Luke 11:39
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
Then the Lord said to him, "Now then, you Pharisees clean the outside of the cup and dish, but inside you are full of greed and wickedness.

New Living Translation
Then the Lord said to him, "You Pharisees are so careful to clean the outside of the cup and the dish, but inside you are filthy--full of greed and wickedness!

English Standard Version
And the Lord said to him, “Now you Pharisees cleanse the outside of the cup and of the dish, but inside you are full of greed and wickedness.

Berean Study Bible
"Now then," said the Lord, "you Pharisees clean the outside of the cup and dish, but inside you are full of greed and wickedness.

Berean Literal Bible
And the Lord said to him, "Now you Pharisees, you cleanse the outside of the cup and of the dish, but your inside is full of plundering and wickedness.

New American Standard Bible
But the Lord said to him, "Now you Pharisees clean the outside of the cup and of the platter; but inside of you, you are full of robbery and wickedness.

King James Bible
And the Lord said unto him, Now do ye Pharisees make clean the outside of the cup and the platter; but your inward part is full of ravening and wickedness.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
But the Lord said to him: "Now you Pharisees clean the outside of the cup and dish, but inside you are full of greed and evil.

International Standard Version
But the Lord told him, "Now you Pharisees clean the outside of the cup and the dish, but on the inside you are full of greed and evil.

NET Bible
But the Lord said to him, "Now you Pharisees clean the outside of the cup and the plate, but inside you are full of greed and wickedness.

New Heart English Bible
The Lord said to him, "Now you Pharisees cleanse the outside of the cup and of the platter, but your inward part is full of extortion and wickedness.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
But Yeshua said to him, “Now you Pharisees are cleansing the outside of the cup and of the dish, but the inside of some of you is full of rape and wickedness.”

GOD'S WORD® Translation
The Lord said to him, "You Pharisees clean the outside of cups and dishes. But inside you are full of greed and evil.

New American Standard 1977
But the Lord said to him, “Now you Pharisees clean the outside of the cup and of the platter; but inside of you, you are full of robbery and wickedness.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And the Lord said unto him, Now do ye Pharisees make clean the outside of the cup and the platter; but your inward part is full of ravening and wickedness.

King James 2000 Bible
And the Lord said unto him, Now do you Pharisees make clean the outside of the cup and the platter; but your inward part is full of extortion and wickedness.

American King James Version
And the Lord said to him, Now do you Pharisees make clean the outside of the cup and the platter; but your inward part is full of ravening and wickedness.

American Standard Version
And the Lord said unto him, Now ye the Pharisees cleanse the outside of the cup and of the platter; but your inward part is full of extortion and wickedness.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And the Lord said to him: Now you Pharisees make clean the outside of the cup and of the platter; but your inside is full of rapine and iniquity.

Darby Bible Translation
But the Lord said to him, Now do ye Pharisees cleanse the outside of the cup and of the dish, but your inward [parts] are full of plunder and wickedness.

English Revised Version
And the Lord said unto him, Now do ye Pharisees cleanse the outside of the cup and of the platter; but your inward part is full of extortion and wickedness.

Webster's Bible Translation
And the Lord said to him, Now do ye Pharisees make clean the outside of the cup and the platter; but your inward part is full of ravening and wickedness.

Weymouth New Testament
The Master however said to him, "Here we see how you Pharisees clean the outside of the cup or plate, while your secret hearts are full of greed and selfishness.

World English Bible
The Lord said to him, "Now you Pharisees cleanse the outside of the cup and of the platter, but your inward part is full of extortion and wickedness.

Young's Literal Translation
And the Lord said unto him, 'Now do ye, the Pharisees, the outside of the cup and of the plate make clean, but your inward part is full of rapine and wickedness;
Study Bible
Woes to Religious Leaders
38But the Pharisee was astonished to see that Jesus did not first wash before the meal. 39“Now then, said the Lord, “you Pharisees clean the outside of the cup and dish, but inside you are full of greed and wickedness. 40You fools! Did not the One who made the outside make the inside as well?…
Cross References
Proverbs 26:23
Like an earthen vessel overlaid with silver dross Are burning lips and a wicked heart.

Matthew 23:25
Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, you hypocrites! You clean the outside of the cup and dish, but inside they are full of greed and self-indulgence.

Matthew 23:26
Blind Pharisee! First clean the inside of the cup and dish, so that the outside may become clean as well.

Luke 7:13
When the Lord saw her, He had compassion on her and said, "Do not weep."

Luke 7:19
So John called two of his disciples and sent them to ask the Lord, "Are You the One who was to come, or should we look for someone else?"
Treasury of Scripture

And the Lord said to him, Now do you Pharisees make clean the outside of the cup and the platter; but your inward part is full of ravening and wickedness.

Now.

Matthew 23:25 Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for you make clean …

Galatians 1:14 And profited in the Jews' religion above many my equals in my own …

2 Timothy 3:5 Having a form of godliness, but denying the power thereof: from such turn away.

Titus 1:15 To the pure all things are pure: but to them that are defiled and …

but.

