1 Kings 10:18
New International Version
Then the king made a great throne covered with ivory and overlaid with fine gold.

New Living Translation
Then the king made a huge throne, decorated with ivory and overlaid with fine gold.

English Standard Version
The king also made a great ivory throne and overlaid it with the finest gold.

Berean Study Bible
Additionally, the king made a great throne of ivory and overlaid it with pure gold.

New American Standard Bible
Moreover, the king made a great throne of ivory and overlaid it with refined gold.

King James Bible
Moreover the king made a great throne of ivory, and overlaid it with the best gold.

Christian Standard Bible
The king also made a large ivory throne and overlaid it with fine gold.

Contemporary English Version
His throne was made of ivory and covered with pure gold.

Good News Translation
He also had a large throne made. Part of it was covered with ivory and the rest of it was covered with the finest gold.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
The king also made a large ivory throne and overlaid it with fine gold.

International Standard Version
The king also made a great ivory throne and overlaid it with pure gold.

NET Bible
The king made a large throne decorated with ivory and overlaid it with pure gold.

New Heart English Bible
Moreover the king made a great throne of ivory, and overlaid it with the finest gold.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
The king also made a large ivory throne and covered it with fine gold.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Moreover the king made a great throne of ivory, and overlaid it with the finest gold.

New American Standard 1977
Moreover, the king made a great throne of ivory and overlaid it with refined gold.

Jubilee Bible 2000
The king also made a great throne of ivory and overlaid it with the purest gold.

King James 2000 Bible
Moreover the king made a great throne of ivory, and overlaid it with the best gold.

American King James Version
Moreover the king made a great throne of ivory, and overlaid it with the best gold.

American Standard Version
Moreover the king made a great throne of ivory, and overlaid it with the finest gold.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And the king made a great ivory throne, and gilded it with pure gold.

Douay-Rheims Bible
King Solomon also made a great throne of ivory: and overlaid it with the finest gold.

Darby Bible Translation
And the king made a great throne of ivory, and overlaid it with refined gold:

English Revised Version
Moreover the king made a great throne of ivory, and overlaid it with the finest gold.

Webster's Bible Translation
Moreover, the king made a great throne of ivory, and overlaid it with the best gold.

World English Bible
Moreover the king made a great throne of ivory, and overlaid it with the finest gold.

Young's Literal Translation
And the king maketh a great throne of ivory, and overlayeth it with refined gold;
Study Bible
Solomon's Wealth and Splendor
17He also made three hundred small shields of hammered gold; three minas of gold went into each shield. And the king put them in the House of the Forest of Lebanon. 18Additionally, the king made a great throne of ivory and overlaid it with pure gold. 19The throne had six steps and a rounded top at the back of the throne. There were armrests on both sides of the seat, with a lion standing beside each armrest.…
Cross References
1 Kings 10:19
The throne had six steps and a rounded top at the back of the throne. There were armrests on both sides of the seat, with a lion standing beside each armrest.

1 Kings 10:22
For the king had the ships of Tarshish at sea with Hiram's fleet, and once every three years the ships of Tarshish would arrive bearing gold, silver, ivory, apes, and peacocks.

2 Chronicles 9:17
Additionally, the king made a great throne of ivory and overlaid it with pure gold.

Psalm 45:8
All your garments are fragrant with myrrh and aloes and cassia; from palaces of ivory the harps make you glad.

Treasury of Scripture

Moreover the king made a great throne of ivory, and overlaid it with the best gold.

a great throne

2 Chronicles 9:17-19
Moreover the king made a great throne of ivory, and overlaid it with pure gold…

Psalm 45:6
Thy throne, O God, is for ever and ever: the sceptre of thy kingdom is a right sceptre.

Psalm 110:1
A Psalm of David. The LORD said unto my Lord, Sit thou at my right hand, until I make thine enemies thy footstool.

ivory

1 Kings 10:22
For the king had at sea a navy of Tharshish with the navy of Hiram: once in three years came the navy of Tharshish, bringing gold, and silver, ivory, and apes, and peacocks.

1 Kings 22:39
Now the rest of the acts of Ahab, and all that he did, and the ivory house which he made, and all the cities that he built, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Israel?

Psalm 45:8
All thy garments smell of myrrh, and aloes, and cassia, out of the ivory palaces, whereby they have made thee glad.







