seal. Then mount the stones in gold filigree settings.

King James Bible
With the work of an engraver in stone, like the engravings of a signet, shalt thou engrave the two stones with the names of the children of Israel: thou shalt make them to be set in ouches of gold.

New King James Version
With the work of an engraver in stone, like the engravings of a signet, you shall engrave the two stones with the names of the sons of Israel. You shall set them in settings of gold.

New American Standard Bible
As a jeweler engraves a signet, you shall engrave the two stones according to the names of the sons of Israel; you shall set them in filigree settings of gold.

NASB 1995
“As a jeweler engraves a signet, you shall engrave the two stones according to the names of the sons of Israel; you shall set them in filigree settings of gold.

NASB 1977
“As a jeweler engraves a signet, you shall engrave the two stones according to the names of the sons of Israel; you shall set them in filigree settings of gold.

Amplified Bible
With the work of a jeweler, like the engravings of a signet, you shall engrave the two stones according to the names of the sons of Israel. You shall have them set in filigree [settings] of gold.

Christian Standard Bible
Engrave the two stones with the names of Israel’s sons as a gem cutter engraves a seal. Mount them, surrounded with gold filigree settings.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Engrave the two stones with the names of Israel’s sons as a gem cutter engraves a seal. Mount them, surrounded with gold filigree settings.

American Standard Version
With the work of an engraver in stone, like the engravings of a signet, shalt thou engrave the two stones, according to the names of the children of Israel: thou shalt make them to be inclosed in settings of gold.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
Engrave the work of a craftsman of stone, the engraving of a seal; engrave two stones with the names of the sons of Israel; make them mounted and set in gold.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
It shall be the work of the stone-engraver's art; as the graving of a seal thou shalt engrave the two stones with the names of the children of Israel.

Douay-Rheims Bible
With the work of an engraver and the graving of a jeweller, thou shalt engrave them with the names of the children of Israel, set in gold and compassed about:

English Revised Version
With the work of an engraver in stone, like the engravings of a signet, shalt thou engrave the two stones, according to the names of the children of Israel: thou shalt make them to be enclosed in ouches of gold.

Good News Translation
Have a skillful jeweler engrave on the two stones the names of the sons of Jacob, and mount the stones in gold settings.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Engrave the names of the sons of Israel on the two stones the same way a jeweler engraves a signet ring. Mount them in gold settings,

International Standard Version
With work like a jeweler engraves on a signet, you are to inscribe the two stones with the names of the sons of Israel, and you are to mount them in settings of gold filigree.

JPS Tanakh 1917
With the work of an engraver in stone, like the engravings of a signet, shalt thou engrave the two stones, according to the names of the children of Israel; thou shalt make them to be inclosed in settings of gold.

Literal Standard Version
the work of an engraver of stone, [as] engravings of a signet—you engrave the names of the sons of Israel on the two stones; encompassing, you make them [with] filigrees of gold.

NET Bible
You are to engrave the two stones with the names of the sons of Israel with the work of an engraver in stone, like the engravings of a seal; you are to have them set in gold filigree settings.

New Heart English Bible
With the work of an engraver in stone, like the engravings of a signet, you shall engrave the two stones, according to the names of the sons of Israel: you shall make them to be enclosed in settings of gold.

World English Bible
With the work of an engraver in stone, like the engravings of a signet, you shall engrave the two stones, according to the names of the children of Israel: you shall make them to be enclosed in settings of gold.

Young's Literal Translation
the work of an engraver in stone, openings of a signet, thou dost open the two stones by the names of the sons of Israel; turned round, embroidered with gold, thou dost make them.

Additional Translations ...
Context
The Ephod
10six of their names on one stone and the remaining six on the other, in the order of their birth. 11 Engrave the names of the sons of Israel on the two stones the way a gem cutter engraves a seal. Then mount the stones in gold filigree settings. 12Fasten both stones on the shoulder pieces of the ephod as memorial stones for the sons of Israel. Aaron is to bear their names on his two shoulders as a memorial before the LORD.…

Cross References
Exodus 28:10
six of their names on one stone and the remaining six on the other, in the order of their birth.

Exodus 28:12
Fasten both stones on the shoulder pieces of the ephod as memorial stones for the sons of Israel. Aaron is to bear their names on his two shoulders as a memorial before the LORD.

Exodus 28:13
Fashion gold filigree settings

Exodus 28:14
and two chains of pure gold, made of braided cord work; and attach these chains to the settings.

Exodus 28:25
and fasten the other ends of the two chains to the two filigree settings, attaching them to the shoulder pieces of the ephod at the front.

Exodus 39:6
They mounted the onyx stones in gold filigree settings, engraved like a seal with the names of the sons of Israel.

