Exodus 28:36
Parallel Verses
New International Version
"Make a plate of pure gold and engrave on it as on a seal: holy to the Lord.

New Living Translation
"Next make a medallion of pure gold, and engrave it like a seal with these words: Holy to the LORD.

English Standard Version
“You shall make a plate of pure gold and engrave on it, like the engraving of a signet, ‘Holy to the LORD.’

New American Standard Bible
"You shall also make a plate of pure gold and shall engrave on it, like the engravings of a seal, 'Holy to the LORD.'

King James Bible
And thou shalt make a plate of pure gold, and grave upon it, like the engravings of a signet, HOLINESS TO THE LORD.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
You are to make a pure gold medallion and engrave it, like the engraving of a seal: HOLY TO THE LORD.

International Standard Version
"You are to make a medallion of pure gold, and engrave on it 'Holy to the LORD,' like the engravings of a signet.

NET Bible
"You are to make a plate of pure gold and engrave on it the way a seal is engraved: "Holiness to the LORD."

GOD'S WORD® Translation
"Make a flower-shaped medallion out of pure gold, and engrave on it (as on a signet ring): Holy to the LORD.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Thou shalt also make an open flower of pure gold and engrave upon it the engravings of a seal, HOLINESS UNTO THE LORD.

King James 2000 Bible
And you shall make a plate of pure gold, and engrave upon it, like the engravings of a signet, HOLINESS TO THE LORD.

American King James Version
And you shall make a plate of pure gold, and grave on it, like the engravings of a signet, HOLINESS TO THE LORD.

American Standard Version
And thou shalt make a plate of pure gold, and grave upon it, like the engravings of a signet, HOLY TO JEHOVAH.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Thou shalt make also a plate of the purest gold: wherein thou shalt grave with engraver's work, Holy to the Lord.

Darby Bible Translation
And thou shalt make a thin plate of pure gold, and engrave on it, as the engravings of a seal, Holiness to Jehovah!

English Revised Version
And thou shalt make a plate of pure gold, and grave upon it, like the engravings of a signet, HOLY TO THE LORD.

Webster's Bible Translation
And thou shalt make a plate of pure gold, and engrave upon it, like the engravings of a signet, HOLINESS TO THE LORD.

World English Bible
"You shall make a plate of pure gold, and engrave on it, like the engravings of a signet, 'HOLY TO YAHWEH.'

Young's Literal Translation
'And thou hast made a flower of pure gold, and hast opened on it -- openings of a signet -- 'Holy to Jehovah;'
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

28:31-39 The robe of the ephod was under the ephod, and reached down to the knees, without sleeves. Aaron must minister in the garments appointed. We must serve the Lord with holy fear, as those who know they deserve to die. A golden plate was fixed on Aaron's forehead, engraven with Holiness to the Lord. Aaron was hereby reminded that God is holy, and that his priests must be holy, devoted to the Lord. This must appear in their forehead, in open profession of their relation to God. It must be engraven like the engravings of a signet; deep and durable; not painted so as to be washed off, but firm and lasting; such must our holiness to the Lord be. Christ is our High Priest; through him sins are forgiven to us, and not laid to our charge. Our persons, our doings, are pleasing to God upon the account of Christ, and not otherwise.

Pulpit Commentary

Verses 36-38. - THE MITRE. Josephus tells us that the head-dress of the high priest was "not a conical cap, but a sort of crown, made of thick linen swathes" (Ant. Jud. 3:7, § 3). It was thus really a species of turban. The colour was white; and the only ornament on it was the gold plate, with its blue ribbon or fillet. Verse 36. - Thou shalt make a plate of pure gold. The plate, though a mere ornament of the mitre, was, at once, its most conspicuous and its most significant feature. Placed directly in front, right over the forehead, and probably of burnished gold, it would attract universal attention, and catch the eye even more than the breast-plate. Its position made it "the culminating point of the whole priestly attire" (Kalisch) - and its inscription gave to that position extraordinary force and significance. For it taught that "holiness to the Lord" is the very highest crown and truest excellence of religion - that to which all ceremonial is meant to conduce - that without which all the paraphernalia of worship must ever be in God's sight a mockery. It set this truth conspicuously before the eyes, and was apt to impress it upon the hearts of all. It taught the high priest himself not to rest upon outward forms, but to aim in his own person, and teach the people to aim continually, at internal holiness. The extreme importance of this, causes the putting forward at once of the plate and its inscription before any account of the "mitre" is given.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