Luke 16:15 And he said to them, You are they which justify yourselves before …

Genesis 6:5 And God saw that the wickedness of man was great in the earth…

2 Chronicles 25:2 And he did that which was right in the sight of the LORD, but not …

2 Chronicles 31:20,21 And thus did Hezekiah throughout all Judah, and worked that which …

Proverbs 26:25 When he speaks fair, believe him not: for there are seven abominations …

Proverbs 30:12 There is a generation that are pure in their own eyes, and yet is …

Jeremiah 4:14 O Jerusalem, wash your heart from wickedness, that you may be saved. …

Matthew 12:33-35 Either make the tree good, and his fruit good; or else make the tree …

Matthew 15:19 For out of the heart proceed evil thoughts, murders, adulteries, …

John 12:6 This he said, not that he cared for the poor; but because he was …

John 13:2 And supper being ended, the devil having now put into the heart of …

Acts 5:3 But Peter said, Ananias, why has Satan filled your heart to lie to …

Acts 8:21-23 You have neither part nor lot in this matter: for your heart is not …

James 4:8 Draw near to God, and he will draw near to you. Cleanse your hands, …

ravening.

Psalm 22:13 They gaped on me with their mouths, as a ravening and a roaring lion.

Ezekiel 22:25,27 There is a conspiracy of her prophets in the middle thereof, like …

Zephaniah 3:3 Her princes within her are roaring lions; her judges are evening …

Matthew 7:15 Beware of false prophets, which come to you in sheep's clothing, …

(39) Now do ye Pharisees make clean the outside of the cup.--See Note on Matthew 23:25. The verses that follow stand in the relation to the great discourse against the Pharisees in that chapter, as the Sermon on the Plain (Luke 6) does to the Sermon on the Mount. Here, too, we recognise another instance, not of a narrative misplaced, but of words actually repeated. All past experiences, all faults previously noted, were gathered at last into one great and terrible invective. We note, as an instance of independence, St. Luke's use of a different Greek word for "platter," viz., that which is elsewhere (Matthew 14:8; Matthew 14:11) better translated charger, the large central dish, as distinguished from the smaller "platter" or side-dish. For the "excess" of St. Matthew, St. Luke has the more generic "wickedness." From one point of view the words are more startling here than in their context in St. Matthew. There they are spoken as in open conflict with a class, here they are addressed to an individual member of the class, and by One whom he had invited as a guest. It must be remembered, however, that there was a touch of supercilious scorn in all these invitations, still more, perhaps, in the looks and whispers in which the wonder in this instance showed itself; and the words point to secret sins which the Searcher of hearts knew, and which it was necessary to reprove.

Verses 39, 40. And the Lord said unto him, Now do ye Pharisees make clean the outside of the cup and the platter; but your inward part is full of ravening and wickedness. Ye fools, did not he that made that which is without make that which is within also? Many of the words spoken on this occasion had been uttered by the Master previously. The variations in them, slight though they be, necessitate often quite a different interpretation. This helps us to come to the conclusion that in these cases the Lord must have spoken such sayings on different occasions. In this place, for instance, in the report of a similar accusation levelled against the Pharisees reported by St. Matthew (Matthew 23:25), the second clause of the verse, which treats of the outside of the cup and the platter, reads thus: "but within they are full of extortion and excess." The meaning of this is - while every care had been taken to purify the cup and the dish, no pains whatever had been paid to the source whence came the contents of these. They were too often the proceeds of extortion, they were too frequently consumed with self-indulgence. But here, in St. Luke, the second clause reads, "your inward part is full of ravening and wickedness." The meaning of these words is, "In spite of your extreme care for the vessels of your table, your whole moral life is unclean and defiled. Are you not," argues the Master, "fools to lay down such strict rules to avoid outward defilement, while within, in the soul, you allow all manner of wickedness? Surely God, who created the things we see and touch, created the soul also!" And the Lord said unto him,.... Jesus, as the Syriac and Persic versions read; the Lord Jesus, as the Ethiopic.

Now do ye Pharisees make clean the outside of the cup, and the platter; being very tenacious of the traditions of the elders, concerning the washing of cups and pots, which had been of late years brought in among them, and therefore the word "now" is used; See Gill on Matthew 23:25 and See Gill on Mark 7:4,

but your inward part is full of ravening and wickedness: meaning either their souls, which were full of all manner of sin, the cleansing and purity of which they had no concern about, whilst they were very strict and curious in washing their bodies, their cups and platters; or rather the vessels which were filled with meat and drink got by extortion, rapine, and oppression; see Matthew 23:25. 39-41. cup and platter—remarkable example of our Lord's way of drawing the most striking illustrations of great truths from the most familiar objects and incidents of life.

ravening—rapacity.11:37-54 We should all look to our hearts, that they may be cleansed and new-created; and while we attend to the great things of the law and of the gospel, we must not neglect the smallest matter God has appointed. When any wait to catch something out of our mouths, that they may insnare us, O Lord, give us thy prudence and thy patience, and disappoint their evil purposes. Furnish us with such meekness and patience that we may glory in reproaches, for Christ's sake, and that thy Holy Spirit may rest upon us.
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