Exodus 39:13
and the fourth row had a beryl, an onyx, and a jasper. These stones were mounted in gold filigree settings.


Treasury of Scripture

With the work of an engraver in stone, like the engravings of a signet, shall you engrave the two stones with the names of the children of Israel: you shall make them to be set in ouches of gold.

engravings of a signet

Exodus 28:21,36
And the stones shall be with the names of the children of Israel, twelve, according to their names, like the engravings of a signet; every one with his name shall they be according to the twelve tribes…

Jeremiah 22:24
As I live, saith the LORD, though Coniah the son of Jehoiakim king of Judah were the signet upon my right hand, yet would I pluck thee thence;

Zechariah 3:9
For behold the stone that I have laid before Joshua; upon one stone shall be seven eyes: behold, I will engrave the graving thereof, saith the LORD of hosts, and I will remove the iniquity of that land in one day.

ounces of gold

Exodus 28:13,14,25
And thou shalt make ouches of gold; …

Exodus 39:6,13,18
And they wrought onyx stones inclosed in ouches of gold, graven, as signets are graven, with the names of the children of Israel…









(11) The engravings of a signet.--Compare Note 2 on Exodus 28:9. Signets had been already mentioned in Genesis 38:18; Genesis 38:25; Genesis 41:42. Those of Egypt were for the most part rings, with cylindrical bezels turning upon an axis. Those of Babylonia were cylinders, which were commonly worn by a string round the wrist. The engraving of the Babylonian cylinders is frequently of a very fine quality.

Thou shalt make them to be set in ouches of gold.--The setting intended seems to have been a sort of open or filigree work, such as is very common in Egyptian ornaments of the time. The term "ouche"--more properly "nouch"--is derived from the old French "nouche,"a buckle or clasp (see Skeat's Etymol. Dict., ?5).

Verse 11. - With the work of an engraver. Rather, "an artificer." The engravings of a signet. Signets in Egypt were ordinarily rings, on the bezel of which the name of the owner was inscribed. Some were of solid gold; others with cylindrical bezels of glass or hard stone. On the early use of such signet rings in Egypt see Genesis 41:42. Cylinders, strung round the wrist and engraved with a name and titles, were common in Mesopotamia from B.C. 2000. Ouches of gold. Settings in open-work or filagree seem to be intended - a kind of setting which is very common in Egyptian ornaments.

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
Engrave
תְּפַתַּח֙ (tə·p̄at·taḥ)
Verb - Piel - Imperfect - second person masculine singular
Strong's 6605: To open wide, to loosen, begin, plough, carve

the two
שְׁתֵּ֣י (šə·tê)
Number - fdc
Strong's 8147: Two (a cardinal number)

stones
אֶבֶן֒ (’e·ḇen)
Noun - feminine singular
Strong's 68: A stone

with
עַל־ (‘al-)
Preposition
Strong's 5921: Above, over, upon, against

the names
שְׁמֹ֖ת (šə·mōṯ)
Noun - masculine plural construct
Strong's 8034: A name

of the sons
בְּנֵ֣י (bə·nê)
Noun - masculine plural construct
Strong's 1121: A son

of Israel,
יִשְׂרָאֵ֑ל (yiś·rā·’êl)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 3478: Israel -- 'God strives', another name of Jacob and his desc

to be set
מֻסַבֹּ֛ת (mu·sab·bōṯ)
Verb - Hofal - Participle - feminine plural construct
Strong's 4142: A reversal, the backside, fold, transmutation

as a gem
הָאֲבָנִ֔ים (hā·’ă·ḇā·nîm)
Article | Noun - feminine plural
Strong's 68: A stone

cutter
חָרַשׁ֮ (ḥā·raš)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 2796: A fabricator, any material

engraves
פִּתּוּחֵ֣י (pit·tū·ḥê)
Noun - masculine plural construct
Strong's 6603: An engraving

a seal.
חֹתָ֗ם (ḥō·ṯām)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 2368: A seal, signet ring

Mount
תַּעֲשֶׂ֥ה (ta·‘ă·śeh)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - second person masculine singular
Strong's 6213: To do, make

[the stones]
אֹתָֽם׃ (’ō·ṯām)
Direct object marker | third person masculine plural
Strong's 853: Untranslatable mark of the accusative case

in gold
זָהָ֖ב (zā·hāḇ)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 2091: Gold, something gold-colored, as oil, a clear sky

filigree settings.
מִשְׁבְּצ֥וֹת (miš·bə·ṣō·wṯ)
Noun - feminine plural construct
Strong's 4865: A brocade, a, setting of a, gem


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OT Law: Exodus 28:11 With the work of an engraver (Exo. Ex)
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