Exodus 28:6
New International Version
"Make the ephod of gold, and of blue, purple and scarlet yarn, and of finely twisted linen--the work of skilled hands.

New Living Translation
“The craftsmen must make the ephod of finely woven linen and skillfully embroider it with gold and with blue, purple, and scarlet thread.

English Standard Version
“And they shall make the ephod of gold, of blue and purple and scarlet yarns, and of fine twined linen, skillfully worked.

Berean Study Bible
The craftsmen are to make the ephod of finely spun linen embroidered with gold, and with blue, purple, and scarlet yarn.

New American Standard Bible
"They shall also make the ephod of gold, of blue and purple and scarlet material and fine twisted linen, the work of the skillful workman.

King James Bible
And they shall make the ephod of gold, of blue, and of purple, of scarlet, and fine twined linen, with cunning work.

Christian Standard Bible
"They are to make the ephod of finely spun linen embroidered with gold, and with blue, purple, and scarlet yarn.

Good News Translation
"They are to make the ephod of blue, purple, and red wool, gold thread, and fine linen, decorated with embroidery.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
They are to make the ephod of finely spun linen embroidered with gold, and with blue, purple, and scarlet yarn.

International Standard Version
"They are to make the ephod from gold, along with blue, purple, and scarlet material and fine woven linen, all of it skillfully worked.

NET Bible
"They are to make the ephod of gold, blue, purple, scarlet, and fine twisted linen, the work of an artistic designer.

New Heart English Bible
"They shall make the ephod of gold, of blue, and purple, scarlet, and fine twined linen, the work of the skillful workman.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
"Make the ephod out of fine linen yarn. Creatively work gold, violet, purple, and bright red yarn into the fabric.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And they shall make the ephod of gold, of blue, and purple, scarlet, and fine twined linen, the work of the skilful workman.

New American Standard 1977
“They shall also make the ephod of gold, of blue and purple and scarlet material and fine twisted linen, the work of the skillful workman.

Jubilee Bible 2000
and they shall make the ephod of gold, blue, purple, scarlet, and fine twined linen, with cunning work.

King James 2000 Bible
And they shall make the ephod of gold, of blue, and of purple, of scarlet, and fine twined linen, with skillful work.

American King James Version
And they shall make the ephod of gold, of blue, and of purple, of scarlet, and fine twined linen, with cunning work.

American Standard Version
And they shall make the ephod of gold, of blue, and purple, scarlet, and fine twined linen, the work of the skilful workman.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And they shall make the shoulder-piece of fine linen spun, the woven work of the embroiderer.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And they shall make the ephod of gold, and violet, and purple, and scarlet twice dyed, and fine twisted linen, embroidered with divers colours.

Darby Bible Translation
and shall make the ephod of gold, blue, and purple, scarlet and twined byssus, of artistic work.

English Revised Version
And they shall make the ephod of gold, of blue, and purple, scarlet, and fine twined linen, the work of the cunning workman.

Webster's Bible Translation
And they shall make the ephod of gold, of blue, and of purple, of scarlet, and fine twined linen, with curious work.

World English Bible
"They shall make the ephod of gold, of blue, and purple, scarlet, and fine twined linen, the work of the skillful workman.

Young's Literal Translation
and have made the ephod of gold, blue, and purple, and scarlet, and twined linen, work of a designer;
Study Bible
The Ephod
6The craftsmen are to make the ephod of finely spun linen embroidered with gold, and with blue, purple, and scarlet yarn. 7It shall have two shoulder pieces attached at two of its corners, so it can be fastened.…
Cross References
Exodus 25:4
blue, purple, and scarlet yarn; fine linen and goat hair;

Exodus 25:7
and onyx and other gemstones to be mounted on the ephod and breastpiece.

Exodus 28:7
It shall have two shoulder pieces attached at two of its corners, so it can be fastened.

Exodus 29:5
Take the garments and clothe Aaron with the tunic, the robe of the ephod, the ephod itself, and the breastplate. Fasten the ephod on him with its woven waistband.

Exodus 39:2
Bezalel made the ephod of finely spun linen embroidered with gold, and with blue, purple, and scarlet yarn.

Leviticus 8:7
He put the tunic on Aaron, tied the sash around him, clothed him with the robe, and put the ephod on him. He tied the woven band of the ephod around him and fastened it to him.

Judges 8:27
From all this Gideon made an ephod, which he placed in Ophrah, his hometown. But soon all Israel prostituted themselves by worshiping it there, and it became a snare to Gideon and his household.