Lexicon
Additionally, the king
הַמֶּ֛לֶךְ (ham·me·leḵ)
Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4428: A king

made
וַיַּ֧עַשׂ (way·ya·‘aś)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6213: To do, make

a great
גָּד֑וֹל (gā·ḏō·wl)
Adjective - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1419: Great, older, insolent

throne
כִּסֵּא־ (kis·sê-)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3678: Seat of honor, throne

of ivory
שֵׁ֖ן (šên)
Noun - common singular
Strong's Hebrew 8127: A tooth, ivory, a cliff

and overlaid it
וַיְצַפֵּ֖הוּ (way·ṣap·pê·hū)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Piel - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6823: To lay out, lay over

with pure
מוּפָֽז׃ (mū·p̄āz)
Verb - Hofal - Participle - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6338: To be refined

gold.
זָהָ֥ב (zā·hāḇ)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2091: Gold, something gold-colored, as oil, a clear sky
(18) Ivory.--This seems to have been brought in by the Tyrians (1Kings 10:22), and it may be noted that the only other notice of ivory in the history is in the "ivory house" of Ahab (1Kings 22:39), who was allied with Tyre. In Psalm 45:8 (presumably of the age of Solomon) we find mention of "ivory palaces," or possibly "caskets." The Tyrians are described in Ezekiel 27:15 as receiving it through Dedan in Arabia, whither, no doubt, it came from India. But the Egyptians used ivory largely, drawing it from Africa; and there was, in later times, a port on the Red Sea which was a mart for ivory. The Tyrians may, therefore, have imported it both from India and from Africa. The throne of Solomon was probably inlaid with ivory and gold. Traces of such inlaying are found in Assyrian and Egyptian monuments. It is probable that, like his other architectural and decorative work, it was executed by Tyrian workmen, and the detailed description of it shows how greatly it impressed the imagination of Israel. The lion was the emblem of the house of Judah; the number twelve corresponded to the twelve tribes; and the exaltation of the throne--specially remarkable in a country where men sat commonly on the ground or on cushions--was the emblem of majesty. In the Dictionary of the Bible ("THRONE") is given a sketch of an Assyrian throne, from a Nineveh bas-relief, which has horses in the position, supporting "the stays," or arms of the throne, here ascribed to the lions.

Verse 18. - Moreover the ling made a great throne [Heb. seat. The use of a chair where the custom of the country is to squat on the ground, or to recline on a divan, is always a mark of dignity. See 2 Kings 4:10; Proverbs 9:14] of ivory [Heb. tooth. Below in ver. 22 we have elephant's tooth. It is generally thought that this "throne of the house of David" (Psalm 122:5) was of wood, veneered with ivory, as was the practice in Assyria (Rawlinson, "Ancient Monarchies," 1. p. 463), and in the chryselephantine statues of the Greeks (Paus. 2:4. 1; 6:25. 4, etc.) Bahr says there is no more necessity for believing this throne to have been of solid ivory than the "ivory house" mentioned in 1 Kings 22:39. Cf. Psalm 45:8; Amos 3:15; Amos 6:4. But there is surely this difference between them, that the palace could not possibly be constructed entirely of ivory, whereas the throne might be, and some of the thrones of India have been (Rawlinson)], and overlaid it with the best [מוּפָז, from the root פָּזַז, separavit = aurum depuratum. The chronicler explains the word by טָהור (2 Chronicles 9:17)] gold. [It is very unlikely that the gold entirely covered and concealed the ivory, especially if the latter was merely a veneer. Keil and Bahr consider that the gold was laid on the wood and the ivory inserted between the plates, but the text does not speak of overlaying with ivory, but of overlaying ivory with gold. And the presumption is that the ivory was solid. In the Greek statues both ivory and gold were applied in laminae, the former representing the flesh, the latter the drapery.] 10:14-29 Solomon increased his wealth. Silver was nothing accounted of. Such is the nature of worldly wealth, plenty of it makes it the less valuable; much more should the enjoyment of spiritual riches lessen our esteem of all earthly possessions. If gold in abundance makes silver to be despised, shall not wisdom, and grace, and the foretastes of heaven, which are far better than gold, make gold to be lightly esteemed? See in Solomon's greatness the performance of God's promise, and let it encourage us to seek first the righteousness of God's kingdom. This was he, who, having tasted all earthly enjoyments, wrote a book, to show the vanity of all worldly things, the vexation of spirit that attends them, and the folly of setting our hearts upon them: and to recommend serious godliness, as that which will do unspeakably more to make us happy, that all the wealth and power he was master of; and, through the grace of God, it is within our reach.
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