And thou shalt make a plate of pure gold,.... It was, as Jarchi says, two fingers broad, and reached from ear to ear, and so Maimonides (f); it is sometimes called the holy crown, and the plate of the holy crown, Exodus 29:6, this was a priestly crown, for priests were very honourable and dignified persons, especially the high priest among the Jews; and even among the Gentiles it was common for their kings to be priests: and though this crown may denote the kingly power of Christ, yet as residing in him who is a priest, for he is a priest on his throne, Zechariah 6:13, and so may signify the conjunction of the kingly and priestly offices in Christ, who has a crown of pure gold given him by his Father, and put upon him, and by his people, Psalm 21:4 and being of pure gold, holy, and on the forehead, as this plate was, may signify the purity and holiness of Christ's kingdom and office, the glory, visibility, and perpetuity of it:

and grave upon it, like the engravings of a signet, HOLINESS TO THE LORD; which words were written either in two lines, or in one. If in two, Maimonides (g) says, the word "holiness" was above, and to "the Lord" below: but it might be written in one line, and that seems most likely: he also says the letters were protuberant, or stood out; but then they would not be graved like the engravings of a signet, in which the letters or figures are engraved within, but like the impressions of a signet made on wax, or other things: in this the high priest was a type of Christ, who is holy in himself, in his person, in both his natures, divine and human, in his offices of prophet, priest, and King; and he is holiness itself, the most holy, essentially, infinitely, and perfectly so, as angels and men are not, and the source and spring of holiness to others: and he is holiness to the Lord for his people; he is so representatively; as their covenant head he has all grace in his hands for them, and they have it in him; this is sanctification in Christ, and is by virtue of union to him, and is complete and perfect, and the cause of holiness in his people; and he is so by imputation. The holiness of his human nature was not a mere qualification for his office, or only exemplary to us, but is with his obedience and sufferings imputed to us for justification. Moreover, Christ has by his blood sanctified his people, or made atonement for them, and procured the cleansing of them from their sins, or the expiation of them; and he is also the efficient cause of their internal holiness by his Spirit, without which there is no seeing God, 1 Corinthians 6:11.

(f) Cele Hamikdash, c. 9. sect. 1. Vid. T. Bab. Sabbat, fol. 63. 2. & Succah, fol. 5. 1.((g) Cele Hamikdash, c. 9. sect. 1. Vid. T. Bab, Sabbat, fol. 63. 2. & Succah, fol. 5. 1.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

36-38. plate—literally, a petal of a flower, which seems to have been the figure of this golden plate, which was tied with a ribbon of blue on the front of the mitre, so that every one facing him could read the inscription.

Exodus 28:36 Additional Commentaries
Context
Additional Priestly Garments
35"It shall be on Aaron when he ministers; and its tinkling shall be heard when he enters and leaves the holy place before the LORD, so that he will not die. 36"You shall also make a plate of pure gold and shall engrave on it, like the engravings of a seal, 'Holy to the LORD.' 37"You shall fasten it on a blue cord, and it shall be on the turban; it shall be at the front of the turban.…
Cross References
Exodus 28:35
Aaron must wear it when he ministers. The sound of the bells will be heard when he enters the Holy Place before the LORD and when he comes out, so that he will not die.

Exodus 28:37
Fasten a blue cord to it to attach it to the turban; it is to be on the front of the turban.

Exodus 29:6
Put the turban on his head and attach the sacred emblem to the turban.

Exodus 39:30
They made the plate, the sacred emblem, out of pure gold and engraved on it, like an inscription on a seal: holy to the Lord.

Exodus 39:31
Then they fastened a blue cord to it to attach it to the turban, as the LORD commanded Moses.

Leviticus 8:9
Then he placed the turban on Aaron's head and set the gold plate, the sacred emblem, on the front of it, as the LORD commanded Moses.

Isaiah 23:18
Yet her profit and her earnings will be set apart for the LORD; they will not be stored up or hoarded. Her profits will go to those who live before the LORD, for abundant food and fine clothes.

Zechariah 14:20
On that day holy to the Lord will be inscribed on the bells of the horses, and the cooking pots in the LORD's house will be like the sacred bowls in front of the altar.
Treasury of Scripture

And you shall make a plate of pure gold, and grave on it, like the engravings of a signet, HOLINESS TO THE LORD.

a plate of pure gold. The word tzitz, which we translate a plate, properly signifies a flower. It is rendered by the LXX, a leaf, and is called nezer, a crown in ch

Exodus 29:6 And you shall put the turban on his head, and put the holy crown on the turban.

Exodus 28:24 And you shall put the two wreathen chains of gold in the two rings …

Exodus 28:9,11 And you shall take two onyx stones, and grave on them the names of …

Holiness

Exodus 39:30 And they made the plate of the holy crown of pure gold, and wrote …

Leviticus 8:9 And he put the turban on his head; also on the turban, even on his …

Leviticus 10:3 Then Moses said to Aaron, This is it that the LORD spoke, saying, …

Leviticus 19:2 Speak to all the congregation of the children of Israel, and say …

Psalm 93:5 Your testimonies are very sure: holiness becomes your house, O LORD, for ever.

Ezekiel 43:12 This is the law of the house; On the top of the mountain the whole …

Zechariah 14:20 In that day shall there be on the bells of the horses, HOLINESS UNTO THE LORD…

Hebrews 7:26 For such an high priest became us, who is holy, harmless, undefiled, …

Hebrews 12:14 Follow peace with all men, and holiness, without which no man shall …

1 Peter 1:15,16 But as he which has called you is holy, so be you holy in all manner …

1 Peter 2:9 But you are a chosen generation, a royal priesthood, an holy nation, …

Revelation 21:27 And there shall in no wise enter into it any thing that defiles, …

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