Treasury of Scripture

And they shall make the ephod of gold, of blue, and of purple, of scarlet, and fine twined linen, with cunning work.

linen

Exodus 26:1
Moreover thou shalt make the tabernacle with ten curtains of fine twined linen, and blue, and purple, and scarlet: with cherubims of cunning work shalt thou make them.







Lexicon
[The craftsmen] are to make
וְעָשׂ֖וּ (wə·‘ā·śū)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Conjunctive perfect - third person common plural
Strong's Hebrew 6213: To do, make

the ephod
הָאֵפֹ֑ד (hā·’ê·p̄ōḏ)
Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 646: A girdle, the ephod, highpriest's shoulder-piece, an image

of finely spun
מָשְׁזָ֖ר (mā·šə·zār)
Verb - Hofal - Participle - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7806: To be twisted

linen
וְשֵׁ֥שׁ (wə·šêš)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 8336: Bleached stuff, white linen, marble

embroidered with gold,
זָ֠הָב (zā·hāḇ)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2091: Gold, something gold-colored, as oil, a clear sky

and with blue,
תְּכֵ֨לֶת (tə·ḵê·leṯ)
Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 8504: The cerulean mussel, the color, obtained therefrom, stuff dyed therewith

purple,
וְאַרְגָּמָ֜ן (wə·’ar·gā·mān)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 713: Purple, red-purple

and scarlet yarn.
תּוֹלַ֧עַת (tō·w·la·‘aṯ)
Noun - feminine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 8438: The crimson-grub, of the color, from it, cloths dyed therewith
1. THE EPHOD.

(6-12) The ephod was, as already observed (Note on Exodus 28:4), a sort of jerkin or waistcoat. It was made in two pieces, a front piece and a back piece, which were joined together at the shoulders, apparently by a seam (Exodus 28:7). The pieces descended to the waist; and there one or other of them was expanded into a band, called "the curious girdle of the ephod," which being passed round the waist and fastened, kept both front and back pieces in place (Exodus 28:8). On either shoulder was an onyx stone set in gold (Exodus 28:9-11), and engraved with the names of six of the tribes.

(6) With cunning work.--On this phrase, see Note on Exodus 26:1.

Verse 6. - They shall make the ephod The word ephod signifies etymologically any "vestment" or "garment;" but in its use it is confined to the special vestment here described, the great object of which was to be a receptacle for the "breast-plate." The ephod was a sort of jerkin or waistcoat, consisting of two pieces, one to cover the chest and the other the back, joined together probably by a seam, above the shoulders, and united at the waist by a band called "the curious girdle of the ephod." This band was of one piece with the ephod, being woven on either to the front or the back part; it held the other part in place, and was passed round the body and fastened either with a clasp, or with buttons, or strings. Of gold, of blue, of purple, etc. - i.e., "of the same materials as the curtains and veil of the sanctuary, with the addition of gold." The gold was probably in the shape of gold thread, or wire of extreme tenuity, and was introduced by the needle after the fabric bad been woven, as was commonly done in Egypt (Herod. 3:47; Wilkinson's Ancient Egyptians, vol. 3. p. 128: compare below, Exodus 39:3). The white, blue, purple, and scarlet threads were doubtless woven into a pattern of some kind; but it is impossible to say what the pattern was. In Egypt patterns were not much affected, the dress worn being commonly white, with a stripe sometimes at the edge; but the Semitic tribes, who bordered Egypt on the East, affected gay colours and. varied designs, if we may trust the Egyptian wall-paintings. With cunning work. Literally, "work of the skilled (workman)." Some of the Hebrews had evidently carried on the trade of weaving in Egypt, and had brought their looms with them. The Egyptian looms were hand-looms, and of no great size; they admitted of easy transport. 28:6-14 This richly-wrought ephod was the outmost garment of the high priest; plain linen ephods were worn by the inferior priests. It was a short coat without sleeves, fastened close to the body with a girdle. The shoulder-pieces were buttoned together with precious stones set in gold, one on each shoulder, on which were engraven the names of the children of Israel. Thus Christ, our High Priest, presents his people before the Lord for a memorial. As Christ's coat had no seam, but was woven from the top throughout, so it was with the ephod. The golden bells on this ephod, by their preciousness and pleasant sound, well represent the good profession that the saints make, and the pomegranates the fruit they bring forth.
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OT Law: Exodus 28:6 They shall make the ephod of gold (Exo. Ex) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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