International Standard Version
The Garments for the Priests
1“You are to bring your brother Aaron, along with his sons, from among the Israelis so they can serve as priests for me: that is, Aaron and his sonsa Nadab, Abihu, Eleazar, and Ithamar. 2You are to make holy garments for Aaron your brother, for dignity and beauty. 3You are to speak to all who are skilled,b whom I’ve endowedc with talent,d that they should make Aaron’s garments for consecrating him to serve me as priest. 4These are the garments that they are to make: a breast piece, an ephod, a robe, a checkered tunic, a turban, and a sash. They are to make holy garments for Aaron your brother and for his sons to serve me as priests. 5They are to usee gold, blue, purple, and scarlet material, as well as fine linen.”
6“They are to make the ephod from gold, along with blue, purple, and scarlet material and fine woven linen, all of itf skillfully worked. 7It is to have two shoulder-pieces attached to its two edges so it can be joined together. 8The skillfully woven band that is on it is to be made like it, that is, of one piece with it, of gold, blue, purple, and scarlet material, and fine woven linen. 9You are to take two onyx stones and engrave the names of the sons of Israel on them, 10six of their names on one stone, and the six remaining names on the other stone. Engrave themg according to their order of birth. 11With work like a jeweler engraves on a signet,h you are to inscribe the two stones with the names of the sons of Israel, and you are to mount them in settings of gold filigree. 12You are to put the two stones on the shoulder pieces of the ephod as stones of remembrance representing the sons of Israel, and Aaron is to carry their names into the LORD’s presence on his two shoulders as a memorial. 13You are to make settings of gold filigree, 14and you are to make two chains of pure gold twisted like cords, and then fasten the twisted chains to the filigree settings.”
The Breast Piece
15“You are to make a breast piece to be worn by the high priest when he makes legal decisions.i It is to be skillfully worked, made like the work of the ephod from gold, blue, purple, and scarlet material, and from fine woven linen. 16It is to be square when folded double, one hand spanj long and one hand span wide.k 17You are to mount on it a setting for four rows of stones. The first row is to contain carnelian,l topaz, and emerald; 18the second row ruby,m sapphire, and crystal; 19the third row jacinth, agate, and amethyst; 20the fourth row beryl, onyx, and jasper, and they are to be set in gold filigree. 21The stones are to correspond to the names of the sons of Israel, twelve stonesn corresponding to their names. They are to be engraved like a signet,o each with the name of one of the twelve tribes.
22“You are to make chains of pure gold, twisted like cords, for the breast piece. 23You are to make two gold rings for the breast piece, and put the two rings on the two edges of the breast piece. 24You are to put the two gold cords on the two gold rings at the edges of the breast piece, 25and you are to attach the other two ends of the two cords to the filigree settings and attach them to the shoulder pieces of the ephod in front.
26“You are to make two gold rings and attach them to the two edges of the breast piece, on the side of it that is toward the inner side of the ephod. 27You are to make two gold rings and attach them in front on the lower part of the two shoulder pieces of the ephod close to the place where it’s joined, above the skillfully woven band of the ephod. 28They are to fasten the rings on the breast piece to the rings on the ephod with a blue cord so it will restp on the skillfully woven band of the ephod and so the breast piece won’t come loose from the ephod.
29“Aaron is to carry the names of Israel’s sons on his heart on the breast piece to be worn by the high priest when he makes legal decisions,q that is, whenever he goes into the Holy Place in order to remember them continuously in the LORD’s presence. 30You are to put the Urim and Thummimr into the breast piece of judgment, and they are to be on Aaron’s heart when he goes into the LORD’s presence. He is to carry the breast piece of decisions that depicts Israel’s sonst on his heart in the LORD’s presence continuously.”
Other Garments for the Priests
31“You are to make the robe of the ephod entirely of blue. 32There is to be an opening at its top, in the middle, with a woven binding around the opening like the opening of a coat of mail so that it cannot be torn. 33On its hem you are to make blue and purple and scarlet pomegranates, all around the skirt, with gold bells between them all the wayu around. 34You are to have a gold bell and a pomegranate, thenv a gold bell and a pomegranate, on the hem of the robe all the wayw around it. 35Aaron is to wear the robe when he ministersx so its sound may be heard when he enters and leaves the Holy Place in the LORD’s presence, so that he won’t die.
36“You are to make a medalliony of pure gold, and engrave on it ‘Holy to the LORD,’ like the engravings of a signet. 37You are to put it on a blue cord and place it on the turban. It is to be on the front of the turban 38and worn on Aaron’s forehead in order to take away any guilt contained in the holy things which the Israelis consecrate as holy gifts. It is to remain on his forehead continuously, so they may be accepted in the LORD’s presence.
39“You are to weave the checkered tunic of fine linen, you are to make a turban of fine linen, and you are to make an embroidered sash. 40“You are to make tunics for the sons of Aaron, you are to make sashes for them, and you are to make head coverings for them for dignity and beauty. 41You are to put them on Aaron your brother, and on his sons with him, and you are to anoint them, ordain them,z and consecrate them to serve as my priests.
42“You are to make linen undergarments for them to cover their naked flesh, and they are to reachaa from the loins to the thighs. 43They shall be on Aaron and his sons when they enter the Tent of Meeting or when they approach the altar to minister in the Holy Place so they don’t incur guilt and die. This is to be a perpetual ordinance for him and for his descendantsbb after him.”
a 28:1 Lit. Aaron’s sons
b 28:3 Lit. wise (or skilled) of heart
c 28:3 Lit. filled
d 28:3 Lit. a spirit of wisdom (or skill)
e 28:5 Lit. take
f 28:6 The Heb. lacks all of it
g 28:10 The Heb. lacks Engrave them
h 28:11 i.e. a type of seal used to indicate ownership
i 28:15 Lit. breast piece of judgment
j 28:16 i.e. about the distance between the outstretched thumb and little finger, or about nine inches
k 28:16 i.e. about the distance between the outstretched thumb and little finger, or about nine inches
l 28:17 The meaning of MT is uncertain.
m 28:18 Or turquoise
n 28:21 The Heb. lacks stones
o 28:21 Lit. the engravings of a seal (or signet ring)
p 28:28 Lit. be
q 28:29 Lit. breast piece of judgment
r 28:30 i.e. the jewel-encrusted breastplate worn by the high priest by which the will of God could be revealed; cf. Ezra 2:63, Neh 7:65
s 28:30 Lit. judgment
t 28:30 Lit. of judgment of Israel’s sons
u 28:33 The Heb. lacks the way
v 28:34 The Heb. lacks then
w 28:34 The Heb. lacks the way
x 28:35 Lit. for ministering
y 28:36 Or plate
z 28:41 Lit. fill their hand
aa 28:42 Lit. be
bb 28:43 Lit. seed